National Repository of Grey Literature 33 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Hand Tutor therapy and its effect on band function in patients with multiple sclerosis
Kulíšková, Kamila ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (advisor) ; Novotná, Klára (referee)
Introduction: Multiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune neurodegenerative affection of the central nervous system with various neurological symptoms. Disability of upper extremities with other symptoms leads to impaired ability to work and ADL-activities of daily living. The purpose of the pilot study was to evaluate the effect of hand training with the Hand Tutor® rehabilitation system. Methods: The study involved 9 probands, completed 6 probands (2 females and 4 males) at an average age of 36 (SD 4), with a mean disease duration of 13 years (SD 4). Patients received a series of 10 Hand Tutor® therapies, 1-2 times a week. The effect of the therapy was evaluated using the Nine Hole Peg Test (9HPT), the Modified Frenchay Scale and the subjective evaluation of the probands. Results: Before the therapies, the average performance in the 9HPT test was 85 seconds and 83 points in the Modified Frenchay scale. After the therapies, the average 9HPT performance was 67 seconds and 86 points in the Modified Frenchay scale. According to the subjective evaluation of probands, the therapy had a positive effect on the tremor of the upper limb and on the use of the upper limb in the ADL. Conclusion: Therapy with a special rehabilitation system provides patients with MS with more intensive hand training using...
Mapping Work of Occupational Therapists in Prevocational Assessment Centers in the Czech Republic
Vaiglová, Eliška ; Rybářová, Kateřina (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
Prevocational assessment is a complex functional assessment of psychosensomotor potential of a person with disability. Prevocational assessment can be part of a vocational rehabilitation provided by the Czech Labour Office as a form of consulting services. Nowadays, thirteen prevocational assessment centres in different regions of the Czech Republic offer this service. Prevocational assessments are made by an interprofessional team. Occupational therapist, as an essential member of this team, examines and tests client's independency during the prevocational assessment. Occupational therapist along with other members of interprofessional team analyses the work potential of a person with disability. Then, based on a complex functional assessment of a person with disability, the final report is written. This report contains description of skills and abilities which can be used by a person with disability while finding, getting and holding a position on the labour market. This report also contains a recommendation for the Czech Labour Office on how to increase client's chances to get a job. The main goal of this bachelor thesis was mapping the work of occupational therapists in prevocational assessment centres in the Czech Republic. Semi-structured interview with occupational therapists who take part...
The use of surface electromyography for functional diagnostic of upper limb in spinal cord injury patients an occupational therapy perspective
Nováková, Kateřina ; Hoidekrová, Kristýna (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to determine the use of surface electromyography for functional diagnostic of upper limb in spinal cord injury patients from an occupational therapy perspective. Functional diagnostic is focused on personal activities of daily living (pADL). So far, no one has commented this topic from an occupational therapy perspective in the Czech Republic. The thesis should offer another possibility of objective evaluation. The theoretical part deals with the description of upper limb, including kinesiology, the types of grasps of quadriplegic patients and the muscles involved in performing personal activities of daily living. There are problem areas of activities of daily living in spinal cord injury patients and their classification. At the end of the theoretical part is described electromyography, interconnection with occupational therapy and use of surface electromyography. There is also described interdisciplinary team. The practical part consists of six case reports, in which subjects were measured muscle activity during performing personal activities of daily living using surface electromyography. This section presents a diverse use of application of surface electromyography both in terms of graphical imaging and wide age dispersion of patients. Keywords: surface...
Use of Model Administrative Activities in Prevocational Assessment
Zichová, Andrea ; Rybářová, Kateřina (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with model activities, which are focused on administrative activities due to possible employment of people with disability. Occupational therapists perform model activities within prevocational assessment or occupational therapy to determine whether a test person has the abilities, knowledge and skills needed to perform a given type of job. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to compile a set of administrative model activities usable in occupational therapy for people with disability in productive age. It also describes the work of an administrative worker, including his working environment. A separate chapter summarizes the basic facts about prevocational assessment. Model activities that are an integral part of prevocational assessment are presented in more detail. The practical part describes how six administrative model activities were created, which were pilot tested on healthy individuals. The created model activities were subsequently applied to persons with disability within occupational therapy and also during prevocational assessment examination to verify their applicability in practice. Results from this application are presented in the form of six case reports. Manuals on all created model activities are included in the annexes of the bachelor thesis....
Occupational therapy evaluation of home environment of people with acquired brain injury. Case study focoused on facilitators and barriers according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
Podzemná, Dorota ; Krulová, Anna (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
Home environment should be accesible, barrier free and safe for people with disabilities. There is one possibility how to achieve these conditions the possibility is to let an occupational therapist to assess your home environment. The main parts of occupational therapy are: evaluation of home environment, suggesting of reconstrucitons needed and recommendations about helping aids. Environment is according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health one of the factors which are very important. The main goal of this diploma thesis was to design new evaluation of home environment of people with acquired brain injury made according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Partial goals were: to identify barriers of home environment, to determine facilitators which are already existing and to suggest helping aids and reconstructions if it is necessary. All for achieving the best quality of self-sufficiency of client. Theoretical part is about acquired brain injury, International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, issues of evaluation of home environment and assessments which are already existing. Practical part describes the proces of creation of evaluation and intervetions in home environment. Both described by case...
