National Repository of Grey Literature 323 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Longitudinal study of syllable structure acquisition in the mother tongue
Koppová, Martina ; Volín, Jan (advisor) ; Černá, Martina (referee)
The thesis presents an overview of the layers on which speech develo- pment can be studied and a brief account of the main theoretical branches within these layers. It accounts for the periodization of a child's speech development according to Czech and foreign authors. In the thesis, a syllable is introduced as a phonological unit. Attention is also paid to the related layer of phonotactics; important works concerning the phonotactics of child's speech are mentioned. The target of the experimental part is a longitudinal case study of a child acqui- ring Czech as her mother tongue. For the purpose of the study, a corpus of the child's utterances in her natural environment between the ages of 7 to 27 months was built. The utterances have been analyzed with respect to the frequency of occurrence of different syllable types, with closed syllables and syllables with con- sonant clusters in the center of interest. The found consonant clusters and their reductions have been further analyzed with respect to the findings of the phono- tactic studies mentioned in the theoretical part, in order to confirm or dismiss their relevance for Czech. Most importantly, two theories have been checked, the frames theory commenting on the combinatory potential of the front/middle/back vowels and coronal/labial/dorsal...
Comparison of NATO and EU Decision Making Processes about Intervention in Libya
Černá, Marina ; Čížek, Martin (advisor) ; Hornát, Jan (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the comparison of preparedness and the ability of NATO and EU organizations to decide whether to participate in the intervention on the example of the crisis in Libya. The aim is to investigate why the EU has failed to develop a joint plan for intervention in Libya, and what on the other hand has made NATO differently in order to take over the intervention later. Within these two organizations, the work focuses on their member states and how they have influenced the decision-making process. In the EU, I focused on France, Great Britain, and Germany. The first two countries are being explored as actors promoting intervention and I am focusing on their joint cooperation and different attitudes to NATO-led work. While UK officials welcomed the unification of the operation under the command of the Alliance, representatives of France were reluctant to do so. Germany is examined in the work as an actor with a different outcome of the decision-making process that led to the rejection and criticism of intervention. The German refusal is described as one of the factors why the EU did not participate and did not lead the intervention. Within NATO, I focus on the United States, their decision-making process and their influence on the takeover of alliance intervention. I analyze...
The Party of the Expelled" in the Český Krumlov and Prachatice district 1970-1980
Jansa, Marek ; Spurný, Matěj (advisor) ; Černá, Marie (referee)
The thesis "The Party of the Expelled" in the Český Krumlov and Prachatice district 1970-1980 through the research of regional context deepens the knowledge of the process of establishment and legitimization of Normalization in the periphery of the Czech borderland. On the basis of archival materials, mainly from the District Committees of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) in Český Krumlov and Prachatice and other sources within the Party hierarchy, it tries to map the course of the consolidation process and party purges in 1970. Compared to nationwide data, it attempts to capture the specifics of the Czechoslovakian periphery. The main task of the thesis is to analyze various fate of excluded members of the KSČ: the so-called "Party of the Expelled." The analysis focuses on their diverse life trajectories and ways of dealing with separation from the party collective, with special regard to the various loyalties that these people were tied to the party, to the society, workplaces and, last but not least, to each other. Through this analysis, the role of this segment of the population in establishing the legitimacy of the Normalization regime is shown. Since the purges resulted in the disadvantagement of a significant number of qualified workforce, they are interpreted as a process of...
Crohn's disease exclusive enteral nutrition treatment during childhood
Černá, Martina ; Starnovská, Tamara (advisor) ; El-Lababidi, Nabil (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the problems of Crohn's disease and its treatment with exclusive enteral nutrition in childhood. The thesis is divided into two parts - theoretical and practical. The basic facts about epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, symptoms, diagnostics, diet, treatment and the specifics of Crohn's disease in childhood are given in the theoretical part. The practical part looks at the five casuistries of children suffering from Crohn's disease and treated with exclusive enteral nutrition. The goal of this work was to compare the information from literature and furthermore evaluate the health conditions before and after the treatment.
A child in foster care on primary school level
ČERNÁ, Michaela
The bachelor thesis is focused on children , that are the primary school students , growing up in foster care. The theoretical part describes basic theoretical knowledge concerning biological family and substitute family and their importance for the development of the child and preparation for entering the school. The bachelor thesis describes the current legislative framework of foster care in the Czech Republic, the process of mediation of this care and the forms of support of substitute parents, support of children that grow up in foster care, given by the institution of social and legal protection of children, school facilities and other non-state entities. The aim of the practical part of the thesis is to find out and to describe the difficulties in children faced by foster parents after start of school attendance, how the foster parents deal with the difficulties and what tools the schools use to support them. In accordance with the aim of the thesis, a mixed research approach was chosen - data collection using questionnaires and a method of multiple case study.
