National Repository of Grey Literature 59 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Linguistics terms in mass media (Study of determinologization)
Pavlová, Hana ; Bozděchová, Ivana (advisor) ; Mareš, Petr (referee)
The diploma thesis focuses on linguistic terminology in current mass media discourse. The main objective of this thesis is to analyze the occurrences of linguistic terms in the corpus SYN2013PUB and to describe their function, meaning and context and the process of their determinologization. The first part concerns the existing approaches to terms and terminology, the specifics of the linguistics terminology, the function of the terms in the professional style and their use in the journalistic style. Furthermore, the thesis deals with the relations between general lexicon and terminology, terminologization and determinologization. The analysis of the examples indicates, how to follow the determinologization in the texts. The examples are classified according to the indicators of determinologization. These indicators are typical means of journalistic style (which contains terms), journalistic innovation of the collocability, specific ways of explaining the terms and the semantics or formal modifications of the terms. The determinologization is considered an unfinished process, accomplished for diverse corpus occurrences of linguistic terms in various extent.
Czech historical facts in teaching Czech for foreigners
Vlasáková, Magdalena ; Bozděchová, Ivana (advisor) ; Šormová, Kateřina (referee)
anglicky: This master's thesis deals with czech historical facts within teaching czech in Czech School TGM in Chicago. It also includes a perception of czech facts inside the group of Czech compatriots. This community is not numerous as was the case in the half of the 19th century nevertheless its cultural life is still very interesting and is worth the attention. This Czech community is varied because of generation before 2nd World War as migrants from 90's of the 20th centrury. They all have a need to preserve and pass cultural identity to their descendants. The theoretical part of the thesis primarily explains key word facts and its position inside culture and teaching. It also mentions the word heritage language and its transfer. This part deals with basic informations about czech community in Chicago and about a large number of this group activities. The empirical part of the thesis describes and analyzes an author's experiences from teaching in summer czech school in 2017. This part is based on analysis of preparations a study plan, an analysis of diary record from Czech lessons and also an analysis of a questionnaire filled in by participants of summer Czech school and members of Czech community. Research outcomes can help to better cognition facts in teaching and their meaning for children...
UP - DOWN Orientational Schema and Its Manifestation in the Czech Somatic Frazeology
Prokopová, Petra ; Vaňková, Irena (advisor) ; Bozděchová, Ivana (referee)
The bachelor's thesis focuses on the UP - DOWN orientational scheme and its manifestation in the Czech somatic phraseology. After a theoretical introduction focused on the Polish and American conception of Cognitive Linguistics, the research part deals with the analysis of the phraseological units. Is checking whether UP/ TOP is POSITIVE and DOWN/ DOWN is negative. Attention is paid to the frequency of occurrences of the names of the individual parts of the body represented by the scheme. The assumption is that the UP/ TOP will be represented by the somatisms HEAD as the highest point of the human body.
Neologism in the linguistic, media and common picture of the world
Lišková, Michaela ; Vaňková, Irena (advisor) ; Bozděchová, Ivana (referee) ; Orgoňová, Olga (referee)
The aim of the interdisciplinary doctoral dissertation is to answer the research question What is a neologism? The research was inspired by the methodology relying on three types of data that J. Bartmiński specifies for studying stereotypes as part of the language picture of the world, i. e. systemic, textual and empirical data. Neologisms are expounded by confronting the linguistic, media and everyday picture of the world with the use an explicative characteristic including connotations of the concept. After introducing the neologism within the context of words marked stylistically with respect to time, the exposition is structured according to (non- homogeneous) criteria, on the basis of which neologisms in the reviewed literature are defined: the criterion of existence, the criterion of time, the lexicographic criterion, the psychological criterion, the structural criterion, the criterion of variety and the criterion of instability and stability. The media image of neologism was examined using the qualitative-quantitative method of content analysis in 93 media texts from 2006 and 2007, and 2016 and 2017. The empirical data were obtained by questionnaires from 2017 and 2018 with 100 respondents aged 11 to 81. In summary, the concept of neologisms is understood as a very heterogeneous one. A list...
