National Repository of Grey Literature 135 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Bivariate Geometric Distribution and Competing Risks: Statistical Analysis and Application
Volf, Petr
The contribution studies the statistical model for discrete time two-variate duration (time-to-event) data. The analysis is complicated by partial data observation caused either by the right-side censoring or by the presence of dependent competing events. The case is modeled and analyzed with the aid of a two-variate geometric distribution. The model identifiability is discussed and it is shown that the model is not identifiable without proper additional assumptions. The method of analysis is illustrated both on artificially generated\nexample and on real unemployment data.
Application of the Cox regression model with time dependent parameters to unemployment data
Volf, Petr
The contribution deals with the application of statistical survival analysis with the intensity described by a generalized version of Cox regression model with time dependent parameters. A\nmethod of model components non-parametric estimation is recalled, the flexibility of result is assessed with a goodness-of-fit test based on martingale residuals. The application\nconcerns to the real data representing the job opportunities development and reduction, during a given period. The risk of leaving the company is changing in time and depends also on the age of employees and their time with company. Both these covariates are considered and their impact to the risk analyzed.
Sauroleishmania: development in the vectors and hosts
Tichá, Lucie ; Volf, Petr (advisor) ; Kodym, Petr (referee)
Leishmania of subgenus Sauroleishmania are parasites of reptiles, most often lizards, and are not pathogenic for humans. Therefore, they are neglected group of pathogens and their life cycle is not well-known. They are transmitted probably by ingestion of infected vector which is usually considered as sand flies of genus Sergentomyia (Diptera: Psychodidae). Sauroleishmania are traditionally denominated in Hypopylaria and it is expected that their development is limited to sand fly hindgut. The main aim of this work is to summarize the present knowledge about Sauroleishmania life cycle and to elucidate some aspects of their development in the vector and host. In the first part of thesis we studied development of four Sauroleishmania species in various sand flies of genera Sergentomyia and Phlebotomus. Late-stage infections of Leishmania (S.) adleri and L. (S.) hoogstraali were found in six and two sand fly species, respectively. Hypopylarian infections of Leishmania (S.) adleri were found in Se. schwetzi, P. papatasi and P. sergenti, while in P. argentipes, P. orientalis and P. duboscqi this Sauroleishmania migrated anteriorly in the midgut (peripylarian development). Similar type of development was observed also in P. argentipes and P. orientalis infected by Leishmania (S.) hoogstraali. Both L....
Development of a new sand fly exposure test to evaluate vector control tools
Willen, Laura Adrienne André ; Volf, Petr (advisor) ; Kopecký, Jan (referee) ; Valenzuela, Jesus G. (referee)
In the Mediterranean basin, human visceral leishmaniasis caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania infantum is a zoonotic disease that gives rise to 1,200 to 2,000 new cases annually. The domestic dog constitutes its main reservoir, of which some may suffer from a severe chronic disease, canine leishmaniasis (CanL). The sand fly Phlebotomus perniciosus is considered to be the principle vector. Saliva of bloodfeeding vectors of diseases has been used in the past to assess host exposure to vector bites and to evaluate vector control tools. This Ph.D. focused on saliva of P. perniciosus to identify exposure markers that could be used in the preparation of a new vector exposure tool. The first part of this Ph.D. aimed at validating the use of a recombinant salivary protein of P. perniciosus - rSP03B - in endemic settings of CanL. During a cross-sectional study, no significant differences between the antibody (Ab) response against whole saliva or the rSP03B were observed between different regions across the Mediterranean basin. Furthermore, the rSP03B was shown to resemble the native protein. During a subsequent study this protein was used to assess the seasonal dynamics of the canine Ab response to P. perniciosus in an endemic area of L. infantum. This study elucidated that also in a heterogeneous...
Critical factors affecting pathogen development in sand flies
Jančářová, Magdaléna ; Volf, Petr (advisor) ; Ratinier, Maxime (referee) ; Bilej, Martin (referee)
This thesis deals with barriers and factors critical for development of viruses, leishmania and gregarines in sand flies. First, we focused on life cycle of sand fly-borne phleboviruses, especially possible routes of sand fly infection. As a laboratory model we chose Massilia virus (MASV), species closely related to Toscana virus, which is main causative agent of summer meningitis in Mediterranean area. We tested different ways of infection by MASV in various developmental stages of Phlebotomus perniciosus; infection of (i) first (L1) and fourth (L4) instar larvae through larval food, (ii) females by blood meal, (iii) both sexes by sugar meal. Infection of L1 and L4 by larval food and subsequent transstadial MASV transmission to adults were not efficient; from 875 adults only three were MASV-positive. Infection through bloodmeal led to high infection rate before defecation, nevertheless, post defecation the infection rate declined and only 5 out of 27 females were MASV-positive. The most efficient infection way was through the sugar meal: 72% of females (88 out of 122) and 51% of males (58 out of 113) were detected as MASV-positive. Moreover, both males and females infected by this way released MASV particles into the drop of sugar which stayed infectious for next 24 hours for other naïve sand...
Problem of competing risks with covariates: Application to an unemployment study
Volf, Petr
The study deals with the methods of statistical analysis in the situation of competing risks in the presence of regression. First, the problem of identification of marginal and joint distributions of competing random variables is recalled. The main objective is then to demonstrate that the parameters and, in particular, the correlation of competing variables, may depend on covariates. The approach is applied to solution of a real example with unemployment data. The model uses the Gauss copula and Cox’s regression model.
Molekulární charakterizace gregarin flebotomů a jejich interakce s hostitelem
Lantová, Lucie ; Volf, Petr (advisor) ; Vávra, Jiří (referee) ; Warburg, Alon (referee)
Gregarines (Apicomplexa: Gregarinasina) are monoxenous parasites of invertebrates. Those found in sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) and mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) used to be considered a single eugregarine genus Ascogregarina. Our phylogenetic analyses of the gregarine SSU rDNA, including newly obtained sequences of three species from sand flies, showed that mosquito and sand fly gregarines are closely related to neogregarines, and most importantly, they form two disparate monophyletic groups. Based on these molecular features, accompanied by biological differences, we established a new genus Psychodiella for the gregarines from sand flies, reserving the genus Ascogregarina for the mosquito gregarines. In the new genus, two new species Psychodiella sergenti from Phlebotomus sergenti and Psychodiella tobbi from Phlebotomus tobbi were described. They differ in the life cycles (sexual development of Ps. sergenti is triggered by a blood meal intake) and morphology of their life stages, mainly oocysts. The susceptibility of five sand fly species to both gregarines showed their strict host specificity, as they were able to fully develop and complete the life cycle only in their natural hosts. The life cycle of Ps. sergenti was studied in detail using various microscopical methods. Oocysts are attached to the...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 135 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
1 Volf, Pavel
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.