Terminology in Daniel Adam of Veleslavín´s Nomenclators
Černá, Alena M.
The paper is based on two ideological (or systemic) dictionaries by Daniel Adam of Veleslavín: Latin-Czech-German Nomenclator .... tribus linguis from 1586, and Czech-Latin-Greek-German dictionary Nomenclator quadrilinguis from 1598. We mainly focus on the semantic fields analysis of the vocabulary related to viticulture, medicaments, and medical treatments. In order to better explain the foreign term, Veleslavín often mentioned more Czech one-word equivalents for one foreign word (e.g. vinař, vinohradník – vine-grower) or equivalents of foreign (i.e. not originally Czech) origin (e.g. gargara – gargle). In case a one-word equivalent did not exist, Veleslavín used differently structured group of words and periphrases to convey the meaning (viničná tyčka – vineyard bar, lékařství pro kejchání – medicine for sneezing, mast na dírky potové – sweat-holes liniment, lékařství, kteréž vrásky shlazuje a shání – medicine that smooths up wrinkles). The dictionaries contain rather few neologisms. In case of new derivations and compounds, we find word-formation techniques applied in accordance with the Czech language system (hříženice, i.e. grapevine offshoot, zubitrh, i.e. who pulls out teeth). Most of the newly created lexemes did not survive till the contemporary Czech and they are only to be found in the dictionaries originating in Veleslavín`s lexicographical works, especially those by K. Z. Vusín and J. K. Rohn, as well as J. Dobrovský and J. Jungmann.
Evaluation of neonatal laboratory screening efficacy in the Czech Republic and its improvements
David, Jan ; Votava, Felix (advisor) ; Černá, Marie (referee) ; Škvor, Jaroslav (referee)
INTRODUCTION: Newborn laboratory screening is a process used for early detection and treatment of selected rare diseases which leads to improvement in patient quality of life. All diseases included in newborn laboratory screening are classified as rare diseases, defined by a population frequency less than 1:2 000. The evaluation of newborn laboratory screening is an important tool for its improvements. The main aim of this doctoral thesis was to evaluate clinical and population-wide efficacy and balance detection rate and impact on healthy part of population. METHODS: The doctoral thesis was based on results from screening laboratories in period 2002-2017 in the Czech Republic. Dried blood spots from newborns were analyzed using fluorescence immuno-assay, tandem mass spectrometry and fluorimetry. RESULTS: The outcomes of this doctoral thesis led (1) to objectify prevalence of rare diseases in the Czech Republic, (2) to objectify association between prevalence of screened diseases and newborn birthweight, (3) to propose the change of decision limits of screening of 21-hydroxylase deficiency with aim to decrease high false positivity and negative impact on health part of population, (4) to define recommendations for managing of patients screened as positive in the 21-hydroxylase deficiency newborn...
On Dictionary Transmissions
Černá, Alena M.
Daniel Adam of Veleslavin (1546-1599) is rightly considered the founder of the Czech lexicography. His work has been followed by subsequent generations and his Czech became the model for the period of the Czech National Revival. This paper pursues several metaphorical lexical units that Veleslavín first used in his dictionaries (especially in his Nomenclator quadrilinguis dictionary dating back to 1598): little-wolves = wind, kittens = catkins, wine molech = a drunkard, baker's soul = pores in a hunch of bread. These metaphors, which undoubtedly existed in the Humanist language, were taken over by more recent lexicographers and lexicographic works (from V. J. Rosa up to the Reference Dictionary of Czech Language), such a fact contributes to the understanding of the lexicographic method of the past periods. At the same time, the question arises as to whether these metaphors were actually used in spoken Czech, or they only appeared in the given dictionaries as a reflection of the lexicographical work of the influential Humanist scholar. In the analysis, we also describe the changes that affected the forms and meaning of the metaphors as well as, in some cases, do we describe even new lexical units that replaced or supplemented these metaphors.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 323 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
6 ČERNÁ, Marie
25 ČERNÁ, Michaela
1 ČERNÁ, Miroslava
12 ČERNÁ, Monika
2 Černá, Magdaléna
4 Černá, Marcela
6 Černá, Marie
1 Černá, Marina
12 Černá, Markéta
2 Černá, Marta
28 Černá, Martina
28 Černá, Martina
25 Černá, Michaela
1 Černá, Michaela Bc.
2 Černá, Michaela,
2 Černá, Michala
6 Černá, Milena
1 Černá, Miluše
1 Černá, Miroslava
12 Černá, Monika
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