National Repository of Grey Literature 97 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Corporate income tax deductibility of interest after the implementation of ATAD
Vicherek, Ondřej ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Vybíral, Roman (referee)
Corporate income tax deductibility of interest after the implementation of ATAD Over the past few years, the media and the general public have focused heavily on tax avoidance of large corporations such as Apple and Google. OECD (2012) issued BEPS report in which it described tax base erosion and profit shifting methods. The tools described therein include also excessive use of foreign capital and the associated tax shield. The regulations and recommendations as set out in the BEPS report were implemented in the European ATAD Directive in 2016. This thesis focuses on the limitation of deductibility of interest, especially from the perspective of the analysis of the Czech implementation with regard to the regulation set out in the BEPS report and the ATAD Directive and fulfillment of their objectives. The main goal of the thesis is to assess the fulfillment of the objectives set out in the BEPS report and in the ATAD Directive within their Czech transposition, to analyze the Czech regulation and to point out possible shortcomings of the Czech regulation and problems related to the implementation of new rules limiting the deductibility of borrowing costs. The thesis is divided into four chapters. The first chapter focuses on the problematics of interest and other borrowing costs deductibility,...
Registration of Sales de lege ferenda
Zatloukalová, Júdit ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Vybíral, Roman (referee)
Diploma Thesis Registration of Sales de lege ferenda Júdit Zatloukalová ABSTRACT This diploma thesis deals with the current legal regulation of electronic registration of sales in the Czech Republic, and especially with its planned amendment. At the end of 2017, the Constitutional Court had a significant impact on the legal regulation when its Decision file no. Pl. ÚS 26/16 revoked several provisions of the Act No. 112/2016 Coll. In the legislative process, as of the date of the manuscript closing, there is a government amendment to the Act concerned, which represents the legislative response of the Ministry of Finance to this Decision. The text is divided into six parts. After a general introduction to the registration of sales in the first part, there is an analysis of the Czech legislation in parts 2 to 4, first the de lege lata and then the submitted amendment in the light of the Constitutional Court's Decision on the Act. The following fifth part is devoted to the Slovak legal regulation of sales records, especially to the consequences of the recent amendment to the Act No. 289/2008 Coll., on Use of Electronic Cash Register. This amendment introduced the on-line eKasa system, which builds on many years of experience with the cash register system. In the last sixth part, the author analyses the...
Real- Estate Taxation de lege ferenda
Krejčí, Hanuš ; Vybíral, Roman (advisor) ; Boháč, Radim (referee)
The thesis presents a brand new concept of recurrent real estate tax in the Czech Republic. The object of the tax is designed to be exclusively land and apartments and non-residential premises. Buildings or any other aboveground or underground structures are not the object of taxation. Unlike buildings, land and apartments and non-residential premises can be appraised with sufficient accuracy only considering their quantity and location, hence by simply multiplying their areas and unit prices common in a given place and time. Consequently, the real estate tax can be designed on an ad valorem basis in order to differentiate between the tax liability of most lucrative, less lucrative and least lucrative property owners. As a result, tax collection can be substantially increased and a still marginal local tax can become a significant source of funds to the state treasury. At the same time, the increased recurrent tax on immovable property allows to abolish the economically questionable one-off tax in the Czech Republic, which is nowadays levied on the transfer of immovable property. The land tax is imposed on all land in the territory of the Country, with the exception of land built by apartment buildings and land used exclusively with them. The tax on apartments and non- residential premises falls on the...
Recovery of tax arrears and tax execution
Havlovicová, Jaroslava ; Vybíral, Roman (advisor) ; Boháč, Radim (referee)
Recovery of tax arrears and tax execution Abstract The aim of this diploma thesis is the processing of the topic of tax arrears recovery and tax execution, which are crucial areas in the legislation of all democratic rule of law. My original intention was to focus on the analysis of legislation, but also on practical issues, real problems and their possible solutions. I divided the thesis into four parts, which are further divided into chapters and subchapters. The first part of the thesis is devoted to the current legal regulation of the recovery of tax arrears, which is largely embodied in the Rules of Tax Procedure. In several cases significant changes have occurred with the legal effect of this Act, in such cases the comparison with the previous legislation was made. Recovery of tax arrears in the meaning of the term covering various ways of recovery including tax execution is modified in the second part of this thesis. In this part the major focus was given on the statutory procedures during the recovery of arrears through a bailiff and during the recovery of the tax administrator's claim against the tax debtor in insolvency proceedings. Since these two ways are primarily governed by different laws than tax execution, I particularly tried to emphasize the differences between the methods of recovery...
Tax Havens
Med, Šimon ; Vybíral, Roman (advisor) ; Karfíková, Marie (referee)
Tax Havens Abstract The issue of tax havens is a frequently discussed topic of recent years, both by taxpayers and tax advisors and by the financial administration. This is due to EU and OECD activity in this area and increased legislative activity regulating harmful practices of tax havens The aim of this work is to summarize tax havens. Therefore, will I focus on states in Europe, multinationals and direct corporate taxation. The main initiatives are the OECD initiative against BEPS and the EU tax avoidance package (ATAD, CCCTB, CCTB, DAC). Tax havens can be simply defined as states in which the taxpayer is less taxed than the in the state of source of income. In a broader sense, it is not only lower taxation but also mediation of the lack of transparency of beneficial owners towards the tax authorities in the state of the source of income. In the first part of this thesis I deal with the basic terms that are connected to tax havens. These are the elements of the tax, the definition of tax havens, tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax optimization, tax planning. The second part deals with the symptoms of tax havens, where I show examples of harmful practices. In this section, I focus on Double Irish with Dutch Sandwich, transfer pricing, abuse of double tax treaties, harmful tax practices in relationship to tax...
