National Repository of Grey Literature 25 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Criminological Aspects of Corruption
Kornfeilová, Karolína ; Kopečný, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
The Thesis on Criminological Aspects of Corruption is focused on the corruption with the aspects of criminology focused on criminal crimes related to corruption. It means, that the thesis analyses the corruption as social problem focusing on the criminological aspects of it. The thesis is split into the introduction, four synoptic chapters and conclusion and each of these chapters are focused on different aspect of adjustment of corruption. The first chapter analysis the term "corruption". Since there is no worldwide or national definition of corruption, which includes every character of it or corruption behavior, it is necessary to write up the different definitions of corruption from the point of view of international organizations, Czech legislator, state organizations, nongovernmental organizations or the experts across different disciplines. The terms as clientelism, lobbying, nepotism and conflict of interest are closely related to the term corruption (or they are confused with the corruption), and because of that it is necessary to analyze these terms, too. The second chapter is focused on legal framework of corruption on international level where it is regulated by UN or Council of Europe or nongovernmental organization as Transparency International, and also on national level. The third...
Criminal aspects of corruption
Dvořáková, Tereza ; Galovcová, Ingrid (advisor) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
Criminal Aspects of Corruption Corruption is currently a serious social problem which can be dealt with by means of criminal law, by virtue of the ultima ratio principle. This thesis deals with the issue of corruption from the perspective of substantive criminal law, especially with bribery offences included in the third part of Title X of the special part of the Czech Criminal Code. The introductory part is focused on general issues of corruption, including problematic aspects of the definition of this term and characterization of various forms of corruption. It also includes a subchapter that focuses on efforts to measure corruption and to compare the corruption situation in various countries. The main focus of this work then lies in the analysis of the current legislation of the offences of bribery. It is considered whether it allows effective sanctioning of bribery offenders, whether it acts as a suitable mean of deterring potential offenders, and whether it meets other general requirements, such as certainty of the offences. Attention is furthermore paid to the key notions of corruption offences, such as the notion of bribe or the general interest, and the interpretative problems associated with them. Subsequently, the individual crimes are analyzed, for which the conclusions expressed by...
Crime Prevention
Michal, Jakub ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
Crime Prevention - Abstract - keywords Abstract The thesis outlines the current theoretical knowledge in the area of crime prevention. It focuses on the definition of crime prevention as one of two components of crime control, as opposed to the repressive component. It also introduces various views on the definition of crime prevention presented in literature. Furthermore, it discusses the theoretical classification of crime prevention with a more detailed examination of classification in terms of content and levels of crime prevention. Subsequently, the thesis narrows down its focus on the limiting factors of crime prevention encountered in practice. The thesis provides a general overview of the various categories of these factors as formulated in Czech and Slovak literature, as well as briefly turning to foreign resources. Crime prevention is an extensive multi-faceted field involving a number of state as well as non-state entities. In order for crime prevention to be fully operational in a democratic state ruled by law, it must be done in accordance with the law. This is one of the theoretical requirements of this criminological sub-field, which is expressed by the principle of the complexity of crime prevention. However, acting in accordance with the law is not in itself sufficient. In the rule of law,...
Criminological aspects of corruption
Skopalíková, Veronika ; Kopečný, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
Criminological aspects of corruption Abstract This master thesis focuses on several selected criminological aspects of corruption, aiming to explore them from the criminological point of view. This master thesis, however, does not necessarily aim to provide practical solutions for control of corruption. The first part is focused on the criminology as a science, since it is the basis of this master thesis. The main topics of this part are the crimonology as a term, its subject and its brief history. Next, the attention is pointed towards definition of the term of corruption, given its disunited approaches to its definition, and compares the numerous takes on the definition from the literature and various institutions. The master thesis also brings forward various types and kinds of corruption, including petty corruption, grand corruption or state capture, as well as distinguishing between the types of corruption based on various factors. Given that the corruption may manifest in multiple forms or degrees of institutionalization, variants and syndromes of corruption according to Johnston are not omitted. Corruption is an important social phenomenon causing far-reaching consequences that may, however, not necessarily be easily seen, or they may even be overlooked. In order to understand this pathological...
House arrest, its execution and control
Říha, Jan ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
House arrest, its execution and control Abstract By reading this thesis, the reader will acquaint himself with the punishment of house arrest its execution and control and other connected legal concepts. The goal of this thesis is to summarize legislation pertaining to the above mentioned subject matter, to point out its faults and to propose improvements of the current legislation. The first part of this thesis refers to punishment in general. It investigates its core concepts and answers the question on how punishments differ from other legal sanctions. The first part also deals with the purpose of punishment and the system of punishment in framework of Czech criminal law. Alternative punishments, their principles and advantages are subject of the second part of this thesis. Furthermore, here I explore the concept of restorative justice, its principles and how restorative justice relates to alternative punishments. The punishment of house arrest itself is subject of part three of this thesis. Aside from history and current legislation, this part also deals with connected legal concepts which can be characterized as house arrest but are not punishments in legal sense. Moreover, third part is also where I examine various kinds of conversions associated with house arrest. The fourth part of this thesis zooms...
