National Repository of Grey Literature 22 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Applications of Quaternions in Robot Kinematics
Doctor, Diana ; Vašík, Petr (referee) ; Matoušek, Radomil (advisor)
This thesis deals with the usefulness of the application of quaternions in representing robot kinematics. It begins by showing the relationship of quaternions to the more commonly-known complex numbers and how it can represent rotations in three-dimensions. Then, the dual quaternions are introduced to represent both the three-dimensional rotation and translation. It will then be used to derive the forward and inverse kinematics, particularly, for the Universal Robot UR3 which is a 6-DOF robotic arm. Lastly, an actual application of dual quaternions in robot programming will be demonstrated
Simulation of nonholonomic mechanisms’ motion
Byrtus, Roman ; Hrdina, Jaroslav (referee) ; Vašík, Petr (advisor)
Tato práce se zabývá simulacemi neholonomních mechanismů, konkrétně robotických hadů. V práci jsou uvedeny základní poznatky geometrické teorie řízení. Tyto poznatky jsou využity k odvození řídících modelů robotických systémů a následně jsou tyto modely simulovány v prostředí V-REP.
Nonholonomic mechanisms geometry
Bartoňová, Ludmila ; Návrat, Aleš (referee) ; Vašík, Petr (advisor)
Tato diplomová práce se zabývá popisem kinematického modelu řízení neholonomního mechanismu, konkrétně robotického hada. Model je zkoumán prostředky diferenciální geometrie. Dále je odvozena jeho nilpotentní aproximace. Lokální říditelnost je zjištěna pomocí dimenze Lieovy algebry generované řídícími vektorovými poli a jejich Lieovými závorkami. V závěru jsou navrženy dva jednoduché řídící algoritmy, jeden pro globální a druhý pro lokální řízení, a poté následuje srovnání jednotlivých modelů.
Geometric algebra computations
Tomešová, Tereza ; Vechetová, Jana (referee) ; Vašík, Petr (advisor)
This thesis deals with computing in geometric algebra and its illustration in software CLUCalc. Firstly, it introduces fundamental terms and properties of vector space, scalar product and Clifford algebra. Consequently, the term geometric algebra, its products and operations are defined. These terms are illustrated on a specific exampel, i.e. translation and rotation of a sphere along fixed curve in software CLUCalc.
Image corrections by CGA
Machálek, Lukáš ; Hrdina, Jaroslav (referee) ; Vašík, Petr (advisor)
This thesis deals with conformal geometric algebra (CGA) in image processing. We focus on correct definitions of notions in geometric algebra, which we use for correcting image defects. First, the concepts of vector space are mentioned, then, the properties of geometric algebra are observed. Consequently, the 3D point is conformaly embedded into CGA, thereafter, another geometric objects are described with their representations in null spaces. In the end, the thesis deals with object transformation and with image defects correction.
Nonholonomic mechanisms control
Mareček, Tomáš ; Hrdina, Jaroslav (referee) ; Vašík, Petr (advisor)
This thesis deals with a control theory of nonholonomic mechanisms. Examples explaining the application of dierential geometry notions are provided. More precisely, the area of Lie groups and Lie algebras is employed. Kinematic equations are constructed for a 3-link snake-like robot and a nonholonomic control system is derived in terms of vector felds. Additional vector felds are created by the Lie bracket operation to prove local controllability of the nonholonomic system. Finally, the snake-like robot’s moves are animated in MATLAB software.
Geometric approach in robotic snake motion control
Vechetová, Jana ; Hrdina, Jaroslav (referee) ; Vašík, Petr (advisor)
Tato diplomová práce se zabývá popisem řiditelnosti specifického robotického hada, který se nazývá trident snake robot. Tento robot je řazen mezi neholonomní systémy. Model je převeden do jazyka diferenciální geometrie a řízen pomocí vektorových polí a operace na nich zavedené (Lieova závorka). Je také uvažována aproximace řídicí distribuce. Dále jsou formulovány pohyby hada ve směru vektorových polí a jejich kombinace, které zajišťují základní pohyby v prostoru (rotace a translace). Tyto pohyby jsou na závěr simulovány v prostředí V-REP.
Clifford algebras in colour theory and image analysis
Tichý, Radek ; Vašík, Petr (referee) ; Hrdina, Jaroslav (advisor)
This thesis deals with conformal geometric algebra CGA for colour image processing, particularly with colour segmentation. For this reason it is not sufficient to work in RGB colour space. It is more convenient to use a colour space called CIELAB. CIELAB is endowed by Euclidean metric corresponding with human perception of colours. Afterwards an algorithm for an object detection via CGA based on colour differences is included. The final part of the thesis deals with least squares fitting of sphere to points using CGA. The sphere fitting is then used to adjust colour differences in an image to improve the algorithm for an object detection.
Control theory in robotics
Bartoňová, Ludmila ; Hrdina, Jaroslav (referee) ; Vašík, Petr (advisor)
This thesis deals with the local control of a snake robot. The model control system is derived from kinematic equations and local controllability is investigated by means of Lie brackets. Then we describe some elementary motions along flow of the controlling vector fields and show the meaning of a periodic input. Another control model is formed by an approximation of the first system. Afterwards, both systems are compared by means of sub-Riemannian metric and thus the qualitative analysis is made.
Special Surfaces
Ochodnický, Erik ; Vašík, Petr (referee) ; Doupovec, Miroslav (advisor)
The aim of this thesis is to create an overview of special surfaces and to define their characteristics. Categories of surfaces that I found the most important are surfaces of revolution, minimal, with constant Gaussian curvature, and finally Clairaut surfaces. For every category I'll introduce, in my opinion, the most important examples of surfaces along with their parametrizations and I'll describe them. Surfaces will be accompanied by images, created in MATLAB. In the last part I'm going to focus on Clairot patches, on finding geodesics on these surfaces and their description. I'll show numerous original images of geodesics on diverse surfaces.

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