National Repository of Grey Literature 55 records found  beginprevious21 - 30nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
"He has paid and owes nothing." Aspects of the transaction with the serf estate in the town of Mělník in the 17th century
Koumar, Jiří ; Čechura, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee) ; Chocholáč, Bronislav (referee)
The thesis deals with the issue of property transfer of servile real estates in the Estate of Melnik during the 17 century. As the main resource material was used the collection of Melnik Books of Land Ownership founded during the 80s of the 16 century. After the Thirty Years' War these books were restored in connection with the afterwar reconstruction of the Estate of Melnik and were published in a new edition until the turn of the 17 and 18 century. Besides these Books of Land Ownership we also studied other kinds of resources such as land and duties registers, land-registries, inventories and estimations which originated in the 17 century with respect to this Estate. In the end of the 17 century was formed a uniquely preserved register of serfs which enables us not only to have better knowledge of the structure of settled farmers themselves but also create the first picture of general structure of servile population in the Estate. In the introduction I tried to place the Estate of Melnik in the structure of Early Modern Times country estates. With the size ranging from medium to smaller the Estate of Melnik was formally as a chamber estate in possession of the Czech king for the most of its development in the period of Early Modern Times. Nevertheless in reality the Estate as a pawned land was held by...
The dissolving of the Cistercian monastery in Sedlec (1783-1799)
Snopek, Lukáš ; Tinková, Daniela (referee) ; Maur, Eduard (advisor)
The Cistercian Monastery in Sedlec existed with intermissions in the years 1143-1783/99. The Convent Church of Virgin Mary and St. John the Baptist belongs from 1995 to World Cultural Heritage of UNESCO. During the 20th century were many Czech historians for example Jaromír Čelakovský, Jaroslav Čechura, Kateřina Charvátová, Josef Nuhlíček, Pavel Zahradník and art historians Mojmír Horyna, Karel Chytil, Viktor Kotrba, Jiří Kuthan, Petr Macek, Jaromír Neumann, Zdeněk Wirth interested in history of Sedlec. As for the joungest generation it is possible to mention for exmaple Jana Hynková and Štěpán Vácha. Through the first chapter of the thesis we want to introduce the history of the Monastery as a whole. The last part of the chapter obtains a brief essay about the economic progress. In 1760 Sedlec had around 450 000 rheinisch gulden in debts. The great debts of Monastery were the important cause of the Emperors Josef II decision to cease it (8th August 1783). The second chapter is dealing with the process of the rise of the anti-monastic social atmosphere during the 18th century. Monks lifestyle became incomprehensible especially for the followers of philosophical enlightenment. The economic theoretics thought that the monasteries injured national economy. Inside the Church shared the above said process the so...
Melnik during the Thirty Years' War
Kilián, Jan ; Maur, Eduard (advisor) ; Ledvinka, Václav (referee) ; Korbelářová, Irena (referee)
The objective of this work has been to provide a comprehensive micro-analytical perspective on a small royal town in centra} Bohemia which has been influenced by its position in the landscape at the convergence of two of the most important rivers in the Czech Republic- the Vltava and Elbe rivers. The focus is on the years between 1618 and 1648, with considerable attention devoted to the developmental aspects of the pre-war and post-war periods. This has been made possible by the exceptional degree of preservation of the town archives, which in contrast to the archives of other Czech towns have not been affected by wide-spread document destruction or shredding. Consequently, the town has preserved for modem times a remarkable material legacy, literally offering the insatiated scholar an opportunity for detailed exploration. The analysis of these materials, primarily divided into books and official documents, has been the focus of attention right from the first chapter, supplemented by alternative sources that are housed in other locations in the Czech Republic. Subsequently, the reader is invited to observe the town of Mělník on the brink of a turbulent period, to become acquainted with its position, monuments, fortifications, the buildings within the town and in the surrounding areas, as well as its...
The incorporated area of the municipality of village Libeř in "Dolní Posázaví" from the 16th till the 19th century
Kucrová, Veronika ; Maur, Eduard (referee) ; Vorel, Petr (advisor)
This Bachelor's thesis deals with the development of the incorporated area172 of the municipality of Libeř in Central Bohemia from the 16th till the 19th century. The study used mainly the source material concerning the changes in possession of the individual farmsteads - the farmland books, registers, old land registers (Theresian Register, Josephinian Register, the so-called Stable Land Register), as well as archive maps, especially the so-called Indication Scheme173.
Population of Třebívlice in the 17th-18th century
Laňková, Jana ; Pražáková Seligová, Markéta (referee) ; Maur, Eduard (advisor)
This study describes the history and the demographic development of the serf population of Dolní Třebívlice in the second half of the 17th century and early 18th century. Dolní Třebívlice manor is located in the north of Bohemia, and his inhabitants worked in agriculture. The serf population is recorded in the serf rolls. The serf rolls were records of all hereditary serfs, which were annually compiled in the years1667 - 1720 by the seigniorial offices in a number of estates. They served to keep tabs on the serfs - recording their whereabouts and thein fulfilment of obligations to the nobility. The records contained notes on the place of residence and changes in the life of the persons registered in them, for example if they left to enter into service or to become an apprentice, if they married or hen they died. The serfs are useful for studying migration of the serfs, their social composition and social relationships and for studying structure of the serf family and its typological classification. We can also monitor the number of the serfs. In the second half of the 17th century, Dolní Třebívlice manor was destroyed because of the Thirty Years War and many of homesteads were deserted. The population began growing from the year 1670. The manor's growth was fed primarily by imigration. The incomers came...
