National Repository of Grey Literature 136 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Individual and collective care of two years old child - developmental advantages and risks
Benešová, Markéta ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Veselá, Michaela (referee)
This bachelor thesis summarizes key factors influencing the quality of care for a two - year - old child and his or her psychological development in relation with a specific type of care. The section of literature overview deals with defining central areas in development of a two - year - old child. Further, this thesis focuses on individual care of a two - year old - mainly epitomizes parent characteristics, describes initial interaction between mother and child, specifies father's role and other forms of individual care . Final section of the thesis provides an overview of types of collective care in the Czech Republic, although gives examples of several collective care systems in these foreign countries: France, Germany, Finland, Great Britain and the USA. The concl usion examines selected research studies concerning collective care for a two - year - old child and maps factors relating to the quality of collective care , which prove s to be crucial for the child's psychological development. The research project proposal is correlation research. The aim of the research is to compare the quality of the interaction between the mother and the two - year - old child in individual care and the mother and the two - year - old child in collective care. For research purposes, the Emotional Availability...
Differences between interaction of a child with siblings and with peer group in early childhood play
Rausová, Magdaléna ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Veselá, Michaela (referee)
Bachelor thesis gives attention to preschool children interaction with siblings or with peers during free play. This thesis sums up and critically evaluates up to date knowledge on the topics of free play, sibling interactions and peer interactions of preschool aged children. Sibling and peer interactions are here mainly seen from the point of view of their effect on the development of a person and effect of those relationships on one's behaviour and his peer or sibling. In the second part of the thesis a research project is designed. Its goal is to compare sibling and peer dyadic interactions in free play and controlled situation. Actions of a child would be obtained in two situations - free play and controlled activity and two dyads - sibling and peer dyad. Data obtained this way would be qualitatively processed and results could contribute to the question of similarity and differences of sibling and peer relationships. Findings made in this thesis might contribute to further research on siblings and peers as factors of psychosocial development of a person and theirs influence on one's behaviour.
Social work through the eyes of helping professions
Veselá, Michaela ; Dragomirecká, Eva (advisor) ; Matoušek, Oldřich (referee)
(in English): My thesis refers to social work in hospitals through the eyes of helping professions in the territory of the Prague capital. The thesis is more specifically related to the health-social work which is considered a subdiscipline of social work. The aim of the thesis is to obtain the view of the employees of the assisting professions who work in hospitals on social work and, as such, work of health-social employees. The entire thesis is divided into two parts - theoretical and practical. The theoretical part introduces readers to the profession of social work, its ethics and values. This part presents the social worker, his qualifications and job description. Next, it deals with the quality of social work and shortly presents Quality Standards of social services and provides the insight into the historical background of social work. The second chapter deals with social work in the health sector, its legislative framework, health-social worker - his qualifications, job description and competences. The end part of the second chapter provides an inspiration from abroad respectively from the United States of America and Finland. Chapter three covers assisting professions, their definitions, divisions, characteristics and job descriptions of different professions. In the next chapter we can...
Development of the Construction of Residential Property in Brno-Židenice
Veselá, Michaela ; Matras, Tomáš (referee) ; Klika, Pavel (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the development of the construction of residential properties in the city district of Brno - Židenice. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first part contains general information about the city district, the development of population, houses and flats and summarizes the historical development since the first settlement. The second part describes the development of the construction of residential properties in individual time periods, including the type of construction, urban development of the city district, from the oldest construction to the analysis of the development of the city district in future years. Attached to the work is a well - arranged map that graphically illustrates the settlement of the city district in individual periods.
Preservative systems for natural cosmetics
Koblasová, Dana ; Veselá, Mária (referee) ; Zemanová, Jana (advisor)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of naturally derived preservatives against selected microorganisms. Theoretical part is focused on description of the most used natural, naturally derived and synthetic preservatives, on the safety of preservatives and finally, the issue of contamination of cosmetic products by microorganisms. In experimental part, antimicrobial activity of 4 naturally derived preservatives was evaluated against selected microorganisms, which were bacteria Micrococcus luteus, Kocuria rosea, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Serratia marcescens and one yeast Candida vini. The tested preservatives were from MinaSolve company - E-LEEN Green A, which contains pentylene glycol and phenylpropanol, E-LEEN Green OR, which is composed of citrus extracts, citric acid, ascorbic acid and pentylene glycol, Green B, which contains benzoic acid, sodium benzoate and pentylene glycol and Hexam+, which is a mixture of pentylene glycol and hexamidin diisethionate. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated by agar diffusion method. The highest antimicrobial activity showed Hexam+, the lowest E-LEEN Green OR. E-LEEN Green A and Green B did not show any antimicrobial activity against any microorganism in the 1% tested concentration. The measured values of the inhibition zones show that the most resistant microorganisms from all the tested in this thesis are Bacillus cereus and Bacillus subtilis and the least resistant are Micrococcus luteus and Kocuria rosea.
