National Repository of Grey Literature 32 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Criminal Liability of Legal Entities
Šťastný, Petr ; Musil, Jan (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee) ; Kuchta, Josef (referee)
CRIMINAL LIABILITY OF LEGAL ENTITIES Abstract Although it has been more than seven years since the adoption of Act No. 418/2011 Coll., on the criminal liability of legal entities and proceedings against them, by criminal liability of legal entities which the Czech legislators introduced, it remains a controversial issue. Thus the aim of this thesis is not only to analyse this legislation and provide a comprehensive and clear interpretation, including a critical evaluation of selected institutes, but also to introduce the process leading to its adoption, including a comparison of the arguments in favour of adopting such a decision with the arguments presented by the opponents of the criminal liability of legal entities. An equally important aim of the thesis is an analytical evaluation of application knowledge and the presentation of potential de lege ferenda proposals. However, such considerations require a sufficient command of terminology, as well as of the basic principles of criminal law, which is the content of Chapter One of the thesis. Chapter Two is dedicated to the fundamental change in the concept of legal entities brought about by the new Civil Code, which leans towards the theory of fiction, thereby causing considerable tension. On a global scale, the institute of the liability of legal entities...
The Enforceability of Decisions and Compliance with Judgments of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Mezenský, Martin ; Faix, Martin (referee)
The Enforceability of Decisions and Compliance with Judgments of the Inter- American Court of Human Rights (Mgr. Martin Mezenský) Abstract The diploma thesis explores the enforcement mechanisms and compliance with decisions of the Inter- American Court of Human Rights. It defines both normative and institutional base of the tribunal and discusses the types of issued decisions. It analyses the compliance process and means of enforcement of such decisions. It is focused on the success of and obstacles in the implementation of ordered obligations by the liable states as well as the binding nature of judgements against states which have not been a party of dispute. It compares the position of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights with the European Court of Human Rights regarding these topics. Eventually, it evaluates the researched processes and offers recommendations how to reinforce the actual mechanisms. Key words Inter-American Court of Human Rights; Enforceability; Compliance; Decision; Judgements; Human Rights Protection; American Convention on Human Rights
Criminal Liability of Legal Entities
Malinová, Kateřina ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Vanduchová, Marie (referee)
The presented diploma thesis is focused on criminal liability of legal entities, an issue which was embedded in the Czech legal law six years ago by Act No. 418/2011 Coll., On Criminal Liability of Legal Entities and Proceedings against them. The thesis is divided into four parts. The first part is concerned with the basics of legal entities criminal liability. The author tries to describe the concept of a legal entity in the light of current regulation according to the Act No. 89/2012 Coll., The Civil Code, since the Act on Criminal Liability of Legal Entities and Proceedings against them had been created under the previous Civil Code (Act No. 40/1964 Coll., Civil Code). Furthermore, the author deals with the conditions of legal entities criminal liability as well as the aspects that lead legal entities to commit crimes. The conditions for a criminal offense attribution to a legal entity are mentioned, as well. A subchapter on sanctions which may be imposed on legal entities is included. The regulation of legal entities criminal liability has particularly in recent years undergone several substantial changes. Certain amendments are examined in the second part of the thesis. The author discusses especially the extension of criminal offenses list which may be committed by a legal entity as well as the issue...
The Trade Policy Review Mechanism: Shedding light on non-compliance?
Rosendorf, Ondřej ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Karlas, Jan (referee)
This thesis examines the notion of monitoring mechanisms and their ability to identify non-compliance. The Trade Policy Review Mechanism (TPRM) of the World Trade Organization constitutes the main focus of analysis. The purpose of the thesis is to improve the current empirical account of the functioning of the mechanism, and to examine the extent to which the mechanism is able to detect rule violations before they are taken up to the court, as well as factors affecting this ability. From theoretical standpoint, the thesis draws mainly upon rational institutionalism and other approaches related to notions of transparency and compliance. In particular, the thesis focuses on the concept of the so called information systems in international regimes. As regards methodology, the thesis relies on the method of content analysis the purpose of which is to procure empirical evidence of occurrence of matters related to non-compliance in trade policy reviews. Thus procured empirical evidence is then subjected to statistical analysis, including logistic regression. The thesis finds that TPRM covers surprisingly large number of matters that later become subjects of judicially confirmed rule-violations at the WTO. As much as 72% of the matters that are eventually taken up to court are mentioned in trade policy...
The Diabetes Adult Patient Education as a Determinant of Quality of Life
Fidranská, Iva ; Záškodná, Helena (advisor) ; Frič, Pavol (referee)
The diploma thesis is focused on the topic of adult diabetes type 1 and type 2 education related to patients' self-care management. It provides the elemental overview of the illness, its complications, treatment and wider social impact and anticipated future development; it presents the general theories, procedures and principles applied to the field of adult education and describes the specifics of diabetes patient education. As a follow-up to the theoretical part, an empirical survey is carried out to verify the connection between the education of diabetics and their metabolic compensation as a main indicator of diabetes-related quality of life. In addition, the differences in compensation between patients treated within diabetes center, regular diabetologists'offices and practising physians' offices are examined.
