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US-Russia Relations and the Mass Media: The Representation of Vladimir Putin in the American Media
Alikina, Valeriia ; Karásek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ditrych, Ondřej (referee)
Russian-American Relations and the Mass Media Securitization of Vladimir Putin and Donald Trump in the American Press by Valeriia Alikina This thesis is focused on two issues relevant to Security Studies and Political Science: relations between the Russian Federation and the United States of America, which are currently experiencing yet another decline, and problematics of political journalism. It reviews the process of securitization of Russia through speech acts in the mass media of its historical opponent, the United States. First, the thesis provides a theoretical framework, securitization theory, introducing its main principles. To prove that the process of securitization indeed occurs, the method of discourse analysis is employed. The third chapter provides background information on the relations between the Soviet Union/Russia and the United States since the end of the World War II; this information is completed by the role mass media had in their affairs. The next chapter frames the issue of propaganda, elaborating on the meaning behind this concept, the "fake news" narrative, and the idealistic idea of media objectivity. In the fifth chapter, the case study, two processes of securitization are reviewed. The first one is the American mainstream media, namely ​The New York Times​ and ​The...
Nuclear weapons in coercive diplomacy
Řehák, Matěj ; Bříza, Vlastislav (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
Since the creation and first use during the Second world war, nuclear weapons have become very effective means of power in international relations. Because of realization of their huge destructive force, they have become to be an political tool of mutual deterrence during the cold war among both world great powers of that time - USSR and USA. There is same situation in today's world, when nuclear weapons are even better and they are spreaded among other countries. They become to be important element of strategic thinking and play crucial role in coercive diplomacy, where they operate especially as manipulative tool of achieving the desired goal. Even though this tactic seems to be very effective, there are some considerable risks and disadvantages. In coercive diplomacy, we distinguish deterrent strategy and compellent strategy and because of dissimilarity between these two concepts, the role od nuclear weapons differs, which i salso pointe dout by some of the experts, who are interested in this topic. To be able to evaluate effectivness of nuclear weapons in coercive diplomacy, we need to point out these differnces and demonstrate them on related historical events.
REVISIONIST INTERPRETATION OF THE SOVIET HISTORY
Ročeň, František ; Tumis, Stanislav (advisor) ; Stellner, František (referee)
The work focuses on the issue of revisionism of Soviet history in Anglo-Saxon historiography. The aim is to analyze the causes and circumstances of Revizionism, its origins and the character of the dispute between revisionist and totalitarianist interpretation of Soviet history. It also deals with the question of whether one of the interpretations has achieved dominance in its field. Key Words Revisionism, totalitarism, historiography, Cold War, Soviet Union
Couriers of the western intelligence services in years 1948 - 1955: Social context, motivations, dilemmas
Limberský, Jan ; Spurný, Matěj (advisor) ; Rákosník, Jakub (referee)
This bachelor thesis aims to find the prerequisites and motivation of Western couriers as a social group, it tries to see these couriers in the context of the Cold War and Czechoslovak history. This attempt is achieved through the interrogation protocols of the Czechoslovak secret police organization State Security. Key words courier, intelligence services, cold war, Czechoslovakia, fifties, state socialism.
Picture of the political East in the caricature in the French magazine Le Cannard enchîné in 1945-1970
Walsh, Diana ; Štoll, Martin (advisor) ; Bednařík, Petr (referee)
This diploma thesis focuses on the analysis of caricatures with a theme of the Eastern block in French satirical weekly magazine Le Canard enchaîné in 1945-1970. By the Eastern block, we understand the Soviet Union and its associated socialistic countries. The thesis is anchored in the theoretical part by historical context of the history of the eastern countries, as well as by the development of analysed weekly magazine on the background of the history of France, by the formulation of the concepts of caricature and satire, including important authors, and the research methods themselves. Triangulation, in this case the combination of quantitative content analysis and semiotic analysis, aims to analyse individual caricatures with the theme of the East and its individual countries. The analysed periods are divided into two sections, due to the availability of materials, namely 1945-1948 and 1968-1970.