Efficiency of Robot-assisted Therapy through the Device Armeo Spring in Patients after Stroke in Acute Phase of Early Rehabilitation
Bocanová, Renata ; Oktábcová, Alice (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the issue of robotic-assisted therapy, namely with the mechanical exoskeleton robotic device Armeo Spring, and it is focused on an acute stroke population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of a robotic-assisted therapy using Armeo Spring device and to compare it with the efficiency of a common individual occupational therapy focused on improving motor function of upper extremity of patients with the acute stroke. There were 19 patients involved in the research, who were hospitalized in early rehabilitation acute beds. They were selected on the basis of entry criteria and further divided into two groups. An experimental group included 10 participants (n=10), a control group included 9 participants (n=9). The patients in the experimental group using Armeo Spring device underwent four to five 30-minutes therapies per week for three week period, the control group underwent the same amount of individual occupational therapies focused on improving motor function of a paretic upper limp. Each participant, evaluated before and after the intervention, underwent the total number of 12 therapy sessions. In the face of the determined hypothesis, following methods were used to evaluate the sample of patients: Function Independence Measure (FIM) for evaluating...
Efficiency of Robot-assisted Therapy through the Device Armeo Spring in Patients after Stroke in Acute Phase of Early Rehabilitation
Bocanová, Renata ; Oktábcová, Alice (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the issue of robotic-assisted therapy, namely with the mechanical exoskeleton robotic device Armeo Spring, and it is focused on an acute stroke population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of a robotic-assisted therapy using Armeo Spring device and to compare it with the efficiency of a common individual occupational therapy focused on improving motor function of upper extremity of patients with the acute stroke. There were 19 patients involved in the research, who were hospitalized in early rehabilitation acute beds. They were selected on the basis of entry criteria and further divided into two groups. An experimental group included 10 participants (n=10), a control group included 9 participants (n=9). The patients in the experimental group using Armeo Spring device underwent four to five 30-minutes therapies per week for three week period, the control group underwent the same amount of individual occupational therapies focused on improving motor function of a paretic upper limp. Each participant, evaluated before and after the intervention, underwent the total number of 12 therapy sessions. In the face of the determined hypothesis, following methods were used to evaluate the sample of patients: Function Independence Measure (FIM) for evaluating...
Bilateral Upper Limb Training in Patients with Central Hemiparesis
Rejtarová, Anna ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (advisor) ; Marková, Olga (referee)
Background: Bilateral training is an intervention used in patients with hemiparesis. This training is based on the movement of both (bi) sides (lateral) of the body simultaneously. There exist a lot of articles focused on specific methods of bilateral training. However, the used terminology is inconsistent. The aim of this thesis is to describe the neurophysiological background of bimanual and bilateral methods, review and clear out the used terminology, and describe the different techniques included in bilateral training. Methods: Relevant literature was searched in PubMed, ScienceDirect and OVID Evidence Based Reviews. The inclusion criteria were the availability of fulltext, publication date after 1980, English language and a connection with medicine. The searched keywords were bimanual or bilateral training, metod and therapy. Results: From 1021 articles, only 132 articles meet the inclusion criteria. Five main rehabilitation interventions are used in practice: a) cooperative activity of both arms, b) synchronous movement of both arms c) Mirror therapy, d) an activity, where the impaired hand assists the paretic hand and d) robotic therapy or therapy with mechanical devices. The neurophysiological background is based on a) modulation of interhemispherical inhibition, b) increased motor control of...
The state of cognitive functions in relation to motor vehicle driving authorization for seniors. Subtitle: "New short cognitive tests" and Montreal Cognitive Assessment.
Stodůlková, Petra ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (advisor) ; Bolceková, Eva (referee)
INTRODUCTION: By the age of 65, every driver holding a valid driving license is required to undergo a compulsory medical examination according to Act 361/2000 Coll. The purpose of the examination should be to examine not only physical, but also psychosocial and cognitive factors that can affect the ability to drive safely. However, the extension of the validity of a driving license may have a considerable impact on the preservation of the existing self-sufficiency. GOALS: To determine the relationship of anamnestic data on the state of driving a motor vehicle with the state of cognitive functions. As a secondary goal, the work asks whether there is a correlation between the results of the Montreal cognitive test (MoCA-CZ1) with newly created memory screening tests (POBAV, ALBA and DOZNAT). METHODOLOGY: The research was based on a qualitative examination of the 39 drivers older than 65 years. Drivers were assessed by the state of cognitive function according to the Montreal Cognitive Test, and were then examined by "new short cognitive tests" targeting different types of memory. Finally, the participants filled out the questionnaire on subjective evaluation of driving skills. RESULTS: Dependence was found between the driving frequency and the groups of drivers with cognitive impairment and...
Intervention of occupational therapist in adult patients with neurogenic dysphagia
Hochová, Anna ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (advisor) ; Šemberová, Ivana (referee)
The Occupational Therapist's Intervention for Adult Patients with Neurogenic Dysphagia Abstract of the Thesis: Dysphagia is a serious disorder, often caused by a cerebrovascular accident; in many cases it may be its only or primary symptom, and even the cause of death. The main objective of this thesis is to raise awareness of swallowing disorders among occupational therapists. Despite the fact that the occupational therapist's intervention for patients with swallowing disorder is common practice among occupational therapists abroad, this issue still is not well known among occupational therapists in the Czech Republic. There is also a considerable lack of Czech literature dealing with swallowing disorders from the occupational therapy point of view. This thesis therefore not only presents theoretical findings in this field but also recommends practical procedures for occupational therapists. The theoretical part of the thesis describes functional anatomy of the swallowing structures and swallowing physiology and pathophysiology. It analyses different causes of dysphagia with a focus on neurological disorders, defines the term dysphagia and other related terms, and briefly explains several classification methods of dysphagia. While the first part of the thesis looks primarily into the diagnostics and...

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8 Uhlířová, Jana
1 Uhlířová, Jarmila
2 Uhlířová, Jaroslava
2 Uhlířová, Jitka
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