National Repository of Grey Literature 58 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Capuchin Order and its activities in Bohemia and Moravia between 1673-1783.
Brčák, Marek ; Mikulec, Jiří (advisor) ; Elbel, Martin (referee) ; Zdichynec, Jan (referee)
Full Name: Marek Brčák Thesis title: Capuchin Order and its activities in Bohemia and Moravia between 1673-1783 Abstract This dissertation deals with the history of the Capuchin order in Czech-Moravian territory during 1673-1783. The year of the establishment of the Czech-Moravian Capuchin province is 1673. In 1783, this province was divided into a Czech and a Moravian province; this led to the establishment of two new independent provinces of the Capuchin order. At the same time the upper time limit coincided with the religious reforms of Joseph II., which had essential influence on activities of the Capuchin order. The first chapter introduces a review of the existing secondary literature that deals with this theme, analysing and explaining the methodology used in the thesis. The second chapter describes historiography and archival databases that existed in the Czech-Moravian Capuchin province, which contributed to the formation of collective memory. This chapter also portrays concrete institutions which keep records in their archives on the history of the Capuchin order. The history of the Czech-Austrian Capuchin province is covered in the third chapter. This period witnessed significant progress in admission of new members to the Capuchin order; therefore the thesis examines the national origin of the...
Church regulations in practice on the example of chosen female monasteries of Czech lands at the turn of the Middle Ages and Early Modern Era
Hejdová, Tereza ; Zdichynec, Jan (advisor) ; Hlaváčková, Jarmila (referee)
The diploma thesis is devoted to the abbess focusing on her spiritual and secular duties, on the powers in the administration of the convent and in the care of the nunnery property at the turn of the late Middle Ages and Early Modern Era. For describing the ideal conception of the post of the abbess the study uses legislative regulations of various levels: the statutes and rules of women's contemplative and mendicant religious orders as welll as the decrees of the Council of Trent. On the example of three selected women's monasteries of three different orders - the Benedictine convent of St. George at Prague Castle, the Cistercian nunnery in Pohled, the monastery of the Poor Clares in Panenský Týnec - illustrates how the real influence of the Mother Superior differs from the ideal one. The text is based on an exploration of the written archival materials of the monasteries, from which were selected individual cases, that illustrate what the abbess had to deal with. According to the regulations, the authority for solution disputes inside the convent should be the Prague Archbishop, the King of Bohemia and his officers on property matters, but the archival sources show that secular and ecclesiastical law was very often intertwined. The most frequent sources for the diploma thesis were letters written...
Emperor and King Charles IV. in the Czech humanist historiography of the 16th century
Kovařík, Tadeáš ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zdichynec, Jan (referee)
This thesis focuses on the image of Emperor and King Charles IV of Luxembourg in the Czech humanistic historiography of the 16th century. Firstly, the sources of this work and literature dedicated to the topic are introduced. The genre of the chronicle, history and historical chronicle are defined and are supported by academic literature. Following, humanism in the Czech and European environment is further discussed. The history of humanistic literature in a Czech environment and the history of humanistic historiography of this area are also presented. The main focus is dedicated to authors and their work, specifically those that are the sources of this thesis. Work such as Aeneas Silvius Bartholomeus Piccolomini (pope Pius II), his work Historia Bohemica and his three early modern history translations into the Czech language, done by Jan Húska, Mikuláš Konáč of Hodiškov and Daniel Adam of Veleslavín. Authors who have also published it in his book Kroniky dvě o založení země české. Work which also included an introduction written by him, that is further discussed in the thesis. Moreover, the thesis looks into Václav Hájek of Libočany and his Kronika česká, Prokop Lupáč of Hlaváčov and his Historia o císaři Karlovi, Martin Kuthen of Šprinsberk and his work Kronika o založení země české, which Daniel...
The Waldsassen Abbey between Kingdom of Bohemia and Holy Roman Empire. The Political, Economic and Social Development of the Abbey and Its Manor in the 15th Century
Hrdlička, Vojtěch ; Zdichynec, Jan (advisor) ; Charvátová, Kateřina (referee)
The goal of this thesis was to analyse the development of abbey in Waldsassen since the end of 14th century to the finish of George's of Podiebrad reign. Author struggled to describe on the basis of analysis of above all unpublished monastic sources, which are deposited in State archive in Amberg, various aspects of life in Waldsassen convent. Apart from the economic base and its changes, which are well covered by amount of sources, also social a political relations to secular power in the Holy Roman Empire - roman rulers and princes are studied. Then the basis deals with contacts of monastery with the Crown of Bohemia and its aristocracy and also with the position of Waldsassen in the Order and its cooperation with other Cistercian monasteries. Matters dealt with the papal throne are not forgetten, too. Detailed analysis was dedicated to parish network and the land register of Waldsassen, which presents the valuable source for former economic relationships and toponyms of "Stiftland" and Upper Palatine. The fourth chapter is also comprehensive, describing Waldsassen during the Hussite wars and eliminates some myths about this period in the region. Closing parts of this thesis are dedicated to the renewal of abbey domain and to the effort, which was invested mutually to maintain good relations...
