National Repository of Grey Literature 66 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Derivatives combining the fragment of pyrazinamide and 4-aminosalicylic acid as antimycobacterial compounds
Šlechta, Petr ; Zitko, Jan (advisor) ; Zimčík, Petr (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical chemistry and Pharmaceutical analysis Author: Petr Šlechta Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Jan Zitko, Ph.D. Consultant: MSc. Ghada Basem Bouz, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Derivatives combining the fragment of pyrazinamide and 4-aminosalicylic acid as antimycobacterial compounds According to WHO, tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from a single infectious organism worldwide and the number of cases with drug resistant TB is still increasing, creating the need for new antituberculotics. Therefore, we report design, synthesis and antimicrobial evaluation of a series of hybrid compounds combining different pyrazinamide derivates and p- aminosalicylic acid as potential antituberculotic agents. The compounds were prepared by mixing different pyrazinecarboxylic acids, after activation by 1,1'-carbonyldiimidazole, with p- aminosalicylic acid in dimethylsulfoxide as a solvent. Obtained compounds were in vitro tested for their antimycobacterial activity against M. tuberculosis H37Rv, M. tuberculosis H37Ra and four other mycobacterial strains. Prepared compounds were also in vitro screened for antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic (HepG2) activity. Most compounds showed antimycobacterial activity in range of...
Synthesis of anionic phthalocyanines as potential photodynamic active photosensitizers
Kollár, Jan ; Zimčík, Petr (advisor) ; Mosinger, Jiří (referee) ; Zitko, Jan (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Kralove Department: Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Analysis Author: Mgr. Jan Kollar Supervisor: prof. PharmDr. Petr Zimcik, Ph.D. Advisor: doc. PharmDr. Veronika Novakova, Ph.D. Doctoral Thesis: Synthesis of anionic phthalocyanines as potential photodynamic active photosensitizers Phthalocyanines (Pcs) and their aza-analogues (e.g. tetrapyrazinoporphyrazines, TPyzPzs) represent a promising group of organic dyes with interesting photophysical properties (strong absorption in area 650-750 nm, strong singlet oxygen production) highly suitable for the use in photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer. However, they have also some drawbacks lowering their potential use in PDT (low solubility in water, strong tendency to aggregate). The topic of my dissertation thesis closely follows the topic of my diploma thesis, during which TPyzPz with sixteen carboxylate groups in rigid arrangement was prepared and in which we have disclosed strong negative effect of low pH and serum proteins on photodynamic activity. In the first part of this thesis I prepared new zinc TPyzPz with eight sulfonate groups on periphery, which was characterised by good solubility in water. Sulfonates were chosen as stronger acids than carboxylic groups, so they were...
Synthesis of anionic phthalocyanines as potential photodynamic active photosensitizers
Kollár, Jan ; Zimčík, Petr (advisor) ; Mosinger, Jiří (referee) ; Zitko, Jan (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Kralove Department: Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Analysis Author: Mgr. Jan Kollar Supervisor: prof. PharmDr. Petr Zimcik, Ph.D. Advisor: doc. PharmDr. Veronika Novakova, Ph.D. Doctoral Thesis: Synthesis of anionic phthalocyanines as potential photodynamic active photosensitizers Phthalocyanines (Pcs) and their aza-analogues (e.g. tetrapyrazinoporphyrazines, TPyzPzs) represent a promising group of organic dyes with interesting photophysical properties (strong absorption in area 650-750 nm, strong singlet oxygen production) highly suitable for the use in photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer. However, they have also some drawbacks lowering their potential use in PDT (low solubility in water, strong tendency to aggregate). The topic of my dissertation thesis closely follows the topic of my diploma thesis, during which TPyzPz with sixteen carboxylate groups in rigid arrangement was prepared and in which we have disclosed strong negative effect of low pH and serum proteins on photodynamic activity. In the first part of this thesis I prepared new zinc TPyzPz with eight sulfonate groups on periphery, which was characterised by good solubility in water. Sulfonates were chosen as stronger acids than carboxylic groups, so they were...
