National Repository of Grey Literature 281 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Equal treatment and prohibition of discrimination in employment relations and social security systems in Czech and European law
Jandová, Darina ; Vysokajová, Margerita (advisor) ; Štangová, Věra (referee) ; Chvátalová, Iva (referee)
Equal treatment and prohibition of discrimination in employment relations and social security systems in Czech and European law Abstract The dissertation deals with equal treatment and prohibition of discrimination in employment relations and social security systems in Czech and European law. In the introductory section the historical context of anchoring the principle of equality into the legal regulation is outlined. The attention is paid on one hand to the social changes in the first half of the 20th century, which led to the protection of equality in Europe, and on the other to the legislative initiatives and the role of justice in the second half of the 20th century. The second part explains the concepts of equality, discrimination, employment relations and social security systems, which are the central motifs of the dissertation. It analyses how these concepts were viewed in the past, how they evolved, and in what forms and manifestations we can come across them today. The third part introduces the Czech and European legislation, which constitute the current Anti-Discrimination law. Emphasis is placed on the assessment of the Czech Anti- Discrimination Act with regard to its almost ten years of effectiveness in the Czech legal order. The author concludes that despite the facts that the protection...
The Employer's Responsability for the Damage Caused to Employee by Work Accidents and Occupational Diseases
Klíma, Pavel ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee) ; Chvátalová, Iva (referee)
v anglickém jazyce The dissertation thesis deals with a very substantial and permanent part of the labour law's field and labour law-related and the other connected relationships, i.e. the issue of the work accidents and occupational diseases, mainly from the perspective of that arised reponsability's relationship, resp. the employer's obligations to damages' compensation in relation to employee and his individual rights (claims) to the damages' compensation due to the incurred accidents in the form of a work accident or occupational disease. The author's impetus to the choise of the working accidents and occupational diseases' topic (resp. the employer's responsability for damages caused to emploees due to working accidents and occupational diseases) for the purposes of the dissertation thesis is owed to (permanently) a very substantial importance of the issue in the terms of labour law-related relationships and generally and essentially society-wide relationships, even if in despite of a very substantial importance of the issue the expert's litterature to the issue of the working accidents and occupational diseases is not to be considered as sufficient. The purpose of the dissertation thesis to analyse and evaluate the actual state of the legal regulation regarding the working accidents and...
Termination of Employment after Civil Re-Codification
Mlýnková, Alice ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee) ; Chvátalová, Iva (referee)
Termination of Employment after Civil Re-Codification Abstract The thesis deals with different means of termination of employment, which may occur either as an expression of the will of a party or both parties to an employment contract, i.e. the employee or the employer, or as a consequence of another kind of legal occurrence. The paper further researches the impact of the Civil Code, as a general civil law regulation, and amendments to the Labour Code implemented due the Civil Code coming into force on termination of employment and its consequences. Primary focus is on the application of the general regulation of ineffectiveness and voidability of termination as well as on interpretation of employment-related legal conduct under the Civil Code. The thesis also explores the influence of civil-law regulation of time limits and lapse of time on counting of time in labour law. The thesis reflects court decisions related to the Labour Code issued since 2014 when the Civil Code came into force. Following an overview of all means of termination of employment, the paper focuses on individual means of termination by the parties consisting in the unilateral or bilateral expression of will of the parties to an employment contract. These means include agreements to terminate employment, dismissal, summary dismissal...
Prohibition of discrimination against women in labor law relations
Šiková, Kristýna ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
Prohibition of discrimination against women in labor law relations Abstract This diploma thesis deals with the issue of women's discrimination in labor law relations. The aim of this thesis is a complex conception of the issue, especially the examination of women's position in labor law market in the context of selected socio-cultural problems and the historical genesis of women's position, definition of terms related to discrimination and analysis of relevant legislation, including case law. The thesis also deals with historical context, the current situation of women's position in the labor market and also the legal basis of equal treatment and non-discrimination principles. The thesis consists of an introduction, four chapters and a conclusion. Each chapter focuses on various aspects of the position of women in the labor market related to the principles of equal treatment and non- discrimination. The first chapter discusses the historical development of the position of women in society. The chapter is divided into four subchapters. The first subchapter is devoted to the beginnings of the Czech emancipation movement, which laid the foundations for further development of the feminist stream in our country. The second and third subchapter deals with the position of women in the interwar and socialistic...
Integration of disabled people in the Czech Republic and EU countries
Eitlerová, Anna ; Koldinská, Kristina (advisor) ; Štangová, Věra (referee) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
Diploma thesis deals with a concurrent trend in approach to the integration of disabled people. It reflects the common evolution of the social progress in attitude to disabled people, it expands this topic with a question how the legislation of selected European countries (United Kingdom, Sweden and Germany) mirrors the social progress on narrowly specified field of legal regulation of education. Integration of disabled people like effort to fight against social exclusion is on the other hand very broad and multidimensional problematic on that account this thesis is focused on inclusive education which represents the modern course not only for European legislation but also for international community. The next reason for this is that absolving of educational process or education itself creates essential assumptions for integration into the society. The aim of diploma thesis is to analyse the situation in the field of integration of disabled people in Czech Republic de lege lata as well, to gather the information about legal regulations of inclusive education of different social politics and to suggest the options of Czech legislation in future.
