National Repository of Grey Literature 116 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Education of immigrants in Sweden and Czechia
Vosejpková, Tereza ; Weiss, Tomáš (advisor) ; Matějka, Ondřej (referee)
Sweden is known as immigration country for a few decades already, but the number of immigrants has rapidly grown during the last years making Sweden one of the European countries with the greatest share of immigrants on total population. In opposite, Czechia is far behind traditional immigrant countries with its number of newcomers, but after joining the European Union, the country has transformed from emigrant to transit and later even to immigrant state with the greatest number of newcomers among Central European states. With immigration, the issue of new minorities and their relation with the majority of society have appeared. The policy of education plays a crucial role in this issue because it has the potential to form society and affect all generations including immigrants. The aim of the thesis is to analyse possibilities of education if immigrants with the emphasis on integration in the education system and compare both countries thorough legislation, observation and interviews with representants of primary schools. The hypothesis that the Swedish approach to immigrant education is more developed than the Czech one was approved by greater possibilities of Swedish newcomers, especially in the education of mother tongue, obligation of Swedish language courses, and flexibility in integration...
Influence of the European Union activities against aggressive tax planning on enabling tax optimization by member states of the EU
Nováková, Markéta ; Šlosarčík, Ivo (advisor) ; Weiss, Tomáš (referee)
Jurisdictions around the world currently compete to attract mobile capital of multinational companies by providing them the most favourable tax conditions. Some EU member states actively participate in tax competition. Over the past decade, the European Commission has successfully enacted a number of measures aimed at preventing multinational companies from implementing aggressive tax planning schemes. These measures aim to establish fair conditions for competitors on the internal market and to meet the demand of the public and of the international community for suppression of aggressive tax planning. The theoretical background of the thesis derives from the field of Law and Economics, specifically by using the concept of transaction costs and means of Economic analysis of criminality. This thesis aims to answer the question of whether the new EU legislation leaves room for the member states to continue in allowing multinational companies to optimize taxes in the ways targeted by the EU measures. The thesis consists of two case studies, which evaluate the impact of the rules on known tax optimization schemes. The first one analyses the impact of state aid proceedings on tax rulings and the second one analyses the influence of the controlled foreign company rule on harmful IP boxes. The objective...
EU Arctic Strategy: Question of EU actorness
Slezáček, Filip ; Weiss, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kadlecová, Lucie (referee)
This Master Thesis is depicting process of establishing actorness of the EU within international space, that is limited for this research on area of the Arctic. Policies of the EU are not uniformly developed, some are stronger, and some are weaker, that is a reason why in certain moments or position could be EU considered a non-actor. Document of Arctic Strategy is presenting system of three pillars- spheres in which the EU will be fulfilling its goals. Using the actorness assessment method by Bretherton, C. et Vogler, J. could be found out, how much a certain pillar is strong and whether the EU is able to fulfil its role as an actor in the light of its goals.
Supranational and intergovernmental approach to the accession process of Montenegro to the European Union
Kopanicky, Marek ; Weiss, Tomáš (advisor) ; Riegl, Martin (referee)
The volume deals with the analysis of the relationship of the two dominant theoretical approaches of European integration - supranational and intergovernmental - towards the EU enlargement policy on the example of the accession process of Montenegro. The research goes into depth by analysing not the complex accession process as such, but the relations and attention of various European institutions and the EU member states to the particular and deliberately selected negotiation chapters of the Acquis Communautaire. The main aim of the thesis is to find out to what extent and whether at all does the behaviour of the EU institutions and its member states by the accession process correspond with the internal structure of the EU policies and competences stipulated in the EU treaties. The thesis succeeded to show that there is no reason to believe that the activities of the supranational institutions of the EU - the Commission and the Parliament - are dominant by chapter which is closely connected to the exclusive competence of the EU or that they would pay any special attention to this chapter. Similarly, there is no explicit proof that the activities of the incumbent EU member states are dominant by chapter which is closely connected to the shared competence of the EU or that they would pay any...
British reaction to the Arab Spring events in the context of United Kingdom's relations with Persian Gulf countries
Fričová, Kateřina ; Váška, Jan (advisor) ; Weiss, Tomáš (referee)
The diploma thesis named British reaction to the Arab Spring events in the context of United Kingdom's relations with Persian Gulf countries is concerned with an impact of the revolutionary events of 2011, known as the Arab Spring, on bilateral cooperation between United Kingdom on one side and Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman on the other. While using quantitative analysis approach, it depicts how the Persian Gulf developments were reflected by prominent British representatives and members of the Cameron coalition government. Since the government promised to approach foreign policy matters through a liberal-conservative lens and also planned to further deepen its relations with Persian Gulf countries, the Arab Spring events can be interpreted as a clear dilemma for British policymakers. This thesis aims to answer whether such dilemma forced the government officials to re-asses the traditionally warm attitudes towards Persian Gulf and additionally, it demonstrates which spheres of their cooperation were threatened the most. Firstly, the bilateral relations between United Kingdom and Persian Gulf countries between 1971 and 2010 are described. Then, the focus moves towards the Cameron coalition government and its foreign- policy aims. In its final part, the thesis focuses on British...
