National Repository of Grey Literature 35 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Balance of identity and balance of power: The case of conflict dynamics between Saudi Arabia and Iran
Kováčiková, Zuzana ; Aslan, Emil (advisor) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
This thesis applies the concept of religious (national) identity to the cases of Saudi Arabia, Iran and their proxy allies - state and non-state actors - in Lebanon, Syria and Yemen. The aim was to show that in the Middle East, Sunni and Shiite affiliations matter in the relationship between the regional powers and respective proxies, as opposing to realist statement that alliances, conflicts and political developments are only governed by pragmatic power interests. Additionally, the work examines whether religious national identities have impact on the dynamics of proxy conflicts. Overall, the objective was to establish comprehensive image of how ideational/constructivist and pragmatic/realist factors work in combination to influence alliances, enmities and conflicts in the Middle East. Using qualitative methods of research, religious (national) identities of Saudi Arabia, Iran and their allies in Lebanon, Syria and Yemen were constructed so as to create ideational and realist points of departure, and then interlinked to show how convergence of religious identities helps in creating durable alliances if used in targeted manner as a strategic tool which can help safeguard national interests. The work shows notable differences in the use of this tool between Saudi Arabia and Iran, suggesting that it...
An Analysis of Counter-Terrorism Strategies in Indonesia and Saudi Arabia
Buroňová, Zuzana ; Střítecký, Vít (advisor) ; Beneš, Jan (referee)
This thesis is focusing on counterterrorism policies that are used in Indonesia and Saudi Arabia. Because of the limited research on the counterterrorism in non-Western world, this thesis decided to contribute to this research and widen literature on this issue. It first introduces the term terrorism and analyses the counterterrorism models (criminal, war and disease models), which can be found mostly in Western literature. It includes critique of these models and attempt to create an alternative one, because it finds the current models unsuitable even for the Western counterterrorism policies. Besides that there is also introduction to other counterterrorism strategies such as terrorist financing and a subsection on deradicalization that is important part of counterterrorism as well. Then the thesis focuses on two parallel case studies of Indonesia and Saudi Arabia. It examines counterterrorism policies of both of them. The thesis first introduces the countries character, threats they are facing and attacks they have experienced and then analyses what measures are used to fight terrorism. After analysing all aspects of their counterterrorism efforts - legislature, cooperation, deradicalization, military methods etc., the alternative model is applied on each case to see if it is suitable for...
Success Factors of the British Arms Industry in Saudi Arabia in the 1980s and 1990s
Falta, Matěj ; Weiss, Tomáš (advisor) ; Váška, Jan (referee)
Bachelor thesis Success Factors of the British Arms Industry in Saudi Arabia in the 1980s and 1990s deals with two tranches of the giant arms trade known as Al-Yamamah, whose memorandum of understanding was signed in the 1980s. From a methodological point of view, the thesis could be considered a case study that analyzes key contracts over a given period of time. It is divided into three main chapters, each representing one factor examined. The thesis tries to answer whether the established hypotheses - that the factors of success were trust, corruption and a higher degree of interconnection between the private and public spheres - are correct. Text first describes relations between the two countries since the First World War until normalization of relations in 1963 after the Suez crisis and first major arms contracts in the 1960s and 1970s. Thesis mentions the situation after Operation Desert Shield, when ongoing contracts were in jeopardy, and also covers the ethical side of arms trades. Text deals with the foundation of corrupt practices and, consequently, with corruption in the Al-Yamamah trade itself. Finally, it deals with the degree of interconnection of the private and public spheres, the role of prime minister Margaret Thatcher, the export organizations DSO/DESO and shortly also with Her...
Zahraniční politika Saúdské Arábie: Případová studie vojenské operace v Jemenu
Khairi, Amar
This bachelor thesis is focused on foreign policy of Saudi Arabia and on analysis of military operations in Yemen. First the thesis concentrates on the fundaments of Saudi Arabian policy and the attitude of Saudi Arabia to regional events connected to Arab spring. The second part of the thesis describes the importance of this topic and focuses on Saudi Arabian military operation in Yemen.There are also explained main reasons and causes of this military operation. The aim of the thesis is to explain the progress of foreign policy of Saudi Arabia and its regional influence.
Influence of energy policy on US-Saudi relations during Barack Obama's presidency 2009 - 2017: Possible end of exceptional partnership
Buriánek, Petr ; Bečka, Jan (advisor) ; El-Ahmadieh, Jakub (referee)
This bachelor thesis aims at describing impact of energy policy of Barack Obama during his two terms as american president on US-Saudi relations. Concretely reactions from Saudi Arabia on these policy decisions with chronologic analysis and emphasis on movement of world oil prices. Core of these thesis could be divided into three parts. First on eis fall of oil prices which took place against the backdrop of the Global Financial Crisis. Second is period of stable oil prices between 2009-2014 with huge tight oil development. Last one is fall of oil prices after June 2014. Each of these periods had its own impact on US-Saudi relations. This analysis shows change in Saudi traditional role as swing producer between 2008 and 2014. Main reasons were behaviour of producents like Ira nor Russia in 2008 downcycle and mentioned development of tight oil production in US, which both were perceived as a threat by Saudi Arabia. Analysis also shows that although president Obama to some extend managed to achieve american energy independence on imported oil it does not solve american energy security issue. Main security threat stays american incapability of controling world oil prices.
