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King Pest and his theatre Prague. Plague epidemics in early modern-period Prague.
Jarošová, Eva ; Šedivá Koldinská, Marie (advisor) ; Mikulec, Jiří (referee)
In 1348 the plague struck Europe and held it in its grip until the 18th century. The Czech lands were no exception, although regular outbreaks are not reported until after 1348. The disease was caused by yersinia pestis bacteria and transmitted primarily by the common rat. It took three different forms: pneumonic, septicemic, and bubonic. The year 1348 marked the most significant outbreak of the pandemic, referred to as the Black Death. However, the infection did not spread significantly to Prague and Bohemia until 1380. The societal crisis caused by the Black Death is reflected in art, particularly the so called Dance of Death and Triumph of Death paintings. Plague columns associated with the cult surrounding anti-plague saints became common sights in Bohemia. St. Maria was universally revered. St. Sebastian, St. Rocco, and St. Rosalie were invoked specifically for protection against the plague. Individual countries also sought protection from their national patrons, such a St. Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia. In Bohemia, the plague is more commonly associated with modern rather than medieval times. Outbreaks recurred roughly every twelve years. In an effort to curb the epidemic, plague orders were enacted. These documents provided for quarantine measures, the closing of borders, the...
Self-presentation of Polyxena Lobkovic of Pernštejn on the basis of her correspondence with Zdeněk Vojtěch Popel of Lobkoic
Tůmová, Ludmila ; Šedivá Koldinská, Marie (advisor) ; Holý, Martin (referee)
The main topic of this bachelor thesis is the self-presentation of a well known renaissance noblewoman Polyxena Lobkovic of Pernstein (15661642). As the main source of information about her self-presentation the author used the correspondence which she and her husband, the high chancelor of The Czech kingdom Zdeněk Vojtěch Popel of Lobkovic, exchanged. In these texts we can see how this noblewoman shows herself in different social roles (wife, mother, noblewoman, suzerain, ill and suffering woman and worshipper). Author describes her stylization into these roles and compare her self-presentation in this way with other noblewomen of sixteen and seventeen century.
Jan Šembera Černohorský of Boskovice, gentleman of the Moravian Renaissance
Dufková, Kateřina ; Šedivá Koldinská, Marie (advisor) ; Holý, Martin (referee)
The bachelor thesis is conceived as a short biography of Jan Šembera Černohorský of Boskovice, the last male descendant of the old aristocratic family of Boskovice. The Moravian aristocrat, who lived in the second half of the 16th century, excelled extraordinary wealth, but especially his renaissance bon vivant lifestyle. The work reflects his life from childhood until death, which added to the context of the time and the early modern aristocratic society and ends with a takeover of the Boskovice's legacy by the house of Liechtenstein. Based on the primary and secondary sources it deals also with the nobleman's own personality and eventually faces out to the heritage of legends and stories as well as early historiography.
From the canon towards an author: early modern homily as a source in historical-antropological research
Tomášek, Vojtěch ; Himl, Pavel (advisor) ; Šedivá Koldinská, Marie (referee)
This study deals with one of the specific historical source of early modern culture, baroque sermons. At first part we analyze present research of literary theory from esthetical aproach and concept of canon to New historicism and his conteption of cultural-historical context. With the aid of literary theory we attempt to define new ways, how to study czech baroque sermons from historical-antropological perspective, and we attempt to point out, how could be this ways different from previous Czech or Polish research as historical-objectivistic aproach or, on the other hand concept of historical "consonancy". At second part we would attempt to suggest some concerete examples, how we could put our historical-antropological ways of research into practise. We analyze literary diskursus of two sermon books from Czech early modern preacher Ondřej František de Waldt and from Polish preacher Henryk Braun as well as we would attempt to define their local discursus as place of his social agency as provincial priest. We study, how both discursus relate with literary communication between preacher and nobility or between preacher and other priests and clergyman. In last chapter we analyze specific short stories, exempla as a specific part of sermon, in which we can see intentional agency of preacher as author...
Preacher and exemplum between scholar and popular culture in early modern period
Tomášek, Vojtěch ; Mikulec, Jiří (referee) ; Šedivá Koldinská, Marie (advisor)
This study deals with a two terms used in the context of culture and social history: the preacher and the exemplum. We depart from six Czech ear1y modem sermons published in the 17th and 18th century, especially from specific parts of them, those in which we can find those short moralizing stories, exempla. We analyse exemplum in its oral form as an communicative point between the preacher and his audience in the larger context of communication between a scholar and popular culture. Here we present sermonic exemplum as a specific type of ear1y modem medium. This study would attempt to outline some features of this communicative situation, especially preacher' s tendency to reform and discipline some aspects of everyday life in his community, that is everyday common problems of man and woman, problems of distributing gender roles and interconnected problems of drinking, domestic violence and sexuality. We have found two specific ways of communication preacher uses in exemplum: direct satire and tendentional description of ritua1. Speaking of the second one we expose the specific method, by which our preacher tries to change positive meaning of traditional ritual into the negative one. Therefore we c1aim that preacher wants to persuade his audience of absurdity inherent to use of some medical or magical...