The Financial and Legal Aspects of Alternative Payment Systems from the Anti-Money Laundering Perspective
Paseka, Antonín ; Vybíral, Roman (advisor) ; Karfíková, Marie (referee)
Financial Aspects of Alternative Payment Systems from the Point of View of Money Laundering Abstract The aim of this thesis is to provide a general overview of the current state of alternative payment systems with regard to their inclusion in the financial market, their properties and potentials for wider use, and to evaluate their possibilities to more effectively combat money laundering, terrorist financing and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. In the first chapter, the thesis explains the broader context with regard to financial systems, especially within the money market systems focusing on retail, while providing a deeper explanation of the context of European law and Czech law. The second chapter is focused on closer analysis of alternative payment systems with regard to their use. Alternative payment systems are divided into two basic categories for centralized alternative payment systems and decentralized alternative payment systems. The category of centralized alternative payment systems corresponds to the current conventional financial market, taking into account the innovations that have emerged in recent years. Decentralized alternative payment systems are based on the DLT Blockchain technology and the Islamic Hawala payment system is analyzed as a purely informal, decentralized...
Capital improvement from the income tax viewpoint
Fajmonová, Lenka ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Vybíral, Roman (referee)
Capital improvement from the income tax viewpoint This work focuses on the analysis of the current legislation of capital improvement and it's interpretation by the professional public is presented, from both the view of the tax advisers and financial management. The legislation and its interpretation are evaluated and, if necessary, revisions are proposed. To attain this goal I had chosen the linguistic, historically teleological and comparative interpretation methods. At first, I focused on the definition of capital improvement and individual terms connected with it and their historical evolution. Also mentioned is the legislation tied to the accounting and here can be found the pitfalls, which the legal differences with the tax legislation can bring. Furthermore I examined depreciation of capital improvement using both linear and accelerated methods and I compared the processes with the situation without the capital improvement. Another field closely connected with depreciation and which I focused on next, was the capital improvement of foreign property. Here I outlined the latest progress by novelization of the legislation and by use of Coordination committees with the Chamber of tax Advisers. Using the comparative interpretation method I compared the Czech and Slovak legislation of the...
Double taxation treaties with particular regard to the concept of a permanent establishment
Kubeš, Jan ; Vybíral, Roman (advisor) ; Sejkora, Tomáš (referee)
01 Double tax treaties aim to prevent double taxation. Double taxation of income is an undesirable phenomenon from the taxpayers' point of view. The most widespread way of preventing it is through bilateral agreements concluded between states under the OECD Model Agreement. In general, a prerequisite of taxation is either tax residency or the existence of a permanent establishment, which can take various forms. Double taxation treaties and the concept of a permanent establishment in which this master thesis is dedicated, have undergone a dynamic transformation over the past few years due to both Base Erosion and Profit Shifting reports (BEPS) and the Multilateral Instrument by OECD (MLI). This transformation is demonstrated in this thesis by comparing selected provisions of the OECD Model Agreement 2014 and 2017. This thesis addresses the current question of whether the current development of tax treaties is to avoid double taxation or avoid double non-taxation and artificial tax reduction. Double tax treaties, as practice shows, fulfill their traditional role. The first chapter deals with the system of national and international taxation in general. The second chapter deals with the issue of double taxation, methods of its avoidance and comparison of versions of the OECD Model Agreement 2014 and 2017. The...
The comparison of personal income tax in the Czech Republic and France
Šodková, Karolína ; Vybíral, Roman (advisor) ; Sejkora, Tomáš (referee)
- The comparison of personal income tax in the Czech Republic and France The diploma thesis deals with a comparison of personal income tax in the Czech Republic and France. The thesis comprises of analysis of both countries' national legislations and of subsequent comparison of the impact of legal tax rules on the tax liability of natural persons. The focus is aimed mainly on the key differences between the compared legislations with respect to the income from employment of taxable persons. The diploma thesis is divided into six chapters. The first chapter, called Taxation in the theoretical sphere, is dedicated to the definition of personal income tax, categorization of the tax itself and legal sources, which determines the personal income tax in both legislations being compared. The object of the second chapter is comparison of the tax constituents of personal income tax in both legislations and their application within determination of taxpayer's liabilities. The chapter three is focused on selected tax constituents of personal income tax in the Czech Republic, while aiming to address mainly income from employment of Czech taxpayer, and also the tax constituents affecting the taxable income base and the final tax liability. The fourth chapter, being called Selected components of personal income...
Legal aspects of the fight against tax evasion
Do Thai, Quang ; Vybíral, Roman (advisor) ; Sejkora, Tomáš (referee)
This thesis deals with the legal aspects of the fight against tax evasion with a particular focus on current legal instruments within the Czech legal order. The thesis is divided into five parts. The first part of the thesis defines the concept of tax evasion, compares the concepts of tax avoidance and tax evasion in the foreign literature. The term tax evasion does not have a legal definition in the Czech legal order and different views of the meaning of this term can be found. This thesis works with tax evasion as an illegal arrangement aiming at minimizing one's tax liability, as well as acting towards circumventing tax legislation. The second part also summarizes the knowledge about BEPS and its influence on the state budget, competition and society. The third part is devoted to selected specific legal instruments in the fight against BEPS, namely the institute of abuse of law, transfer pricing rules, low capitalization, international cooperation and double tax treaties. These tools are described in detail and their current form is analyzed. The work also expresses the author's personal opinion on these tools, which he considers to be very conservative. Similarly, the instruments introduced into the Czech legal system with the implementation of the ATAD Directive are analyzed. The last part of...

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