Prague's Archbishop Johann Friedrich von Waldstein and his controversy on the Turkish wars taxes (1682-1694)
Havlík, Jiří ; Čornejová, Ivana (advisor) ; Vlnas, Vít (referee) ; Maur, Eduard (referee)
The ann of this thesis of archbishop of Prague Johann Friedrich von Waldstein (1642 - 1694; archbishop 1675-1694) consists in description of conflicts with Czech land assembly and state apparatus in the years 1678, 1679, 1682-1686 and 1691-1694. The last and most important continued also after his death (3'^'* June 1694). That time Czech clergy sent two deputies (further archbishop Daniel Ignatius Mayer of Mayem and abbot of monastery in Plasy Andreas Troyer) to Vienna, to arrange adjustment of a dispount, which culminated on the beginning of the year 1694. Principal chapters of this thesis deal with conflicts in the years 1682-1686 and 1691- 1694 (chapters 4-7). These are based on detailed archive research, especially of sources of 1®' department of National Archives in Czech republic (Archives of archiepiscopate in Prague), Family archives of Waldstein, located in The Regional State Archives in Prague and Archivio Segreto Vaticano in Cittá del Vaticano. Some subsidiary sources I have found also in Archivům Romanům Societatis Jesu, The Regional State Archives in Litoměřice or in Archivio di Pontificia Universita Gregoriana in Italy, Main issue of the thesis shapes four points: First one was the description of main events of the history of Prague archiepiscopate (and in part also of Litoměřice episcopate),...
History of the town of Janovice nad Úhlavou till 1848. Historical monograph
Lhoták, Jan ; Maur, Eduard (referee) ; Ebelová, Ivana (advisor)
The offered thesis deals with the history of the town Janovice nad Úhlavou until the year 1848, it is the locality situated in the southwestem Bohernia not far from Klatovy. In the first chapter, the author presents a basic overview of the study of the regional history in the Czech countries and its further prospects, then he expands on the heuristic basis, from which he proceeded when elaborating the monograph. After evaluating the geographical conditions of the locality, a prehistoric development of the Klatovy region is observed, which is up to this day impeded by the lack of executed archeological researches. The second chapter deals with medieval colonization of the whole Klatovy region, in which the accent is put on the significance of historical communications which it also describes and evaluates in the framework of the region being explored. On the basis of acquired facts, it subsequently outlines the basic contours of the settlement progress. The fifth chapter already refers directly to the history of the town in the Middle Ages. The appearance of the surrounding country in the past is observed and especially the medieval history of the knight order of Janovští z Janovic. Both the basic farnily line, which owned Janovice nad Úhlavou and builded here a church and a castle, and main features of...
Information to be found in folk chronicles at the foothills of the Orlické Hory mountains in the 18th century
Svobodová, Ilona ; Horský, Jan (referee) ; Maur, Eduard (advisor)
The goal ofthis Degree Work is to show (through an analysis of eleven folk chronicles originating from the foothi11s of the Orlické Hory Mountains) how country people of that time coped with the rapid course of events in the 18th century - what impression was left on their minds by numerous armed conflicts (the War of Austrian Succession, the Seven Years' War, the Prussian Invasion in 1778 to 1779) that often hit this region, how the people responded to famines, climate fluctuations, celestial phenomena, how they faced up to the disturbance of their traditional way of life and to the disturbance of natural development of the society by the rapid changes caused by the Enlightenment reforms, and last but not least, what they were interested in and what they were thinking about in periods of re1ative quiet. Folk chronic1es are valuable, but for the time being, often neglected sources ofhistorical information that can help lift a little the veil ofless know aspects ofhuman history. By their character, they are subjective, private and unprofessional works often created by people with limited education, of various professions, various social positions, residences (towns, villages), etc. which considerably influenced their records. The beginnings of the interest of the Czech historiography in folk chronicles date...
The conflict between the town of Turnov and the counts of Waldstein at the beginning of the 18th century. A contribution to the study of subjugate-authority relationships
Boháček, Jan ; Čechura, Jaroslav (referee) ; Maur, Eduard (advisor)
The relationships between subjects and authorities are well observable in times of their mutual conflict. That was when controversial and conflicting topics had to be defined; moreover, an open dispute left a more evident trace in the written sources. An extensive body of literature already exists on disputes between subjects and authorities in rural contexts. Considerable focus has been on the serf rebellions in the 17th and 18th centuries. To the contrary, little research has been done into the topic of the relationships between tributary towns and their authorities in the Post-Bílá Hora period. The fundamental obstruction has been the individual conditions in the respective towns, the more complex social structures of towns compared to the countryside, and last but not least, the amount of sources that remain yet to be worked on.
Strašín - village in Šumava
Novák, Jiří ; Beneš, Zdeněk (referee) ; Maur, Eduard (advisor)
In his thesis Jiří Novák is interested in a small villade Strašín naer Sušice. A concise history of Strašín is focused on modern age. The author is concerned with national architecture, special characteristics of this landscape, it means a special naming of houses and people (so called names after houses) and the art of music of local inhabitants, who worked like musicians and worker (so called men of the world) by world - famous circuses. Strašín was also a place of pilgrimage in the baroque period. Different points of view are added with a demografy study for years 1668 - 1698. Jiří Novák tries to combinate many sources with regional literature, belles - lettres and maps. Advantage of the author is a good personal knowledge of a describing place.

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