Threat perception in the North Atlantic Region: Media Image of Terrorism in the US and Western Europe
Moravčík, Vladimír ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Weiss, Tomáš (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with media frames in selected American and British media with an influence over broader European audience. The subject of the research is the difference in the perception of terrorism in the US and Western Europe. The work specifically examines the contexts in which the terrorist threat was reported in 2001-2005 in The New York Times and The Guardian. The work is based on the works of Mary N. Hampton and Wyn Rees, who claim that in the US the threat of terrorism is seen as an external problem of military nature, while in Western Europe terrorism is seen as an internal criminal problem. This work identifies media frameworks in selected media that match this difference in perception of terrorist threat. The discursive analysis and the application of framing theory are used to identify the media frames.
Impact of the USA on the EU's actorness in the Iran negotiation
Rosenheim, Adam ; Weiss, Tomáš (advisor) ; El-Ahmadieh, Jakub (referee)
Impact of the USA on the EU's actorness in the Iran negotiation A. Rosenheim, LS 2018/2019 1 Abstract In 2006 an extensive negotiation between the Islamic Republic of Iran and a wide international coalition (P5+1) was established to discuss the Iranian nuclear programme that has become the main priority regarding Iran after the revelations made in 2002. Most of the time during the course of this negotiation, the European Union performed a leading role of the entire P5+1 group that includes other major players in global politics. Using criteria of actorness defined by Lynne Dryburgh, this thesis evaluates the EU's concrete political actions taken within this complex process and analyses the potential U.S. influence on the EU's actorness through a comparison of the character of EU's actorness in two given periods (2006-2016 and 2017-2018). The analysis of this thesis is based mainly on EU's official documents (conclusions of the Council of the EU and the European Council) and statements of other entities' representatives involved in the negotiation. By means of evaluation of the chosen criteria, this thesis concludes that while the changed approach of the American administrative has influenced some aspect of the EU's position, the Union's actorness towards Iran has remained intact.
Redefinition of Sweden's security policy at the turn of millennium
Malina, Václav ; Weiss, Tomáš (advisor) ; Váška, Jan (referee)
This thesis verifies a statement that the specific Swedish security policy of military non- alignment, reformulated from a policy of neutrality after the end of the Cold War, was compatible with Sweden's involvement in the European integration structures between 1990 and 2009. Compatibility is assessed based on a definition of military non-alignment, consisting of a general condition of non-participation in military alliances, or in other words the non- existence of mutual security guarantees, as well as two specific Swedish conditions, independent foreign policy and resistance to common defence. Regarding independent foreign policy, EU's CFSP retained unanimous decisions about basic outline and did not violate Sweden's independence in this field. Concerning resistance to common defence, CSDP did not lead to mutual security guarantees or a unified army. Even further away from this is NATO's Partnership for Peace programme. Solidarity Declaration and Lisbon Treaty constituted a threat to Sweden's military non-alignment, yet the country insisted it decided about the military assistance to other countries on its own. Nordic and Nordic-Baltic defence cooperation did not endanger Sweden's specific policy. Instead, it proved that the functional approach to security policy, applied by Nordic countries, is...
Determination of the vaporization plane depth in sandstones and other porous materials: uranine-coated needles
Mareš, Jakub ; Weiss, Tomáš (advisor) ; Válek, Jan (referee)
Abstact The vaporization plane in porous materials separates the capillary zone, the area where water moves in liquid state, from the dry surface layer where water moves in the form of vapor. The depth of the vaporization plane and its geometry is essential for a large number of physical, chemical and biological processes in porous materials that can, for example, cause material degradation and decay. Mostly, the vaporization plane is not measured directly, but water content or suction pressure measurements are used instead, which are, however, not suitable for the plane's detection. Therefore, there was a need for a method that would be able to determine the depth of the vaporization plane in holes of small diameter (<1 cm). To fulfill this aim, I used a needle onto which I applied glue and uranine. Upon insertion, uranine on the needle dissolves in the capillary zone and changes its color from red to green, while remaining red in the dry zone. The boundary between the red and green parts thus accurately displays the vaporization plane. With this newly developed method, I subsequently measured the depth of the vaporization plane on natural outcrops as well as on buildings, where I tried to describe the vaporization plane's behavior.
The analysis of framing as part of the EU's actorness: Case of Poland's climate politics
Talpasová, Alexandra ; Weiss, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šlosarčík, Ivo (referee)
The main topic of this bachelor thesis is actorness of the European Union in climate politics. Concept of EU actorness is quite popular in social sciences since 1970s. That is because EU is not a typical political entity a therefore her conceptualization became challenging for some. The result of this long lasting dispute was recognizing the EU as a unique entity of its own, the so called entity sui generis. This paper is therefore based on a theoretical model developed by Petr Kratochvíl (2013) in his book The EU as a political actor. The analysis of four dimensions of EU's actorness. In the book, Kratochvíl introduces four dimensions by which we can measure the scale of EU's actorness in chosen area. Those are: recognition, attractiveness, internal legitimacy and framing. For the purpose of this paper, the dimension of framing was chosen, as it enables us to analysis EU's ability to frame the internal debate in its member states. For the EU to be a successful framing actor, the member state has to 1) consider the EU as a main actor in the given area, 2) discuss the same topics and 3) consider the same solutions as the EU. The aim of this paper is to analyse the EU's ability to frame the internal debate about climate politics in the polish parliament Sejm. The paper is based as a case study of...

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