National Repository of Grey Literature 21 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Approach of the Bush and Obama Administration to Fighting Terrorism in Afghanistan
Mikšovská, Kristýna ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Raška, Francis (referee)
The Bachelor's thesis deals with the changes of the U.S. counterterrorism strategy during the presidency of George W. Bush and Barack Obama. The main purpose is to compare the pre-emption strategy with the diplomatic one, regarding the fight against terrorism. After the 11/9/2001 attacks, the threat of terrorism became the number one priority to all U.S. federal institutions responsible for ensuring security. The terrorist organization responsible for the events of 9/11 was Al-Qaeda, therefore it's activity is main subject for this analysis. Since then, the American counterterrorism strategy went through major changes and during the analysed period it went through further development. The text records mainly the period of 2001 - 2015. The main sources are doctrinal documents published frequently by each administration, and legislation released as a response to 9/11. The conclusion tries to evaluate, which part or parts of counter-terrorism strategy of each president were different from their rhetoric and whose approach was more convenient. Keywords counterterrorism, president, Bush, Obama, Afghanistan, security, threat, Al- Qaeda
Analysis: Was Barack H. Obama more peacemaker than George W. Bush?
Kučera, Pavel ; Pondělíček, Jiří (advisor) ; Raška, Francis (referee)
Barack Obama's election to the presidential office in 2009 for many people from the United States and abroad was a promise of a change in US foreign policy, which, in the reign of his predecessor George W. Bush, was too discredited by a military campaign to Iraq. Weapons of mass destruction, which were the official rationale for an attack on the regime of Saddam Hussein, were, according to many, only a cover for violent US "export of democracy" and increased influence in the oil-rich region. In the US, however, a year ago President Barack Obama left the highest office and was replaced by Donald Trump. And it is time to evaluate whether and how Obama fulfilled his determination to exert America from the "never-ending" conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan, caused - by Obama's words - by his predecessor George W. Bush, who was perceived as a "gunman" in the eyes of a substantial part of the US but also of the world public and never went far to approve the bombing during his presidency. At the same time, however, Barrack Obama's critics often say that his image of the peacemaker is just a chimera, as Obama was no better than his predecessor, and he earned the Nobel Peace Prize undeservedly. And when we make a very simple comparison of the number of countries that both presidents have ordered to bomb, we...
The changes in foreign policy of Russia during the first presidential term of Putin
Muchin, Viktor ; Dubský, Zbyněk (advisor) ; Eichler, Jan (referee)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is evaluation of changes in Russian foreign policy during the first presidential term of Putin. The thesis is divided into two parts- theoretical and practical. In theoretical part I am concerned with operating one of the theories of international relations called social constructivism. This theory brought manifold changes into foreign policy of Russia through seeking Russian own national identity. My observational question asks to which magnitute national aspect of Russia was approved in its foreign policy. Social constructivism is consequently introduced in the analysis of three Russian doctrinal documents- the National Security Concept, Military doctrine and the Foreign policy Concept of 2000. In practical part I present the application of this theory on demanded complex of co-operation with the USA as the representative of Western civilization, while there is also the effort to maintain the sphere of influence on post-soviet region such as Baltic states, Ukraine and Belarus.
The Bush Administration and Pakistan: Utilitarian Partnership?
Zábranský, Richard ; Sehnálková, Jana (advisor) ; Raška, Francis (referee)
Pakistan is a poor and aid-dependent state but it is also the only Muslim state armed with nuclear weapons. In the late 1990s, Pakistan had to deal with economic and technological sanctions from the U.S., which punished Islamabad for its nuclear aspirations and military coup d'état in fall of 1999. The India-Pakistan rivalry is crucial aspect that impacts the U.S.-Pakistan cooperation. After 9/11, Pakistani president Musharraf was concerned that the U.S. could turn their attention to India, thus strengthening the cooperation with Pakistan's rival. The terrorist attacks of 9/11 changed the national security environment and Washington had to adapt, so it could more effectively respond to newly emerging threats. Rise of strategic importance of Pakistan was a result of the U.S. hunt for Al-Qaeda and subsequent war in Afghanistan, as Americans needed to assure access to Afghanistan, logistical support for American forces, intelligence information about situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan's border regions. However, U.S.-Pakistan cooperation was influenced by divergent national security priorities. Keywords Pakistan, USA, Musharraf, Bush, U.S. support, strategy, Taliban, Al-Qaeda, assistance, 9/11 Rozsah práce: 122 928 znaků
US Foreign Policy towards Iran: A Comparison of presidents Bush and Obama
Čermák, Michal ; Střítecký, Vít (advisor) ; Ditrych, Ondřej (referee)
The topic of the diploma thesis is a comparison of the American activities during the presidencies of George W. Bush and Barack Obama towards Iran, in regard to the threat of nuclear weapons proliferation. It observes the diplomatic actions in relation to Iran and other actors, who play an important role in this issue, and also some other methods, used by the world's leading superpower to prevent Iran from the development of nuclear weapons. The mentioned topic is situated into the broader context of continuity and change in the US security and foreign policy. The objective of the diploma thesis is to assess what where the differences in the US actions under Obama's administration, compared with the actions during the presidency of his predecessor, as well as how the Obama's administration followed them, and to assess how effective these actions were.
