National Repository of Grey Literature 2,476 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Spatial Analysis of the Motherhood Wage Gap in the Czech Republic
Vlčková, Radka ; Pertold-Gebicka, Barbara (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
Using the Czech household microdata, I analyze the regional variations of the motherhood wage gap in the Czech Republic. By this spatial analysis, I aim to detect discrepancies between metropolitan areas and rural localities. Such a study has not yet been carried out in the Czech Republic. Accounting for individual characteristics and working history of employed women, I ob- serve both positive and negative wage gaps but only in several regions. Such findings can be explained by cultural differences, individual self-selection into higher paid jobs or by employers' approach to mothers. For the remaining regions, there is not enough evidence of the motherhood wage gap presence. The hypothesis that in socially excluded localities the wage gap is largest is rejected. Additional examination of the formal childcare provision shows that increase of the kindergartens' occupancy rate significantly decreases salaries of both mothers and childless women. This result is consistent with the previous Czech research. Keywords Motherhood wage gap, Spatial analysis, Czech Republic, Kindergarten JEL classifications D63, J13, R23 1
Criminological and criminal law aspects of the ransomware spread
Fousek, Jan ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
Criminological and criminal law aspects of the ransomware spread Abstract This diploma thesis examines different aspects of criminology and criminal law with the issue of the malware spread in the form of ransomware. This text is divided into two main parts. First, the theoretical part consists of the chapters about cybercrime, malware and criminological and criminal law aspects of ransomware spread. It uses the substantive law and also procedural law perspective. All chapters are divided into subchapters dealing with the questions of offenders and victims, criminal law qualification of the ransomware phenomena and with related concepts used for the broader understanding of this kind of cybercrime. Second, the analytical part follows. This thesis combines different criminological research methods and tries to verify the main hypothesis regarding the increase in the number of ransomware attacks in the Czech Republic. The hypothesis is as follows: "The number of ransomware attacks registered by the Police of the Czech Republic has been increasing since 2016". This hypothesis cannot be accepted due to missing relevant data from the Police of the Czech Republic and other institutions. It can be said that for the period 2016-2018, there was 3 registered ransomware attacks per 100,000 inhabitants of the Czech...
Women's Experiences of Postnatal Care in Czech Maternity Hospitals
Vernerová, Karolína ; Hasmanová Marhánková, Jaroslava (advisor) ; Slepičková, Lenka (referee)
This diploma thesis focuses on the issue of postnatal care in maternity hospitals in the Czech Republic as it is perceived by women who went through the medicalised obstetric birth in the past year. It examines in particular women's expectations concerning the care on the postnatal ward, their experiences of various aspects of care provided, the moments women highlight and the strategies they adopt in case of possible clashes of their own "non-expert" opinions with the regime of particular maternity hospital or "authoritative knowledge" of the staff. The aim of this thesis is to present the authentic experiences of postnatal care and to implant them into broader conceptual framework, especially considering the medical discourse and possible disciplinary techniques which are implemented to strengthen the authority of medical staff and to provide the opportunity for physical and social control of women.
The Crime of Trafficking in human beings
Kučera, Václav ; Tejnská, Katarína (advisor) ; Beranová, Andrea (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to investigate the crime of Trafficking in human beings from the point of view of substantive criminal law in the Czech Republic, to analyze its weaknesses and propose their solution. The investigation should include an assessment of whether the Czech Republic's regulation is in line with international law obligations to criminalize this crime. In this work, compilation, legal-historical, analytical and general and legal interpretation methods are used. The first part is an introduction to the issue of human trafficking. This part introduces the subject of the social deviant phenomenon and points out the necessity of its perception in various, not only legal, fields. The following is a historical outline of the development of looking at human trafficking. In the second, fundamental part of the thesis, there is an analysis of the valid substantive criminal law, which deals with human trafficking. This hermeneutic-critical analysis serves to determine the problems that are proposed in the third part of the thesis. The work for quality analysis explores the historical basis of the legal regulation of the crime of trafficking in human beings. It also sets out the three most important sources of international law, which affect the current regulation and compares whether they are...
