National Repository of Grey Literature 112 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Exposure to Nanoparticles in Work Environment
Köbölová, Klaudia ; Mikuška, Pavel (referee) ; Adamec, Vladimír (advisor)
Outside to the wide range of potential benefits, the use of nanomaterials can endanger human health and the environment. This diploma thesis presents the results of pilot measurements, where the exposure of nanoparticles was monitored. Based on a literature research a suitable method for measurement was the three-stage OECD model. Based on this model, measurements were performed in three welding workplaces, where nanoparticles are produced incidentally. The measurement consisted of collecting information and measuring the concentration of nanoparticles in the workplace, where data collection was focused only on inhalation exposure. During welding, 0.3 m size particles are produced and their concentration is strongly influenced by the welding material, type of welding and suction. The particles are amorphous in terms of morphology and contain manganese, iron and silicon, which can cause neurodegenerative diseases. Furthermore, the results indicate the importance of monitoring oral exposure.
Metals in atmospheric particulate matter
Barboříková, H. ; Mikuška, Pavel ; Hegrová, J. ; Pokorná, Petra ; Krajčovič, J.
Atmospheric pollution is one of the most serious global enviroment problem. Metals constitute important class of pollutants which have received athe attention of researchers all over the world. Metals have strong potential to be adsorbed on particulate matter and than enter the human body through inhalation causing several health issue (asthma, lung cancer).
Organic compounds and markers from coal combustion in different types of boilers used for household heating
Křůmal, Kamil ; Mikuška, Pavel ; Horák, J. ; Hopan, F.
Organic compounds (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and organic markers (hopanes) used for the identification of aerosol emission sources were measured in emissions from the combustion of hard and brown coal. Coal was combusted in different\nboilers used for residential heating in the Czech Republic, i.e., overfire boiler, boiler with down-draft combustion and automatic boiler.
On-line simultaneous determination of ammonia/ammonium in ambient air
Čapka, Lukáš ; Mikuška, Pavel
Presented paper describes methods for on-line determination of gaseous ammonia and particulate ammonium in ambient air.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in PM1 aerosol in 6 localities in the Czech Republic
Křůmal, Kamil ; Mikuška, Pavel
PAHs were measured in winter seasons in cities/towns Ostrava-Radvanice (industrial city), Brno, Mladá Boleslav, Kladno-Švermov, Čelákovice, Košetice (background town). Lifetime lung cancer risks of PAHs were calculated from concentrations of PAHs in PM1 aerosol.
Determination of fast changes in concentrations of volatile organic compounds using diffusion denuder
Křůmal, Kamil ; Mikuška, Pavel
Determination of fast changes in concentrations of volatile organic compounds was performed using wet effluent diffusion denuder, which allows collection of samples in 2-min intervals.
GENE EXPRESSION AND IMMUNOLOGICAL RESPONSE IN MICE EXPOSED TO ZnO NANOPARTICLES
Rössner ml., Pavel ; Vrbová, Kristýna ; Strapáčová, S. ; Rössnerová, Andrea ; Ambrož, Antonín ; Brzicová, Táňa ; Líbalová, Helena ; Javorková, Eliška ; Zajícová, Alena ; Holáň, Vladimír ; Kulich, P. ; Večeřa, Zbyněk ; Mikuška, Pavel ; Coufalík, Pavel ; Křůmal, Kamil ; Čapka, Lukáš ; Dočekal, Bohumil ; Šerý, Omar ; Machala, M. ; Topinka, Jan
We analyzed gene expression changes in the lungs and the immunological response in splenocytes of mice exposed by inhalation of ZnO nanoparticles - NP. Adult female ICR mice were treated for three days and three months, respectively. Analysis of differential expression in genes involved in oxidative stress was conducted using quantitative RT-PCR. The potential immunotoxic and immunomodulatory effects of ZnO NP were analyzed by phenotyping and cytokine production by splenocytes after three months exposure. Three days exposure resulted in down-regulation of GCLC, GSR, HMOX-1, NQO-1, NF-kB2, PTGS2 and TXNRD1 mRNA expression, three months exposure increased the expression of these genes. Three months exposure caused a significant decrease in the percentage of granulocytes in the spleen cells, and affected the production of IL-10 and IL-6 by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated leukocytes. In summary, our study revealed changes in the expression of genes involved in the oxidative stress response following acute ZnO NP exposure. Subchronic ZnO NP exposure induced immunomodulatory effects in the spleen.
Oxidative potetial of atmospheric aerosol as indicator of ROS formation
Barboříková, Hana ; Mikuška, Pavel ; Hegrová, J. ; Krajčovič, J.
Atmospheric particulate matter (PM) affects our environment especially human health because it contains many toxic chemical substances. The purpose of this study is to determine a total content and a soluble fraction of selected metals and also the contribution of metals soluble in pulmonary fluids to a total oxidative potential of PM.
Chemical composition of aerosol particles in emissions from coal combustion in different boilers used for residential heating
Křůmal, Kamil ; Mikuška, Pavel ; Horák, J. ; Hopan, F.
Organic compounds (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, alkanes) and organic markers (hopanes) used for the identification of aerosol emission sources were measured in emissions from the combustion of hard and brown coal. Coal was combusted in different boilers (overfire boiler, boiler with down-draft combustion and automatic boiler) used for residential heating in the Czech Republic.
Effect of inhaled metal oxide nanoparticles on organs of exposed mice
Mikuška, Pavel ; Večeřa, Zbyněk ; Dočekal, Bohumil ; Čapka, Lukáš ; Křůmal, Kamil ; Coufalík, Pavel ; Moravec, Pavel ; Buchtová, Marcela ; Míšek, Ivan ; Vrlíková, Lucie ; Smutná, Tereza ; Dumková, J. ; Hampl, A. ; Fictum, P.
Adult mice were continuously exposed to metal oxide nanoparticles for different time intervals. At the end of experiment, mice organs (lung, brain, kidney, liver and spleen) were collected for chemical, biochemical, histological and electron microscopical analyses.

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