National Repository of Grey Literature 86 records found  beginprevious77 - 86  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Modified Titania Nanolayers for Photodegradation Applications
Krejčíková, Simona ; Šolcová, Olga ; Maléterová, Ywetta ; Cajthaml, Tomáš
This study is focused on preparation and characterisation of the specially designed photoactive materials and their modified versions suitable for photo-processes carried out upon illumination in the visible and UV regions of the light spectrum. Decomposition of a resistant contaminant 4 - chlorophenol was chosen as the representative reaction for our study.
Sphagnum mosses – Ecosystem engineers of bogs
Hájek, Tomáš
I evaluated production and decomposition characteristics of six dominant Sphagnum species in their natural microhabitats distributed along the gradient of water table in an open ombrotrophic bog. The growth in length was much higher in pools and hollows than in hummocks but the resulting annual production was roughly similar between the microhabitats due to a greater shoot and bulk density in hummocks. Although hummocks provided much higher potential for decomposition than hollows, the Sphagnum litter decomposed more slowly in hummocks due to much lower litter quality of the hummock sphagna. Thus the hummock Sphagnum species possess both principal mechanisms participating in maintaining hummocks above hollows – a sufficient production rate and limited decomposition rate. These mechanisms emphasize the role of Sphagnum mosses as autogenic ecosystem engineers controlling also the microhabitat diversification in patterned mires.
Microarthropods and microbial participation in oak and beech litter decomposition
Farská, Jitka ; Jínová, Kristýna ; Jirout, Jiří ; Petrásek, Jiří ; Čápová, Lenka ; Rusek, Josef ; Krištůfek, Václav ; Elhottová, Dana ; Starý, Josef
The aim of our work was to describe the impact of a simulated vegetation zone shift to higher altitudes (i) on the quantity and quality of microarthropods and microbial communities, and (ii) on the decomposition rate of allochthonous leaf litter. In November 2002, 480 litterbags filled with oak or beech leaf litter were placed into spruce and beech forests (950 m a. s. l.) on Kleť Mt. (1083 m; Blanský les Protected Landscape Area, South Bohemia). Three different mesh sizes were used for certain soil biota exclusion: > 2 mm, 0.5 mm and 42 μm. Litterbags were sampled after 2, 4, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months of exposure in the field. Litter pH and moisture were determined in the laboratory immediately after retrieval. Soil microarthropods (Oribatida, Gamasida and Collembola) were extracted using Tullgren funnels. Soil bacteria and micromycetes were isolated using the dilution plate method and specific growth media.
Klasifikátor založený na inverzních hodnotách indexů II. teorie a příloha
Jiřina, Marcel ; Jiřina jr., M.
A theory of a new method for the classification of data into classes is presented. The method is based on the sum of reciprocals of neighbors' indexes. We show that neighbors' indexes are in close relation to the approximate polynomial transform of the neighbors' distances. The sum of the reciprocals of indexes for all neighbors forms truncated harmonic series due to a finite number of its elements. For the neighbors of one class there is a sum of the selected elements of this truncated series. It is proved that the ratio of these sums gives just the probability that the point to be classified - the query point - is of that class.
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Klasifikátor založený na inverzních hodnotách indexů
Jiřina, Marcel ; Jiřina jr., M.
A new method for the classification of data into classes is presented. The method is based on the sum of reciprocals of neighbors' indexes. We show that neighbors' indexes are in close relation to the polynomial transform of the neighbors' distances. The sum of the reciprocals of indexes for all neighbors forms truncated harmonic series due to a finite number of its elements. For the neighbors of one class there is a sum of the selected elements of this truncated series. It is proved that the ratio of these sums gives just the probability that the point to be classified -- the query point -- is of that class. The classification ability is demonstrated on real-life data from the Machine Learning Repository and the results are compared with published results obtained through other methods.
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Aplikace ortogonálních dekompozičních metod
Uruba, Václav ; Knob, Martin
Orthogonal decomposition techniques are introduced with respect to application to time-resolved PIV data. Several modifications of the techniques are taken into account, particularly the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition in continuous and snapshot variants for space analysis only as well as the Bi-Orthogonal Decomposition to be used for joint space-time analysis.
Studium chemické stability antivirově aktivních 5-azacytosin acyklických nukleosidfosfonátů pomocí NMR spektroskopie
Dračínský, Martin ; Krečmerová, Marcela ; Holý, Antonín
Hydrolytic decomposition of four 5-azacytosine acyclic nucleoside phosphonates was studied. Products of the decomposition are carbamoylguanidine derivatives. Stability and decomposition products of HPMP-5-azaC (a 5-azacytosine derivative with strong antiviral activity) differ from the other derivatives.
Empirical mode analysis of the non-stationary response of the structure vibrating in the wind
Pospíšil, Stanislav ; Náprstek, Jiří
The paper describes the new method of analysis of the response of structure in the wind.
Quantitative and qualitative changes of phenolic compounds in alder leaf litter
Elhottová, Dana ; Vrchotová, Naděžda ; Tříska, Jan ; Krištůfek, Václav
Quantitative as well as qualitative changes of phenolic compounds were investigated in different decomposition stages (I-IV) of native alder leaf litter. The Folin-Ciocalteau method was applied for the determination of total phenolic compounds and the reserved phase HPLC for the determination of the phenolic acids. Both values decreased in dependence on stage of litter decomposition. The reduction of the total phenolic compounds and the phenolic acids was 20% and 50%, respectively, in the most decomposed litter (stage IV) in comparison with fresh litter (stage I, 100%). The ratio of free (simple extracted) and bound phenolic compounds (extracted after acid hydrolysis) in the group of total phenolic compounds and phenolic acids was determined. The characteristic feature of the fresh litter (stage I) was higher amount of the free phenolic acids as well as higher ratio of the free phenolic compounds to the bound ones. The following stage II was characterised by two times higher portion of free to bound total phenolic compounds in contrary to phenolic acids where the bound acids dominat ed over the free ones. Higher level of bound to free compounds in both observed phenolic groups was typical for the most decomposed litter samples (stage III and IV).In addition, the stage III and IV were characterised by new compounds, which were formed in the litter during its decomposition and were not detectable in the previous stages (I,II).

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