National Repository of Grey Literature 275 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Orthorexia as a new addiction: a case study
Roztočilová, Dominika ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Svěcená, Kateřina (referee)
Background: In recent years, with the development of mass media, new concepts have emerged and often also referred to as "modern" addiction. Specifically, the concept of orth- orexia nervosa, which came in 1997 by American physician Steven Bratman, is now arous- ing interest among many experts. Many of them discuss whether to include this term in eat- ing disorders or other disorders, or to give it a separate place in classification systems. However, orthorexia has many similarities with addictive behaviour, and that is why I chosed this topic of bachelor thesis. Aims: My thesis actually focuses on the description of orthorexia from the perspective off addictive behaviour. It aims to map similar etiopathogenetic mechanisms involved in both disorders. Therefore the research objective is to describe the similarities between orth- orexia and addictive behaviour with a focus on risk factors from bio-psycho-social per- spectives. The work also deals with finding similarities in the process, diagnosis and treat- ment of the disease. In particular, biological, psychological and social factors related to the above-mentioned risk behaviour are monitored. Methods: Given the choice of case study, the thesis is based on qualitative research meth- ods. The research group consists of one respondent who is...
Excessive use of online pornography and its impact on quality of life: qualitative research
Sloviaková, Kateřina ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Vondráčková, Petra (referee)
This thesis is focused on the impact of excessive use of online pornography onto the quality of life. Pornography has rich history, which reflects shaping of the social a cultural context throughout the time. Foreign scientists focus heavily on the pornography impacts. They study its impact onto the different parts of human life, behaviour, physical and psychic health or relationships. This thesis is based on quality research. The aim was to describe, what effect has excessive pornography use on the quality of subject lives, describe the evolution of subject pornography consumption and if the criteria for behavioural addictions were fulfilled. Interviews with the use of manual were undertaken with eight respondents from the webpages Život na pornu. Data was analysed by Grounded theory. Results showed, that respondents had first encounter with pornography early, around the age of 9 to 11. Spending time using pornography evolved for most respondents to several hours a day. Most common trigger points were stress, boredom and lust for some excitement from the daily routine. All respondents fulfilled the criteria of behavioural addiction - prominence, toleration, mood changes, interpersonal and intrapersonal conflict and relaps. Presence of withdrawal symptoms have not been proofed. Quality research...
Substance use by university students during the exam period
Kunová, Vendula ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Petruželka, Benjamin (referee)
This work deals with the description of substance abuse by university students in the examination period. Students, for whom the study itself is a stressful period, have an examination period associated with even higher levels of stress. If they do not have the capacity to cope with stress, they may use some substances as a balancing strategy. The study design was a comparative questionnaire survey, which was collected at two time intervals - in the winter semester and after the exam period. The research concerned full-time university students of various specialization. Total of 159 students completed the survey. The first place in lifetime prevalence of use was occupied by alcohol. Other abused substances were coffee, energy drinks and cannabis. The order of the substances use did not change during the examination period. In the examination period, these substances are significantly more used by men alone. It also increased binge drinking of alcohol. Suprisingly the use of memory-promoting substances was reduced during the examination period. Slight increase was observed only in use of lecithin. Students mostly get substances from their friends, in pharmacies or other stores. In most cases students use these substances for better concentration, for rest between tests and for staying alert. The...
Cost analysis of a smart house
Vacek, Jan ; Výskala, Miloslav (referee) ; Aigel, Petr (advisor)
The bachelor thesis focuses on cost analysis of smart house. It describes the gradual development of technologies that have affected today's smart homes. The thesis also shows the possibilities that these systems offer to users. The use of these technologies and their interconnection is explained in more detail in order to save electricity and household finances. It also contains a description of the potential risks of attacking the aforementioned systems by unauthorized persons. The practical part deals with experimental measurements on a model of a room equipped with smart devices.
Monitoring differential pressure of filters
Vacek, Jiří ; Kratochvíl, Petr (referee) ; Hammer, Miloš (advisor)
In this bachelor thesis is at first dealt with pressure, pressure, manometers, technical diagnostics and monitoring. In next part is analysis of methods of particle filters on basis of published academical papers. Following part introduces reader with current state of filter monitoring in production areas of BOSCH DIESEL ltd. and continues with choosing of pilot area for application of differential pressure monitoring method and designs solution itself. In the last part of the thesis is simple financial analysis and roll-out ideas for this method.
