National Repository of Grey Literature 104 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Arbitration clauses in consumer contracts and their limits
Drápal, Martin ; Smolík, Petr (advisor) ; Zoulík, František (referee)
The thesis clarifies some of the issues related to the concluding and use of arbitration clauses. Paying particular attention to the protection of the consumer as the weaker party in the Czech legal system and the European law. It deals with the assessment of the nature of the arbitration clause, whether it is substantive or procedural action. To this end the thesis analyzes the arbitration theories, namely the contractual theory, jurisdictional theory, the hybrid theory and the autonomous theory, and evaluates consequences of these approaches individually especially with regard to the consumer protection. It also deals with the possible assessment of the arbitration clause as an unfair term according to the Council Directive 93/13/EEC on unfair terms in consumer contracts, with regard to the related case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the implementation of the Directive into the Czech legal system The thesis also concentrates on arbitration clauses referring to the rules of the private arbitration centres with regard to the turnover of the Czech case law upon this subject. In particular the impact of the turnover on arbitration clauses is assessed with regard to the legitimate expectations of the recipients of legal norms entering them and to potential conflict with good morals.
Assertion of rights from bills of exchange in civil procedure
Zavázal, Jiří ; Zoulík, František (referee) ; Macková, Alena (referee)
This work is focused on issues pertaining to the assertion of rights from bills of exchange in the civil proceedings. Particular attention was drawn to the payment order procedure for bills of exchange which represents traditional and in practice dominating procedural instrument of hearing bills actions and of deciding about filed claims. Each stage of bills procedure is described from a point of view of its succesion in time, that is from the initiating of the procedure till the moment of its enforceable ending.
Concentration in civil proceedings
Kubešová, Silvia ; Winterová, Alena (advisor) ; Zoulík, František (referee) ; Slavíček, Pavel (referee)
1 Abstract The dissertation focused its attention on the principle of the concentration and its application in civil proceedings. The principle of the concentration and its issues represented after the amendment of Civil Procedure Code No. 99/1963 realized by Act No. 30/2000 Sb. and the by Act No. 7/2009 Sb. are highly actual topic in the civil practice and in the theory of civil procedure. The dissertation attempts to explain the positives and the negatives of the principle of the concentration in civil proceedings, seeks and finds its adequate place in the civil procedural law in order to achieve an effective and quick protection of endangered or infringed subjective private rights. The theoretical basis of the dissertation consists of definition of the essence of the principle of the concentration, its object and mainly its purpose along in the system of the principles regulating civil proceedings at all. The modern civil proceedings should be based on the principle of the concentration in order to ensure the effective protection of endangered or infringed subjective private rights provided by the courts. The individual elements and phases of applying the principle of the concentration in civil proceedings should be appropriately chosen in civil proceedings. The individual elements of the principle of...
Consumer protection in arbitration
Šimeček, Jan ; Zoulík, František (referee) ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
Arbitration is generally accepted as extremely fast and efficient way for alternative dispute resolution. But many experts did not consider it an appropriate or even legal instrument for resolution of disputes arising from consumer obligations. Therefore, in my rigorous thesis I analyze existing legal regulation of arbitration in consumer cases in the Czech Republic. I work primarily with the most discussed issues of regulation and their answer of professional public or interpretative judgment of the Supreme Court. Then I provide comparison often very different approaches to different aspects of regulation of arbitration that are included in foreign jurisdictions. Based on these established facts, then I critically assess the proposed legislative changes impacting on the investigated area. This rigorous thesis should include a balanced view of the current legal and factual situation of a Czech arbitration of disputes in consumer contracts. Description of the legislation would not be complete without the considerations de lege ferenda and evaluation of major trends, which would consumer protection in arbitration, could evolve in the future.
Arbitration proceedings in the Czech Republic
Musil, Ondřej ; Smolík, Petr (advisor) ; Zoulík, František (referee)
The aim of this thesis called Arbitration Procedure in the Czech Republic is to characterize Arbitration in the Czech Republic, describe individual aspects of Czech Arbitration and outline highly discussed issues of recent months. This thesis called Arbitration Procedure in the Czech Republic is composed of nine chapters excluding the introduction and conclusion. Each of these chapters deals with different aspect of Arbitration Procedure. The first chapter contains definition of Arbitration Procedure, types of Arbitration, doctrines of Arbitration and enumeration of advantages and disadvantages of Arbitration Procedure. The second chapter summarizes the most important sources of law relating to Arbitration. Chapter 3 deals with one of the most important concepts of Arbitration, which is Arbitrability. Arbitrability is a characteristic of disputes that can be heard before Arbitrators or Arbitral Institutions. Positive and negative conditions of Arbitrability are described in this chapter as well. The fourth chapter focuses on Arbitration Agreement. Its definition and types are included in this chapter and it is also concerned with nature, content and the requirements of the Arbitration Agreement. T The fifth chapter concentrates on Arbitrators. It deals among other with conditions that Arbitrators...
