National Repository of Grey Literature 18 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Complex words of the type 'absobloominlutely'
Vojtěch, Albert ; Klégr, Aleš (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
iv Abstract The MA thesis examines the word-formation potential of expletive insertion with simple and complex words in English. It represents a linguistic phenomenon that is commonly used by native speakers, shows a certain degree of regularity and has gained popularity with the rise of the Internet, social media and the movie industry. The theoretical part introduces the previous studies on the phenomenon and presents the basic features of the phenomenon, namely the categorization of inserts and the classification of their positions in terms of the structure of the base as outlined by McMillan (1980). The extraction of the sample is described in the methodology section. The empirical part examines the phenomenon's main principles of use governed by prosody and morphology and illustrates the properties and both regularities and irregularities that the process exhibits (predictable insert position, poly-syllabicity of the base, its unchanged meaning and syntactic category, alternative categories of input bases and morphematic discontinuity of bases). The analysis comprises of two main parts: the study of the inserted bases (word-class, type of base, simple vs. complex, and a number of syllables) and the study of the expletive insert (representation of individual inserts and their position relative to stress...
English coordinative conjunction but
Kozachukhnenko, Oksana ; Brůhová, Gabriela (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
This bachelor thesis will study English coordinating conjunction but. It is a coordinating conjunction which can connect not only the sentences (John is poor, but he is happy. (Quirk et al., 1985: 935)) but also various sentence elements (e.g. a modifier in the sentence He had a demanding but low- paid job in the public service. (Huddleston Pullum 2002: 1311)), and which can express different types of meaning, among which the core type is the adversative meaning. Apart from purely adversative meaning (John is poor, but he is happy.), the conjunction but can express a kind of clarification or correction ('repudiation') of a statement in the first sentence: Jane did not waste her time before the exam,but studied hard every evening (Quirk et al. 1985: 935). The aim of this study will be to collect 100 examples with the conjunction but (excerpted from Spoken BNC2014) and conduct their syntactic-semantic analysis. Each example will be defined according to the type of the constituents connected by means of but as well as the meaning the coordinator expresses will be determined. Attention will be paid to other terms (e.g. rather, also) which may occur in conjunction with but and can be used to guide in the determination of its specific meaning. Keywords: coordination, conjunction, but, adversative sense
Lexical idioms in English
Vašků, Kateřina ; Klégr, Aleš (advisor) ; Čermák, František (referee) ; Bozděchová, Ivana (referee)
According to the standard definition phraseology deals with multi-word lexical units, i.e. word combinations. Voices claiming that even complex words composed of two or more meaningful units may qualify for the status of (lexical) phrasemes/idioms, especially when their meaning is non- compositional, are still very isolated, in spite of the fact that linguistic literature is teeming with references to idiomatic compounds and derivatives (Chap. 3). In fact, the only systematic treatment of lexical idioms seems to be that offered by Čermák (2007), who focuses primarily on lexical idioms in Czech. The aim of the thesis is therefore to explore the situation in English and attempt to develop a useful definition of, and especially criteria for, distinguishing lexical idioms from other complex lexemes and provide an outline of the main types of lexical idioms obtaining in English. After an introduction (Chap. 1) and the presentation of state-of-the-art approaches to phraseology and the relevant information about phraseological units and their features (Chap. 2), the thesis reviews Čermák's theory of lexical idioms which inspired their quantitative study in Czech (Chap. 4). The core part is the analysis of two samples. The first one, gathered from the BNC, includes a random selection of 1000 single-word...
The genitive as a style marker
Nováková, Tereza ; Malá, Markéta (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
This thesis will focus on the supposed ongoing changes in the use of the s-genitive form. It will examine 200 genitive constructions found in on-line versions of quality newspapers, and describe them in terms of parameters that have been established as determining factors for the choice of genitive construction, for example possessor animacy, syntactic weight, final sibilant and semantic relationship holding between the constituents of the phrase, as well as those connected to the journalistic prose itself (e.g. language economy). Key words: Genitive, s-genitive, of-genitive, genitive variation, journalistic prose
Types and use of shortening on Twitter
Gižová, Veronika ; Klégr, Aleš (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
The thesis works with the fact that communication on social network sites, particularly on Twitter, occurs in short text messages, tweets, which are restricted to the maximum of 140 characters. This leads to the tendency to shorten single and multiword expressions in order to save space and increase the content of sent information. The thesis examines the hypothesis that the number of shortenings on Twitter and their variation may function as a stylistic indicator of tweet genre. It is expected (i) that the number of shortenings in the Twitter sample will be higher compared to other genres and (ii) that the sample will contain more types of shortening, some of which will be characteristic for the tweet genre in general in comparison with the control sample. The research sample of 200 shortenings was collected from two Twitter trends, #Grenfell Tower and #Wimbledon. In the analysis part, the collected sample of shortenings is examined quantitatively, compared to the control sample and separately, interpreted qualitatively. The Appendix contains the complete table listing the meanings of all shortenings. Key words: Twitter, shortening, stylistics, internet linguistics, language of social media
Quantity partition of noncount nouns expressed by partitive constructions
Divišová, Klára ; Malá, Markéta (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
The thesis explores the category of countability, with the main focus being on noncount nouns. The aim is to describe lexical means that enable noncount nouns to have count usage. The theoretical part firstly distinguishes count nouns from noncount nouns on the basis of their linguistic (i.e. grammatical, formal and semantic) features. Further, it delineates in more detail the means through which noncount nouns acquire the count usage; the most space is given to defining partitive constructions, their types, and possible vagueness. The practical part consists of an analysis of twelve selected noncount nouns and their respective partitives. The data are extracted from the British National Corpus (BNC). The partitives are divided according to their type and the thesis gives a quantitative, as well as a semantic classification of these partitives for each of the selected noncount nouns. The adjective modification of the noncount nouns is also partially studied.
