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Years of renewal: the diversity of approaches to urban planning in West and East Berlin in 1945-1961
Dohnalová, Kristýna ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Zelená, Alena (referee)
Bachelor Thesis Author: Kristýna Dohnalová Years of renewal: the diversity of approaches to urban planning in West and East Berlin in 1945-1961 Abstract The topic of this bachelor thesis is the difference in the urban planning strategies of West and East Berlin from the end of the Second World War to the year 1961, when construction of the Berlin Wall divided the city. The time range between 1945 and 1961 was marked by a spirit of post-war-rebuild of Berlin's urban structure. The period subjected to examination is divided into time-specific phases - each characterized by a different approach to urban planning varying in both the eastern and western part of the city. Since the political division of the city in 1948, the parts became known as "West and East Berlin" respectively. The theoretical section of the thesis focuses on the most significant principles of urban planning, applied to both parts of the city, during the defined period. Through a detailed research of individual urban planning concepts, the practical part of the thesis endeavours to compare the differences between the architectural approaches and the changing West Berlin and East Berlin urban planning strategies. The thesis concludes that both urban development policies differed significantly. This dissimilarity was caused by geopolitical...
The Influence of the 1936 Berlin Olympic Games on the Foreign Policy of Nazi Germany and its Image in the International Community
Pokorný, Jiří ; Emler, David (advisor) ; Smetana, Vít (referee)
The theme of the bachelor thesis is the influence of the 1936 Summer Olympic Games on the foreign policy of Nazi Germany and its image in the international community. The thesis aims to verify whether the Nazis managed to use the Olympic Games to improve the image of Nazi Germany abroad and then to leave the unfavorable foreign policy position in which it was located. The bachelor thesis is divided into two well-arranged parts, in the first one the author deals with the starting position of Germany in the international community and his foreign policy before the Olympic Games. In addition, in this section he deals with the Olympic Games themselves. In the second part, based on newspaper articles and an internal report produced by the Foreign Office, the author investigates the influence of the Olympic Games on the image of Germany abroad and later on its foreign policy. The Nazis sharply opposed the Olympics at a time when they were assigned to the fragile Weimar Republic as an award for their efforts to return the country to the cultural society of modern states. However, they realized in time what opportunity they had been given, and after joining the power they organized with great effort spectacular and, in many ways, progressive games that predetermined the direction the Olympic Movement would...
The Berlin Wall
Thesis called "The Berlin Wall" focuses on the period mapping of the construction, existence and fall of the Berlin Wall. This work contains previous events before the Wall construction began, its consequences for Berlin residents, and also the backgroud of the fall of the Wall and its aftermath. One of the objectives of this work is also processing of the questionnaire survey aimed at individually selected respondents regarding their knowledge and awareness of the given period and the Berlin Wall.
Vývoj městských center: Analýza rozdílných kulturních vlivů s dopadem na změnu urbánního prostředí na příkladu Berlína
Moggert, Monika
The current topic of this paper evaluates the changes in the public urban space, depending on the current demographic transformation of Europe. It focuses on the life of immigrant communities living in the districts of Berlin ‒ Neukölln and Kreuzberg ‒ and their impact on the urban environment. It shows the issue of an inhumane scale in contrast to small-scale sites. Furthermore, it provides an example of the likely development of these districts, evaluating their benefits and negative aspects. At the same time, it offers the opportunity to use foreign experiences for modern city planning.
Financing of Brownfield Regeneration in the EU (Germany)
GOURAUD, Emmanuel
Based on qualitative, case study and the analysis of Europacity project in Berlin, this study aims at assessing the important criteria in order to evaluate the economic dimensions and development potential of a brownfield and a brownfield project. In the literature, more contextual information is given by making an updated state of the arts of brownfield regeneration financing and framework in the European Union with a particular focus on Germany. Furthermore, tools to evaluate the development potential of particular brownfield regeneration projects in particular brownfields and costs-benefits analysis in this field are reviewed. Using a compilation of official and informal data acquired through the interview of one main institutional actor in the development of the Europacity project, the author tried to assess the factors influencing the successful completion of the project in this area, the impacts of the project on eight selected items (stakeholders involvement and following values: economic, social, environmental, historical, psychological, spatial and technological) and the costs-benefits analysis for three of the main stakeholders of the project. The main finding is that all items studied were relevant to some extent in the economic evaluation of a brownfield regeneration project.
