National Repository of Grey Literature 6 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Lead-based relaxor ferroelectrics by Raman scattering
Rafalovskyi, Iegor ; Hlinka, Jiří (advisor) ; Deluca, Marco (referee) ; Dubroka, Adam (referee)
Title: Lead-based relaxor ferroelectrics by Raman scattering Author: Iegor Rafalovskyi Institute: Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences Supervisor: Ing. Jiří Hlinka, Ph.D., Department of Dielectrics, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences Abstract: The following work is dedicated to measurement and analysis of Raman scat- tering spectra of different perovskite ferroelectrics, mainly lead-based relaxors in the form of bulk and thin films. Investigation of single crystal MPB composition PMN-0.32PT has shown that procedure of zero-field heating of previously field-cooled sample leads to sta- bilization of heterophase pattern with 10-100 µm parallel stripes of alternating tetragonal and rhombohedral (rhombohedral-like) phases. Another point of interest investigated in PMN-0.32PT is rhombohedral to tetragonal phase transition induced by electric field. The domain structure with 90-degree domain walls has been observed in relaxor based composition PFN-0.38PT. Adjacent domains were investigated by polarized Raman scat- tering to confirm their structure and symmetry. Relaxor ferroelectric PSN has shown totally different behavior in polarized Raman spectra if studied in the form of single crystal or epitaxial thin film. The normalized cross-polarized intensity of 810 cm−1 band measured in...
Cyclotron resonance of Dirac electrons in bismuth selenide
Hlavička, Ivo ; Dubroka, Adam (referee) ; Bartošík, Miroslav (advisor)
Bismuth selenide belongs to a class of topological insulators---materials characterized by a intriguing electronic band structure, with a characteristic Dirac conical band on the surface. In this master thesis, the optical response of this material is explored in the infrared spectral range and in a broad range of magnetic fields. We mainly focus on the absorption of light due to free charge carriers having, when the magnetic field is applied, a form of cyclotron resonance. We find that the experimentally observed response is consistent with expectations for massive electrons in bulk rather than massless particles on the surface.
Optical response of infrared plasmonic antennas in presence of silicon dioxide thin film
Biolek, Vladimír ; Dubroka, Adam (referee) ; Kvapil, Michal (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the optical response of resonant infrared antennas on silicon dioxide thin film. At first, theory of electromagnetism at metal/dielectric interfaces is described. In the next part, experimental and numerical methods used in the thesis are described and strong coupling between two systems is explained. In the final part of the thesis, the optical response of resonant infrared antennas on a silicon dioxide thin film is studied by Fourier transform Infrared Spectroscopy and FDTD simulations which both show the strong coupling between localized plasmons and phonons in silicon dioxide.
Infrared Spectroscopy of Multiferroics
Goian, Veronica ; Kamba, Stanislav (advisor) ; Javorský, Pavel (referee) ; Dubroka, Adam (referee)
Infrared Spectroscopy of Multiferroics Author: Veronica Goian Institute: Department of Dielectrics, Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8 Abstract: We have investigated numerous multiferroic and magnetoelectric materials mainly using infrared (IR) spectroscopy. Nevertheless, the studies were frequently combined with radio-frequency, microwave, THz, Raman and structural measurements provided by our colleagues, as well as by magnetic and elastic investigations, where we participated. Our main aim was the complex study of quantum-paraelectric antiferromagnet EuTiO3 in the form of crystals, ceramics and thin films. Near 300 K we have discovered an antiferrodistorive phase transition from cubic mPm3 to tetragonal I4/mcm structure in bulk EuTiO3 and explained its low-frequency dielectric properties by anomalous polar phonon behavior. Large and anisotropic magnetodielectric effect, which we found in EuTiO3, was successfully explained and experimentally confirmed by observation of tuning of phonon frequency with magnetic field. Our IR studies of tensile strained EuTiO3 thin films revealed a displacive ferroelectric phase transition near 250 K. Our American colleagues revealed the ferromagnetic order below 4.2 K in the same strained EuTiO3 thin film. In such way we have...
Infrared magneto-spectroscopy of the Rashba-type semiconductors
Šikula, Marek ; Dubroka, Adam (referee) ; Orlita, Milan (advisor)
Optická odezva BiTeX (X = I, Cl, Br) polovodičových materiálů s obřím spinovým štěpením Rashbova typu je studována za nízkých teplot do vysokých magnetických polí, kde je směr magnetické indukce kolmý na povrch vzorku (Faradayova konfigurace). Na rozdíl od reflexního uspořádání nám transmisní uspořádání umožňuje přímé pozorování přechodů mezi Landauovými hladinami v blízkosti křižiště vodivostních pásů - Diracův bod. Optická odezva BiTeX sloučenin je srovnána s teoretickým modelem spočteným v rámci Kubo-Greenwoodova formalismu z Rashbova hamiltonianu.
Design of the apparatus for the measurement of the magnetic properties of the micro and nanostructures
Flajšman, Lukáš ; Dubroka, Adam (referee) ; Spousta, Jiří (advisor)
This bachelor's thesis deals with magneto-optic effects with special aim for magneto-optic Kerr effect. Presented description allows us to quantify magneto-optical observables on the basis of measuring the light intensity after the reflection from sample surface. Consequently, we use a simple physical model to unriddle the origin of the optical anisotropy induced by the external magnetic field. In the part, that deals with the design of an aparatus for measuring magneto-optical Kerr effect in longitudinal conformation, we provide necessary information to define a device capable of measuring magneto-optic observables in micro/nano scale. Last chapter i aimed to the achieved results on the thin Co films and on magnetic vortices with lateral dimensions of 1 m.

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