
Gini coefficient maximization in binary logistic regression
Říha, Samuel ; Hanzák, Tomáš (advisor) ; Hlávka, Zdeněk (referee)
This Bachelor thesis describes a binary logistic regression model. By means of the term loss function a parameter estimation for the model is derived. A "rich" set of "proper" loss functions  beta family of Fisherconsistent loss functions  is defined. In the second part of the thesis, four basic goodnessoffit criteria  Gini coefficient, Cstatistics, KolmogorovSmirnov statistics and coefficient of determination R2 are defined. Further on, a possibility of parameter estimation by maximizing the Gini coefficient is analysed. Several algorithms are designed for this purpose. They are compared with so far existing methods in one simulated data set and three real ones. 1


Estimation and goodnessoffit criteria in logistic regression model
Ondrušková, Markéta ; Hanzák, Tomáš (advisor) ; Zvára, Karel (referee)
In this bachelor thesis we describe binary logistic regression model and estimation of model's parameters by maximum likelihood method. Then we propose algorithm for the least squares method. In the goodnessoffit criteria part we define Lorenz curve, Gini coefficient, Cstatistics, KolmogorovSmirnov statistics and coefficient of determination R2 . We derive their relation to different sample coefficients of correlation. We derive typical relation between Gini coeffi cient, KolmogorovSmirnov statistics and newly also coefficient of determination R2 via model of normally distributed score of bad and good clients. These derived teoretical results are verified on three real data sets. Keywords: Binary logistic regression, maximum likelihood, ordinary least squa res, Gini coefficient, coefficient of determination. 1


Some problems of exponential smoothing
Čurda, David ; Hanzák, Tomáš (advisor) ; Komárek, Arnošt (referee)
In this work the several exponential smoothing type methods are briefly described, which are often used to smoothing and forecasting in the time series. Selected problems, that occur in described methods, are presented and in some cases there are the suggestions to their solution, which should tend to more suitable smoothing or to the better forecasts. It's shown how the methods are applied on different data and how the forecasts differ from each other. In conclusion the quality of modifications is evaluated.


Exponential smoothing
Mikulka, Jakub ; Cipra, Tomáš (referee) ; Hanzák, Tomáš (advisor)
Nazev prace: Exponencialnivyrovnavani Autor: Jakub Mikulka Katedra: Katedra pravdepodobnosti a matematicke statistiky Vedouci bakalarske prace: Mgr. Tomas Hanzak email vedouciho:hanzak@karlin.mff.cuni.cz Abstrakt: Prace se zabyva dvema metodami exponencialniho vyrovnavani pro nesezonni casove rady s lokalne linearnim trendem: Holtove metode a dvojitemu exponencialmmu vyrovnani (Brownove metode). Je ukazano, ze Brownova metoda je specialnim pnpadem Holtovy metody. Dale je uveden vztah procesu ARIMA(0, 2, 2) a Holtovy metody. Hlavni casti prace je teoreticke odvozeni hodnoty MSE a autokorelacniho koeficientu pfedpovedmch chyb Q pri pouziti Holtovy metody pro vsechny kombinace jejfch vyrovnavacich konstant za predpokladu generovani rady procesem ARIMA(0, 2, 2} pro vsechny hodnoty jeho parametru. Odvozene teoreticke vzorce jsou aplikovany tez na Brownovu metodu. Odvozene vzorce jsou pomoci simulaci overeny a vyzkouseny na realnych casovych radach. Jsou formulovany prakticke zavery tykajici se obou metod. Klicova slova: autokorelacni koeficient predpovednich chyb, Holtova metoda, dvojite exponencialni vyrovnavani,MSE, vyrovnavaci konstanty Abstract Title: Exponential smoothing Author: Jakub Mikulka Department: Department of Probability and Mathematical Statistics Supervisor: Mgr. Tomas Hanzak...


