National Repository of Grey Literature 178 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
Profile of fatty acids in Edam type cheese
Hajtmarová, Lucie ; Zemanová, Jana (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
This bachelros thesis is focused on identification and qualification of free and bound fatty acids in edam type cheese. The samples were produced in Univarsity of Tomáš Baťa in Zlín. The theorytical part characterizes the cheese, their classification, composition and production process. This part also contains description of fats, fatty acids and gas chromatography with flame ionization detector. In the experimental part the contents of free and bound fatty acids in the model samples, produced using combination of microbial cultures are determined and compared. The method described in EN ISO 1735:2005 was used for extraction of lipids from the samples. Fatty acids were converted to methylesters by acidic esterification with methanolic solution of bortrifluoride as a catalyst. Then the fatty acids were assessed using the gas chromatography with flame ionization detector. The total number of 17 fatty acids in both free and bound form were assessed in samples. Unequivocal influence of addition of thermophilic culters on the contents of fatty acids cannot be proven.
Preparation and study of selected essential oils
Chmelová, Nikola ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Zemanová, Jana (advisor)
The theoretical part of this bachelor thesis is focused on the characteristics, effects and use of essential oils. There are also described methods for isolating essential oils from plant materials, identification options methods suitable for assessing their quality. Within the experimental part essential oils of the Plectranthus amboinicus and Mentha piperita were prepared. Ethanol extraction and automatic hexane extraction using Gerhardt Soxtherm instrument were used for the isolation. The substances occurring in the essential oils made of Plectranthus amboinicus and Mentha piperita were analysed using a gas chromatograph with a mass detector. The aim of this thesis was to find out what potentially allergenic substances are contained in essential oils.
Aronia as a raw material for cosmetic production
Palkovská, Kateřina ; Sýkora, Michal (referee) ; Zemanová, Jana (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with extraction of polyphenols from fruits and leaves of aronia and consequent use of obtained extract in cosmetic production. In the theoretical part are information about the origin of the aronia, the botanical characteristics of Aronia Melanocarpa and about its utilization. Furthermore, the chemical composition of the plant material of the aronia is described, which is also common for fruits. At the end of the theoretical part are described extraction and separation techniques, methods of determination of total polyphenolic compounds and brief characteristics of the material safety data sheet. The experimental part describes the optimization of the prepared extract so that the extract contains as many polyphenolic compounds as possible. 50% ethanol at room temperature was shown to be optimal for leaf and fruit extraction, and the maceration time was found to have a significant effect on the polyphenolic compounds obtained. For the obtained optimized macerate, some chemical and physical properties such as pH, density, refractive index were determined for the purpose of producing a material safety data sheet and product specification. At the end of the experimental part were prepared cosmetic products with the addition of macerate from crushed aronia fruits.
Preservative systems for natural cosmetics
Koblasová, Dana ; Veselá, Mária (referee) ; Zemanová, Jana (advisor)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of naturally derived preservatives against selected microorganisms. Theoretical part is focused on description of the most used natural, naturally derived and synthetic preservatives, on the safety of preservatives and finally, the issue of contamination of cosmetic products by microorganisms. In experimental part, antimicrobial activity of 4 naturally derived preservatives was evaluated against selected microorganisms, which were bacteria Micrococcus luteus, Kocuria rosea, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Serratia marcescens and one yeast Candida vini. The tested preservatives were from MinaSolve company - E-LEEN Green A, which contains pentylene glycol and phenylpropanol, E-LEEN Green OR, which is composed of citrus extracts, citric acid, ascorbic acid and pentylene glycol, Green B, which contains benzoic acid, sodium benzoate and pentylene glycol and Hexam+, which is a mixture of pentylene glycol and hexamidin diisethionate. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated by agar diffusion method. The highest antimicrobial activity showed Hexam+, the lowest E-LEEN Green OR. E-LEEN Green A and Green B did not show any antimicrobial activity against any microorganism in the 1% tested concentration. The measured values of the inhibition zones show that the most resistant microorganisms from all the tested in this thesis are Bacillus cereus and Bacillus subtilis and the least resistant are Micrococcus luteus and Kocuria rosea.
Study of macerates of selected plant materials in oily bases
Masár, Martin ; Pořízka, Jaromír (referee) ; Zemanová, Jana (advisor)
The aim of this thesis was in terms of literary research describe the composition, production, impact on human health and diverse uses of vegetable oils and their herbal macerates in human life. Herbal oil macerates are actually a blend of oils and herbs, created to produce a product that combines the beneficial effects of oils with therapeutic effects of herbs. Avocado and almond oil were used in combination with herbs such as black elder, chinese tea tree and ginger. Each herb also affects to some extent the quality of oil, which was observed in the time dependence of acid number in herbal macerates compared to pure oils. The acidity of the oil is also significantly influenced by temperature and therefore one set of samples was macerated at room temperature and the other in a thermostate at 35°C. The time dependencies of the acidity number of the individual oils and macerates were plotted into graphs and compared. In most cases, the thermostate-stored oils and macerates obtained higher acidity than those stored at room temperature. The effect of the herbs on the acidity of the oil varied in the different types of macerates, with the highest acidity values being taken by macerates with black elder flowers and the lowest, most similar to pure oils, by macerates with black elder fruits. At the end of the experiment, total and free fatty acids from the last sampling (after 77 days of extraction) of macerates and oils at room temperature were analysed by gas chromatography. Again, there were some differences in the composition of total and free fatty acids in herbal macerates compared to pure oils. Some herbs affect the composition of individual fatty acids more, others do not affect it almost at all.
