National Repository of Grey Literature 31 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The use of surface electromyography for functional diagnostic of upper limb in spinal cord injury patients an occupational therapy perspective
Nováková, Kateřina ; Hoidekrová, Kristýna (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to determine the use of surface electromyography for functional diagnostic of upper limb in spinal cord injury patients from an occupational therapy perspective. Functional diagnostic is focused on personal activities of daily living (pADL). So far, no one has commented this topic from an occupational therapy perspective in the Czech Republic. The thesis should offer another possibility of objective evaluation. The theoretical part deals with the description of upper limb, including kinesiology, the types of grasps of quadriplegic patients and the muscles involved in performing personal activities of daily living. There are problem areas of activities of daily living in spinal cord injury patients and their classification. At the end of the theoretical part is described electromyography, interconnection with occupational therapy and use of surface electromyography. There is also described interdisciplinary team. The practical part consists of six case reports, in which subjects were measured muscle activity during performing personal activities of daily living using surface electromyography. This section presents a diverse use of application of surface electromyography both in terms of graphical imaging and wide age dispersion of patients. Keywords: surface...
Use of Model Administrative Activities in Prevocational Assessment
Zichová, Andrea ; Rybářová, Kateřina (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with model activities, which are focused on administrative activities due to possible employment of people with disability. Occupational therapists perform model activities within prevocational assessment or occupational therapy to determine whether a test person has the abilities, knowledge and skills needed to perform a given type of job. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to compile a set of administrative model activities usable in occupational therapy for people with disability in productive age. It also describes the work of an administrative worker, including his working environment. A separate chapter summarizes the basic facts about prevocational assessment. Model activities that are an integral part of prevocational assessment are presented in more detail. The practical part describes how six administrative model activities were created, which were pilot tested on healthy individuals. The created model activities were subsequently applied to persons with disability within occupational therapy and also during prevocational assessment examination to verify their applicability in practice. Results from this application are presented in the form of six case reports. Manuals on all created model activities are included in the annexes of the bachelor thesis....
Occupational therapy evaluation of home environment of people with acquired brain injury. Case study focoused on facilitators and barriers according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
Podzemná, Dorota ; Krulová, Anna (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
Home environment should be accesible, barrier free and safe for people with disabilities. There is one possibility how to achieve these conditions the possibility is to let an occupational therapist to assess your home environment. The main parts of occupational therapy are: evaluation of home environment, suggesting of reconstrucitons needed and recommendations about helping aids. Environment is according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health one of the factors which are very important. The main goal of this diploma thesis was to design new evaluation of home environment of people with acquired brain injury made according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Partial goals were: to identify barriers of home environment, to determine facilitators which are already existing and to suggest helping aids and reconstructions if it is necessary. All for achieving the best quality of self-sufficiency of client. Theoretical part is about acquired brain injury, International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, issues of evaluation of home environment and assessments which are already existing. Practical part describes the proces of creation of evaluation and intervetions in home environment. Both described by case...
Efficiency of Robot-assisted Therapy through the Device Armeo Spring in Patients after Stroke in Acute Phase of Early Rehabilitation
Bocanová, Renata ; Oktábcová, Alice (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the issue of robotic-assisted therapy, namely with the mechanical exoskeleton robotic device Armeo Spring, and it is focused on an acute stroke population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of a robotic-assisted therapy using Armeo Spring device and to compare it with the efficiency of a common individual occupational therapy focused on improving motor function of upper extremity of patients with the acute stroke. There were 19 patients involved in the research, who were hospitalized in early rehabilitation acute beds. They were selected on the basis of entry criteria and further divided into two groups. An experimental group included 10 participants (n=10), a control group included 9 participants (n=9). The patients in the experimental group using Armeo Spring device underwent four to five 30-minutes therapies per week for three week period, the control group underwent the same amount of individual occupational therapies focused on improving motor function of a paretic upper limp. Each participant, evaluated before and after the intervention, underwent the total number of 12 therapy sessions. In the face of the determined hypothesis, following methods were used to evaluate the sample of patients: Function Independence Measure (FIM) for evaluating...
Efficiency of Robot-assisted Therapy through the Device Armeo Spring in Patients after Stroke in Acute Phase of Early Rehabilitation
Bocanová, Renata ; Oktábcová, Alice (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the issue of robotic-assisted therapy, namely with the mechanical exoskeleton robotic device Armeo Spring, and it is focused on an acute stroke population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of a robotic-assisted therapy using Armeo Spring device and to compare it with the efficiency of a common individual occupational therapy focused on improving motor function of upper extremity of patients with the acute stroke. There were 19 patients involved in the research, who were hospitalized in early rehabilitation acute beds. They were selected on the basis of entry criteria and further divided into two groups. An experimental group included 10 participants (n=10), a control group included 9 participants (n=9). The patients in the experimental group using Armeo Spring device underwent four to five 30-minutes therapies per week for three week period, the control group underwent the same amount of individual occupational therapies focused on improving motor function of a paretic upper limp. Each participant, evaluated before and after the intervention, underwent the total number of 12 therapy sessions. In the face of the determined hypothesis, following methods were used to evaluate the sample of patients: Function Independence Measure (FIM) for evaluating...