Occurrence of flat foot in senior students of (the bachelor's subject) Physiotherapy at the Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University
Ročková, Šárka ; Vacek, Jan (advisor) ; Herbenová, Alena (referee)
The main objective: The main objective of this bachelor's thesis was to map the occurrence of flat foot in senior students of the bachelor's subject Physiotherapy at the Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University. Methodology: A group of 20 healthy denizens of the daily bachelor's study programme, ranging from 21 to 42 in age, were tested. The selected set was divided into two age categories, specifically into the "ages 21-25 (including students aged 25)" category and into the "over 25 years old" category. A plantogram, also known as a podogram, was obtained using podoscopy, then the plantogram was analysed in the SketchUp 2018 computer programme. The evaluated variable was the Chippaux-Smirak index. Results: It was found, that the measured Chippaux-Smirak index ranged from 18,6 % to 40,4 % for the left foot and from 12,0 % to 26,8 % for the right foot, respectively. Conclusion: Flat foot in this specific set of tested individuals was not diagnosed. Key words: plantar vault, flat foot, plantogram, index Chippaux-Šmiřák
Constitutio Criminalis Josephina and its influence on the decision-making practice of the Court of Appeal: Sexual offences in the years 1687-1727
Vacek, Josef ; Starý, Marek (advisor) ; Skřejpková, Petra (referee)
Thesis title in English Constitutio Criminalis Josephina and its influence on the decision-making practice of the Court of Appeal: Sexual offences in the years 1687-1727 Abstract This paper captures the development of the juridical practice of the Prague Court of Appeal between years 1687-1727 and examines the influence of the Constitutio Criminalis Josephina of 1707/8 on this practice. The research is focused on punishing of the sexual offenses, ie adultery, bigamy, fornication, incest, rape and sodomy. The primary sources for the research are law codes, especially Koldín's Code Práva městská Království českého (1579) and "Josephina"; besides them others are used: the Constitutio Criminalis Carolina (1532), the Constitutio Criminalis Ferdinandea (1656) and Brikcí's Práva městská (1536). The practice of the appellate court itself has been examined on the basis of the books of sentences that contain the judgments of that court. Firstly, the relevant legislation of the period was described for each of the offenses and then the judicial practice was examined. The applied methodology can be qualified as quantitative-qualitative comparative analysis which makes possible recognizing the changes that occurred with the implementation of "Josephina". The main findings of the thesis suggest that "Josephina" was an...
The role of modern technologies and the Internet in preschool children: The risks of their use from a perspective of their parents
Rokosová, Kateřina ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
Background: The number of preschool children using modern technologies and the Internet is growing rapidly, but the consequences of this behaviour on individual development are unknown. Aim: The aim of this research is to map the issue of the use of modern technologies and the Internet by preschool children and to focus on problematic, addictive behaviour and risks related to these technologies based on the statements of the children's parents. Methods: The data were collected through qualitative research using a semi- structured interview with the parents. In total, 8 interviews were conducted, rewritten into text and further modified using coding and categorization methods. Results: One of the main findings of the study is that watching TV and YouTube videos dominates preschool children's media use. More than half of preschool children own a tablet. Problematic or addictive behaviour is more commonly caused by using tablets or mobile devices other than different technologies. Parents underestimate risks of the use of modern technologies and the Internet. They set rules based only on their own beliefs and the rules are often inadequate and lead to children's undesirable behaviour. Conclusion and recommendation: It is necessary to continue the research in the field of use of modern technologies...
Cognitive Remediation and Emotion Skills Training (CREST) for eating disorders patients and its therapeutic use in the treatment of addiction
Zlesáková, Marie ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Pavlovská, Amalie (referee)
Cognitive Remediation and Emotion Skills Training (CREST) is a method successfully implemented in the treatment of eating disorders, that helps improve cognitive and emotional deficits. As patients with eating disorders and substance abuse have similar neuropsychological impairments and have also a high co-morbidity in both disorders, we can consider using CREST in the treatment of addiction. The introduction part is based on views of various authors on the issue of eating disorders, their comorbid psychiatric diseases and mechanisms associated with eating disorders and substance addiction. Further I describe the neuropsychological deficits found in both diseases, the possibilities of their rehabilitation and finally I present the CREST program. The aim of the research was to evaluate the quality of the program implementation. I focused on comparing the process, satisfaction and benefit of the intervention in 4 patients with eating disorders and 8 patients with substance addiction co-morbidity. Data were collected from the diagnostic screening of substance-related disorders, by analyzing medical documentation and participating observations in 10 CREST lessons. Key data source were also satisfaction and benefit questionnaires, and the focus group after the end of the program. The results showed,...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 275 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
5 VACEK, Jakub
14 VACEK, Jan
5 Vacek, Jakub
14 Vacek, Jan
1 Vacek, Jaroslav
1 Vacek, Jindřich
9 Vacek, Jiří
6 Vacek, Josef
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