National Repository of Grey Literature 4 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
When the family is not around
Kantor, Táňa ; Suchánek, Radek (referee) ; Mléčka, Jan (advisor)
The aim of this work is to introduce a new concept of children's home which seeks to find a relationship between family environment, specific needs of children or necessary architecture requirements which are important in perceiving the space in which children are.
Wittgenstein's conception of certainty
Enderle, Tomáš ; Sousedík, Prokop (advisor) ; Svoboda, David (referee)
This work tries to analyze the concept of certainty in the Ludwig Wittgenstein's book 'On Certainty' and evaluate whether it corresponds to the criteria expressed by Pope John Paul II in the encyclical letter 'Fides et Ratio'. The first chapter explains the origins of the book and set it within the context of modern concept of certainty and skepticism, with an emphasis on thinking of G.E. Moore, who is main source of inspiration for Wittgenstein. The second chapter deals with the content of the book and tries to answer a series of questions about Wittgenstein's philosophical method. The third chapter first formulates requirements of the former pope on a healthy philosophy from the encyclical letter 'Fides et Ratio' and then try to find out whether these requirements are met or not. Work ends with a description of several elements of the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein, which can serve as inspiration for thinking and reasoning even if we are unable to accept the whole of his system of thought. Keywords Ludwig Wittgenstein, epistemology, Fides et Ratio, certainty
Doula´s influence with a smooth course of childbirth and with a job of the midwife and of the child´s nurse
BELEŠOVÁ, Romana
Child delivery, as well as death, is a universal experience. It may be the most powerful creative experience, a fraction in the stream of human existence. It may be a celebration of joy and perceived as beautiful and sublime. Child delivery is considered a natural phenomenon leaving deep impression in our minds. Nowadays there is a tendency to the so called natural ways of deliveries. The current trend in maternity hospitals is humanization of obstetrics and delivery in itself. This means that the best way how to spend the period of pregnancy is a good preparation for pregnancy and delivery and the new role of a mother and a father. It is important for the parents to have an active approach to pregnancy from the very beginning, getting information and learning practical skills to the child delivery. It is almost obvious that at the most meaningful event as a child delivery is the father or another close person is present. Besides the closest persons it is a doula who sometimes accompanies the mother. This term denotes a care provider (a guide through the delivery, a companion, an assistant at the delivery) {--} a woman who has basic training on the birth management and knows various nursing procedures. A doula provides emotional support, physical assistance, explains the course of delivery and represents a reliance of ``a friendly presence{\crq}q. To carry out the practical part of the thesis the method of quantitative research was used. The data to confirm or to reject the stated hypotheses were gained through questionnaires distributed from January to March 2009. One type was aimed at mothers and the other was made up for midwives and paediatric nurses. The research set was formed by 110 (100%) female respondents. 42 (38%) of them were mothers form the South Bohemian region, 34 (31%) midwives and 34 (31%) paediatric nurses working in the South Bohemian hospitals, antenatal clinics and paediatric clinics. The research set did not include a large number of respondents since there is not much awareness of the doula issue in public. As each group of female respondents was evaluated separately, the total number of them in each group was considered to be 100%. The objective of the thesis was to find out if mothers are interested in influencing the delivery by a doula, how midwives and paediatric nurses are informed about a doula job description and if the presence of a doula at the delivery is beneficial for the work of midwives and paediatric nurses. All the objectives were accomplished. The first hypothesis assuming the positive evaluation of a doula attendance at the delivery by mothers was confirmed. The second hypothesis, which assumed on the basis of experience gained by practice that midwives are better informed about a doula job responsibility at the delivery, was confirmed. The third hypothesis, which assumed that midwives perceive the presence of a doula at the delivery more positively than paediatric nurses, was also confirmed. The outcomes of the thesis will be beneficial both for mothers pondering over a doula presence at the delivery and for midwives and paediatric nurses who meet doulas accompanying mothers in hospitals and antenatal clinics.

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