Basic issues of introducing E - justice into civil proceedings
Šamajová, Monika ; Smolík, Petr (advisor) ; Zoulík, František (referee)
Basic issues of introducing E - Justice into civil proceedings The subject of this thesis is modernization of civil proceedings, pushed forth by the department of justice, via implementation of information and communication technologies. Specific focus is granted to the perpetually forming phenomenon known as E - Justice, which is meant to enrich the judiciary by not only allowing complete rationalization of procedures to take place, but also by making civil proceedings more open and accessible to its clients. Modern technology and the electronic form of data, which it provides, have the potential, under the assumption that it will thoroughly be established in the judiciary sector, to bring vigor and financially effective processes while at the same time augmenting the processing capacity. The aim of this thesis is to emphasize the critical moments arising from the implementation of E - Justice, to concisely characterize the present state of this phenomenon in Czech republic and to propose its further attainable developmental pathways with respect to advancements of the information society. All of this will be covered while placing an emphasis on regulation of the civil proceedings. Because of the space limitations imposed by this assessment the entire battery of aspects regarding E - Justice and...
Assets
Beránková, Jana ; Zoulík, František (advisor) ; Smolík, Petr (referee)
Thesis, theme: Assets Author: Jana Beránková English Summary Assets in the insolvency proceedings is the subject of the submitted thesis. Assets is one of the fundamental legal institutions in insolvency proceeding, which forms the basis of the solution of the bankruptcy. Thanks to the precise definition of assets, accurately defined inventory of assets, and its breakdown (in relation to the debtor, creditors, and other persons), there is a fundamental and qualitative change as opposed to the legislation of the law on bankruptcy and settlement. This significant change occurred on the day of January the first 2008, when the Czech law of insolvency entered a new phase. The new insolvency act was passed, and at the same time the law on bankruptcy and settlement was invalidated. The new legislation does not solve bankruptcy only of the bankruptcy and composition, it uses the general concept of defaults that suggests this is a completely different solution concept. The insolvency area is understood much more comprehensively. The bankruptcy act use not the term "bankruptcy", but the assets. It's completely new term and new defininition of contents, not just the change of the name. In the original treatment the term bankruptcy applies onl y to the bankruptcy proceedings. On the contrary, the bankruptcy act defines...
Legal effect and enforcement of judgment
Petriláková, Petra ; Zoulík, František (advisor) ; Smolík, Petr (referee)
The aim of this diploma thesis is to describe the main properties of the legal judgment in a private law - legal effect and enforcement. The focus is on the accurate analysis of the traditional institutions of the private process. It is not examined only from the point of view of the valid legal regulation but also according to the reasoning of the legal theory and from the conclusions of the legal practice. Theoretical interpretation is often supported by practical examples that are used to improve the intelligibility of the thesis and understandability of individual problems. The diploma thesis is mainly focused on the issue of the legal effect of judgment. In relation with that there is explained the essence and purpose of this institution. Legal effect is conceived as the set of the specific properties (impacts), that the judgment acquires when the legal presumptions are fulfilled. There are defined the concepts of the formal and material legal effect including their mutual relation. Attention is also given to the individual impacts of the legal effect as the finality, the immutability and the obligation of the judgment. There is described not only its legal nature but also the specific utterances and consequences of its application. Following interpretation of bounds of the legal effect tries...
Pre-conditions for adjudication of bankruptcy
Morysek, Tomáš ; Zoulík, František (advisor) ; Smolík, Petr (referee)
in English The thesis is composed of seven chapters. The first one is an introduction. In the second chapter I summarize the reasons, why a new regulation of insolvency law was needed. The third chapter is about pre-conditions for adjudication of bankruptcy in general and about the sources of their regulation. The fourth chapter is about the pre-conditions that are based in the material law and especially about all aspects of bankruptcy. The chapter No. 5 describes the conditions of civil and insolvency proceeding. Separately in chapter No. 6 is a describtion of moratorium. The thesis ends with conclusions.

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