Study of natural substances of ginger
Dobiáš, Vojtěch ; Vespalcová, Milena (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
The aim of this study was to determine the quantity of natural substances in ginger. Extracts from organic ginger tea and ginger rhizome were prepared using three different solvents. Antioxidant activity and the content of polyphenols and flavonoids were determined spectrophotometrically. Effects on bacterial growth of the extracts were studied against bacteria Bacillus cereus and Serratia marcescens by agar well diffusion assay. The obtained data showed, that there is a significant amount of difference between the contents of studied compounds in the two extract samples. The highest amount of polyphenols was found in ginger tea with concentration of 0,481 mgml-1, compared to 0,078 mgml-1 found in the ginger rhizome. The tea showed a greater antioxidant activity than the rhizome. Bacterial growth was slightly inhibited only by water extracts of the tea and this was only observed against Bacillus cereus.
Bioactive compounds of fennel
Nentvichová, Aneta ; Vespalcová, Milena (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to study the bioactive substances contained in fennel, to determine the content of polyphenols, flavonoids and to investigate the antioxidant and antimicrobial activity in aqueous and ethanol extracts of fennel. The theoretical part discusses the characteristics of fennel, its classification in the system, its use and especially the bioactive substances contained in it. The experimental part is divided into two sections, where the first part focuses on spectrophotometric determination of polyphenols, flavonoids and antioxidant activities. In the second part the antimicrobial effects of prepared extracts of fennel were examined. Two microorganisms Serratia marcescens and Bacillus cereus were exposed to the said extracts. Antioxidant activity and relatively high content of polyphenols and flavonoids were found in the extracts in the first experimental part. The second experimental part proved that the antimicrobial effect of the extracts was very low, in most cases almost negligible. Ethanol extracts showed higher antimicrobial activity, while hot water extracts found to support the growth of Bacillus cereus.
Study of yogurt composition in process of its preparation
Fajtl, Zbyněk ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
This thesis deals with the study of yogurt preparation and changes during its storage. The theoretical part contains information about parameters affecting both the preparation and properties of the final product. The experimental part describes methods and procedures used for determination of critical parameters such as lactic acid, lactose, glucose and galactose concentrations (HPLC-RI), amounts of streptococci and lactobacilli. The data was graphically evaluated and commented on. The work also included sensory analysis in which the prepared yogurt was compared with commercially available products. The results of this work can serve both consumers and smaller yogurt producers.
Characterization of edible films with the potential usage in food packaging
Jančíková, Simona ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
In the last years, the edible packaging has been gaining popularity due to the potential usage as the packaging for food instead of synthetic materials. The edible packaging can positively affect the packaged food by the active properties or due to its intelligent properties can monitor the changes in food. In theory, the legislation about the packaging of food and edible packaging was described. The substances for edible films preparation and additives, which can improve the properties of the edible films, were described too. In this part, the undesirable microorganisms occur in food and the chapters about active and intelligent properties of the edible films were summarized. The main aim of the thesis was the practical preparation of edible packaging/films made from furcellaran, gelatin hydrolysate with the addition of water dried or fresh rosemary extracts in concentrations 5 %, 10 %, and 20 %. In the experimental part, the physical analysis was done – textural parameters such as tensile strength and elongation at break, water content, and thickness. In the chemical analysis the total polyphenols content, determination of polyphenols by HPLC, antioxidant activity, optical properties and antimicrobial activity of the prepared edible films were done. There were found out, that the total polyphenols content and antioxidant activity were the highest in the 20%DR (TPC: 6,79 ± 0,06 mg gallic acid/g; DPPH: 87,84 ± 0,07 %). Also, the 20%DR and 20%FR changed color in different pH (3 and 12). The antimicrobial activity was negative. The thesis showed that the addition of natural extracts to edible films can increase the polyphenols content and they can also work as the UV protector.
Study of antimicrobial substances of ginger
Ciburová, Alena ; Matoušková, Petra (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
For thousands of years ginger rhizomes are used in traditional Chinese medicine. Because of his significant pungent flavour is commonly used in foods and beverages all over the world. Nowadays many of the beneficial pharmacological positive effects of ginger rhizomes are identified. Their occurrence is due to the high concentration of bioactive compounds. This thesis is focused on analysing of occurrence of bioactive compounds such as polyphenols and flavonoids and their influence on antioxidation and antimicrobial properties of samples of fresh and dried ginger. The results show that for extraction of bioactive compounds in different ginger samples is more suitable to use different types of extraction solvents. The highest antioxidation activity was measured for macerate of 100% bio ginger tea from Sonnentor company in 96% ethanol. Antimicrobial properties were showed only for 100% bio ginger tea against gram-positive bacteria Microccocus luteus.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 136 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
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