National Repository of Grey Literature 133 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Design of Simulator for Friction Analysis in a Knee Joint
Dobrovolná, Lucie ; Studený, Zbyněk (referee) ; Sedlák, Josef (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the construction of a device simulating the kinematics of the knee joint. Boundary conditions are inspired by the ISO 14243-3 standard and are based on the selection of suitable components. The simulator will be able to record the course of the coefficient of friction between the cartilage forming the translational motion, the CoCr head forming the rotational motion and the pressing force, thus helping to better understand the biotribological processes between the selected surfaces. The design must be developed with respect to the relative movement of components, sample material and lubrication. The introductory part of the text deals with an overview of current knowledge, which serves as the main input to the creation of the structure. Based on the research part, several conceptual solutions are created in the field of construction and method of friction measurement. The resulting solution is selected from the proposed concepts, which meets predetermined conditions and contains specific drives and sensors.
skeletal adaptations for bipedal locomotion and its possible effect on knee joint injuries
Karban, Tomáš ; Kautzner, Jakub (advisor) ; Hora, Martin (referee)
The subject of this Bachelor's Thesis is the change of locomotor pattern in human ancestors, which led to habitual bipedalism and associated skeletal adaptations, that changed functions of specific body parts. The main focus is on adaptations that adjusted the function of the knee joint, either directly by changing the anatomical structure in the knee area, or indirectly, for example, by increasing the tension in muscles or tendons due to weight transfer to the lower limb. Given adaptations are then a criterion for evaluating possible influence on typical knee injuries in modern human. Key words Bipedalism, locomotion, human, chimpanzee, injury, knee joint, knee, adaptation, evolution, anatomy
Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient with the Diagnosis of Left Total Knee Replacement
Faladová, Martina ; Ragulová, Michaela (advisor) ; Hankovcová, Eva (referee)
Title: A case study of physiotherapeutic treatment of a patient with total endoprothesis of the knee joint Objectives: The main objective of this bachelor thesis is to process a case study of a patient with total endoprothesis of his left knee joint. The case study is based on the theroretical information described in the first part of this thesis. Methods: The case study of particular pacient consists of complex kinesiologic examination at the begining and in the end as well, furthermore, it consists of short-term and long-term physiotherapeutical plan and eight therapeutic units. Finally there is an evaluation of the effects of the therapy. The case study itself was made during practise in the Military Hospital in Prague from 21st January 2020 to 30th January 2020. Results: Patient's range of motion (knee flexion) improved. Muscle strength of hip flexors and knee extensors improved as well. Overall, muscle balance surrounding the knee got better after completing all eight therapies. Keywords: knee joint, total endoprothesis, gonarthrosis, physiotherapy, case study, alloplasty
Case study of Physiotherapeutic Treatment of a Patient with Total Endoprosthesis of the Knee Joint
Vávrová, Barbora ; Ragulová, Michaela (advisor) ; Kučerová, Ilona (referee)
Title: Case study of Physiotherapeutic Treatment of a Patient with Total Endoprosthesis of the Knee Joint Objectives: The main goal of my bachelor thesis is the case study of physiotherapeutic treatment of a patient with total endoprosthesis of the knee joint. Methods: The specialized section contains completely processed case study of the patient with total endoprosthesis of the knee joint. It includes anamnesis, initial and final kinesiology analysis, shortterm and longterm treatment plan and seven individual therapies. Case study was done in rehabilitation hospital Beroun from 13. 1. 2020 till 7. 2. 2020. Results: We reached the goals of improvement, especially in part of the knee joint with the total endoprosthesis. Range of motion of the operated knee is about 40ž higher in direction of flexion and extension. Strength of the weakened muscles of flexors and extensors of the operated knee is also higher than it was in the beginning. Keywords: knee joint, gonatrhrosis, endoprosthesis, physiotherapy, ostheoarthrosis, treatment
Case study of physiotherapeutic care of a patient with st. p. traumatic fracture of the right patella
Krpatová, Jana ; Nováková, Tereza (advisor) ; Hořejší, Jan (referee)
Title: Casuistry of physiotherapeutic care of a patient diagnosed with st. p. traumatic fracture of right patella Objectives: Objective of the bachelor thesis is to get apprized with theoretical and practical knowledge of this diagnose and detailed elaboration of casuistry of the patient with mentioned diagnose and appreciation of effects of the therapy. Methods: The thesis consists of therotical and practical part. The theoretical part contains theoretical information about origin of the trauma, clinical picture of diagnosis, operational approaches, treatment options and subsequent care mostly. The practical care contains detailed casuistry of patient diagnosed st.p. traumatical fracture of right patella. A part of the casuistry is kinesiological analysis including an anamnesia, short-term and long-term care physiotherpeutical plan, detailed analysis of selected exercise sessions and output kinesiological analysis. This is followed by appreciation of the whole therapy and conclusion Results: The therapy went very succesfsully. General physical and mental state of the patient has improved greatly during a rehabilitaion. Soft tissues around right knee-joint were released, the joint range was increased and joint strength has improved. And improvement was also registered in a stability and...
Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient after Total Knee Replacement
Trombi, Osama Ali ; Maršáková, Kateřina (advisor) ; Kučerová, Ilona (referee)
Title of the Thesis: Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient after Total Knee Replacement. Author: Osama Ali Trombi Work Placement: Rehabilitační Nemocnice Beroun Summary I divided the bachelor's thesis, which I wrote myself, into two parts. The first is the general part, which describes the overall anatomy of the knee joint (bones, muscles, ligaments, nerves and blood supply), as well as surgical and non-surgical approaches to the treatment of the knee joint. Furthermore, information on the kinesiological and biomechanical properties of the knee joint. In the second part, the practical part, I analyzed the procedures I performed with the patient. All clinical examinations including their results, subsequent therapeutic sessions, final assessment and results of conclusions are also included in the practical part of the bachelor thesis. The final part contains a list of used literature, tables, abbreviations, patient consent and the consent of the ethics committee. Key Words: knee joint, physiotherapy treatment, Knee replacement, knee exercises, Osteoarthritis.
Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient with total knee replacement
Hadwiger, Jiří ; Stupková, Michaela (advisor) ; Hankovcová, Eva (referee)
Author: Jiří Hadwiger Title: The case study of physioterapeutical treatment of a patient with total knee replacement diagnosis Objective: The objective of this thesis is processing of the case study of the physioterapeutic care of a patient with total knee replacement diagnosis during an internship at ORFM department at ÚVN hospital. Comprehensive theoretical introduction to this subject is also a part of this thesis. Summary: This thesis is divaded into two parts. The first part consists of the theoretical knowledge of the anatomy, kinesiology and biomechanics of the knee joint. Following is the gonarthrosis chapter as the most common indication for the total knee replacement, its ethiology and choices of treatement. At last to present is total knee replacement, its history, surgical procedure and following postoperative rehabilitation. Second part is a case study of the real patient with total knee replacement diagnosis lasting 8 therapeutical units. In the end of the study is comparison of the paatients condition before and after rehabilitation and evaluation of the effect. Key words: knee joint, total knee replacement, gonarthrosis, physical therapy, case study
Case study of the physiotherapeutic treatment of a patient with total knee replacement
Blažek, Michal ; Martínek, Milan (advisor) ; Sohrová, Jana (referee)
This thesis deals with problematics of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in a complex range. It is divided into two parts - the general one and the special one. The general part of the thesis targets on theoretical knowledge of the anatomy and kinesiology of the knee joint, knee arthritis and TKA as the most performed method of therapeutic intervetion in advanced stages of knee arthritis. Secondly, the special part contains the case study of the physiotherapeutic treatment in patient after TKA. Non-invasive methods and approaches in a range of the knowledge of the bachelor's studies on the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, were used during the pshysiotherapeutic treatment. Improvement of the patient's clinical status in almost all sections was the result of the physiotherapeutic intervention.
Evolutionary development of the knee joint in relation to stability and injuries
Karban, Tomáš ; Kautzner, Jakub (advisor) ; Hora, Martin (referee)
5 Abstract Knee joint (articulatio genus) is the most complicated joint in human body from the anatomical view. Knee joint is compound, hinge joint, gynglimus, which has a major role in movement of the lower limb. Knee joint is related to the transfer of body weight in horizontal (walking, running) and vertical (jumping) direction. Knee joint is also the biggest joint in the human body, which is characterized by three bones: femur, tibia, patella. The greatest intervention of evolutionary development of human beings on to the knee joint is transition from four-legged walk to two-legged walk (bipedalism). The basic shape of the human knee joint is very similar to knee joints of chimpanzees however chimpanzees do not have problems with injuries typical to humans. The difference between them is in the angle of the knee joint caused by bipedalism movement. Chimpanzees hold the center of gravity in front of their hips and the knee joint clutches the angle of 70ř with the hips. On the other hand, knee joint of humans has the angle of 170ř, which causes more pressure to the knee joint and therefore is more vulnerable to injuries. Knee joint does not meet the demands of a modern man that overloads it with sports performance or pressures it with body weight impact from obesity. This overloading does not occur in...

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