Internationalisms and neologisms in contemporary cultural and political news
Ivasková, Jarmila ; Bozděchová, Ivana (advisor) ; Martínek, František (referee)
The bachelor thesis is devoted to description and analysis of contemporary vocabulary of selected Czech journals, that are focused on news from the political and cultural field. The aim of this thesis is to prove the usage of lexice internationalism and neologism and to characterize them closely from the process point of view and the level of adaptation in the Czech language, the specificity of the creation of the words and lexice semantics including its pragmatical mening. The thesis will use the methodology based on the theory of key words and on this basis selected naming (lexems) relevant for the field of politics and culture will be selected from the Neologism dictionary 1,2 and also from the Academic dictionary of foreign words. Occurrence and usage of selected lexems will be subsequently documented in journals MF DNES and Lidove noviny within a period of three months: June, July and August 2017. Excerpted material will be used to compare semantics and style characteristics of key names as they presented in the mentioned dictionaries and the realized in the texts, prospective updated will be evaluated. Keywords Internationalism, neologism, lexical semantics, pragmatics, culture, politics, news, daily
Lexical idioms in English
Vašků, Kateřina ; Klégr, Aleš (advisor) ; Čermák, František (referee) ; Bozděchová, Ivana (referee)
According to the standard definition phraseology deals with multi-word lexical units, i.e. word combinations. Voices claiming that even complex words composed of two or more meaningful units may qualify for the status of (lexical) phrasemes/idioms, especially when their meaning is non- compositional, are still very isolated, in spite of the fact that linguistic literature is teeming with references to idiomatic compounds and derivatives (Chap. 3). In fact, the only systematic treatment of lexical idioms seems to be that offered by Čermák (2007), who focuses primarily on lexical idioms in Czech. The aim of the thesis is therefore to explore the situation in English and attempt to develop a useful definition of, and especially criteria for, distinguishing lexical idioms from other complex lexemes and provide an outline of the main types of lexical idioms obtaining in English. After an introduction (Chap. 1) and the presentation of state-of-the-art approaches to phraseology and the relevant information about phraseological units and their features (Chap. 2), the thesis reviews Čermák's theory of lexical idioms which inspired their quantitative study in Czech (Chap. 4). The core part is the analysis of two samples. The first one, gathered from the BNC, includes a random selection of 1000 single-word...
Lexical Expressions of Timbre of Musical Sounds in Czech
Ceháková, Markéta ; Bozděchová, Ivana (advisor) ; Lehečková, Eva (referee)
This bachelor thesis addresses the general nature of lexical expressions used to describe timbre of musical sounds in Czech language. This part of vocabulary has not been linguistically described in Czech language yet, the main goal of the thesis therefore is to find out what kind of expressions are used to describe timbre in Czech language, how expansive this area of vocabulary approximately is, with what frequency do these expressions occur in language and whether they are used in a systematic way. The thesis also focuses on a semantic nature of these expressions. Since many of them are in fact metaphorical, the thesis aims to find the source domains from which the expressions describing timbre are taken. Data for the research has been collected by filling an on-line form. In ideal case, this thesis should describe the general nature of this part of vocabulary and offer some possibilities for further research. Keywords: timbre, music, frequency, conceptual metaphor
Sense Inheritance in the Derivation by Suffixes from Polysemous Words
Sláma, Jakub ; Bozděchová, Ivana (advisor) ; Martínek, František (referee)
The present thesis deals with, and elaborates on, the concept of sense inheritance (particularly with respect to suffixation in Czech). Drawing on more general remarks on lexical meaning, polysemy, and the semantic relatedness of a derived word and its base, the theoretical part of the thesis delineates the notion of sense inheritance, originating within the framework of construction grammar. It is shown that the idea of sense inheritance has at least implicitly been present in Czech lexicology (cf. the derivational criterion for identifying senses of polysemous words) and lexicography. It is argued that the traditional Czech theory of word formation relies on the assumption of the semantic transparency or even compositionality of motivated words, which can hardly be squared with empirical evidence concerning sense inheritance, nevertheless. In the empirical part of the thesis semantic relations are analyzed that hold between derivatives within 43 word families of polysemous bases (denoting body parts), and subsequently the sense-inheritance properties of the 80 most frequent (hence established and lexicalized) derivatives with the agentive suffix -tel and polysemous base verbs are contrasted with those found in 100 hapax legomena derived from polysemous bases with the same affix. This enables not...
Language cliché in contemporary TV news
Jeřichová, Tereza ; Bozděchová, Ivana (advisor) ; Mareš, Petr (referee)
This diploma thesis focuses on language cliché in contemporary TV news. The aim of the theoretical part is to define the term cliché, specify its key features and describe language of the TV news. The analytical part focuses on finding and describing language clichés in the analysed material, which consists of TV news texts from three different Czech TV stations. The analysed material is restricted on preselected period of time. The chosen material is acquired from Newton Media archive, and the descriptions of particular clichés are accompanied by frequency and collocation data from language corpus SYN2015. The core of this diploma thesis is systematic definition of the term cliché and the linguistic analysis of particular clichés that can be found in contemporary TV news.
Dynamics of Language Expression in Contemporary Mass Media
Hunalová, Michaela ; Bozděchová, Ivana (advisor) ; Mareš, Petr (referee)
The main objective of this thesis called "Language Innovations in Mass Media" is to identify and compare language innovations in articles produced by major printed mass medium with language innovations in news programme broadcasted by public TV channel. Thesis aims to describe actual trends of language innovations, specifically lexical and word-building process. Overall, author analysed language of 17,723 reports and 1,174 articles from TV programme Události (produced by Česká televize and broadcasted daily at 7pm) and front pages of daily newspaper (MF DNES) from one-year period. Author detects similar patterns in terms of language innovations in both sources, however, the realization of the innovations is different.

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