National Repository of Grey Literature 102 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Augustine's doctrine on marriage in his treatise De bono coniugali
Štauberová, Karolína ; Vopřada, David (advisor) ; Ventura, Václav (referee)
The work is going to analyze Augustine's treatise De bono coniugali and its importance for the theology of marriage. After presenting the concept of marriage as an institution in the Roman empire and in writings of selected authors of Christian East and West in the first four centuries and also considering the developing monastic tradition, it is further dealing with the personality and works of Augustine of Hippo, especially with his treatise De bono coniugali; not only in the context of a response to then controversies, but especially as a first formalized and structured science of a church father on marriage. Keywords Augustine of Hippo, Church Fathers, 5th century, marriage, virginity, nature, chastity, body
The Role of Motherhood in the History of Salvation according to Pavel Evdokimov
Šafárová, Michaela ; Vopřada, David (advisor) ; Ventura, Václav (referee)
The thesis is dealing with a topic of a motherhood in the history of salvation in the books of Pavel Evdokimov Woman and the salvation of the World and The Sacrament of Love. In the first part of the thesis is seen under the perspective of author the human being in the complex picture of a God's plan with the specific for the role of women in it. The main part of the work than is studying the role of motherhood of woman as a key vocation, which is possible to life in the physical form (in a marriage) or in a spiritual form (in a consecrated life). The last but one part emphasises the ideal, which Pavel Evdokimov sees in the model of Virgin Mary and the las chapter aims to reflect the role of motherhood and its importance for situation of nowadays woman. Keywords Pavel Evdokimov, Russian theology of the 20th century, theological anthropology, woman, motherhood, consecrated life, marriage
Analysis of the second letters of the correspondence between Cyril of Alexandria and Nestorio
Železník, Pavel ; Milko, Pavel (advisor) ; Ventura, Václav (referee)
This master's thesis is dedicated to the theological disputation upon the using of the title Theotokos for Virgin Mary that had been finally resolved at the Third Ecumenical Council in Ephesus in 431 AD. The first part deals with the crucial moments of deepening theological knowledge in the Church history in order to show a development of the disputation mainly in the 3rd and 4th century. Although Christology wasn't the main theme of the teachings of the Church in that early period some of the theologians especially Irenaeus, Origen, Paul of Samosata and Apollinaris of Laodicea also raised some issues in the field of Christology. The end of the first part offers an inside into the theological mindset of both sides of the disputation - Diodorus of Tarsus and Theodor of Mopsuestia on the one side and the Orthodox fathers Athanasius, the Cappadocian Fathers, Didymus the Blind and John Chrysostome on the other side. The second part presents the written sources of the disputation and offers an insight to its beginning and development. The third and main part focuses on the correspondence between Cyril of Alexandria and Nestorius mainly on their Second Epistles containing the major topics of the disputation. It discusses a content of these two epistles and also analyses and compares theological arguments of both...
De Religione: how Christianity became religion
Červenková, Denisa ; Ventura, Václav (advisor) ; Rethmann, Albert-Peter (referee) ; Halík, Tomáš (referee)
De religione: jak se křesťanství stalo náboženstvím Přestože v dějinách pojem náboženství přiřazujeme ke křesťanství zcela přirozeně, křesťanství se identifikovalo s náboženstvím teprve, když začalo pronikat do světa latinské kultury, na samém závěru druhého století po Kristu, a to v apologetických spisech Q.S.F. Tertuliána. V jeho Apologetiku, v konfrontaci křesťanství s filozofií a tradičním římským náboženstvím, se poprvé setkáme s pojmem religio aplikovaným na sebe porozumění křesťanství jako celku křesťanské nauky i životního stylu. První a druhá kapitola práce se zabývá historickým kontextem, který přivedl křesťany k definování vlastní identity právě skrze kategorii religio, a konceptem a rolí religio v pozdně- antické latinské kultuře. Jádro studie tvoří kapitola třetí a čtvrtá, věnované definici křesťanské identity v Tertuliánově Apologetiku a recepci kategorie religio v tomto a v dalších spisech tohoto latinského teologa.
Human Nature in St. Augustine
Šavel, Tibor ; Vopřada, David (advisor) ; Ventura, Václav (referee)
The thesis deals with St. Augustineś concept of human nature from the anthropological perspective and in its relation to Godś grace. It is based on a detailed description of the period in which St. Augustine lived; both in terms of a school of thoughts of educated classes of the Roman Empire and in terms of general relations among people of that era. This matter becomes more apparent in a polemic with other contemporary concepts about mans salvation.
St. Nikodemos Hagioreites and sources of his tought
Ignatidu, Věra ; Milko, Pavel (advisor) ; Ventura, Václav (referee)
In the diploma thesis "St. Nikodemus Hagioreites and the sources of his thought" I focus on the writings and views of this saint, which some scholars do not consider as Orthodox and find there an influence of the West. For example, professor Yannaras finds in the work of St. Nicodemus the influences of the Trident Council, of Enlightenment and Pietism. These and other influences, according to the researchers, are reflected in the writings of the saint. His writings Invisible Combat and Spiritual Exercises are also problematical. These are revised books of Roman Catholic spiritual literature. It is a matter of exploring who translated these handbooks and how they came into the hands of the saint. In my work I gradually attend to the possible influences on the work of St. Nicodemus, to the writings considered to be influenced by the West, some of the saint's views and their comparison with the views of other theologians and peripheral to the hesychastic movement. Very important Nicodemus' issue is the question of frequent Communion. Is it really about trying to restore the practice of the early Church? In each chapter there is the task to provide briefly basic information and to outline issues related to the topic.
The Piarist Order in Bohemia and their Educational Methods
Janušová, Martina ; Hrdlička, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Ventura, Václav (referee)
The Piarist Order was established in Rome by St. Joseph Calasanz. Early after establishing, the order was invited to Czech lands. First, they were introduced to Mikulov (1631) and more colleges were established in Moravia. First college established in Bohemia was in Litomyšl. Piarists were not introduced to Prague until 1752 with contribution from a historian Gelasius Dobner. J. Calasanz dedicated his life to help his neighbours, primarily poor children. For these children, he established primary schools where trivium (reading, writing, counting) was taught. Upbringing and education were the most important to J. Calasanz which is why he wrote several publications on how to conduct schools. Over the course of time, Piarists opened gymnasiums and higher-education schools. The concept of gymnasiums was inspired by Ratio studiorum, a document published by the Jesuits.

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2 Ventura, Vojtěch
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