Step by step credit risk model construction
Rychnovský, Michal ; Hanzák, Tomáš (referee) ; Charamza, Pavel (advisor)
Nazev pracc: Postnpna vyslavba modelu ohoduoconi kroditniho ri/,ika Autor: Michal Ryclmovsky Katedra: Kaledra pravdepoelobnejsti a maternal icke statistiky Vedouci bakalafske pracc: RNDr. Pavel Charam/a, CSc. Email vedouciho: pavol.charani/a''^media research.ex Abstrakt: Ciloni toto pracc je pfibli/it podstatu vvstavby skoringovych mo eleln. Popisnjeme zde metodu logisticke regrese, odhaelovani jejich paramotrn a testovani jcjicli vy/,nanmosti. Na /aklado, proiiioiniych odds ratio potoin zavadimo indei>endence model jako odhad podminone saneo s]>laceni klienta.. Tento ... dale zoljecnHJinne pfidavanini vah jedmjtlivyni sku])inani a ka tegoriini charakt.eristik klienta.. Ta.kto pficha/Jnie k WOE niodeln a jjlnemu logistickemn niodeln. Vennjeine se take nicfeni divcr/ilikacni schopnosti ino deln pomoci Lorenxovy kfivky a Somerovy d statistiky jako odhadu Giuiho koeficientn. Nakonec a])likujeine popsane nietody na praktiekon vystavbn yk(')riiigovych niodeln a na realnych dateeh porovnanie vhodnost a di\erx,ifi kacni scho])nost pi'edstavovanych niodelu. Soneast.i ])race je take vystup na. int.ernetovon encyklo]>edii \\ikiiiedia. Klicova slova: kreditni rixiko, skoringove niodely, logisticka. 1'egrese. Title: Step by step credit risk model construction Author: Michal Rychnovsky Department: Department...

 
 

Robust Estimator of Persistence in Financial Time Series
Jeřábek, Jakub ; Hanzák, Tomáš (referee) ; Vošvrda, Miloslav (advisor)
The goal of this thesis is to develop a novel robust logperiodogram regression method to detect the presence of long memory in time series. By the use of the Least Trimmed Squares regression we obtain an estimator that is less sensitive to outliers and leverage points, which is highly desirable particularly because the Periodogram estimator itself is prone to such inhomogeneities. In a Monte Carlo study, the new estimator provides smaller bias than the classical Least Squares logPeriodogram estimator. On the other hand the variability of estimation is increased. The proposed estimator is compared to existing long memory estimators on a case study of international currency exchange rates.


Dynamic analysis of portfolio by means of Kalman filter
Králová, Dana ; Hanzák, Tomáš (referee) ; Cipra, Tomáš (advisor)
The aim of the presented work is to introduce the new method of dynamic analysis of portfolio which estimates the composition of portfolio on the base of its returns. In the work, we describe the theory of Kalman filter and state space models. We mention examples of application of Kalman filter and demonstrate the work with econometric software EViews in the field of state space models on this examples. We deal with selected aspects from the portfolio theory. We present the older method of analysis of portfolio which uses the regression model and we draw attention to its essential lack. We deal, in more details, with the method of dynamic analysis of portfolio which is based on the state space models and which removes the lack of the older method. We also study the modification of this method for hedge funds. In the end, we apply the method of dynamic analysis of portfolio on the real data of two Czech investment funds and so we verify the quality of the model.


Decomposition methods for time series with irregular observations
Hanzák, Tomáš ; Prášková, Zuzana (referee) ; Cipra, Tomáš (advisor)
This work deals with extensions of classical exponential smoothing type methods for univariate time series with irregular observations. Extensions of simple exponential smoothing, Holt method, HoltWinters method and double exponential smoothing which have been developed in past are presented. An alternative method to Wright's modification of simple exponential smoothing for irregular data, based on the corresponding ARIMA process, is suggested. Exponential smoothing of order m for irregular data as a generalization of simple and double exponential smoothing is derived. A similar method using a DLS (discounted least squares) estimation of polynomial trend of order m is derived as well. In all cases the recursive character of these methods is preserved making them easy to implement and high computationally effective. A program in which most of the methods presented here are available is a part of the work. Some numerical examples of their application are also included.
