Národní úložiště šedé literatury Nalezeno 10 záznamů.  Hledání trvalo 0.01 vteřin. 
Instrumentation of four-point bending test during 4D computed tomography
Kytýř, Daniel ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Kumpová, Ivana ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavro, Leona ; Vavro, Martin
High-resolution time-lapse micro-focus X-ray computed tomography is an effective method for investigation of deformation processes on volumetric basis including fracture propagation characteristics of non-homogeneous materials subjected to mechanical loading. This experimental method requires implementation of specifically designed loading devices to X-ray imaging setups. In case of bending tests, our background research showed that no commercial solution allowing for reliable investigation of so called fracture process zone in quasi-brittle materials is currently available. Thus, this paper is focused on description of recently developed in-situ four-point bending loading device and its instrumentation for testing of quasi-brittle materials. Proof of concept together with the pilot experiments were successfully performed in a CT scanner TORATOM. Based on results of the pilot experiments, we demonstrate that crack development and propagation in a quasi-brittle material can be successfully observed in 3D using high resolution 4D micro-CT under loading.
Analysis of Baroque sculpture based on X-ray fluorescence imaging and X-ray\ncomputed tomography data fusion
Vavřík, Daniel ; Kumpová, Ivana ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Lauterkranc, J.
It is advantageous to combine information about geometry and the inner structure of historical artifacts with information about the elemental composition of decorative layers, typically covering historical wooden sculptures. X-ray computed tomography describing artifact structure is quite common and easy. Standard X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis of decorative layers is typically done for several selected spots of the artifact’s surface utilizing single pad detector. XRF imaging fully describing the surface’s elemental composition is commonly done for flat objects, while time consuming XRF tomography is applied to relatively small objects. It will be shown in this work that an effective fusion combination of XRF imaging and X-ray tomography describing the whole object can be realized even when using a limited number of XRF images.
Optimization of acquisition parameters in radiography and tomography
Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavřík, Daniel ; Kumpová, Ivana
Contrast in radiographic images is one of the most important parameters both in radiography and tomography. This paper investigates the possibility of adjusting the radiographic parameters, in particular the accelerating voltage of the X-ray tube, in order to maximize the difference in the detected intensity in response to the change in the thickness of the investigated object. Simplified model is used that allows finding the optimal operating point for the given material and thickness without an apriory knowledge about the X-ray spectra, detector response and the material composition. It is shown that in case of small changes of thickness, the optimum is met when the detected intensity behind the object of certain thickness is at approx. 37 % of the full range (i.e., of the value that would be measured under the same conditions in the absence of the object). In spite of simplifications made, the theoretical model shows a very good correspondence with the experimental data. A brief consideration is made on the case of a general difference in thicknesses.
Research report 2013-11-08 Calcite_S12
Kumpová, Ivana ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavřík, Daniel
Porosity was measured on a irregular sample of calcite, designated Calcite_S12, using the TORATOM device in the Centre of Excellence Telč.
Research report 2013-11-19 Calcite_S11
Kumpová, Ivana ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavřík, Daniel
Porosity was measured on a irregular sample of calcite, designated Calcite_S11, using the TORATOM device in the Centre of Excellence Telč.
Research report 2013-11-19 Calcite_S43
Kumpová, Ivana ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavřík, Daniel
Porosity was measured on a irregular sample of calcite, designated\nCalcite_S43, using the TORATOM device in the Centre of Excellence Telč.\n
Research report 2013-11-10 Calcite_SS3
Kumpová, Ivana ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavřík, Daniel
Porosity was measured on a irregular sample of calcite, designated Calcite_S43, using the TORATOM device in the Centre of Excellence Telč.
Research report 2013-11-18 Calcite SSS6
Kumpová, Ivana ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavřík, Daniel
Porosity was measured on a irregular sample of calcite, designated Calcite_SSS6, using the TORATOM device in the Centre of Excellence Telč.
Popis měření. Velkoplošné scany obrazů s vysokým rozlišením
Kumpová, Ivana ; Vopálenský, Michal
Bylo provedeno skenování čtyř historických obrazů v souvislosti s jejich restaurováním na zařízení TORATOM v Centru excelence Telč
Time lapse tomography of fracture progress in silicate-based composite subjected to the loading a combination with acoustic emission scanning
Kumpová, Ivana ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Veselý, V. ; Trčka, T. ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavřík, Daniel
The initiation and propagation of a fracture in quasi-brittle materials (such as silicatebased composite) is an increasingly discussed topic for which various methods of research have been developed/applied. As the quasi-brittle silicate-based composite compounds are very non-homogenous, the mechanism of the crack initiation and propagation can be very different even for samples with the\nidentical geometry. One possible approach to study the fracture mechanism in quasi-brittle materials is to use several different experimental techniques in a single experiment and perform detail analysis to identify generally valid fracture process phenomena. In this work, a simultaneous monitoring of fracture\nprocess zone formation and propagation by three different methods is presented and discussed. A three point bending test was performed on a notched silicate composite specimen. During the loading process, a highly accurate force displacement dependence was recorded accompanied with X-ray radiography,\nX-ray computed tomogra-phy and acoustic emission scanning.

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