The Žďárští of Žďár. The history of aristocrats' family in Kladno region
Fridrich, Hynek ; Kostlán, Antonín (referee) ; Šedivá Koldinská, Marie (advisor)
The subject of this thesis is family history of Central Bohemian, Kladno or catholic line of the family of Žďárší of Ždár. The family belonged to lower nobility and was using title of knights. Knights Žďárský of Ždar came from western part of Bohemia from Doupov region (North East of well know town of Karlovy Vary). Their main residence was gothic fortress and later renaissance chateau in Žďár close to small town Doupov. The family belonged into great Bohemian house of Janovic part of which was also important and powerful lords of Kolovrat, lords of Janovice, lords of Vimperk and knights families of Zručský of Chřenovice and Čejka of Olbramovice and Dvořecký of Olbramovice. First written resources about Žďárský appeared already in 1295, when he is mentioned in one of the papers as a witness "Stanizlaus de Zar". It is certain, that family is even older. From 1300 - 1500 the family grew significantly, but continue to reside in the area of Doupov where they resided in only few fortresses. During 15th century there were formed four family lines. One of them died out already in 16th century, two other ones died out in 17th century and the last one continues until today in Germany. Under the name of Sahrer von Sahr von Shönberg. In the first part of 15th century the family was made known by Jan Šmikouský of Ždár,...
Unpolitical portrait of Charles the Elder of Žerotín
Vilímcová, Zuzana ; Holý, Martin (referee) ; Šedivá Koldinská, Marie (advisor)
This work deals with non-political aspects of the life of Charles the Elder of Žerotín, which is not so mapped in detail contrary of the political life. I try to restore Charles's personal and private life base on the huge amount of his correspondence. I am concerned with Charles roles of loving husband, worried father, a good friend and counsellor, a deeply believed Christian, constantly sick man and also the master of his lieges people. I try to find answers on what Charles was the father. Whether he liked all his wives. How the religious coercion works on him. How to cope with the iniquities of his dominions. Whether or not hesitated to help friends in need, and how he coped with his illness. I try to find answers to these questions and more in the Žerotín's letters and selected correspondence of persons from its surroundings. I illustrates the whole picture by comparing the findings of earlier historiography.
Henyk of Valdstein. A profile of a noble intellectual from the era preceding the battle of White mountain
Bažant, Petr ; Hojda, Zdeněk (referee) ; Šedivá Koldinská, Marie (advisor)
For historians Prague during the rule of Rudolph II is one of the most attractive periods of Czech history. At the turu of the 16th and 17th centuries, the capital of the Czech kingdom had become an important metropolis. The presence of a secular head of the Christian world attracted foreign diplomats, rich merchants, skilled craftsmen and artists from alI over Europe. For the Czech aristocracy, Prague represented a political and social centre and they built magnificent palaces. Heightened demands in lifestyle stimulated by the imperial court surroundings lead to the acceptance of late Renaissance and Mannerist ideas. Although this related mainly to the wealthiest noblemen, it also concerued the less welI-off members of the nobility who kept reconstructing their country houses into Renaissance chateaus.
Education and upbringing of Bohemian and Moravian nobility (1500-1620)
Holý, Martin ; Pánek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Ledvinka, Václav (referee) ; Šedivá Koldinská, Marie (referee)
V úvodu své studie o rožmberských sirotcích na jindřichohradeckém a českokrumlovském zámku z roku 1989 vyslovil Jaroslav Pánek následující tezi: .. 0 výchově a vzdělávánífeudální aristokracie ... víme zatímjen velmi málo." 1 I když v polistopadovém období vývoje české historiografie výzkum řady aspektů dějin zejména vyšší šlechty v předbělohorské době (méně již v následujícím období) poměrně výrazně pokroči1,2 nelze říci, že by se stav bádání o výchově a vzdělávání české a moravské nobility výrazně posunul. 3 I proto bylo toto téma zvoleno v roce 2003 pro disertační projekt, jehož výsledky nyní předkládám. Důležitost tématu je vedle jeho merita dána i jeho úzkou souvislostí s některými jinými, z hlediska dějin českých zemí raného novověku přinejmenším na první pohled závažnějšími tématy. Jedním z nich byla dosavadním bádáním již poměrně dobře osvětlená klíčová role české a moravské šlechty v politickém, náboženském i kulturním životě českého pozdně jagellonského a předbělohorského státu.Odpověděl však moderní výzkum na všechny otázky, jež souvisejí s posouzením takové úlohy nobility? Nezdá se,že by tomu tak bylo. Přinejmenším jeden její aspekt totiž příliš nezohlednil. Domnívám se, že jím je právě problém výchovy a vzdělávání urozených. Vlastním cílem jakékoli výchovy a vzdělávání jedince v době jeho...
Pregnancy, childbirth and child care during the first years of the life in the early-modern noble household in the light of ego-documents
Mejsnarová, Zdeňka ; Velková, Alice (referee) ; Šedivá Koldinská, Marie (advisor)
The bachelor thesis investigates the daily life of the Czech Early-Modern nobility during the period of pregnancy, childbirth, early childhood and especially iťs picture in ego-documents. On the basis of enunciation of the epistolary material, family memoirs and diaries describes essential aspects of the reception of this life cycle with reference to the specifics of the noble background and with emphasis on the differences or resemblances of present time. It observes both woman and man views of this problem and tries to implicate the significance of a child for the family, the importance of the christening, the choice of servants, the ways of health complication treatment and facing up to the death.

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