National Repository of Grey Literature 204 records found  previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Effect of Airway Clearance Techniques on Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Milibari, Hussam ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Vomáčková, Helena (referee)
Title The effect of airway clearance techniques on patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Objective The main purpose of this study is to expose and evaluate the efficacy of airway clearance techniques on patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease by using pulmonary functions and Quality of Life measurements from recent studies. Methodology This thesis is literature review. The selected studies were according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The selections of recent studies were published from the year of 2000 until 2017 in English language. The following research databases were selected to identify the relevant topic: PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, PEDro, and CINAHL. The parameters' results from the articles have been also selected by evaluation the statistical differences according to the P-values. Results Twenty-three articles out of 117 have been found according to inclusion criteria, exclusion criteria, and outcome measures. The techniques were active cycle of breathing technique (ACBT), positive expiratory pressure (PEP), temporary of positive expiratory pressure (T-PEP), Oscillating positive expiratory pressure (O-PEP), high-frequency chest wall oscillation (HFCWO), slow expiration with glottis opened in lateral posture (ELTGOL), postural drainage, and autogenic...
Monitoring the effect of selected physical activities considering the risk of falling down in the elderly
Polívková, Lenka ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Reckziegelová, Petra (referee)
6 Abstract Title: Monitoring the effect of selected physical activities considering the risk of falling down in the elderly. Objectives: The aim of this work is to compare the effect of two physical activities used in the prevention of falling down in the elderly, on the traveled distance using the 6MWT (Six Minute Walk Test).The two chosen physical activities are "Nordic walking" and "Sensomotoric stimulation". Methods:Initially, a literature research was conducted in the key area of prevention of falling down in the elderly, the possibilities of physical treatment in this risky group of people, and then were the "Nordic walking" and "Sensomotoric stimulation" activities chosen, as methods used in the prevention of falling down. Two groups were created: "The Nordic Walking Activity Group" and the "Sensomotoric Stimulation Physical Activity Group". The length and intensity of workouts: weeklyfor3-month period, min. 60 minutes and max. 3 hours. Each group counts from 9 to 10 clients, with their age range being between 60 and 69 years. A standardized 6MWT (Six Minute Walk Test) is used to obtain the data to be processed. The results were statistically evaluated using Microsoft Office Excel XP Professional. Three times took place the measurement of each client, at the beginning of physical activity, in the 2nd...
Evaluation of the most frequent injuries of marathon runners
Junová, Hana ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: Evaluation of the most frequent injuries of marathon runners Objectives: The main objective of this research is to evaluate the most common injuries in marathon runners. The research is focused on amateur long-distance runners of both sexes from 23 years of age. Another goal is to analyze the possible causes and factors that influence injuries. Methods: In the diploma thesis, the method of literary research and the method of questioning is used. Theoretical knowledge is drawn from both domestic and foreign literature. Data for analytical evaluation are obtained using a non-standardized questionnaire filled in running races - Libouchecky ultramaraton and Jirkovsky crossmaraton. Total of 156 questionnaires were obtained, 122, of which 61 % were included for analytical evaluation. The IBM SPSS analytics program and Microsoft Excel 2016 is used for data analysis. Results: Study showed that 61 out of the total 122 runners were injured, which is 50 % of respondents. Of these were 23 women and 38 men. Research confirmed two hypotheses out of five. The statistically significant relationship between the cause of the injury and the sex has been confirmed. It has also been confirmed that the distance runners of both sexes and age categories are most susceptible to knee injury injuries. The most common...
Evaluation of the most frequent injuries in competition of league MOL and the 2nd league in women handball in Czech republic
Ragulová, Michaela ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: Evaluation of the most frequent injuries in competition of league MOL and the 2nd league in women handbal in Czech republic. Objectives: The main objective in this work is evaluation of the most frequent injuries in women handball players, who play in season 2017/2018 the highest competition in Czech Republic - league MOL and the 3rd highest competition in Czech Republic - the 2nd league in women handball. The next objective is find out, if the teams have in their training unit the regenerative and compensatory practise, also there is physiotherapist in team or no. Methods: As the method for data pooling, I choose the form of a non-standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire was send between all women handball players in both competition, which are written in objective. Overall is analysed 112 questionnaires. Results: From the results, we can see, that for the most common injuries belongs to ankle. Overall 56,3 % suffered the injury of ankle, then injury of hands (50,9 %) and knees (46,4 %). Smaller group of injuries belongs to the of face, head, shoulders and elbows. Wings and lineplayers has the most common injuries of ankle, on the other hand the middle lineplayers, backs and goalkeepers has the most common injuries of hands and knees. Keywords: handball, regeneration and compensation...
Measurement of lower extremities spasticity in patients with cerebral palsy
Vavřinová, Dominika ; Říha, Michal (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Title: Measurement of lower extremities spasticity in patients with cerebral palsy Objectives: The aim of the theoretical part of this thesis is to evaluate possibilities of lower extremities spasticity measurement in adult patients with cerebral palsy. The main focus was given to the concept of French professor J.-M. Gracies: Five-step clinical assessment in spastic paresis. This unique concept presents differentiation of three main factors of motor impairment that emerge as a result of a lesion to central motor pathways: stretch sensitive paresis, soft tissue contracture and muscle overactivity. Ability to distinguish these factors is crucial for specific treatment indication. Finding a correlation between the Five-step clinical assessment in spastic paresis and muscle activity in gait measured with sEMG was the main objective in the practical part of the thesis. Methodology: This thesis has a theoretical-empirical character. The theoretical part is in a form of a research on the topic of spasticity diagnosis, focused on cerebral palsy patients. The empirical part of the thesis has a form of pilot quantitative research, which was attended by 6 participants with cerebral palsy (4 men and 2 women; average age 29 years). There were 2 independent measurement made for each of them. Each measurement...