The impact of new social movements on development of West Berlin on the example of the SO 36 initiative in the Kreuzberg district
Kneřová, Alžběta Klára ; Šafařík, Petr (advisor) ; Nigrin, Tomáš (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the influence of new social movements on the development of West Berlin with emphasis on the Kreuzberg district and the SO 36 citizen initiative in the time period from 1979 to 1984. The main aim of the thesis is to answer questions on how the new social movements influenced the urban and the housing policy of West Berlin, and what steps the members of the Kreuzberg social movements have taken to change it apart from the physical occupation of houses. In a wider context, the thesis deals with new social movements in Germany, mainly with squatting in West Berlin. The thesis is also devoted to West Berlin's Kreuzberg district and its development after the construction of the Berlin Wall until the beginning of the squatting wave in the late 1970s, including a description of the then urban policy. The central focus of the thesis is the SO 36 citizen initiative that contributed to the creation of the squatting wave in Kreuzberg and other parts of West Berlin by the first occupations of vacant houses in order to repair them. The paper analyses different ways in which the members of the initiative tried to influence the urban and housing policy of the time, such as publishing their own monthly newspaper or information leaflets. In addition, the thesis deals with the...
Immigration and City: Integration Policies in Berlin and Vienna 1971-2011
Dimitrov, Michal ; Pešek, Jiří (advisor) ; Klípa, Ondřej (referee) ; Zimmermann, Volker (referee)
The doctoral thesis compares and interprets the development of local integration policies of (West) Berlin and Vienna in 1971-2011 on the background of the transformation of Germany and Austria from ethnically homogenous to multicultural countries. Both metropolises first balanced between refusing the permanent integration of immigrants ("temporary integration") and selection of foreigners suitable for integration, later searched for a balance between the traditional concept of assimilation and the more modern multicultural approach; in the last decade they favoured the diversity policy, in more or less close connection to the concept of interculturalism. Although both cities represent essentially similar cases, this development was not straightforward and simultaneous, especially in the first phase before the migration crisis at the turn of the 1980s and 1990s. The research study focuses mainly on two questions: why the development of local integration policy in West Berlin started significantly earlier than in Vienna and why both cities started to support diversity policy at the beginning of the new century. The comparative framework derived from the "contrast of contexts" method interprets the development of local integration policies in the context of the national and transnational political...
Techno subculture influence on the political views of its members: Comparison of Prague and Berlin scenes
Dytrych, Simon ; Charvát, Jan (advisor) ; Novotný, Jaroslav (referee)
individual's values and political stances. It focuses on comparison of Berlin and Prague. I define some concepts e.g. "culture" and "subculture" in individual's
Symbol of democracy? Changes in perception of the Reichstag Building after 1990.
Nováková, Tereza ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Emler, David (referee)
The topics of the bachelor thesis are the symbolic meanings connected to the representative architecture, and also the discussion and its participants that influence the process of creating new symbolic meanings. Representative buildings still pose symbols for members of the nation and help to establish the national identity. They also reflect historical events and are bearers of cultural memory, which is also besides other aspects created by political representatives. The subject of this research is the Reichstag building in Berlin, which, in the past, was associated with both positive and negative connotations in connection with the transformation of its appearance and function. The aim of my thesis is to outline the discussion that took place in the 1990s and to introduce its actors who gave the building its present appearance. The paper presents important turning points for the reconstruction, first being the colloquia on the topic of rebuilding of the Reichstag building and reconstruction requirements in the tender, and secondly the dispute over the cupola of the Reichstag and the artistic project "Wrapped Reichstag". By both of these events would be introduced the arguments for and against in order to describe how symbolic meanings should be attached to the building after reconstruction. In...

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