Grammatical concord in existential there-clauses
Novotná, Alena ; Popelíková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
This thesis is concerned with the issue of non-concord between the notional subject and the verb in existential there-constructions. The grammatical subject in these sentences is the existential there but it is the agreement with the notional subject that is generally considered grammatically correct. This study focuses on the cases in which there is a discrepancy between the plural form of the notional subject and the singular form of the verb to be. The phrase there + sg. to be and especially the contracted form there's has apparently evolved into a presentative formula due to the process of grammaticalization. The thesis approaches this issue from the perspective of today's language as well as diachronically. Specifically, this study aims to identify the contexts in which this type of non-concord was possible in Early Modern English. To this aim 100 instances of existential there-constructions displaying a lack of agreement have been selected from three corpora of Early Modern English (CED, EEBO and PCEEC), which will then be examined in the analytical part of this thesis. The analysis itself is firstly concerned with the verb, its tense and whether or not it is contracted. It also considers the structure of the notional subject, most notably modification, the presence of quantifiers and...
Adversative discourse connectives "however" and "instead" in academic texts
Valdajeva, Božena ; Brůhová, Gabriela (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
The present study aims at discussing two connectives however and instead in academic texts. As the conjuncts are known to be rather free in their position, this study analyzes the interconnection of the possible position and other characteristics of the conjuncts i.e. the punctuation and co-occurrences. This thesis is a corpus based study. The corpus chosen for the analysis is the British National Corpus. The analysis itself is carried out on 100 examples, i.e. 50 examples of sentences containing however and 50 examples of sentences containing instead. The objective of this thesis is to examine the use of however and instead in the academic texts. In other words, it describes the usage of the two connectives as well as the possible tendencies that can be observed i.e. punctuation, co-occurrences. Individual sections of the analysis are based on the position of the conjuncts. Therefore a significant part of the analysis is dedicated to determining the position of the conjuncts based on the previously established position formulas. Further, punctuation and co-occurrences of conjuncts are analyzed as a follow-up to the position results. Key words: adversative conjuncts, however, instead, position, punctuation, co-occurrences
Nominal and adjectival modification in English and the Czech equivalents
Kančevová, Silvia ; Vašků, Kateřina (advisor) ; Sudková, Marcela (referee)
This bachelor thesis studies differences between adjectival and nominal modification in English. It aims to explore if the relationship between the head and the modifier is different when the modifier is an adjective or when it is a noun. The translation to Czech language is supposed to be helpful in this matter, since Czech is not able to use a means of partial conversion it is in English. The thesis analyses 20 pairs of morphologically related nouns and adjectives functioning as premodifiers. These pairs were excerpted from the parallel corpus InterCorp being accessible through the Czech National Corpus website. The sample consisted of 10 entries from each pair and these 200 occurrences were analyzed in empirical part of the work. Theoretical part deals with the function and the form of noun phrase premodificators and focuses on the semantic relationship between modifiers and the head. Analysis should prove if there is a relationship between the forms of premodification and whether it is possible to explain this relationship semantically. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
English modals "may" and "might" and their Czech translation equivalents
Čuchalová, Marie ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
This BA thesis is concerned with the English modals may and might and their Czech translation counterparts. The theoretical section will briefly introduce the category of modality and its two basic subtypes: deontic and epistemic. It will also provide an overview of the formal features and meanings of the two modals. Apart from that, it will focus on the mutual relationship between the two modal verbs. Furthermore, it will touch upon the situation in Czech. The empirical part will present an analysis of 100 authentic Czech translation equivalents of may and might. The material will be drawn from the parallel corpus InterCorp, specifically from prose and drama. The main objective of this analysis is to examine the proportion of the Czech means of expressing the meanings of may and might (modal verbs, modal particles etc.)

National Repository of Grey Literature : 18 records found   1 - 10next  jump to record:
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1 Vašků, Karolína
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