National Repository of Grey Literature 17 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Effect of global poverty reduction on wild animal welfare
Petr, Tomáš ; Vandrovcová, Tereza (advisor) ; Richter, Eva (referee)
Effect of global poverty reduction on wild animal welfare Abstract This thesis aims to find a connection in the form of theory or economic model between two concepts - world poverty and wild animal welfare. By synthesising contemporary knowledge, we aim to answer the question of whether there are scientifically-based explanations for the relationship between decreasing global poverty and welfare of wild animals. We also aim to answer the question of whether the welfare of wild animals is worsening or improving with declining global poverty. Assuming that animals are sentient beings, their welfare is negatively affected by the variety of human activities. These activities can be undertaken by humans intentionally (e.g. hunting) or unintentionally, with the industrial activities leading to the disruption of animal habitats or chemical contamination of the biosphere. We approach the problem of reducing global poverty on wild animal welfare in two ways. First, we find an explanation of the relationship between the growth of society's wealth and environmental degradation from a macro-perspective using the environmental Kuznets curve and its derivative - animal welfare Kuznets curve. Using these curves, however, the interpretation of the impact of poverty reduction on wild animal welfare can only be very limited....
Dog shows - How species affect each other. Do we show them or ourselves?
Kunášková, Kateřina ; Vandrovcová, Tereza (advisor) ; Abu Ghosh, Yasar (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the phenomenon of dogs exhibitions from the point of view of interdisciplinary action between dogs and humans. It is based on field research conducted at selected international exhibitions in Europe. The work builds on Clifford Geertz and his Interpretation of Cultures, where he pursued the link between human beings and animals in the passage of the Cocks fight in Bali, in connection with self-presentation through another species; at the same time, in response to Donny Haraway's work, it searches for answers to where, at dog shows, the essence of a dog as an animal ends, and when it becomes to be a cultural creation of a human being; whether it is just about dogs during the exhibition or whether it is already a rather human social event. In addition to exploring the interrelationship between two species, the aim of the work is also an inspection of the inner social life of the community, the visual aspects of the exhibitions and the environment in which they take place.
Carnism as an invisible ideology: We do (not) have a choice.
Dupláková, Alexandra ; Vandrovcová, Tereza (advisor) ; Mazák, Jaromír (referee)
This thesis deals with the concept of carnism. Carnism is an invisible ideology that allows people to eat only some animals that are artificially presented to them as edible (the remaining are not edible), and that helps them overcome the unpleasant feelings caused by the consumption of these animals in order to secure its place in society. Author of this paper first examines the historical and socio-cultural context of evolution of the perception of meat in society and reveals predominantly cultural and religious influences on the clasification of animals as edible and non-edible. In the next chapter she explains character of carnism, of which main features are universality, use of violence and invisibility. Author finds that by using these and other defensive mechanisms, carnism, as a dominant ideology, replaces values with its own. Finally, author addresses the risks that carnism may cause and analyzes solutions that could improve the situation in the society. Key words: carnism, meat, edible and non-edible animals, cognitive disonance, defense mechanisms, ideology, veganism, society
Animals as Laboratory Objects: Analysis of the Power Discourse
Vandrovcová, Tereza ; Suša, Oleg (advisor) ; Müller, Karel (referee) ; Binka, Bohuslav (referee)
Animals as Laboratory Objects: Analysis of the Power Discourse PhDr. Tereza Vandrovcová Abstract This dissertation thesis encompasses a critical discourse analysis of the power correlates of expert knowledge and other factors that can hinder the open and unbiased discussion concerning the ethical aspects of the use of nonhuman animals in biomedical experiments. A brief history of "the animal" is first provided before the issue is positioned within the theoretical framework of Animal Studies. The fourth chapter is composed of an overview of the most frequent arguments both for and against the use of animals in biomedicine. The author draws upon her research as she analyzes scientific texts to reveal how laboratory animals are socially constructed as scientific objects and subsequently describes the effects this has on the perception of their moral value. A series of semi-structured interviews with critics and advocates of animal experimentation, such as animal rights activists and laboratory workers who conduct experiments on animals, is the pivotal section of the paper. It is established that lab workers in the sample are convinced of the necessity and legitimacy of current practices, that lab workers have a tendency to suppress animals' individuality when describing their work, that lab workers deem their...
Possible ways to deal with pigeon population problem in Czech towns
Trnková, Karla ; Rynda, Ivan (advisor) ; Vandrovcová, Tereza (referee)
The thesis addresses issues related to the overbred population of feral pigeons (Columbia livia forma Domestica) in Czech towns. It approaches the subject from procedural, bureaucratic perspective. Specifically, the thesis examines the factors which affect the selection of methods of the feral pigeons' population regulation in four Czech towns: Special attention is devoted to the question whether the method of controlled city dovecotes, used to regulate pigeon populations, could come in useful in the Czech context. Research carried out for the thesis is qualitative; the data comes from semi-structured interviews with experts. Analysis of the collected data focuses on verification of authenticity of the provided information. Subsequently, effectiveness of cage entrapment, which considerably prevails over the other methods used, is considered in ethical, ecological, and economic respect. The thesis also surveys the health risk posed by the feral pigeon population to public and how views of the public concerning the issue affect the regulation process. The overall aim is to highlight the drawbacks of the decision making process, offer possible alternatives, and prompt more research.
Etnography of Vegan Restaurant
Mikovcová, Markéta ; Halbich, Marek (advisor) ; Vandrovcová, Tereza (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to understand elements and processes, that are constituting a specific vegan Restaurant in Prague. The method used is ethnography, particularly participatory observation completed with interviews with the owner and customers. The owner as well as the Restaurant itself and as well as every individual are hybrids created by biological, spiritual, cultural, technical and many other elements. Based on the observation I have divided these elements into four big groups: philosophical, culinary, material and human. These groups are mixing, balancing and contrasting one another and together creating the Restaurant aesthetics. In each of the chapters I show different realities and I explain the Restaurant from different views according to particular elements. By uncovering their context, the relation network which creates the Restaurant is explained. Key words: ethnography, restaurant, vegan, vegetarian, hybrid
Social Construction of Species superiority
Klicnar, Filip ; Vandrovcová, Tereza (advisor) ; Balon, Jan (referee)
This thesis charts the social construction of species superiority in the Euro-Atlantic civilizational area. The goal is to describe the process of construction of this superiority and simultaneously to describe the impact of it. The beginning of the species superiority was domestication of the wild animals. Second defining moment was the transition from a traditional into industrial society, in which the animals where materialized and considered to be an object in trading relationships, as well as the belief in legitimate use of animals for economic purposes in the society. This belief is thoroughly irrational. Throughout the process of reality construction the society begun to perceive the given status as natural and right. In order to escape the question of ethical contradiction it has crowded out the negative aspects of that reality from the perception of its members, in which some psychological mechanisms are helping individuals to escape the reality. The final chapter of this thesis charts the conditions that have made the Holocaust possible and on which our modern rational-economic system lays ground. These conditions are being preserved in the "nature" of the economic system itself.

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