Reconciling work and family life
Balvínová, Lucie ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
1 ABSTRACT The current European family is based on the ideal of gender equality and considers the interest of the child to be fundamental. The European Union strategy is to involve as many women as possible in the labour market and encourages national governments to adopt measures to enable women to reconcile their work and care for children. Developed countries also promote both parents being equally involved in the care of children, including preschool children. Czech legislation conforms to European standards and creates the preconditions for reconciling family and work life. In practice, the conservative attitude of both parents and employers persists. The mother usually stays at home with a child under the age of three and employers are not very accommodating to flexible forms of work that enable mothers of young children to get involved in the work process. The way to change the situation is to increase corporate social responsibility and family friendliness and to change the attitudes of parents themselves, increasing the involvement of fathers in care of children in particular. Solutions to the protection and support of pregnancy, maternity and parenthood, as well as the protection of the child in the Czech Republic can be considered as above-standard and comparable to the situation in the most...
Developmental trends in labor law in light of automation, digitization and robotization
Stolička, Jáchym ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Hůrka, Petr (referee)
Developmental trends in labor law in light of automation, digitization and robotization Abstract This master thesis deals with developmental trends in labor law in the light of automation, digitization and robotization. It analyzes the individual trends and gives the evidence that the dynamic pace of the Fourth Industrial Revolution has a significant impact on labor law sub-institutes and the overall labor-law paradigm. The work itself is divided into four parts. The first and second part set out the starting points and basic concepts and analyze the developmental trends that have influenced the world of work since the beginning of human history. There is an emphasis on the similarity of historical development trends with current trends. The third part of the thesis analyzes the current developmental trends in labor law by prism of the values established in the first part of the thesis. It focuses on the ability of the Czech Labor Code to regulate flexible forms of employment. At the same time, it emphasizes the factual changes in labor relations and the legal status of their participants in the digital era. It also analyzes in detail the trend of shared economy and its influence on the form of labor relations with reference to the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union. It also takes into...
Working hours, its lenght and distribution, with the focus on part-time
Randlová, Kateřina ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
Working hours, its lenght and distribution, with the focus on part-time Abstract The thesis deals with the issue of working hours and its distribution with a special focus on part-time. The thesis also introduces the legislation of part-time in the foreign law system, particularly in the Netherlands. The aim of this thesis is to analyze the current legal regulation of working hours, its length and distribution, focusing on part-time. The thesis is divided into six chapters, which represent labor law in the system of law, historical development of working hours, sources of labor law, legal regulation of working hours and rest periods and distribution of working hours. The fifth chapter deals with labor law institutes in which part-time deviate from the set weekly working hours. The chapter defines persons that are entitled to apply for part-time or another suitable adjustment of their working hours, forms of these suitable adjustments and the interpretation of the concept of operational reasons by the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic. The thesis also describes the method of calculating and remunerating overtime work for part-time employees and the calculation of the leave of those part-time employees whose working hours are unequally spread over several working days per week. The chapter also describes...
Material welfare of families with children
Veselá, Zuzana ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
Material welfare of families with children Abstract This thesis deals with material welfare of families with children from its history to the present. This subject matter is highly discussed topic nowadays. Thesis focuses on comprehensive presentation of this issue, points on some problems in practice and proposes recommended alternations "de lege ferenda". Solidarity was noticed in Neolitic age, in antient Greece and Rome already. In the Middle Ages we can mention mutuality. Security system as we know has been formed in the modern history since 1848. International law was reflected in internal legislation during the half of 20th century due to effort of raising social rights level. Social rights are embedded in either primary and secondary law in European law. Social security law unification is not required in European secondary law and method of convergence is applied. Thesis focuses on benefits provided in case of social events, pregnancy and maternity, parenthood, dependent child, insufficient income, sickness and death. Social insurance consists of sickness insurance, health and pension insurance. Benefits provided by sickness insurance are based on insurance principle, concerning sickness benefit, attendance allowance, maternity benefit, compensatory benefit in pregnancy and maternity, paternity...
The responsibility of an employee for domage
Hinterbuchner, Lukáš ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
Thesis title: The responsibility of an employee for damage The subject of the thesis is the responsibility of an employee for damage. The thesis offers in the first place a comprehensive summary of the current legislation of the topic. The main purpose of the thesis is to summarize the legislation of the labor- law and of the employee`s responsibility for any damage done to the employer where for this purpose there are analyzed particular sorts of the responsibility distinguished by the Labor Code. In details there are described first of all specific conditions that must be fulfilled to claim the responsibility on the employee for the damage, the possibility of the employee to disclaim it is not neglected either. The thesis focuses on the main differences that distinguish the particular sorts of the responsibility from each other. An attention is given to the links between labor law and other legal codes, especially the civil one where the connection is the closest whereas the understanding of this mutual relation is very essential to understand the stated topic. The thesis is not formulated as only theoretical however there is a practical view of the topic included which is mingled mostly by decision-making practice of courts which generates some answers to unclear explanation of the legislations,...

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