National Repository of Grey Literature 15 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
The origin of air pollution on the basis of one year measurements of PM2.5 and PM10 at two urban background stations in Prague
Schwarz, Jaroslav ; Pokorná, Petra ; Rychlík, Š. ; Škáchová, H. ; Smolík, Jiří ; Ždímal, Vladimír ; Vlček, O. ; Hůnová, I.
The particulate matter (PM) mass concentration in cities corresponds to the sum of the concentrations measured at the background stations and the difference between the city and background stations. For this reason, at high background concentrations of PM, the result of emission reduction measures is low. Most of the reported episodes of increased PM concentrations in winter in central European cities are caused by sources of local or regional origin from the combustion of coal and / or biomass for heating purposes. Improvement of air quality in cities is possible provided that causality is understood, especially when it comes to atmospheric aerosol and its concentration, sources and origin.\nThe aim of the work was to determine the origin of air pollution in Prague on the basis of one year parallel measurements of atmospheric aerosol at two urban background stations.\n\n
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Porovnání chemického složení a zdrojů na venkovské pozaďové stanici mezi lety 1993/1994/1995 a 2009/2010: Vliv legislativních opatření a ekonomické transformace na kvalitu ovzduší.
Pokorná, Petra ; Schwarz, Jaroslav ; Krejčí, R. ; Swietlicki, E. ; Havránek, Vladimír ; Ždímal, Vladimír
V této práci prezentovaná data chemického složení PM2.5 z první poloviny 90. let jsou základem k hodnocení legislativních opatření a ekonomického vývoje na kvalitu ovzduší v České republice v průběhu posledních dvou dekád. Cílem práce je porovnání chemického složení a zdrojů PM2.5 na venkovské pozaďové stanici, stanovených v letech 2009/2010, se situací v letech 1993/1994/1995.
Thermodynamic Study of Water Activity in Atmospheric Aerosol Particles.
Asadzadeh, Behnaz ; Bendová, Magdalena ; Ždímal, Vladimír
Atmospheric aerosols are complex mixtures of various inorganic−organic compounds and play significant roles in atmospheric chemistry, earth’s climate, and global radiation budget as well as in human health. Hygroscopicity is the ability of the particle to uptake water from surrounding environment. Hygroscopicity can directly control the size distribution, chemical reactivity, and phase state of aerosol particles and thus contribute to radiative forcing on the climate system, including both the direct forcing by absorbing or scattering light and indirect forcing through activation of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Interactions between inorganic−organic may have a crucial impact on the hygroscopic behaviour of aerosol droplets and lead to discrepancies from ideal thermodynamic behavior. The non-ideality of mixtures in aerosol particles influences the gas-particle partitioning and affects the physical state of the condensed phase, potentially leading to liquid-liquid phase separation. Thermodynamic models are key tools to gain insight into the non-ideal behavior of organic-inorganic mixtures. By means of activity coefficients, non-ideal behaviour can be taken into account. In this study we developed a thermodynamic segment-based local composition model named NRTL (Non Random Two Liquid) to describe the aktivity coefficients of organic and inorganic aerosol particles.\n
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Measurement of Cloud Condensation Nuclei Concentrations at National Atmospheric Observatory Košetice.
Moravec, Pavel ; Ondráček, Jakub ; Pokorná, Petra ; Ždímal, Vladimír
In this presentation, we report first experience and results of CCN measurements using Dual Column Cloud Condensation Nuclei Counter at the National Atmospheric Observatory Košetice (NAOK), a rural background site in the Czech Republic.
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Comparison of Winter Biomass Burning Source Contribution at National Atmospheric Observatory Košetice Based on AMS and Aethalometer Data.
Schwarz, Jaroslav ; Vodička, Petr ; Zíková, Naděžda ; Mbengue, Saliou ; Šerfözö, Norbert ; Pokorná, Petra ; Makeš, Otakar ; Ždímal, Vladimír
Although atmospheric aerosol concentrations exhibit decreasing trend in last decades, the contribution of aerosol emitted by biomass combustion is opposite due to increasing wood combustion used for residential heating. Previous works determined that the share of aerosol of biomass burning origin was up to 50 % in winter. In this work, the data from aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) and Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) are used to elucidate biomass combustion aerosol impact at National Atmospheric Observatory Košetice (NAOK) and the results are compared with simple aethalometer model approach.
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On-line Measurements of Very Low Concentrations of EC/OC Aerosols at a Finish Sub-Arctic Backround Station.
Vodička, Petr ; Schwarz, Jaroslav ; Brus, David ; Ždímal, Vladimír
In this work, we tested the possibilities of an on-line Sunset Lab. EC/OC analyser during measurements when aerosol concentrations were close to detection limits declared by the manufacturer.
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Identification of Sources of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Central Europe.
Lhotka, Radek ; Pokorná, Petra ; Zíková, Naděžda
This study evaluates the trends and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) monitored at National atmospheric observatory Košetice (NAOK), a rural background site. In total, 14 PAH concentrations in particulate matter (PM10) between 2006 and 2016 were evaluated. The highest concentrations of all PAH were measured at the beginning of the study period, in 2006. The positive matrix factorization (EPA PMF 5.0) was used to determine the sources of PAH at NAOK, with three factors resolved. The probable origin areas of PMF factors were identified by Conditional Bivariate Probability Function method (CBPF) and Potential Source Contribution Function method (PSCF) methods. NAOK is affected by local sources of PAH, as well as by regional and long-range transport.
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Comparison of Atmospheric Aerosol Sources at Suburban and Rural Stations
Makeš, Otakar ; Schwarz, Jaroslav ; Vodička, Petr ; Ždímal, Vladimír
This article discusses source apportionment analysis of fine aerosol fraction measured by C-ToF AMS at two different sites. The result of the analysis is a comparison of the aerosol sources between suburban and background sites during summer and winter season.
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