Design and synthesis of novel 3-aroyl-1-arylpyrrole derivatives as potential tubulin polymerization inhibitors
Zenkerová, Katharina ; Zitko, Jan (advisor) ; Kučerová, Marta (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Analysis Author: Katharina Zenkerová Supervisors: Assoc. Prof. PharmD. Jan Zitko, Ph.D.; Prof. Romano Silvestri Title of diploma thesis: Design and synthesis of novel 3-aroyl-1-arylpyrrole derivatives as potential tubulin polymerization inhibitors Key word: anticancer agents; pyrrole; tubulin polymerization inhibitors Cancer is a major burden of disease worldwide and it remains one of the most difficult illnesses to treat. Since the percentage of people suffering from cancer is increasing, an enormous effort to design and develop better medicaments is needed. Microtubules are a key component of the cytoskeleton in most eukaryotic cells and they represent an attractive target for antitumor agents, due to the significant mitosis rate of tumor cells. Since cancer cells usually display higher proliferation rates than normal cells, drugs that interfere with microtubules dynamic equilibrium, also known as antimitotic agents, have become a fruitful approach to develop anticancer agents in clinical use. In fact, agents interfering with microtubules may either inhibit the tubulin polymerization or block microtubules to disassembly, both causing the arrest of cell division and the consequent...
Synthesis and investigation of aminophthalocyanines II.
Mocák, Ivan ; Zimčík, Petr (advisor) ; Zitko, Jan (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Analysis Candidate: Ivan Mocák Supervisor: prof. PharmDr. Petr Zimčík, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Synthesis and investigation of aminophthalocyanines II. Azaphthalocyanines (AzaPc) are nitrogen analogues of phthalocyanines (Pc) where benzene rings are replaced for pyrazine, pyridine or pyridazine respectively. AzaPc are characterized by broad spectrum of characteristic photophysical and photochemical properties that are responsible for their use in many areas, e.g. as industrial dyes, as photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy or as fluorescent sensors. In recent years, importance of dialkylamino substituted AzaPc has been rising in area of fluorescence quenching. Their broad absorption spectrum makes them suitable candidates to become universal quenchers. Process responsible for their quenching ability is called intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) from peripheral dialkylamino groups. These groups are also responsible for formation of unique supramolecular arrangement - J-dimers. The influence of bulky dialkylamino substituents on formation of J-dimers, which occurrence is rarer than the other possible form - H-dimers, is studied in this work. Results also describe how ICT is...
Synthesis of thiazolidine-2,4-dione derivatives as potential drugs I
Dušková, Anna ; Kučerová, Marta (advisor) ; Zitko, Jan (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Analysis Title of diploma thesis: Synthesis of thiazolidine-2,4-dione derivatives as potential drugs I Student: Anna Dušková Supervisor: PharmDr. Marta Kučerová, Ph.D. The theoretical part of this diploma thesis summarizes the biological activity of thiazolidine- 2,4-dione derivatives, focused mainly on their antibacterial, antimycobacterial and antifungal effects. The theoretical part shows that thiazolidine-2,4-dione derivatives are substances that have great potential to become good candidates for new drugs that are needed to be obtained due to the growing bacterial resistance to existing drugs. Thiazolidine-2,4-dione derivatives are already used in clinical practice as oral antidiabetics - pioglitazone and rosiglitazone. In the experimental part, I dealt with a three-step synthesis of (2,4-dioxothiazolidin-3-yl) acetic acid derivatives, which, however, was not succesful to prepare except for one product. This was followed by the synthesis of thiazolidine-2,4-dione derivatives, which consisted of the Knoevenagel condensation of thiazolidine-2,4-dione with aromatic and heterocyclic aldehydes, in which we managed to obtain a total of eight products. All substances were characterized...
