National Repository of Grey Literature 37 records found  previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Wear analysis of extracted polyethylenes of total hip replacements using optical methods
Přikryl, Adam ; Morovič, Ladislav (referee) ; Vrbka, Martin (advisor)
An experimental methodology for wear assessment of extracted polyethylene hip implants was designed in this diploma thesis. Methodology uses optical 3D scanner and optical profilometer for analysis of wear. Designed methodology for wear analysis was validated by gravimetric method. The results of validation were in good agreement with the increase of wear rate. Validation results show that the methodology is not suited for wear assessment of metal and ceramic implants which have small wear rates. On the other hand the methodology is more than useful for wear assessment of polyethylene implants. Designed methodology for wear assessment was applied on the set of thirteen extracted polyethylene hip implants. Results of the wear analysis were wear volumes and linear wear noted in the wear maps. Roughness of the surface was measured on explanted cups and results were noted in the roughness map. On articulating surface of the cups different areas were observed for measured roughness. Those areas were described as area with machining marks from manufacturing process, polished area from combination of abrasive and adhesive wear, polished area from micro-contact fatigue and area including plastic deformation.
Lubrication of hip joint replacements
Rebenda, David ; Hartl, Martin (referee) ; Vrbka, Martin (advisor)
This thesis deals with the experimental study of lubrication of hip joint replacements. The influence of the synovial fluid composition and the head material to the lubricating film thickness were asssesed by using a pendulum hip joint simulator. Both of these effects were assesed under static and dynamic loading conditions. The experimental results showed that the movement of the head against the cup is unnecessary for the separation of the rubbing surfaces by a layer of adsorbed proteins. Composition of the synovial fluid then significantly influences the thickness of the lubricating film. Two opposite extremes have been observed during tests with two model synovial fluids. The first fluid formed a very strong lubricating film. The second sample almost prevent adsorption of proteins and consequently formed only very thin lubricating film. The influence of the material is noticeable when comparing the results obtained with a metal head and ceramic heads. Metal head formes under the same conditions thicker lubricating film. This evidence may be partly influenced by different diametrical clearances, which were in the case of ceramic heads higher.
Effect of femoral head size on friction and lubrication in THR
Bartošík, Jan ; Dzimko, Marián (referee) ; Vrbka, Martin (advisor)
This diploma thesis concerns itself with the experimental study of friction and lubrication in the artificial hip joint depending on the head size. Measurements were made in a hip joint simulator based on the principle of pendulum. For the friction measurements artificial joints, made from three material combinations and two diameters, from two companies were used. The measurements show that the material combination has a more significant effect to friction coefficient than the head size. Using a bigger head size shows a decrease in friction coefficient for all material combinations when compared to a smaller head size. For the measurement of lubrication film the colorimetric interferometry was applied. A metal-on-glass contact pair was used, where the glass cups were made according to the real measurements of the joint cups. Four types of hip replacements with diameters of 28 and 36 mm with two different diametral clearance were measured during a constant motion of 210 seconds. Measurements show, that the lubrication film in the hip joint with a small diametral clearance increases very fast over the 800 nm value. Contact surfaces in the hip joint with a large diametral clearance aren’t separated by the lubrication film, resulting in a damage of the chromium coating in cup. A thick lubrication film results in a higher friction coefficient, when compared with hip joints with a very thin or no lubrication film.
Experimental study of friction and lubrication in THR
Urban, Filip ; Čermák, Jan (referee) ; Vrbka, Martin (advisor)
This work analyzes problems of friction and lubrication of total hip replacement (THR). At first, experimental study of friction coefficient under various conditions was conducted using hip joint simulator based on principle of pendulum. After that, lubrication film development was observed, using colorimetric interferometry with head from THR and glass cup with respect of geometry and clearance to cups made originally for THR. With respect to research study [25] it was found that increasing contact conformity leads to increased film thickness. Also protein adsorption on articulating surfaces was observed. Thanks to adsorption 80 nm film thickness was measured even if relative surface speed was zero. Furthermore protein aggregation was observed on the border of contact zone, similar aggregations were observed by Myant et al. [29] or Vrbka et al. [25]. These aggregations are formed when lubricant is under shear stress and it can positively affect film thickness. If the relative motion of articulating surfaces is not sufficient, the protein layer can`t be refreshed enough and film thickness start decreasing. Coefficient of friction 0,13 was measured when lubricating film development was observed. Close to this value are material combinations metal on polyethylene and metal on metal.
