National Repository of Grey Literature 9 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Effect of emergent micropolutants on the denitrification activity of activated sludge
Mosná, Silvia ; Stříteský, Luboš (referee) ; Hrich, Karel (advisor)
Diploma thesis Effect of emergent micropolutants on the denitrification process through activated sludge is focused on three specific substances. The substances under investigation are atrazine, terbutylazine and sulfametaxazole. Atrazine and terbutylazine are pesticides, particularly herbicides. Sulfametaxazole was chosen as a common antibiotic. The thesis is summarized into 10 chapters and conclusion. The work consists essentially of theoretical and practical part. Part of the theoretical part of the thesis is legislation that deals with the matters of the problem with micropolutants. The next chapter is an introduction to the issue, where we want to familiarize the reader with the current situation. There are also chapters on emergent micropolutants, denitrification and investigated substances. If we look at the practical part, there are chapters on sampling, evaluation of BATCH tests and evaluation of inhibition tests. There are also chapters on BATCH tests and respiratory inhibition test, which describe procedures of how we performed this test. Laboratory test reports are included in the Annex.
Chlorine decay in the water supply network
Kolková, Hana ; Hrich, Karel (referee) ; Ručka, Jan (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the rate of free chlorine dacay in the water supply systems. In the general part of the work are mentioned the forms of chlorine that can be encountered in its use for disinfection of drinking water. Another chapter is the modeling of chlorine decomposition in water during pipeline distribution. This chapter deals with the kinetic reactions of chlorine and their orders, and subsequently with factors influencing the rate of chlorine loss. Closer deals with pipe wall chlorine decay and the bulk water flow chlorine decay. The second part of the diploma thesis is focused on determining the constant kb, which is the rate coefficient of loss of chlorine in the pipeline caused by the flow of water. The work contains several researches of various world studies that deal with this issue. The following is a step-by-step guide to performing this test. The last part deals with the case studies at the waterworks in Kateřinice and Brno. On these tapes the chlorine concentration was measured over time and a constant kb was determined based on these results, expressing the rate of free chlorine decay in bulk water flow.
Removal of phosphorus in denitrifying bioreactor
Chlopčíková, Anna ; Hrich, Karel (referee) ; Malá, Jitka (advisor)
Nitrogen and phosphorus are involved in many processes on the Planet Earth. Especially in agricultural areas water is contaminated by nutrients, which can cause the eutrophication of surface waters, and other problems. The solution could be use of denitrifying bioreactors, which are used for the reduction of high nitrate concentrations in shallow groundwaters. The subject of the thesis was the study of phosphorus removal in the denitrification bioreactor by steel turnings, which are constituent part of the organic load of the bioreactor. Steel turnings release Fe, which causes the precipitation and adsorption of P. Eight bioreactors were filled with poplar woodchips. To these columns just above the surface were added model water enriched with nitrate nitrogen, phosphate phosphate was added to 4 columns, where two of them were enhanced by the addition of steel turnings upstream of the wood medium. Sampling and the analyses of the samples were determined weekly, determination of the phosphorus, iron and other substances necessary for the detection of processes in the bioreactor was performed. The dependence of phosphorus removal on the bioreactor operating conditions was evaluated based on measured data, and the effect of iron on the biological denitrification process was also assessed. Steel turnings have been found to be effective in removing TP, but it is necessary to solve iron leaching in the future. The concentration of phosphorus was reduced up to 0 mg/l on the effluent from the denitrification bioreactors, efficiency of phosphorus removal reached 100 %. The presence of steel chips had no effect on denitrification speed. The denitrification process was also successful in the phosphorus removal columns. From the point of view of leaching of substances and iron, the removal of N and P seems to be preferable in dry period during stoppage with no water fillings. Shutdown of bioreactors with flooded filling caused high concentrations of leached iron up to 149 mg/l
Efficacy of combined dosing of coagulant and flocculant on wastewater sludge dewatering
Pániková, Kristína ; Novotná, Věra (referee) ; Hrich, Karel (advisor)
Sludge treatment and disposal are one of the most important parts of sewage treatment. These are economically challenging parts, and therefore emphasis is placed on effective dosing. The dose should be as small as possible but also the highest dry matter output. The main target of this diploma thesis is therefore to show that it is possible to achieve the same or better degree of drainage of the sludge if different flocculant/coagulant ratio is applied to the sludge. Diploma thesis deals with determination of the optimal combination of chemical doses during sludge dewatering. The thesis contains two parts, practical and theoretical. The theoretical part consists of research, overview of processed research and works in the area of sludge dewatering. The second part is a description of laboratory measurements and evaluation of results.
Chemical dosing optimalisation during by wastewater sludge dewatering
Pániková, Kristína ; Novotná, Věra (referee) ; Hrich, Karel (advisor)
Bachelor thesis deals with chemical dosing optimisation during by wastewater sludge dewatering. The thesis has two parts, practical and theoretical. Theoretical part contains basic information about thickening, destabilization and stabilization, flocculants, methods of measurement and final sludge treatment. The evaluation of laboratory measurements and presentation of the results are in the practical part.
Assessment of the effectiveness of filter material DMI-65 on removing metals from water
Konečný, Jiří ; Hrich, Karel (referee) ; Biela, Renata (advisor)
The first chapter of diploma thesis discusses about various water processes which remove metals and metalloids compounds from water. A substantial part is devoted to filter materials, which include a new filter material DMI-65. Comprehensive chapter discribes characteristics, proporties and practical application of filter material DMI-65. The next chapter describes the process of pilot testing of material DMI-65 in the water treatment plant in Ivancice. At the end of the diploma thesis, the laboratory test of filter material DMI-65 is described, including the description of particular metals that are removed from the water and the compresion of the filter materiál DMI-65 with other selected filter materials.
Phosphorus in sediments of small rivers
Zborovská, Jarmila ; Hrich, Karel (referee) ; Malá, Jitka (advisor)
This thesis deals with assessment of two small water courses Leskava and Troubsky brook. Streams are evaluated from two aspects: content of three forms of phosphorus TP, Panorg and Porg and hydromorphological assessment. Total phosphorus was determined by sample mineralization by H2SO4+H2O2. Pinorg and Porg were determined by a method published by Pardo. Hydromorphological assessment was done by methodology Králová at al.
Phosphorus forms in river sediments
Schrimpelová, Kateřina ; Hrich, Karel (referee) ; Malá, Jitka (advisor)
Two main mechanism of immobilization of phosphorus in sediments are formation of insoluble phosphates of Ca, Mg, Fe, Al, and sorption. Phosphorus can be also immobilized as organic phosphorus contained in the biomass. This thesis is focused on searching of relationships between total, organic and inorganic phosphorus and iron, calcium and organic matter content in fluvial sediments. Within the framework of this thesis, samples of sediments have been collected and analyzed. The measured values have been filled by the data measured at the Institute of Chemistry in the years 2011-2012. Total number of samples is 48. Data have been statistically analyzed by Student’s t-test at the = 0,05 and = 0,01 levels of significance. The relationships between total phosphorus and iron and organic matter have been proven. Also the relationship between organic phosphorus and organic matter content has been proven and surprisingly the correlation with iron, too. The inorganic phosphorus indicated significant relationship with iron, but no significant relationship with the calcium content. At last there has been proven the correlation between inorganic phosphorus and the organic matter content.

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