National Repository of Grey Literature 214 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Exploring structural changes of employment in rural Czechia: territorial approach
Čapkovičová, Andrea ; Jančák, Vít (advisor) ; Květoň, Viktor (referee) ; Konečný, Ondřej (referee)
The thesis searches for driving forces behind structural changes of rural employment in the example of Czechia subject to changing rural paradigm and the related question of rural economic viability represented by the employment performance. The research elaborates on the territorial approaches which categorises regions according to their degree of rurality. In addition, the detailed classification is made according to the change of non-agricultural employment in the period 2001-2011 in order to identify dynamic regions which showed performance above national average (leading) and those which lacked behind (lagging). The observations prompt the question why is the performance differentiated. Therefore, the regionally differentiated impact of processes such as deagriculturisation, deindustrialisation and tertiarisation in the period 2001-2011 is analysed by the use of analysis of components (namely shift-share analysis) and multivariate analysis (namely factor and cluster analysis). The thesis aims to provide answers in particular by giving a thorough analysis of how the changing rural paradigm (and regional theories in wider context) conceptualise the driving forces behind employment development in rural areas. The added value is in the analysis of interrelations and correlations of chosen...
Socio-geographic determinants of risky substance use among Czech adolescents
Kážmér, Ladislav ; Dzúrová, Dagmar (advisor) ; Kulhánová, Ivana (referee) ; Králíková, Eva (referee)
The thesis aims at the specific issues of health-related behaviour among the contemporary Czech youth, with particular emphasis on a socio-geographical dimension of the phenomena. In particular, it aims at identification of selected demographic, social, and contextual factors underlying the inequalities in risky substance use among the Czech adolescent population in its complex multilevel perspective. By applying the advanced methodology of multilevel modelling, the author reveals an integral nature of these factors in space and time, and thus contributes to a deeper knowledge on the structures and processes determining the selected forms of risk behaviours. In addition to an integrative multilevel approach, the author derives recommendations for an effective planning and implementation of preventive measures in agenda of the Czech drug policy as well. Key words: adolescence; substance use; prevalence; socio-geographic inequalities; multilevel analysis; Czechia
"Quater-life Crisis" in the Czech Republic - How Do Czech Millennials Cope?
Gonsiorová, Olga ; Cirklová, Jitka (advisor) ; Císař, Ondřej (referee)
In her diploma thesis, the author deals with the Quarter-life crisis and the experience that Czech Millenials have with this phenomenon. Given that Quarter-life crisis is a relatively new concept that has not yet been greatly explored by academics, the author devotes a part of the thesis to a detailed account of the knowledge on this phenomenon that is currently available, with a considerable part coming from popular psychology and popular science books. The theoretical part of the thesis further describes the social change that enabled the emergence of a new period in psychological development - the "emerging adulthood" and the associated Quarter-life crisis, its development as a concept and academic recognition. The work further describes the generation of Millenialls currently associated with this crisis and their characteristics making them susceptible to experience this crisis. The practical part is a qualitative research on the experiences of Czech Millenials, who are going through or have gone through this crisis. The research results are analysed with an consideration of the specifics of the Czech environment and unique factors that can influence the experience with this phenomenon.
Delimitation of catchment areas for elementary schools in Czechia: case study of cities Děčín and Teplice
Houšková, Zuzana ; Netrdová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Šifta, Miroslav (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the problem of creating school catchment areas in Czechia. The aim is to present and discuss the strategies used by the municipalities for defining the school catchment areas on selected examples. Cities Děčín and Teplice have been chosen as case studies. Four school decrees have been selected from each city and maps have been created based on these. My research shows that school catchment areas are created in a similar ways in both cities, and the boundaries of catchment areas are predominantly the boundaries of urban areas, traffic communications, or natural barriers. In the decrees, possible errors were found likely caused by poor wording or inadvertently introduced by the officials. The work also includes maps that have been created to simplify the detection of errors in city decrees. In both Děčín and Teplice, one school has been selected with respect to the risk of segregation of children from the perspective of national minorities. Field survey has been made on 23.4 2019. The investigation has shown that at one of the selected schools, segregation is starting to happen. Currently, the proportion of national minorities is 30% in the higher classes, with minority ratios above 50% in the first and second classes. The results of the investigation have been also...