Business and Investment Cooperation of China and selected Middle Eastern countries with a focus on oil trade
Kunovský, Ondřej ; De Castro, Tereza (advisor) ; Vošta, Milan (referee)
The aim of this master thesis is to find out what the drivers of Chinese oil imports are. Also, it highlights an oil demand from three Middle Eastern countries. The reason for the topic was a rising Chinese oil demand and its interest in investments in oil industry. The thesis is divided into four parts. The first part describes development of mutual relations with the Middle East and a Chinese economy development. The second chapter introduces an economic development of Saudi Arabia, Iran and the United Arab Emirates and explains their dependency on oil exports. Next part identifies internal and external oil trade drivers and highlights various investment projects. Then, the last chapter presents the perspectives of the New Silk Road and highlights projects with an impact on oil trade.
U.S.-Saudi Counterterrorism Cooperation after 9/11
Pánek, Robin ; Ditrych, Ondřej (advisor) ; Bureš, Oldřich (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the influence of changing nature of the terrorist threat on the foreign policy of the United States during the presidency of Barack Obama in the region of Middle East, together with the impact of changes in this foreign policy on the cooperation and relations between the United States and Saudi Arabia. The changing nature of the terrorist threat is analyzed primarily on the example of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and analyzed are also the circumstances of its rise, the events of the Arab Spring. The course of these events is shown in the cases of countries important for the current U.S. foreign policy in the region, therefore in the cases of Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Yemen and the U.S. foreign policy is analyzed in relation with its reaction on these events. Shown is the shift in this foreign policy, tied with the changes in the counterterrorism policy due to the changes in the nature of the terrorist threat. Resulting foreign policy is analyzed using the Foreign Policy Analysis and its models, which helps to explain the apparent rift in the Obama administration in relation to Middle East. The last chapter focuses primarily on the cooperation of the United States with Saudi Arabia and the Saudi relation with terrorism. Shown are Saudi counterterrorism...
The Influence of the Arab Spring on US-Saudi Relations
Pánek, Robin ; Raška, Francis (advisor) ; Bečka, Jan (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the influence, which the events of the Arab Spring had on the relations between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It examines the events of the Arab Spring in four countries, which are important both for the Arab Spring itself and thanks to their specific relations to both observed states. The countries are Tunisia (where the events of the Arab Spring first started and from where they began to spread to other countries of the Arab world), Egypt (long-time partner of both the United States and Saudi Arabia in the region), Libya (first country, where was undertaken a foreign military intervention with the participation of the United States regarding the Arab spring) and Saudi Arabia itself (where the protests were appeased, but from where a military intervention against neighboring Bahrain was launched). Apart from a chronological account of the events, part of the thesis is also an analysis of the stances of both observed states on these events. Comparing these stances, the thesis aims to show how big an influence the potential differences in stance had on mutual relations between the United States and Saudi Arabia. In the case of the stances of the United States, the thesis uses the freely accessible press statements and speeches of the...
The decline of Islamic radicalism in the Bosniak ethnic space at the turn of the millennium
Červenková, Romana ; Pikal, Kamil (advisor) ; Žíla, Ondřej (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with decline of Salafi and Wahhabi Islamic radicalism in the Bosniak ethnic space in 90s and in the beginning of 21st century. The area of interest in this thesis will be the Federation of Bosnia and Hercegovina, Brčko District, which is administrated by the Federation and Republika Srbska and Sandžak, which lies within the territory of Montenegro and Serbia. After brief introduction of theological basis and spreading mechanisms of analyzed radical movements, the author gives a detailed description of the boom of the Salafi movement in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the war (1992-1995). The emphasis is put on the crucial role of foreign Islamic charities and Arabic warriors in spreading Islamic radicalism, whose controversial activities led to a mostly negative reaction of Bosniak citizens. The beginning of the decline of Islamic radicalism could be dated from 1995, when the Dayton Accords were signed and most of Salafi promoters left the country. The tragedy of 9/11 is considered to be a turning point, which caught not only Bosniaks' but also foreign writers' attention to Islamic radicalism. Event of paramount importance was an election victory of Turkish political party AKP in 2002, which led to a radical change of Turkish foreign policy, which began to aim its attention...
External influences on Bulgarian Muslims
Pospíšil, Tomáš ; Pikal, Kamil (advisor) ; Tejchman, Miroslav (referee)
The paper "External influences on Bulgarian Muslims" describes what affects the belief of Pomaks (Bulgarian-speaking Muslims) and Bulgarian Turks; first, the assimilation campaigns during the 20th century, second, the new foreign policy of Turkey and third, the work of charity organizations connected with Saudi Arabia. The objective of this paper is to explain, why the Pomaks lean towards a fundamentalist form of Islam - Wahhabism - in some towns and villages. In order to do that the text describes bulgarization campaigns aimed at the Pomaks and Turks and introduces both of these ethnic groups that together form 13 % of the Bulgarian population. The paper then describes the Turkish influence in the Balkans, especially the work of the Turkish Presidency of Religious Affairs (the so called Diyanet). The second foreign influence that is described in this text are the activities of Saudi Arabian organizations which are explained at large, including the connection of some of these organizations with terrorists and the ways in which they try to spread the fundamentalist Islam. These three influences are shortly compared. Based on this comparison the text concludes that the Pomaks accept Wahhabism, because they face long term questioning of their ethnic identity and because the political situation in...

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