Národní úložiště šedé literatury Nalezeno 6 záznamů.  Hledání trvalo 0.01 vteřin. 
Acta Polytechnica CTU Proceedings
Kytýř, Daniel ; Major, Z. ; Doktor, Tomáš
The 16th symposium continues both the long tradition of this conference series and introduces novel elements. The YSESM 2018 symposium provides a forum for young researchers and engineers, students and PhD students dealing with subjects of experimental mechanics. In addition, the combination of the experimental mechanics with modern numerical methods will be a new focus of this 16th Symposium.
Multi-channel control system for in-situ laboratory loading devices
Rada, Václav ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Zlámal, Petr ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Koudelka_ml., P.
In recent years, open-source applications have replaced proprietary software in many fields. Especially open-source software tools based on Linux operating system have wide range of utilization. In terms of CNC solutions, an open-source system LinuxCNC can be used. However, the LinuxCNC control software and the graphical user interface (GUI) could be developed only on top of Hardware Abstraction Layer. Nevertheless, the LinuxCNC community provided Python Interface, which allows for controlling CNC machine using Python programming language, therefore whole control software can be developed in Python. The paper focuses on a development of a multi-process control software mainly for in-house developed loading devices operated at our institute. The software tool is based on the LinuxCNC Python Interface and Qt framework, which gives the software an ability to be modular and effectively adapted for various devices.
Instrumentation of four-point bending test during 4D computed tomography
Kytýř, Daniel ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Kumpová, Ivana ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavro, Leona ; Vavro, Martin
High-resolution time-lapse micro-focus X-ray computed tomography is an effective method for investigation of deformation processes on volumetric basis including fracture propagation characteristics of non-homogeneous materials subjected to mechanical loading. This experimental method requires implementation of specifically designed loading devices to X-ray imaging setups. In case of bending tests, our background research showed that no commercial solution allowing for reliable investigation of so called fracture process zone in quasi-brittle materials is currently available. Thus, this paper is focused on description of recently developed in-situ four-point bending loading device and its instrumentation for testing of quasi-brittle materials. Proof of concept together with the pilot experiments were successfully performed in a CT scanner TORATOM. Based on results of the pilot experiments, we demonstrate that crack development and propagation in a quasi-brittle material can be successfully observed in 3D using high resolution 4D micro-CT under loading.
Influence of printing and loading direction on mechanical response in 3D printed models of human trabecular bone
Doktor, Tomáš ; Kumpová, Ivana ; Wroński, S. ; Śniechowski, M. ; Tarasiuk, J. ; Forte, G. ; Kytýř, Daniel
The paper deals with investigation on directional variations of mechanical response in 3D printed models of human trabecular bone. Sample of trabecular bone tissue was resected from human donor and 3D model was obtained by X-ray computed tomography. Then a series of cubical samples was prepared by additive manufacturing technique and tested by uniaxial compression loading mode. Mechanical response was compared in nine different combinations of direction of 3D printing and loading direction. The results show neglectible influence on the deformation response in elastic region (stiffness) and significant changes of the behaviour in plastic region (stress and strain at yield point, strain at full collapse).
Basic biomechanical characterization of polyurethane based artificial cancellous structures
Šleichrt, Jan ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Pithartová, Kateřina ; Senck, S. ; Fürst, D. ; Schrempf, A.
The main goal of this study is to validate elementary mechanical parameters of a newly designed open-cell foam. The purpouse for investigating artificial material is to approach the properties of the human bone in the case of its adequate replacement. Investigated material can be also used as an artificial bone to train surgical procedures and to improve the skills of the surgeons. Four sets of the foam with different chemical composition were subjected to an uniaxial quasi-static loading to describe basic mechanical behaviour of these samples. Based on these experiments, the stress-strain diagrams were created as a comparative tool including calculation of the effective Young’s modulus. The acquired knowledges will be used as input parameters of a follow-up study aimed at describing the morphology of presented structures and their response to mechanical experiments. A distortion effect of porosity on the results is not considered in this study.
Utilization of image and signal processing techniques for assessment of built heritage condition
Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Koudelková, Veronika ; Doktor, Tomáš ; Kumpová, Ivana ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Valach, Jaroslav
Historical buildings represent invaluable heritage from the past and therefore their protection is a very important task. Assessment of their condition must not cause damage accumulation thus the least possible volume removed from the structure is essential. As many historical buildings in the Czech Republic are built using sandstone that can be considered as a typical heterogeneous system, statistical signal processing is a promising approach for determination of the representative volume element (RVE) dimensions. Such calculations can be carried out on the domain of logical arrays representing binary images of the materials microstructure. This paper deals with processing of image data obtained using SEM-BSE and high resolution flatbed scanner for determination of RVE dimensions. Advanced image processing techniques are employed and results from calculation using grayscale data are presented and compared with results calculated on the basis of color input images.

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