Národní úložiště šedé literatury Nalezeno 10 záznamů.  Hledání trvalo 0.02 vteřin. 
Chaotic motion in the Johannsen-Psaltis spacetime
Zelenka, O. ; Lukes-Gerakopoulos, Georgios
The Johannsen-Psaltis spacetime is a perturbation of the Kerr spacetime designed to avoid pathologies like naked singularities and closed timelike curves. This spacetime depends not only on the mass and the spin of the compact object, but also on extra parameters, making the spacetime deviate from Kerr. In this work we consider only the lowest order physically meaningful extra parameter. We use numerical examples to show that geodesic motion in this spacetime can exhibit chaotic behavior. We study the corresponding phase space by using Poincaré sections and rotation numbers to show chaotic behavior, and we use Lyapunov exponents to directly estimate the sensitivity to initial conditions for chaotic orbits.
Polarization properties of bow shock sources close to the Galactic centre
Zajaček, M. ; Karas, Vladimír ; Hosseini, E. ; Eckart, A. ; Shahzamanian, B. ; Valencia-S, M. ; Peissker, F. ; Busch, G. ; Britzen, S. ; Zensus, J. A.
Several bow shock sources were detected and resolved in the innermost parsec from the supermassive black hole in the Galactic centre. They show several distinct characteristics, including an excess towards mid-infrared wavelengths and a significant linear polarization as well as a characteristic prolonged bow-shock shape. These features give hints about the presence of a non-spherical dusty envelope generated\nby the bow shock. The Dusty S-cluster Object (also denoted as G2) shows similar characteristics and it is a candidate for the closest bow shock with a detected proper motion in the vicinity of Sgr A*, with the pericentre distance of only approx. 2000 Schwarzschild radii. However, in the continuum emission it is a point-like source and hence we use Monte Carlo radiative transfer modeling to reveal its possible three-dimensional structure. Alongside the spectral energy distribution, the detection of polarized continuum emission in the near-infrared Ks-band (2.2 micrometers) puts additional constraints on the geometry of the source.
A one-parametric formula relating the frequencies of twin-peak quasi-periodic oscillations
Török, G. ; Goluchová, K. ; Šrámková, J. ; Horák, Jiří ; Bakala, P. ; Urbanec, M.
Timing analysis of X-ray flux in more than a dozen low-mass X-ray binary systems containing a neutron star reveals remarkable correlations between frequencies of two characteristic peaks present in the power-density spectra. We find a simple analytic relation that well reproduces all these individual correlations. We link this relation to a physical model which involves accretion rate modulation caused by an oscillating torus.
Hysteresis behavior of shocks in low angular momentum flows
Suková, Petra
In this work we present the GRMHD 1D simulations of accreting matter with variable angular momentum. We focus on the existence and behaviour of the shock in the flow. We show that the location of the shock front responds to the change of the angular momentum, which also causes the accretion rate onto the black hole to vary on different time scales. We study the possible hysteresis behaviour of the shock\nfront during the time evolution of the flow. We discuss the potential observational effects of this phenomenon.
Numerical implementation of equations for photon motion in Kerr spacetime
Bursa, Michal
Raytracing is one of the essential tools for accurate modeling of spectra and variability of various astrophysical objects. It has a major importance in relativisticenvironments, where light endures to a number of relativistic effects. Because the trajectories of light rays in curved spacetimes, and in Kerr spacetime in particular, are highly non-trivial, we summarize the equations governing the motion of photon\n(or any other zero rest mass particle) and give analytic solution of the equations thatcan be further used in practical computer implementations.
Analytical solution for charged fluid pressure profiles - circulation in combined electromagnetic field
Kovář, J. ; Slaný, P. ; Stuchlík, Z. ; Karas, Vladimír ; Trova, A.
We introduce a general transformation leading to an integral form of pressure equations characterizing equilibrium configurations of charged perfect fluid circling in strong gravitational and combined electromagnetic fields. The transformation generalizes our recent analytical treatment applicable to electric or magnetic fields treated separately along with the gravitational one. As an example, we present a particular solution for a fluid circling close to a charged rotating black hole immersed in an asymptotically uniform magnetic field.
Epicyclic oscillations of thick relativistic disks
Horák, Jiří ; Straub, O. ; Šrámková, E. ; Goluchová, K. ; Török, G.
We study epicyclic oscillations of thick relativistic tori with constant specific angular momentum distribution using the finite element numerical method. We have compared frequencies of the axisymmetric and non-axisymmetric modes with the analytic formulae obtained by Straub and Šrámková (2009) and Fragile et al. (2016). We have found excellent agreement in the case of axisymmetric radial epicyclic modes. In the case of the axisymmetric vertical epicyclic modes and non-axisymmetric modes in general, the analytic approximation agrees with numerical results only for tori of moderate thicknesses. Our analysis also revealed an instability of the thick constant angular momentum tori with respect to the radial epicyclic oscillation.
Wave excitation at Lindblad resonances using the method of multiple scales
Horák, Jiří
In this note, the method of multiple scales is adopted to the problem of excitation of non–axisymmetric acoustic waves in vertically integrated disk by tidal gravitational fields. We derive a formula describing a waveform of exited wave that is uniformly valid in a whole disk as long as only a single Lindblad resonance is present. Our formalism is subsequently applied to two classical problems: trapped p–mode oscillations in relativistic accretion disks and the excitation of waves in infinite disk.
Modelling the bow–shock evolution along the DSO/G2 orbit in the Galactic centre
Štofanová, L. ; Zajaček, M. ; Kunneriath, D. ; Eckart, A. ; Karas, Vladimír
A radially directed flow of gaseous environment from a supermassive black hole affects the evolution of a bow–shock that develops along the orbit of an object passing through the pericentre. The bow–shock exhibits asymmetry between the approaching and receding phases, as can be seen in calculations of the bow-shock size, the velocity profile along the shocked layer, and the surface density of the bow–shock,\nand by emission-measure maps. We discuss these effects in the context of the recent pericentre transit of DSO/G2 near Sagittarius A*.
Truncation of AGN jets by their interaction with a passing star cluster
Araudo, Anabella ; Karas, Vladimír
We study the interaction of a cluster of massive stars with AGN jets as a continuous process that must occur repetitively in galactic nuclei and a promising mechanism that can trigger production of high–energy particles.

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