Measuring electrical brain activity during stimulation of trigger zones from concept of Vojta principle
Martínek, Milan ; Pánek, David (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Title: Measuring electrical brain activity during stimulation of trigger zones from concept of Vojta principle Objectives: The aim of this study is to clarify whether there is a change in the electrical brain activity evaluated by the sLORETA program during the stimulation of trigger zones according to the Vojta concept. The source activity during stimulation of trigger zones was scanned from the scalp EEG and compared with the sLORETA program with the source activity measured at rest, before and after the stimulation of the trigger zones. Methods: The research was conducted on 11 healthy adult subjects. The entire research group is consisted of women aged in range 19-32. The data was obtained from the scalp EEG before, during and after stimulation of trigger zones according to Vojta concept. For each proband the measurement of resting EEG with both open and closed eyes (2 x 10 minutes) was first performed, then the measurements were taken during the stimulation of trigger zones with open and closed eyes (2 x 15 minutes). Finally, a resting EEG was measured, alternating open and closed eyes after five minutes (4 x 5 minutes). There was a pause of at least 15 minutes between each stimulation of trigger zones. The order of open and closed eyes during resting EEG and during stimulation of trigger...
An atypical alignment of the acromioclavicular joint of ice hockey players and searching for possible causes
Bartošová, Veronika ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Novotná, Irena (referee)
The title of the master thesis: An Atypical alignment of acromioclavicular joint in ice hockey players and the search of possible causes Abstract in English languge: The goal of this thesis is to find out whether atypical acromioclavicular placement of a joint occurs bilaterally in a statistically significant measure with ice hockey players in comparison to a group of individuals who do not play ice hockey professionally and clarify the causes involved in the origin of this placement. Theoretical findings proceed from the anatomy, kinesiology, physiology and biomechanics of the shoulder string, which enables us to understand the matters of this segment and suggest possible pathological changes influenced by a stereotyped and sportive pressure. Part of the theoretical base are also specific pathologies, which form due to burdening the body segments and occur with ice hockey players. An experimental group of active ice hockey players (n1 = 100) in the ages of 13-33 without previous injuries in the area of the clavicle (fracture, luxation) and probands took part in the measurements as well as a group of non-ice hockey players, who had never played hockey professionally (n2 = 100) in the same age group. The measurements were done using the photogrammetric method with the application of a systematic...
Effect of Kinesio Taping on the functional condition of the musculoskeletal system
Kališko, Ondřej ; Zahálka, František (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Title: Effect of Kinesio Taping on the functional condition of the musculoskeletal system The concept of the problem: The kinesiotaping method is currently very popular therapeutic method in sport as well as in physiotherapy. Although this method was primarily developed as therapeutic method, there is only a few studies, in which the kinesiotaping method is used on healthy individuals. Objective: The objective of this thesis is to evaluate the immediate effect of applied kinesio tape on changes in the range of motion of the thoracic spine in the sagittal plane on healthy individuals. Methods: The theoretical part deals with summary of the taping method as well as with anatomical and kinesiological aspects of flexion and extension of the thoracic spine. The practical part as an experiment (single blinded controlled trial) is dedicated to the application of kinesio and placebo tape, the way that both tapes were applied was specifically designed for the purpose of this thesis and for specifically selected individuals. For gathering the data and for the evaluation the changes in the range of motion, the index of thoracic spine mobility was used. Results: For experimental group - kinesio tape there were no statistically significant increase in the range of motion. Vice versa, according to the obtained...
Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient after the Osteosynthesis of Trimalleolar Fracture
Pešková, Michaela ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Trdličková, Markéta (referee)
Title: Case study of physiotherapy treatment of the patient after the osteosynthesis of trimalleolar fracture Author: Michaela Pešková Aim: Introduction to the problem of osteosynthesis of the ankle and its subsequent rehabilitation, understanding both the theoretical and practical aspects of diagnosis. Methods: The study was proceeded in connection with the continuous practical experience in Malvazinky rehabilitation in the period 8.1.-2.2.2018. The theoretical part was elaborated by the research literature, includes facts from the field of anatomy, kinesiology and biomechanics, describes the various operational approaches. The practical part was processed as a case report of patient after osteosynthesis of the ankle after an accidental trimalleolar fracture. It contains both a detailed description of the input and output kinesiological analysis and an overview of the individual therapeutic units and their effect. Results: From the comparison of the input and output kinesiological analysis, improvement of the patient's condition is evident, especially in terms of swelling, joint motion and muscle strength. It can be said that the therapy had a positive effect on the patient and improved her condition. Key words: ankle joint, osteosynthesis, trimalleolar fracture, rehabilitation, physiotherapy
Case Study of Physiotherapeutic Treatment of a Patient with Total Endoprosthesis of the Knee Joint
Hájek, Šimon ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Kaizrová, Irena (referee)
Title: Case study of Physiotherapeutic Treatment of a Patient with Total Endoprosthesis of the Knee Joint Objectives: The main objective of this thesis is to summarize theoretical knowledge about osteoartrithis Methods: Thesis is consisted of general and special part. General part contains theoretic knowledge of osteoartrithis and methods of its treatment, mainly the information about total endoprosthesis of knee joint. The important part is methods of treatment by physiotherapeutist. Special part contain case study of a patient with total endoprosthesis of the knee joint. It includes anamnesis, complex kinesiological examination, therapies and evaluation of the effect of therapy. Case study was made in Ústřední vojenská nemocnice Praha from 8. 1. 2018 to 2. 2. 2018 Results: Health condition of the patient was better after rehabilitation, so choosen therapy was right. Keywords: Knee joint, osteoartrithis, total endoprosthesis, physiotherapy

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