Silver based raw materials for cosmetic purposes
Čaková, Adriana ; Ďubašáková, Mária (referee) ; Zemanová, Jana (advisor)
The purpose of this bachelor’s thesis was a research about silver based cosmetic products and determination of antimicrobial activity on certain species of microorganisms by chosen silver based cosmetic products. Theoretical part is focused on the problematics of silver based cosmetic products, on their main purpose, physically chemical characteristics and toxicological profile. In the theoretical part is also mentioned problematics of legislative, mainly the safety and real effectivity of tested cosmetic products. Experimental part was focused on determination of antimicrobial activity of chosen silver based cosmetic products. Two silver based cosmetic product were used to determined antimicrobial activity on selected microorganisms Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Micrococcus luteus, Kocuria rosea, Serratia marcescens a Candida vini. From result it is apparent, that both of used Cosmetic product showed antimicrobial activity, but not on every used microorganism.
Study of the antioxidative potential of selected fruit marcs
Havlíčková, Barbora ; Zemanová, Jana (referee) ; Vespalcová, Milena (advisor)
Subject of this bachelor thesis was antioxidant activity of selected kind of fruits. Among selected kinds were the marc of red and white grapes, moldings from red elderberry and aronia. Two species of made capsules from marcs of white grapes and aronia were also subjected to analysis. Results of this bachelor thesis are summarized to four chapters. The first chapter compares the water content of drying at 40 ° C and 105 ° C. In the second chapter, the results of extraction in different proportions of solvent mixture ethanol - water and results of extraction in prepared artificial gastric juice are discussed. As a result, the water – ethanol mixture was a more effective solvent than artificial gastric juice. The third chapter deals with the results and discussion of the determination of the total content of phenolic substances. For the solvent mixture, the largest amount of polyphenols in the red vine marc was determined to be 43,56 mg.g-1, while in gastric juice the largest content in the elderberry was determined to be 11,89 mg.g-1. Capsules were also extracted in gastric juice, and 2,53 mg.g-1 was found in aronia tablets, while 5,93 mg.g-1 in white grape tablets. The last chapter compares the results of TAA measurements using the TEAC and EPR methods. The EPR method was more suitable for much diluted solutions than the TEAC method. The results of this work show that there is a large number of polyphenols and other antioxidants in the moldings that affect the overall antioxidant activity. Marcs have great potential for use as natural dyes or can be used to make a food supplement.
Selected alcohol extracts of Sambucus nigra for use in cosmetology
Balonková, Daniela ; Doležalová Weissmannová, Helena (referee) ; Zemanová, Jana (advisor)
This thesis focuses on the preparation of selected alcohol extracts of elderberry and their use in cosmetology. In the theoretical part are described the botanical properties of the elderberry (Sambucus nigra). There are introduced and characterized bioactive compounds and toxic compounds contained in all vegetative parts of the plant. Attention is mostly focused on compounds with antioxidant properties. The theoretical part also contains a description of basic analytical methods, which are used in the practical part to characterize compounds contained in elder flowers. The practical part focuses on the optimization of the preparation of alcohol extracts with the aim to prepare the extract with the greatest possible content of polyphenols with respect to economy and production costs. Factors such as selection of the appropriate solvent, solvent to plant material ratio, solvent temperature, and extraction time are examined. Based on the total polyphenol concentration measured spectrophotometrically by the Folin-Ciocalteu method, the most suitable solvent is 60% ethanol, the ratio of plant material to solvent is 1:8, the laboratory temperature of solvent and the extraction time of 24 hours.Under these conditions, an ethanol extract is prepared, analyzed and determined selected properties, such as refractive index and density. Rutin, chlorogenic, caffeic and ferulic acids are identified by HPLC with a DAD detector. The pH value of alcohol extract is 5.743 ± 0.006, the refractive index is 1.365 ± 0.02 at 22.7 ° C and the density is 0.9288 gcm-3. By liquid chromatography the concentration of chlorogenic acids is quantified as 0.104 gl-1, caffeic acid as 0.086 gl-1 and ferulic acid as 0.060 gl-1. The extract is incorporated into cosmetic products, that are used in balneology. Prepared products are toilet soap and bath salt.
Optimization of plasmid DNA isolation by magnetic particles
Chlopková, Barbora ; Zemanová, Jana (referee) ; Brázda, Václav (advisor)
The theoretical part summarizes information on the isolation and purification of plasmid DNA and nucleic acids as. Plasmid DNA is often used in gene engineering as a vector for the transfer of a particular gene. Its insulation and transportation in sufficient quality is crucial for other processes associated with it. Isolation and survival of pDNA using magnetic carriers of different concentrations of PEG 8000 in combination with 1M NaCl was investigated in experimental parts. Furthermore, the isolation of pDNA using commercial kits was examined.
Comparison of aroma profile of selected types of sweets
Polochová, Petra ; Zemanová, Jana (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
This diploma thesis focuses on identification of aroma active substances and sensory analysis in samples of non-chocolate sweets. For experimental part jelly candies were chosen as model samples. Specifically gummy bears with strawberry, lemon, apple and orange flavour were used. The theoretical part deals with the legislation and technology of manufacturing non-chocolate sweets, characterization of aroma compounds including those which could be allergenic. Furthermore this thesis describes a method of their determination using solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography with mass spectrometry. The end of the theoretical part is dedicated to methods of sensory analysis that were used. In the experimental part, the chosen method HS-SPME-GC-MS was used to identify volatile aroma active substances in selected samples of jelly sweets. The substances that are potentially allergenic were also quantified. For the evaluation of sensory quality scales, profile test and overall acceptability were used. The single samples differ in number and type of volatile compounds depending on producer and flavour. Altogether 119 compounds were identified including 12 allergenic.

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See also: similar author names
2 ZEMANOVÁ, Jiřina
1 Zemanová, Jana Bc.
2 Zemanová, Jiřina
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