Synthesis and evaluation of N-pyridylbenzamides as potential antimicrobial compounds
Suchánková, Eliška ; Zitko, Jan (advisor) ; Nováková, Veronika (referee)
SYNTHESIS AND EVALUATION OF N-PYRIDYLBENZAMIDES AS POTENTIAL ANTIMICROBIAL COMPOUNDS Eliška Suchánková Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Analysis Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Charles University, Czech Republic The derivatives of N-pyridylbenzamide were designed and synthesized to be in vitro tested for antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra, M. smegmatis, M. aurum and in vitro cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells. These compounds are pyridinyl analogues of previously prepared N-pyrazinylbenzamides that have shown a significant in vitro antimycobacterial activity. The title compounds were synthesized by acylation of aminopyridine or chloropyridine-2-amine by selected benzoyl chlorides. Final compounds were described by elementary analysis, melting point, 1 H and 13 C spectra and IR spectroscopy. Generally, prepared compounds possess lower antimycobacterial activity than previously tested N-pyrazinylbenzamides. However, there are some cases, in which the derivatives of pyridine were more effective compared to the derivatives of pyrazine; mainly against M. smegmatis. The best antimycobacterial activity was proved for derivatives of 2-amino-6-chloropyridine and substituted benzoyl chloride, corresponding with higher lipophilicity of these compounds;...
Derivatives combining the fragment of pyrazinamide and 4-aminosalicylic acid as antimycobacterial compounds
Šlechta, Petr ; Zitko, Jan (advisor) ; Zimčík, Petr (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical chemistry and Pharmaceutical analysis Author: Petr Šlechta Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Jan Zitko, Ph.D. Consultant: MSc. Ghada Basem Bouz, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Derivatives combining the fragment of pyrazinamide and 4-aminosalicylic acid as antimycobacterial compounds According to WHO, tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from a single infectious organism worldwide and the number of cases with drug resistant TB is still increasing, creating the need for new antituberculotics. Therefore, we report design, synthesis and antimicrobial evaluation of a series of hybrid compounds combining different pyrazinamide derivates and p- aminosalicylic acid as potential antituberculotic agents. The compounds were prepared by mixing different pyrazinecarboxylic acids, after activation by 1,1'-carbonyldiimidazole, with p- aminosalicylic acid in dimethylsulfoxide as a solvent. Obtained compounds were in vitro tested for their antimycobacterial activity against M. tuberculosis H37Rv, M. tuberculosis H37Ra and four other mycobacterial strains. Prepared compounds were also in vitro screened for antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic (HepG2) activity. Most compounds showed antimycobacterial activity in range of...
Design, synthesis and evaluation of pyrazinamide derivatives as potential antimicrobial compounds II
Kučerová, Lucie ; Zitko, Jan (advisor) ; Miletín, Miroslav (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Analysis Candidate: Lucie Kučerová Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Jan Zitko, Ph.D. Consultant: PharmDr. Martin Juhás Title of diploma thesis: Design, synthesis and evaluation of pyrazinamide derivatives as potential antimicrobial compounds II Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and is currently one of the most common causes of death from an infectious disease. Treatment of tuberculosis is long-term, combined and controlled to prevent resistance. Resistance is very serious and therefore treatment is always performed with more antituberculars at the same time. Finding new drugs and improving existing ones is a constant part of research. In the theoretical part I tried to summarize information about tuberculosis, its causative agent, diagnostics, possible prevention and treatment strategy. I have described the most commonly used antituberculars, especially the first- line antituberculars - pyrazinamide, from which the derivatives synthesized in my work are based. In the experimental part I described the procedures and reactions used for synthesis of the new compounds, which were formed by combining pyrazinamide with various amino acids. In this...
Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of 2,3-disubstituted pyrazines
Kerda, Marek ; Zitko, Jan (advisor) ; Kučerová, Marta (referee)
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. PharmD. Jan Zitko, PhD. Author: Marek Kerda Title of diploma thesis: Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of 2,3-disubstituted pyrazines This thesis deals with problem of tuberculosis. In a theoretical part are summarized information and knowledge about tuberculosis, nowadays epidemiology and drugs used in current treatment. There are also described drugs in the different stage of clinical trials and could be used for treatment of tuberculosis in the future. Searched information were used from accessible learning materials and in articles in online databases as Web of Science and PubMed. There are also summarized basic methods of computer design of new drugs. In practical part of this thesis was focus on novel inhibitor of prolyl-tRNA synthetase, which is based on structure of pyrazinamide. There was prepared in silico virtual library of pyrazine-based new potential ligands. Related docking to the structure of human prolyl t-RNA (pdb: 5VAD) and the bacterial version of this enzyme (pdb: 2J3M) and evaluation was performed in Molecular Operating Environment (Chemical Computing Group, Canada). From the results were predicted some of the relations between structure and activity. Virtual library of the...

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