The Importance of two German-Czech European Battlegroups with regard to German-Czech Relations
Žemla, Daniel ; Handl, Vladimír (advisor) ; Lizcová, Zuzana (referee)
The goal of this Bachelor thesis was to examine the importance of two German- Czech European Battlegroups with regard to German-Czech security relations. This thesis is concerned with the mutual security cooperation of both countries since 1990. It reveals a dynamic development in the bilateral relationships, especially a conciliation with the past, which has been a precondition for later successful cooperation. Differing historical experience projected into an attitude of both states towards their armed forces, which is noticeable until the present day. The thesis further analyzes the German role during the NATO enlargement in 1999 and discusses the military cooperation of the Czech Republic with the Federal Republic of Germany both in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union. The main emphasis is placed on the concept of European Battlegroups and its practical realisation in four particular examples: Czech-Slovak (2-2009), the first German-Czech (2-2012), the first Visegrad (1-2016) and the second German-Czech (2-2016) European Battlegroups. The thesis does not marginalize current developments and therefore in its conclusion focuses on the planned creation of the second Visegrad (2-2019) and the third German-Czech Battlegroups (2-2020). The data mainly comes from numerous...
The Art of (In)Accuracy: A Meta-Analysis of the European Values Think-Tank's Forecasts
Štěpánek, Matěj ; Kofroň, Jan (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
Probabilistic forecasts represent a potentially indispensable tool for policy advising, strategic planning, or provision of possible scenarios of future development. It is clear, however, that inaccurate forecasts can entail serious consequences. At best, unsuccessful forecasting attempts may discredit such potentially valuable method in the eyes of decision-making elites. At worst, wrong predictions may lead to the misallocation of scarce resources or to the unnecessary securitization. Nonetheless, probabilistic forecasts have seldom been used in the realm of the Czech security analyses, studies, or debates. Thus, the European Values Think- Tank's research project is a pioneering attempt to utilize the probabilistic forecasting in the Czech politico-security sphere. Due to the fact that the think-tank developed its probabilistic forecasts to help the Czech security elite with strategic planning, the thesis aims to verify the accuracy and predictive capabilities of the European Values. The broader goal is to bring, by the accuracy assessment, the rigor into the Czech probabilistic-forecasting debate. Additionally, the thesis also compares the predictive capabilities of the European Values with the alternative - foreign - forecasts, as well as with other means of accuracy verification. The results...
European migration crisis and its implications for the security of the Czech Republic
Maňák, Jiří ; Karásek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
This thesis focuses on the topic of the European migration crisis in the period of 2013- 2018. The main goal is to determine, to what degree does the securitisation discourse in Germany meets the objective reality. The central part of the thesis is represented by the analysis of data about crime in German states. It is focused just on the data regarding the violent crime, that is because of the higher clearance rate a more significant impact of these crimes on the general mood in the society. The data are separated according to the borders of former eastern and western Germany. The result is a comparison of ongoing trends concerning the overall amount of crimes commited and the share of foreigners among the suspects. In the second part, the thesis focuses on comparing the data from the previous part with the development in the Germanys political landscape. Most notably in the case of developments of AfD, as this party is often referred to as an anti-system party. Again, the focus is on the regional differences between the former eastern and western Germany. In the last chapter, the thesis is trying to use the experience learned from eastern Germany and apply them to the Czech Republic. Eastern Germany was chosen for its relative similarities to Czechia given its history in the eastern bloc, similar...
Securitization of migration in Czech Republic
Lukašík, Petr ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Špelda, Petr (referee)
The thesis in your hands focus on foreign Fighter phenomenon in the Czech Republic. It argues, that Foreign Fighters are specific kind of migrants who travel both short-term and long-term into a conflict area of their choice. Some do come back to their countries of departure. The thesis has two goals. First one is to find out if there is potential for securitization of Foreign Fighters in the Czech Republic present in Czech society. For this purpose, securitization theory is used. Second goal of the thesis is to look closer on the Foreign Fighter phenomenon both in general and in local circumstances. The thesis presents analysis of academic literature on the topic of Foreign Fighters. It discusses definitions, Foreign Fighter numbers and threat assessment, and approaches adopted to deal with the phenomenon. Next, specifics of foreign Fighters in the Czech Republic are discussed. A survey was launched in order to gain data for this study among Czech society. Results of the survey indicate there is not much interest for securitization of the topic in the Czech Republic. Further results yielded there is not much of a difference in Czech Foreign Fighters and their compatriots from other countries, except maybe focus of Czech fighters on Ukraine except Middle East.

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