Bilateral Upper Limb Training in Patients with Central Hemiparesis
Rejtarová, Anna ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (advisor) ; Marková, Olga (referee)
Background: Bilateral training is an intervention used in patients with hemiparesis. This training is based on the movement of both (bi) sides (lateral) of the body simultaneously. There exist a lot of articles focused on specific methods of bilateral training. However, the used terminology is inconsistent. The aim of this thesis is to describe the neurophysiological background of bimanual and bilateral methods, review and clear out the used terminology, and describe the different techniques included in bilateral training. Methods: Relevant literature was searched in PubMed, ScienceDirect and OVID Evidence Based Reviews. The inclusion criteria were the availability of fulltext, publication date after 1980, English language and a connection with medicine. The searched keywords were bimanual or bilateral training, metod and therapy. Results: From 1021 articles, only 132 articles meet the inclusion criteria. Five main rehabilitation interventions are used in practice: a) cooperative activity of both arms, b) synchronous movement of both arms c) Mirror therapy, d) an activity, where the impaired hand assists the paretic hand and d) robotic therapy or therapy with mechanical devices. The neurophysiological background is based on a) modulation of interhemispherical inhibition, b) increased motor control of...
The state of cognitive functions in relation to motor vehicle driving authorization for seniors. Subtitle: "New short cognitive tests" and Montreal Cognitive Assessment.
Stodůlková, Petra ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (advisor) ; Bolceková, Eva (referee)
INTRODUCTION: By the age of 65, every driver holding a valid driving license is required to undergo a compulsory medical examination according to Act 361/2000 Coll. The purpose of the examination should be to examine not only physical, but also psychosocial and cognitive factors that can affect the ability to drive safely. However, the extension of the validity of a driving license may have a considerable impact on the preservation of the existing self-sufficiency. GOALS: To determine the relationship of anamnestic data on the state of driving a motor vehicle with the state of cognitive functions. As a secondary goal, the work asks whether there is a correlation between the results of the Montreal cognitive test (MoCA-CZ1) with newly created memory screening tests (POBAV, ALBA and DOZNAT). METHODOLOGY: The research was based on a qualitative examination of the 39 drivers older than 65 years. Drivers were assessed by the state of cognitive function according to the Montreal Cognitive Test, and were then examined by "new short cognitive tests" targeting different types of memory. Finally, the participants filled out the questionnaire on subjective evaluation of driving skills. RESULTS: Dependence was found between the driving frequency and the groups of drivers with cognitive impairment and...
Intervention of occupational therapist in adult patients with neurogenic dysphagia
Hochová, Anna ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (advisor) ; Šemberová, Ivana (referee)
The Occupational Therapist's Intervention for Adult Patients with Neurogenic Dysphagia Abstract of the Thesis: Dysphagia is a serious disorder, often caused by a cerebrovascular accident; in many cases it may be its only or primary symptom, and even the cause of death. The main objective of this thesis is to raise awareness of swallowing disorders among occupational therapists. Despite the fact that the occupational therapist's intervention for patients with swallowing disorder is common practice among occupational therapists abroad, this issue still is not well known among occupational therapists in the Czech Republic. There is also a considerable lack of Czech literature dealing with swallowing disorders from the occupational therapy point of view. This thesis therefore not only presents theoretical findings in this field but also recommends practical procedures for occupational therapists. The theoretical part of the thesis describes functional anatomy of the swallowing structures and swallowing physiology and pathophysiology. It analyses different causes of dysphagia with a focus on neurological disorders, defines the term dysphagia and other related terms, and briefly explains several classification methods of dysphagia. While the first part of the thesis looks primarily into the diagnostics and...
The issue of driving a car in patients after stroke - the possibility of occupational therapy intervention
Málková, Kristýna ; Svobodová, Tereza (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
The issue of driving a car after stroke is getting increasingly common, especially because of the high stroke incidence concerning productive age patients. Nowadays, driving is considered a matter of course which intervenes our leisure time activities and work performance. Self-sufficiency and independency of a patient is one of the domains of occupational therapy, which is why the occupational therapist is a part of an interdisciplinary team. The theoretical part of the thesis defines terms relating to stroke and further neuropsychological deficits. It describes problematics of returning to automobile driving and legislative aspects. Possibilities of occupational therapy interventions relating to driving are proposed as well. The practical part of the thesis stands on a survey research, conducted in the Czech Republic and Belgium. The survey was aimed at occupational therapists who work with neurological patients and focuses on the issue of returning to driving and possible occupational therapy interventions. The conclusion also describes and compares practical Czech and Belgian occupational therapy with patients who have undergone a stroke. Key words: stroke, driving a car, occupational therapy, rehabilitation

National Repository of Grey Literature : 31 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
9 Uhlířová, Jana
1 Uhlířová, Jarmila
2 Uhlířová, Jaroslava
2 Uhlířová, Jitka
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