National Repository of Grey Literature 95 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
UP - DOWN Orientational Schema and Its Manifestation in the Czech Somatic Frazeology
Prokopová, Petra ; Vaňková, Irena (advisor) ; Bozděchová, Ivana (referee)
The bachelor's thesis focuses on the UP - DOWN orientational scheme and its manifestation in the Czech somatic phraseology. After a theoretical introduction focused on the Polish and American conception of Cognitive Linguistics, the research part deals with the analysis of the phraseological units. Is checking whether UP/ TOP is POSITIVE and DOWN/ DOWN is negative. Attention is paid to the frequency of occurrences of the names of the individual parts of the body represented by the scheme. The assumption is that the UP/ TOP will be represented by the somatisms HEAD as the highest point of the human body.
The Woman in the Czech Traditional Worldview The Ethnolinguistic Study
Christou, Anna ; Vaňková, Irena (advisor) ; Lenderová, Milena (referee) ; Nebeská, Iva (referee)
The dissertation aims at the analysis of the traditional linguistic worldview of the woman in Czech. Theoretically and methodologically, the dissertation follows from the modern Polish ethnolinguistics, i.e. a discipline focusing on the studies of language in relation to culture, which uses the term of "linguistic worldview", referring specifically to the ways in which the values and experience of the particular society have been written into its language. The aim of the dissertation is to reconstruct the image (the stereotype) of the woman in Czech, i.e. to reveal the structure of stereotypical characteristics related to the woman in the language and the culture. The attention was paid primarily to the traditional image, built in the centuries before the dramatic changes of the society and the women's role in modern times. The analysis of the Czech vocabulary (including phraseology) and of the traditional songs lyrics, minor folklore genres as well as classical Czech literature has led to the reveal and subsequent characterization of four specific modes of the linguistic worldview of the woman, divided according to the three aspects (profiles) - the age, the appearance and the social role - as the young girl (maiden), the wife, the mother and the old woman. Each of them involves the general as...
Neologism in the linguistic, media and common picture of the world
Lišková, Michaela ; Vaňková, Irena (advisor) ; Bozděchová, Ivana (referee) ; Orgoňová, Olga (referee)
The aim of the interdisciplinary doctoral dissertation is to answer the research question What is a neologism? The research was inspired by the methodology relying on three types of data that J. Bartmiński specifies for studying stereotypes as part of the language picture of the world, i. e. systemic, textual and empirical data. Neologisms are expounded by confronting the linguistic, media and everyday picture of the world with the use an explicative characteristic including connotations of the concept. After introducing the neologism within the context of words marked stylistically with respect to time, the exposition is structured according to (non- homogeneous) criteria, on the basis of which neologisms in the reviewed literature are defined: the criterion of existence, the criterion of time, the lexicographic criterion, the psychological criterion, the structural criterion, the criterion of variety and the criterion of instability and stability. The media image of neologism was examined using the qualitative-quantitative method of content analysis in 93 media texts from 2006 and 2007, and 2016 and 2017. The empirical data were obtained by questionnaires from 2017 and 2018 with 100 respondents aged 11 to 81. In summary, the concept of neologisms is understood as a very heterogeneous one. A list...
Signs for the Prague metro stations: formal and semantic motivations
Němcová, Marie ; Prokšová, Hana (advisor) ; Vaňková, Irena (referee)
(in English): The bachelor thesis 'Signs for the metro stations: formal and sematic motivations' focuses on signs for the underground stations in the czech sign language especially from creating these signs point of view. The theoretical section is about explanation of needed terms for understanding the meaning (iconicity, composition, inicialization, loan translation etc.), the practical section finds out the form of signs of all metro stations with the help of the intended interviewing deaf community. Each sign is examined by motivational aspect and formal formation. If there is a presence of multiple names for one station, the names are compared. The objective of the thesis is making the partial analysis of the sign-forming system for this defined proprietary-names section. Aquired visual material is part of the thesis as well.
Poison and Poisoning in the Czech Linguistic Worldview
Pohorská, Iva ; Vaňková, Irena (advisor) ; Saicová Římalová, Lucie (referee)
The bachelor thesis focuses on the semantic sphere of poison and poisoning in Czech language. It is based on theoretical and methodological principles of cognitive linguistics and ethnolinguistics. In connection with the natural, common, (naive) perspective of the linguistics worldview, the beginning also briefly outlines the scientific perspective since the naive perspective refers to it and reflects it. The first part of the text focuses on data collection and description of data dictionaries of Czech language followed by analyses of Czech jed, otrava, trávit lexems (and their word-forming and semantic derivates). The second part of the text outlines, based on the analyzed data, connotations related to the main lexems of this sphere. The attention is also paid to conceptual metaphors that are related to this semantic sphere.