The readiness of patients after acute coronary syndrome for a change in living habits
Šírová, Lucie ; Tuka, Vladimír (advisor) ; Vilikus, Zdeněk (referee)
Acute coronary syndrome as a manifestation of ischemic heart disease is one of the most frequent causes of mortality. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to determine the knowledge of patients after experiencing acute coronary syndrome regarding proper lifestyle changes, and especially to establish their motivation to implement these changes. The research compared respondents who experienced acute coronary syndrome during the previous year and also those who suffered from the syndrome more than a year before the research. A quantitative method of research in the form of anonymous questionnaires was used to collect the data. There were 31 respondents who participated in the survey. The outcome showed that respondents who experienced acute coronary syndrome during the previous year knew less about proper lifestyle changes, yet they had greater motivation to implement these changes than the respondents who suffered from the syndrome more than a year before the research. The results reveal that it is necessary to engage in education regarding proper changes as well as in motivation at the same time. Since both these aspects are very important for the implementation of lifestyle changes, it is desirable for the respondents to be both motivated and properly educated. Keywords: atherosclerosis, acute...
Circumstances excluding illegality
Bláha, Tomáš ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Vanduchová, Marie (referee)
Rigorous thesis mainly proposes a legal analysis of the circumstances excluding illegality contained in the penal code and other related issues. Thesis is especially about private defence, exigency, compliance, tolerable risk and lawful use of a weapon. The first part deals with the historical development of the circumstances excluding illegality, followed by a comprehensive analysis of current legislation and the work concludes fundamental analysis of German law. In the crucial part of the thesis, which deals with applicable law, is noticeable emphasis on the fact that the interpretation links to relevant case law. This is especially true in the case of exigency and private defense as the two most frequently occurring circumstances excluding illegality. Rigorous thesis also includes an excursus into the realm of sports, because one of the chapters focuses more on application of individual facts in issue of the circumstances excluding illegality in sports law.
The relationship between the occurrence of infectious diseases and drug use in patients of Internal Medicine Clinic (6th station - Infection) University Hospital in Motol in 2011-12
Englcová, Barbora ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Arientová, Simona (referee)
Backrounds: The data source was a summary dossier on illegal drugs users' which heve been treated at the Department of Internal Medicine (6th station - Infection) University Hospital in Motol in 2011 and 2012. It was provided me by doctors. Objectives: The aim of the research was to determine the patients' compliance with the treatment and to describe the relationship between drug use, length of the drug career and the occurence of the infectious diseases. Methods: The comprehensive statistic information on the clients - drug users (315) which have been treated at the Department of Infectious Diseases of the University Hospital in Motol in 2011 and 2012 was analyzed using the analytical-statistical methods. The ethical principles were preserved. The study is retrospective, it hasn't taken place face meeting with these clients. Results: 315 of drug users were treated at the Department of Infectious Diseases of the University Hospital Motol in 2011 and 2012. There are 128 outpatients and 187 hospitalized following outpatient clinics. All patients were between 15 and 57 years old. The most common mode of drug use was intravenous application. Hepatitis occured in 66.2 % of the hospitalized drug addicts, infections of skin and soft tissues in 19.25 %. The sepsis was the reason of hospitalization in...
Qualitative aspects of adherence to antiresorptive treatment in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis
Ravingerová, Aneta ; Vytřísalová, Magda (advisor) ; Doseděl, Martin (referee)
QUALITATIVE ASPECTS OF ADHERENCE TO ANTIRESORPTIVE TREATMENT IN WOMEN WITH POSTMENOPAUSAL OSTEOPOROSIS Author: Aneta Ravingerová Supervisor: Magda Vytřísalová Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy INTRODUCTION: Compliance is using of medication in accordance with a prescription drug regimen. Qualitative aspect of compliance represents use of drugs in correct way. significantly affects treatment outcomes.Suboptimal compliance The study aim was to assess qualitative compliance with bisphosphonates (BIS)AIMS: among Czech women with osteoporosis in common clinical practice. METHODS: Data collection was performed using anonymous questionnaire in five outpatient Compliance with fivecentres in the Czech Republic from November 2012 to March 2013. dosing instructions for safe use and adequate absorption of BIS was evaluated. : A total of 363 patients were involved in the analysisRESULTS (mean age 68.9 years). once a week dosing forms ofPatients were treated with BIS - alendronate, alendronate + once a month dosing formvitamine D in a fixed combination, risedronate (N = 36.6 %) or - Only 46.6 % of respondents from weekly subgroup were compliantibandronate (N = 63.4 %). with all five dosing recommendations in monthly subgroup....
Dispute resolution within WTO with regard to the enforcement of decisions
Machátová, Mariana ; Balaš, Vladimír (advisor) ; Šturma, Pavel (referee)
Resume This thesis aims to evaluate the WTO dispute settlement system that deals with disputes arising between WTO members. It focuses on the final stage of this process, i.e. the compliance process and the judgement enforcement process. The main objective is to answer the question whether the methods of judgement enforcement are effective and successful and assess any shortcomings and offer possible solutions to overcome these shortcomings. The thesis is divided into seven chapters. In the opening passage the role of World Trade Organization is introduced as well as the need for a dispute resolution system and the main principles governing the system. Various WTO bodies involved in the decision-making process are also described in detail. The following three chapters deal with the dispute resolution process and procedure rules provided under the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU). The thesis explores all of the procedural stages of the dispute settlement and also all relevant procedural steps undertaken by the participants. These are not limited to the complainant and to the respondent but also encompass third parties and WTO bodies. The fourth and the fifth chapter of this thesis are dedicated to the compliance process and the judgement enforcement process either by means of compensation or suspension...

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