Study of Friction in Hip Joint Replacements
Balounová, Hana ; Dzimko, Marián (referee) ; Vrbka, Martin (advisor)
Diploma thesis deals with analysis of coefficient of friction in total hip prosthesis for several materials bearing with presence of bovine serum as substitute of synovial fluid occurred in natural joint. Behavior of coefficient of friction is observed on Mini Traction Machine. Results are plotted at graphs representing dependence of coefficient of friction on time. There are described effects of several kinematic conditions, the influence of used material and the effect of the method of contact lubrication. The experiments analyze how the formation of lubricant film with a layer of adsorbed protein affects coefficient of friction.
Effect of Conformity on Friction in Roller Bearing
Pisklák, Jan ; Zikmund, Vladimír (referee) ; Vrbka, Martin (advisor)
This master’s thesis describes the influence of conformity on friction in rolling bearings. The coefficient of friction is measured on an experimental machine - Mini Traction Machine 2 – using ball-on-disc method. The results are plotted in graphs which showing the dependence of the coefficient of friction at spin-to-roll ratio for specific conformity, normal load and speed in the contact area. The influence of load, speed or different lubricant viscosity is verified for a given value of conformity. Experimentally obtained data are compared with the mathematical model developed in MatLab, within this thesis.
Design of Equipment for Surface Topography Modification
Kománek, Jiří ; Hutař, Pavel (referee) ; Vrbka, Martin (advisor)
This master thesis is focused on design and construction of laboratory shot peening machine. This machine is determined for modification of the topography of the friction surfaces specimens. Two types of specimens are used. The first specimen is sphere with diameter 20-40 mm. The second specimen is cylinder with 9.6 mm diameter. In this thesis the setting parameters of shot peening for creation of surface with the micro-texture was described. Influence of the micro-texture to the coefficient of friction was investigated under mixed lubrication and slip condition.
Mapping of lubricating film thickness of human big joints replacements
Bosák, Dalibor ; Hartl, Martin (referee) ; Vrbka, Martin (advisor)
This master’s thesis describes mechanism of lubricating film forming and its thickness in contact of a metal hip joint ball and a glass disc with chromium layer with presence of bovine serum as substitute of synovial fluid occured in a natural joint. Lubricating film thickness is evaluated by a thin film colorimetric interferometry, results are ploted at graphs representing dependence of lubricating film thickness on experiment duration or on mutual speed of articulating surfaces. There is described the influence of concentration of bovine serum and different kinematic conditions on lubricating film forming. From observed interferograms is apparent the adsorption of proteins to glass disc and femoral head surfaces, denaturation and formation of protein aggregations affecting the residual lubricating film thickness.
Research and development of bearings for traction motors
Prášilová, Alena ; Čermák, Jan (referee) ; Vrbka, Martin (advisor)
This master’s thesis deals with construction design of cylindrical roller bearing for traction motor and design of life test tool for designed bearing. At the thesis beginning there is an overview of new trends in design of cylindrical roller bearing, according to new trends is designed a new construction design of cylindrical roller bearing. Other part of thesis is strain stress analysis, which assesses an optimal inclination of collar faces and optimal raceway modification of hybrid bearing rings. At the end life test will be analyzed.
Influence of topography of rubbing surfaces on rolling contact fatigue
Zahradník, Radek ; Čermák, Jan (referee) ; Vrbka, Martin (advisor)
This master thesis deals with influence of topography of friction surfaces on rolling contact fatigue. This influence is examined by newly reconstructed R-MAT station, whose reconstruction and fully report about it, is part of this master thesis. Influence is examined on area with higher surface's roughness which it wasn't examined before. Further research is made on area of surfaces with topographical modification with higher surface's roughness.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 37 records found   previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
2 Vrbka, Marek
1 Vrbka, Michal
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