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Hodnocení Výsledků Fuzzy Shlukování
Říhová, Elena ; Pecáková, Iva (advisor) ; Řezanková, Hana (referee) ; Žambochová, Marta (referee)
Cluster analysis is a multivariate statistical classification method, implying different methods and procedures. Clustering methods can be divided into hard and fuzzy; the latter one provides a more precise picture of the information by clustering objects than hard clustering. But in practice, the optimal number of clusters is not known a priori, and therefore it is necessary to determine the optimal number of clusters. To solve this problem, the validity indices help us. However, there are many different validity indices to choose from. One of the goals of this work is to create a structured overview of existing validity indices and techniques for evaluating fuzzy clustering results in order to find the optimal number of clusters. The main aim was to propose a new index for evaluating the fuzzy clustering results, especially in cases with a large number of clusters (defined as more than five). The newly designed coefficient is based on the degrees of membership and on the distance (Euclidean distance) between the objects, i.e. based on principles from both fuzzy and hard clustering. The suitability of selected validity indices was applied on real and generated data sets with known optimal number of clusters a priory. These data sets have different sizes, different numbers of variables, and different numbers of clusters. The aim of the current work is regarded as fulfilled. A key contribution of this work was a new coefficient (E), which is appropriate for evaluating situations with both large and small numbers of clusters. Because the new validity index is based on the principles of both fuzzy clustering and hard clustering, it is able to correctly determine the optimal number of clusters on both small and large data sets. A second contribution of this research was a structured overview of existing validity indices and techniques for evaluating the fuzzy clustering results.

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