Impact of economic development on fertility in Czechia after 2000
Benešová, Valentýna ; Šťastná, Anna (advisor) ; Kocourková, Jiřina (referee)
Impact of economic development on fertility in Czechia after 2000 Abstract The aim of this thesis is to explore the development of fertility in Czechia at the level of regions and districts and to compare it with the development of economy after 2000. The first part of the thesis summarizes the knowledge of fertility development and possible economic and other influences that affect it. Subsequently the development of unemployment and the development of fertility were analyzed, just like their relations in the Czech Republic between 2002-2017. The thesis is focused on the regional differentiation of the selected indicators. Most of the analysis was made at the level of the NUTS 3 of the Czechia. Hereby it can be confirmed that the economic development in the Czech Republic was very likely one of the important factors that also influenced the development of fertility. For a more detailed examination of patterns of reproductive behavior and unemployment a cluster analysis was made for territorial units at the level LAU 1. In this analysis the main indicators were included as well as their changes after 2008. This method managed to define several areas with identical fertility and unemployment characteristics. Key words: fertility, unemployment, economic development, Czechia, regional differentiation
Prevalence of mental disorders in the Czech population: age and sex differences
Soldánová, Lucie ; Machů, Vendula (advisor) ; Lustigová, Michala (referee)
Prevalence of mental disorders in the Czech population: age and sex differences Abstract Mental illnesses and addictions to alcohol and drugs are quite huge problem in current society, which are not much discussed and not even solved, even though in Czechia the number of people with mental health problems is increasing. In 2017 in Czechia was made the CZEMS survey, which participated 3306 respondents, who were older than 18 years. Based on these results, there is almost 20 % people diagnosed with mental illness in Czechia. This bachelor thesis is orienting at four selected categories of mental illnesses and addictions, which are mood disorders, anxiety disorders, alcohol and drug dependencies. Men have higher prevalence of addictions, mainly alcohol dependency and drug abuse, which are marihuana, cocaine, different narcotics and inhalants. On the contrary, women have rather more risk to be diagnosed with mental illnesses such as mood disorders and anxiety disorders. The analysis also focuses on exact selected illnesses and dependencies, which are depressions, agoraphobia, social phobia, marijuana addiction and tranquilizers dependency. The target of this bachelor thesis is to analyse and describe with the results of the CZEMS survey, how was prevalence of these mental illnesses and dependencies differenced...
Trends in Czech migration and development policy coherence
Seidlová, Aneta ; Stojanov, Robert (advisor) ; Novosák, Jiří (referee)
Migration and development are a globally recurring topic within media and political discourse. In Europe, the topic gained attention following the so called "refugee crisis", accompanied by rhetoric of solving the root causes of migration and increasing coherence of migration and development policy. Even though the refugee flows mainly avoided Czechia, the crisis had an impact on public and political discourse, including links to migration, development and the need for coherence in policy strategic documents. The diploma thesis analyses trends in Czech migration and development policy and their coherence in the aftermath of global financial and refugee crisis. This thesis aims to assess the progress toward coherence and identify the key areas and causes of incoherence. The concept of policy coherence for migration and development, and a model of policy coherence cycle are used as the main theoretical frameworks. To gain an insight into the process of policy formation, a distinction is made between political commitments and policies on paper, policy coordination and implementation in practice, and the potential impact of the political discourse on this process. This thesis presents attitudes and perceptions of key stakeholders in Czech migration and development policy, based on a series of 20...
Equality: age and gender (Czechia, Denmark, France, Poland)
Černá, Tereza ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Kalibová, Květa (referee)
Equality: Age and gender Abstract Diploma thesis addresses age and gender inequalities in Czechia, Denmark, France and Poland, based on Special Eurobarometer 437 and Special Eurobarometer 465. It introduces basic terms connected with inequality in society as well as terms related to gender and age discrimination. The analytical part is focused on different perceptions of age and gender inequality by respondents from four selected countries. The questions are also analysed on base on the respondent's gender and their age group, either 25-34, or 55-64 years. The conclusion of the conducted survey data analysis is, that society in Czechia and Poland inclines towards gender-based prejudices and stereotypes more, than society in Denmark and France, which may be a consequence of stronger emphasis on gender equality in Western European countries. Age discrimination is more often noticed by Czech and French respondents, but it is clear, that respondents from all four countries perceive ageism as very serious and do not see adopted anti- discrimination measures as sufficient. Key words: discrimination, inequality, stereotypes, ageing, ageism, age discrimination, gender discrimination, Czechia, Denmark, France, Poland
The music education system in Bohemia and Switzerland
Peková, Zuzana ; ERICSSON, Mikael (advisor) ; STRAŠIL, Tomáš (referee)
In my diploma thesis The Music Education System in Bohemia and Switzerland, I try to delineate the general picture of the development of music education in these countries from its beginnings, for the time when it has gone through the greatest and most important changes, up to the present, where I describe the current state and structure of musical education. Undoubtedly, the main impulse which has driven me to choose this topic has been my recent stay in Switzerland. Thanks to the Swiss Mobility program, I was given the opportunity to study music at a university in Luzern, where I spent the entire academic year, so I had enough time to learn about the local school system. As a result of my personal experience, I decided to find and write information that could provide readers an opportunity to compare our familiar system of schooling in Bohemia with such a specific and unique system of education as the one they have in Switzerland. Musical education in Czech republic has a very strong tradition and still enjoys a great deal of popularity in the present day . In the part concerning the development of musical education in our country, I focused especially on the period of struggle for the introduction and the form of the subject of music in curricula, which has been led in the past century by professors of music and other important personalities of the then Czech music scene. In contrast, in the part dealing with education in Switzerland, my intention was to introduce the overall form of the education system of the country, despite the fact that its scheme often differs greatly within the cantons. Due to these numerous differences and also the limited scope of this work, I have focused on describing the most significant dissimilarities in teaching music in the main Swiss cantons. In making my decision to choose this topic I was captivated by the fact that there are only a small number of publications on Swiss education in our country and, if they exist, they include information only up to the 1980s. This has confirmed my belief that my work could be of real benefit to all potential students of music in Switzerland and to the Czech music public in general.

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