Pakistan: Key Factor for American Involvement in Afghanistan (during presidency of George W. Bush)
Snášel, Filip ; Sehnálková, Jana (advisor) ; Anděl, Petr (referee)
American relations with Pakistan went through various ups and downs from being allied during the Cold war to imposing sanctions in last decade of the twentieth century. After 9/11 attack on World Trade Center and Pentagon Pakistan quickly joined the United States in the War on Terror. In my thesis I analyze positions and influence of Pakistan during invasion to Afghanistan. and seven next years of the Operation Enduging Freedom during George W. Bush administration. At first I concentrate on historical experience of Pakistan and development in the area before american invasion to Afghanistan. I also surveying terrorist movements on Pakistani soil, which are important for later development and are connected to Pakistani secret service ISI. ISI tried some years after 2001 to maintain friendly relations with Taliban and other terrorist groups along Afghan - Pakistan border, but terrorists, basically anti-system movements, wanted to establish in Pakistan and Afghanistan states constituted as Islamic emirates. President Musharraf under pressure of forthcoming events and the United States understood that supporting Taliban is no longer sustainable policy and decided to act against terrorist groups home in Pakistan. This move however triggered suicide bombings and massive uprising which hit in 2006/2007...
U.S. Security Policy Towards Pakistan During the War on Terrorism 2001-2008
Krauzová, Tereza ; Sehnálková, Jana (advisor) ; Ulík, Karel (referee)
President Bush declared a global war on terrorism in response to terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. The United States were aware that gaining support from Pakistan was the key to success of the operation in Afghanistan. Pakistan, the only nuclear-armed Muslim power, sharing a long, strategically important border with Afghanistan, was ruled by a military dictator, General Parvez Musharraf. The U.S. canceled sanctions imposed on the country in 1990' and submitted to Musharraf a list of requirements, which he accepted. However, the renewed alliance between Washington and Islamabad was not trouble-free at all. The thesis explains the development and analyses causal connections of individual aspects of U.S.-Pakistani security cooperation in years 2001-2008. It seeks to find out what led Pakistan to the breaking of allied commitments, and why the U.S., aware of the ambivalence of Pakistani effort, followed the chosen line of policy towards Islamabad. Keywords: USA, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bush, War on Terror, Taliban, Musharraf
Venezuela in foreign policy of G.W.Bush: democracy promotion as an appropriate tool for protection of national interests?
Bartoňová, Eva ; Kozák, Kryštof (advisor) ; Fojtek, Vít (referee)
The relations between the United States and its traditional ally, Venezuela, experienced a turn for the worse during the presidency of George W. Bush. The Bush administration reacted to the radical president Hugo Chavez with an increase in funding of the so-called democracy promotion in Venezuela and with a silent support of the unsuccessful coup in 2002. The long history of U.S. interventions in Latin America during the cold war gives ground to the criticism by many authors who see these steps as an attempt to get rid of a democratically elected president just because he is confronting the American vision about a political and economic system desirable for the region. This work focuses on democracy promotion as a tool of the U.S. foreign policy, which is on one hand related to the identity of the United States as a unique historical democratic experiment, but also reacts to a threat posed to the national interests by other states. It deals with the types of threats that Hugo Chavez could have possibly presented, and thus shows to what extent the Bush administration used democracy promotion in a pragmatic way. The analysis of Chavez's actions in oil politics, economic integration and security issues, and its comparison with the trend in democracy promotion shows that the U.S. financing activities...
Comparison of Nuclear Policy: Administrations of George W. Bush and Barack Obama
Svitková, Katarína ; Ulík, Karel (advisor) ; Raška, Francis (referee)
Bibliografický záznam SVITKOVÁ, Katarína. Porovnanie jadrovej politiky posledných dvoch amerických administratív. George W. Bush a Barack Obama. Praha, 2011. 57 s. Bakalárska práca (Bc.) Univerzita Karlova, Fakulta sociálních věd, Institut mezinárodních studií. 2011. Vedúci bakalárskej práce Mgr. Karel Ulík. Abstract The topic of the bachelor thesis is a comparison of George W. Bush and Barack Obama`s approaches to nuclear policy issues. The principal argument is based on a presumption that although there are partial differences between the two in terms of rhetoric and instruments used, the two administration`s primary goals are identical, just as the security threats they are based on. A brief characterization of new security environment is followed by a chapter dedicated to President George W. Bush with an evaluation of his nuclear policy steps like international agreements and the relationship with countries which refuse to comply with international norms. The focus is also on the issue of weapons of mass destruction as a pretext to military interventions abroad. The next chapter analyzes the current President Barack Obama`s nuclear policy measures such as the New START Treaty, prevention of fissile material proliferation and, equally as the previous chapter, the approach towards North Korea and Iran....

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