House arrest, its execution and control
Procházková, Aneta ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
House arrest, its execution and control This thesis focuses on the punishment of house arrest and its position as an alternative punishment. Its aim is to provide a comprehensive view of this institute in a broader context, to reveal its advantages and disadvantages and to evaluate its development so far. Given one of the functions of house arrest as a substitute for imprisonment in particular, the work goes in this direction and evaluates this aspect from several possible perspectives. The assessment is then based on a comparison of the theoretical assumptions and results of the practice, which offers a comparison of the actual use of punishment and its likely development in the coming years, including de lege ferenda. The first part of the thesis is conceived as a general introduction which aims to introduce the concept of punishment, including its purpose, meaning and function. The following section than narrows the broad subject of punishment to alternative punishments, among which house arrest is included. One subchapter is also devoted to the concept of restorative justice as the cornerstone of alternative sanctioning. The second part of the thesis deals with the main topic and analyzes all the requirements of the house arrest. These chapters describe its development, meaning, purpose and...
Domestic violence (especiallyfrom the perspective of criminal law and criminology)
Býčková, Michaela ; Vanduchová, Marie (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
The aim of this work was to give a complete analysis of the phenomenon of domestic violence, especially from the criminal and criminological point of view. The topic of domestic violence is very wide. I considered necessary to also mention the legal regulation, which can be found in non-punitive legislation. It concerns especially the expulsion, the Act on social services and preliminary measures according to the Act on special proceedings. The introductory chapters define the definition of domestic violence, its specifics and individual types, which are physical, mental, social, sexual and economic violence. Followed by causes of domestic violence, along with the criminological description of the perpetrator, the victim, and the typical syndromes that may be manifested by the victim of domestic violence. Since the Czech Republic is a signatory to many international conventions affecting domestic violence, I have included in this work their basic analysis, with the greatest emphasis placed on the Istanbul Convention. The main part of the work is domestic violence from the perspective of substantive criminal and procedural law. The chapter of substantive law contains typical crimes that are perpetrated in connection with domestic violence. The most typical is the abuse of a person living in a shared...
Means of Substitution of Custody
Gantnerová, Anna ; Galovcová, Ingrid (advisor) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
91 Abstract - Means of substitution of custody The topic of this thesis are the means of substitution of custody. The institute of custody is a very actual topic that is developing dynamically and is still controversial. Thanks to both domestic and international courts, the standard of protection of basic human rights keeps increasing and custody is therefore considered an extreme securing measure that can only be used in case there are no usable milder means. The aim of this thesis is to introduce these means of substitution of custody, stating their issues in theory and in praxis, their critical evaluation and suggestions de lege ferenda. The first chapter of this thesis focuses on general characteristics of custody and conditions of its use. The first chapter is a crucial part of the thesis as the means of substitution of custody directly relate to the institute of custody itself. The second chapter of this thesis focuses on the development of individual means of substitution of custody. It is a rather brief overview of the most significant amendments to legislation. In the author's opinion though, to correctly understand the current legislation concerning means of substitution of custody, it is necessary to be aware of the historical context of the establishment and use of these means. The third and...
Criminal custody as an ultima ratio instrument
Nekolová, Petra ; Galovcová, Ingrid (advisor) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
Criminal custody as an ultima ratio instrument This thesis deals with a criminal custody which is considered as the most serious instrument within criminal procedural security measures which should be used by law enforcement authorities only in the most extreme cases when all of the legal conditions are strictly fulfilled. One of the purposes of this thesis is to explicate, through personal freedom and presumption of innocence both guaranteed by the Czech Constitution and both significantly affected by custody, the importance of using this instrument only in situations without any other solution when is impossible to reach the purpose of criminal proceedings by using some of the more lenient measures, it means to use the custody just as an ultima ratio instrument. A crucial part of this thesis pays attention to the individual legal conditions of current effective legislation that should ensure observance of this principle also in practice. In the mentioned part the procedure of the authorities deciding on custody is analysed in detail that authorities firstly must resolve the question if the prosecution of a specific person is justified and if a certain specific degree of suspicion is achieved proving that this one perpetrated an offence. After that is necessary to investigate the existence of...
Punishment of community service and its performance
Chárová, Adéla ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
Punishment of community service and its performance Abstract The diploma thesis deals with basic aspects of community service in terms of Czech and foreign legal regulation, it deals with its development in time, statistical data, special regulation of criminal measures of publicly beneficial works imposed on juveniles and problematic aspects of existing legal regulation. The aim of the thesis is to define the status of the punishment of community service in the system of domestic and foreign law, to provide detailed information on the substantive and procedural law contained in the Criminal Code, Criminal Procedure Code and other supporting acts, to deal with problematic aspects and to mediate opinion of public, judges and probation officers. In cooperation with the probation officer and with the providers of community service I summarized the basic problematic aspects of the community service and considered their possible solution, which I summarize in the individual chapters. In terms of used methods the thesis uses a legal-analytical, legal-comparative, legal- descriptive approach, query model and statistical models. In addition to the introduction and conclusion, the thesis is divided into eleven chapters, which are further subdivided into subchapters. In the first two chapters I deal with terminology,...

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