National Repository of Grey Literature 143 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The relationship of cultural and non-cultural characteristics of countries with the sharing economy size
Filonau, Ilya ; Chytilová, Julie (advisor) ; Cahlík, Tomáš (referee)
Within the thesis, the concept of sharing economy is described and the relationship of cultural characteristics among different countries with its size and adoption is examined. The main aim is to understand whether cultural characteristics are significant at explaining the rate of adoption of sharing economy. The relationship between sharing economy size and non-cultural characteristics is assessed as well. This is done with the use of regression analysis. Keywords: Sharing Economy, Digital Platforms, Hofstede, Cultural Dimensions, Internet Penetration, Economic Freedom Author's email: ilya.filonau@gmail.com Character count: 86 841
Sustainable Development Goal Nr. 1: End of Poverty
Komorová, Anežka ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Fanta, Nicolas (referee)
Nowadays, the question of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) seems to get more and more attention. This bachelor thesis focuses on the first goal - end poverty in all its forms everywhere. There is a great number of literature which examines possible determinants of poverty in order to create effective strategies to fight witht it. Majority of them focuses on the study in particular countries or regions since their data are easier to access. On the contrary, this thesis examines variables and their effect on extreme poverty in the world with the use of the econometric analysis on panel data. There are seven independent variables used: GDP per capita, Gini index as a proxy variable for income inequality, population growth and four education attainment levels - no education, primary, secondary and tertiary. The World Bank was chosen as the primary source of data with a great number of observations from 125 countries over time period of 2000 and 2017. According to the results of the study, explanatory variables GDP per capita, income inequality, no education and tertiary education significantly affect extreme poverty. Also, the results show that the goal of 0 % is unlikely to be fulfilled by the year of 2030. To sum up, the first goal of the SDGs turned out as too ambitious. For its...
The Impact of Ethnic Diversity on Institutions and Economic Development in Former Yugoslavia
Kaltak, Miran ; Schwarz, Jiří (advisor) ; Cahlík, Tomáš (referee)
The aim of the thesis was to conduct a research on impact of ethnic diversity on the economic growth of the countries of ex-Yugoslavia. The main hypothesis was that ethnic diversity affects economic growth. The research was done by using two different methods: a) calculating ethnic fractionalization index and GDP per capita; b) analyzing institutions as channels through which ethnic diversity effects economic growth. The results obtained within the first model demonstrated that diversity negatively influences economic growth. Still, no reliable conclusions could be made, due to low variability in data, short time frame considered and lack of regular data collection. Therefore, the second method reviewed institutions as a channel through which ethnic diversity affects economic growth. The conclusion of this model was that, ethnic diversity mainly has negative impact on the indicators reviewed, which then results in slower economic growth. The results of the research showed that ethnic heterogeneity is an important element in economic, political, institutional and social life of a country. It can be concluded that ethnic diversity is an important factor that should be taken into consideration when doing economic planning in a country as it has direct and, very often, strong impact on economic growth.

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