The Journal Religion und Priester. An Effort to Analyse the Publicistic Discourse of Catholic Theologians during the Reforms of Josephinism.
Pěček, Vít ; Zdichynec, Jan (advisor) ; Tinková, Daniela (referee)
1 Abstract (in English): The Bachelor thesis deals with the journal Religion und Priester, which was published between 1782 and 1784 in Prague and then in Vienna. This periodical was probably the first religious journal in the lands of the Crown of Bohemia, however, it was not an orthodox Catholic journal. The work concentrates at first on external characterization, subsequently it tries to solve the complicated question of the authorship of the journal during its first phase. Space is also dedicated to Franz Xaver Huber, the main editor and the personality with the very interesting life career. The core of the thesis consists in the analysis of the religious thought in the Religion und Priester, which was powerfully influenced by the Enlightenment and Josephinism. The goal of the authors was the cleansing of the religion, mainly the Catholic, the "enlightenment" of the people and the unification of Christian denominations. Besides that, they criticize the monastic life, celibacy, or papacy, and they demand some other principal changes in the Catholic Church. The next chapter describes a few contemporary reflexions concerning the analysed periodical. At the end the author speculates about the main tendencies in the journal - about the "naturalism", etatism, or "secondary Christianity".
The Life in the communities of the School Sisters of the Third Order Regular of St. Francis in 1971-1989. Everyday life and gender roles of women's religious communities during socialism.
Libánská, Anna ; Zdichynec, Jan (advisor) ; Činátl, Kamil (referee)
The work deals with the everyday life of the School Sisters of St. Francis on the Czech territory in 1971 - 1989, but it aims to cover the history of the congregation throughout the whole period 1948 - 1989. The use of the oral history method captures mainly the life in secret monastic communities, both female and gender, in which sisters lived especially for the purpose of leading the noviciate. In addition to describing the strategies that sisters have developed during the given period for the maintenance of religious life, the thesis also deals with gender modifications and their transformation, not only related to the specific conditions of the communist regime, but also to the Second Vatican Council, which brought about fundamental religious reform.
Life and everydayness of Prague burgher Karel Kyswein (+1621)
Finsterschott, Theo ; Holý, Martin (advisor) ; Zdichynec, Jan (referee)
This thesis focuses on the life course of the Prague burgher Karel Kyswein (1578-1621), his Nuremberg family linage, including his kinship with Tucher, Schlüsselfelder and Viatis families and non-material and material aspects of his everyday life. Family roots of the researched individual are inspected using Nurnberg registers. For the examination of Karel's later life, the Prague archive sources are utilized: testaments, probate inventories and others. Kyswein's probate inventory is also the main source for the examination of his library, furniture, and way of storing various objects, utensiles, objects of hygiene, clothes, jewels and valuables, paitings, musical instruments, children's objects, house fire-fighting equipment, and trading goods. The thesis emphasises the clothing component of the inventory, at the threshold between Reinessance and Baroque. The work also deals with some particular topics, such as the actual appearence of the Gößwein coat of arms, his religion and his role in the Old-town Lutheran community.
Marital migration in urban environment: Náchod 1550-1750
Matyska, Jan ; Zdichynec, Jan (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee)
Presented diploma thesis deals with issues of marital migration in early modern town milieu. By quantitative analysis of written records of marriage contracts and parish registers from Náchod domain (Eastern Bohemia), marriages of Nachod burghers with persons from other localities are tracked. Initially the town itself and the domain of the same name, constituting its hinterland, is characterized by their population and administrative and economic conditions. Then the marital migration is examined by sex and marital status of immigrants, distance and legal status of the place of their origin, or proportion of migration across the boundary of the domain. Apart from the pursuite to describe the main features of the migration phenomenon, the attention is focused on its consequences, which are the issues of integration of immigrant into the community of the town. The final part of the thesis deals with some qualitative aspects of marital migration and its reflection in contemporary ego-documents. Keywords: marital migration; Náchod; town; country; integration; burghers; parish registers; marital contracts; early modern period
Baroque landscaping. Comparing the Schlicksʼ and Saxe-Lauenburgsʼ attitude
Vokurka, Michal ; Zdichynec, Jan (advisor) ; Chodějovská, Eva (referee)
Studying the early modern landscape during the baroque period was often linked to some kind of idealization of the relationship between the pre-modern man and the landscape they lived in. On the example of the 17 Saxe-Lauenburg manor districts I pointed out that the approach to the landscape used to be more functional and pragmatic than the existing literature assumed. The aristocratic representation and power legitimization was historically emphasised by building the landscape after the Thirty Years' War as well the dominancy of Catholicism. Comparing activities of the Saxe-Lauenburgs with the Schlick family and their exceptional composed landscape around Kopidlno, Staré Hrady and Veliš some common and particular trends in the making of landscape became apparent.

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