National Repository of Grey Literature 37 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Moving dynamic test loads for road bridges - a case study
Bayer, Jan ; Urushadze, Shota
Two types of dynamic testing load for bridges - driving sprung mass and driving impulse load - areexamined from the drive-by identification point of view. Numerical studies in ANSYS using contact elements and in MATLAB using a modal solution together with coupling force were performed. Equations for the estimation of the impulse load caused by a rolling cogwheel were suggested. The experiments confirmed that a driving impulse load is more efficient in exciting bridge vibrations. This, together with the fact that impulse loading is not sensitive to surface roughness, leads to the conclusion that, as a method for bridge health monitoring, impulse loading is more promising than using a driving sprung mass
Summary research report from vibration measurements at ELI Beamlines research centre
Pospíšil, Stanislav ; Bayer, Jan ; Hračov, Stanislav ; Urushadze, Shota
The report describes the procedures and results of a set of dynamic measurements of micro-seismic vibrations of the floors and walls in ELI Beamlines research centre. The measured vibration level is assessed with respect to NIST criteria, which are applied only in case of areas with the highest vibration requirements. The special attention is also paid to assessment of several different improvements of the floors that were performed locally in the selected points. The improvements were made in order to decrease the vibration level also from a short-term perspective, which was omitted by methodology used and proposed by the client.
Proposal for loading tests of bridges - simulation and laboratory experiments
Bayer, Jan ; Urushadze, Shota ; Černý, Miloš
A new dynamic load testing of bridges is proposed and theoretically investigated. A transient analysis of passing vehicle over a bridge in ANSYS and an analytical program in MATLAB for the transient solution of piecewise linear mechanical structures were developed to assess the effects of the proposed dynamic load on a bridge model. According to the first laboratory experiments, it seems that the proposed travelling impulse load could surpass some of the shortcomings and limitations of the currently applied methods of bridge testing. The investigation is a part of a project aimed at drive-by identification of dynamic properties of bridges and further experimental and analytical research will follow.
Experimental study of horizontal forces of pedestrian dynamics
Urushadze, Shota ; Pirner, Miroš
At present similar detailed examination of pedestrian dynamics has been brought about chiefly by the requirements of determining the loads on footbridges. In their case – contrary to bridges – the magnitude of dynamic response is more important than that of static response, as it determines also the serviceability of the footbridge with reference to pedestrian comfort. The forces frequencies of step or strides for different walking velocities is the most important for the further analysis and analysis of the mechanisms.s.
Health monitoring of building structures: preliminary considerations on a case study
Bayer, Jan ; Urushadze, Shota ; Zíma, Pavel
Ageing, erosion, local damage or increase of the operating loads can decrease the reliability and load bearing capacity of building structures. Vibration monitoring may provide a promising solution of this problem, however robust health monitoring techniques are needed before wider practical applications. The presented analytical and experimental case study on a simple supported steel beam is an introductory practical investigation into this topic. It shows the sensitivity of chosen parameters to artificially induced damage and outlines possible directions or further research in conclusions. Special attention is paid to simultaneous monitoring of deformations and strains which can provide us with a useful information about the stress redistribution in monitored or tested structures.
Changes of dynamic properties of a timber frame due to simulated seismic load: a case study
Bayer, Jan ; Pospíšil, Stanislav ; Urushadze, Shota ; Kasal, B.
The data from a laboratory seismic resistance test of a three-story timber frame stiffened with steel joints were used to compare sweep and random excitation techniques on the platform of experimental modal analysis. The changes of mechanical properties due to increasing seismic load of the timber structure are demonstrated on corresponding changes of vibration modes and on changes of averaged frequency response functions. The comparison of averaged frequency response functions turned out to be at least as efficient tool for damage indication as the comparison of modal properties in this case. The experiences obtained in this case study are aimed at increasing the efficiency of dynamic tests and methods of Structural Health Monitoring.
Assessment of vibrations in museum's environment
Valach, Jaroslav ; Wolf, Benjamin ; Paulová, E. ; Urushadze, Shota
This paper deals with measurement of mechanical vibrations and accelerations threatening objects in museum collections. Two case studies are presented. The first case analyses situation in museum exhibitions strongly influenced by street traffic in its close proximity. It compares results obtained by sensitive professional measurement system to the custom-built user device for acceleration recording. The second case analyzes object’s accelerations during transport based on measurement by the custom-built device.
Verification tests of position of re-bars on selected construction elements by GPR method
Válek, Jan ; Drdácký, Miloš ; Urushadze, Shota
Assessment of application of a ground penetration radar for detection of re-bars on selected reinforced concrete elements of an industrial car assembly hall. Based on the results, the GPR was not selected as a suitable NDT method for this specific case.
Problems connected with the application of lamella flanges in steel bridge construction
Křístek, V. ; Kunrt, J. ; Škaloud, Miroslav ; Urushadze, Shota
Lamella flanges have lately grown very popular with the designers of steel bridges, because - in their belief - they provide us with the possibility of avoiding very thick flange plates in steel bridge structures. This belief is based on the assumption that the lamellas are perfectly plane and therefore, in perfect contact everywhere, so that the loading from one lamela is transmitted into other via pure compression, and that the perfect interaction of both lamellas is materialized by means of boundary fillet welds connecting both of the two lamellas. This simple assumption is, however, far from reality: it is not the means of steel fabricators, not even in the means of those which are very progressively equipped, to produce perfectly plane lamellas. Then both lamellass exhibit unavoidable initial curvatures, which in combination form a gap between the lamellas, and consequently the directly loaded lamela are pressed into this gap. As the loading acting on every bridge is many times repeated, the aforsaid phenomenon is also many times repeated, (we can say that the lamellas "breathe"), and then an unavoidable cumulative damage proces in the lamellas comes to being. The results of investigation will be described in the paper and thereby will demonstrate that the fatigue phenomenon accompanying the breathing of the lamellas can considerably limit the lifetime of the structure.
Breathing-induced fatigue in thin-walled steel bridge construction
Škaloud, Miroslav ; Zörnerová, Marie ; Urushadze, Shota
Several years ago, the authors started an experimental investigation into the breathing phenomenon of the webs of thin-walled steel girders , which to date comprised more than two hundred tests. The cumulative damage behaviour generated by web breathing was analysed, the process of the initiation and propagation of fatigue cracks induced thereby was studied, and their impact on the failure mechanism and the fatigue limit state of the girders was determined. And, to conclude, a recommendation for design, taking account of the aforesaid, was established.

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