Analysis of Ronald Reagan's foreign policy
Horňák, Jakub ; Veselý, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Eichler, Jan (referee)
Even though the Cold War ended almost 30 years ago, it has been one the most discussed phenomenon not only among IR scholars but also within the public. The whole Cold War discourse addresses many controversial question and who ended the Cold War is one of these questions. Basically, there are two schools of thought, one of which gives the credit to General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev and his reform policies. The second one perceives the US President Ronald Reagan and his unapologetic foreign policy as the most decisive factor in the End of the Cold War. By employing the methodology of analysis, this thesis aims to assess the impact of Ronald Reagan and his foreign policy on the End of the Cold War. This thesis tests the hypothesis that Ronald Reagan and his foreign policy were the most decisive factor in the End of the Cold War.
An Analysis of Contribution of the USA to the Economic Collapse of the Soviet Union
Vaneeva, Viktoria ; Johnson, Zdenka (advisor) ; Máslo, Lukáš (referee)
In the given thesis some of the internal factors and especially external factors of the economic collapse of the Soviet Union are analysed. The external factors are represented as part of the anti-communist strategy of the United States in the 1980s. The strategy consisted of concrete economic sanctions and policies imposed by President Reagan and his administration in order to deteriorate the condition of the Soviet economy during the 1980s. Each of the steps against communist regime undertaken by the US is described and its impact on the Soviet economy is analysed. For example: the economic sanctions on the USSR after its invasion of Afghanistan in 1979; the increased military expenditures in the US in order to exhaust the Soviet economy in the arms race; the announced Strategic Defense Initiative; the secret negotiations between Reagan and the King of Saudi Arabia on reduction of oil prices in 1985; the US embargo on technology exports to the Soviet Union. The results of the research prove that strategy of President Reagan for economic destruction of communism contributed to the Soviet collapse in 1991.
Cambodia after 1979 and the application of the Reagan Doctrine
Haniková, Zuzana ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Bečka, Jan (referee)
The thesis deals with the developments in Cambodia after 1979 and the Reagan Doctrine which was applied to Cambodia in the 1980s. The Vietnamese invasion ended the cruel government of the Khmer Rouge and also effected the development of the country for more than a decade. Cambodia became an ally of the Soviet Union and the expansionism of the Soviets was unacceptable for the United States. According to the Reagan Doctrine, US decided to support anticommunist movements in third world countries. The thesis analyzes the American support to the anticommunist groups in Cambodia and searches for the reasons of American decisions to support these groups and Washington's impact on the peace treaty and the withdrawal of Vietnamese forces. Based on the analysis of American policy, international negotiations and internal development in Cambodia, the thesis concludes that the main reason for US involvement was the fear of the spread of Soviet influence around the world, but the role of the US was limited and passive. It was caused by almost no interest in the issue of Cambodia and the American society also had a painful experience with the war in Vietnam. There were also reports that the international aid and assistance was used by the Khmer Rouge. The US became more active when new president came to office....
Consumerism as part of U.S. propaganda during the Cold War
Gajdácsová, Jana ; Kozák, Kryštof (advisor) ; Calda, Miloš (referee)
This thesis examines the role of consumerism in American propaganda. Its main objective is to show the strategy by which the American government used consumerism and consumer goods to legitimize its regime abroad. This case study is mainly focused on the 1950s and it is divided into three parts. The first part addresses the attitudes of the world public towards the American consumerism at the beginning of the Cold War, the beginnings of the American information programs fighting against the rising anti-Americanism, and also the exhibitions promoting the Marshall Plan. The second part is dedicated to the United States Information Agency's operations, to the U.S. participation in international trade fairs, and to the development of the People's Capitalism concept. The third part dissects the American National Exhibition in Moscow, which represented one of the biggest achievements of the American overseas propaganda. This thesis, therefore, analyses how the consumerism was integrated into the American ideology and became a key element in the struggle of the Cold War.
Presentation and Deformation of History in the Adaptations of Jonas Jonasson and Winston Groom
Schambergerová, Tereza ; Šafařík, Petr (advisor) ; Konrád, Ota (referee)
The thesis deals with the analysis of the popular story with the historical context. Two books have been selected for specification - The Hundred Year-Old Man Who Climbed out of the Window and Disappeared by Jonas Jonasson and Forrest Gump by Winston Groom. The works were analyzed in both literary and film adaptation. Further, the educational impact of this material has been analyzed. The aim of the work was to show the way which both authors present history and to what point does the deformation of the historical subject into a Holywood story affect the viewer. This was verified by a questionnare which besides other things proved the influence of the movie adaptation in particular.

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