Taboo and Euphemistic Strategies of the Czech Deaf Signers
Nedbalová, Žofie ; Vaňková, Irena (advisor) ; Macurová, Alena (referee)
The thesis investigates one aspect of intracultural communication among the Czech Deaf community. Namely, it surveys those themes which are considered to be taboo among Czech Deaf signers and in which ways they are discussed. This topic is explored from the pragmalinguistic perspective. The meanings of terms such as "taboo" and "euphemism" are explained on the basis of theories of politeness. Thereafter, the topics that are regarded to be taboo in the Czech (hearing) culture are presented, as the source of euphemisms in some foreign sign languages. On the basis of such knowledge, the methodology for a pilot investigation into the tabulation of how communication within the Czech Deaf community was created. Based on semi-structured interviews with five Deaf informants it is examined whether the topics of death, serious diseases, human anatomy and physiology, sexual behavior, social inequality in regards to economic status, as well as socially unacceptable behavior such as drunkenness, lying, stealing and cheating are felt to be taboo during communication among the Czech Deaf community. It was proved that the community tabooed many of these topics in a similar way as the hearing Czech. If the Deaf users of Czech Sign Language need or want to talk about them, they often use such lexemes that could be,...
The Poetry of Jiří Karásek ze Lvovic in the Perspective of Cognitive Poetics (The LIFE - DEATH Contrast and the Conceptualization of Senses)
Štěpánková, Kateřina ; Vaňková, Irena (advisor) ; Heczková, Libuše (referee)
With starting point in cognitive linguistics, cognitive poetics and theories of linguistic picture of the world, the thesis will be focused on creation of conceptual opposition LIFE - DEATH in poetry of Jiří Karásek ze Lvovic. This conceptual opposition is substantially constituted on the basis of the semantic field of senses and sensory perceptions. This thesis contains this area too. The first part of the thesis will be concentrated on conceptualisation of senses and opposition LIFE - DEATH in Czech linguistic picture of the world. The second part will be focused on poetry of Jiří Karásek ze Lvovic. The author of the thesis will analyse specific metaphorical and metonymical extension associated with the target area LIFE and DEATH, and the sensory perception (including colors). Then the author will focus on the text connotations associated with the terms of the semantic fields (those with regard to prove opposition LIFE - DEATH). Keywords anthropocentrism, the linguistics picture of the world, Jiří Karásek ze Lvovic, cognitive linguistics, connotations, metaphor, metonymy, poetry, senses, death, body, meaning, life
Signs for the Prague metro stations: formal and semantic motivations
Němcová, Marie ; Prokšová, Hana (advisor) ; Vaňková, Irena (referee)
(in English): The bachelor thesis 'Signs for the metro stations: formal and sematic motivations' focuses on signs for the underground stations in the czech sign language especially from creating these signs point of view. The theoretical section is about explanation of needed terms for understanding the meaning (iconicity, composition, inicialization, loan translation etc.), the practical section finds out the form of signs of all metro stations with the help of the intended interviewing deaf community. Each sign is examined by motivational aspect and formal formation. If there is a presence of multiple names for one station, the names are compared. The objective of the thesis is making the partial analysis of the sign-forming system for this defined proprietary-names section. Aquired visual material is part of the thesis as well.
Iconicity in Sign Language Lexicon
Třísková, Pavla ; Macurová, Alena (advisor) ; Vaňková, Irena (referee)
The bachelor's thesis describes concepts of iconicity in semiotics, linguistics of spoken languages and linguistics of sign languages. The theoretical part is dedicated to the theory of linguistics sign, the origin of the term "icon" and "iconicity". The thesis presents different types of iconicity and puts the term iconicity into context with terms motivation, arbitrariness and convention. In conclusion of the theoretical part, the thesis introduces different types of iconic signs according to different authors. The practical part of the thesis concentrates on the form of iconicity in the lexicons of different sign languages. The thesis researches if the iconic signs differs in different sign languages and if they use a different or similar aspect of reality
The CONTAINER image schema in Czech Sign Language
Pokorná, Karla ; Vaňková, Irena (advisor) ; Macurová, Alena (referee)
The bachelor's thesis focuses on the CONTAINER image schema in Czech Sign Language in the context of cognitive linguistics. After a theoretical introduction focused mainly on conceptual metaphors, image schemas and iconic-metaphorical mapping in sign languages, the thesis engages in basic knowledge about the CONTAINER image schema and its function. The research part begins with determining the phonological features that help to identify the use of image schema in signs. After that the corpus of the signs of Czech Sign Language that use the CONTAINER schema is introduced. The examined signs are categorized based on their semantics fields and also according to the criteria of phonological structure.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 95 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
1 VAŇKOVÁ, Ilona
4 Vanková, Ivana
2 Vaňková, Iva
4 Vaňková, Ivana
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