National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV and Fibroblast activation protein in gliomagenesis.
Trylčová, Jana ; Šedo, Aleksi (advisor) ; Mandys, Václav (referee) ; Mareš, Vladislav (referee)
"Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV Activity and/or Structure Homologues"(DASH) represent a newly defined group of multifunctional molecules, typically bearing dipeptidyl peptidase-IV- like hydrolytic activity. Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) cleaves out X-Pro dipeptides from the N-terminus of peptides. Other molecules carrying similar enzyme activity, such as Fibroblast activation protein (FAP), DPP-II, DPP8 and DPP9 or even DPP-IV structure-like but hydrolytically inactive molecules (DPP6 and DPP10) also belong to this group. Recent knowledge suggest a substantial role of DASH in cancer pathogenesis. The aim of this study is a preparation of a biological model and its use for understanding the mechanisms of interaction(s) between transformed glial cells and stroma in the processes of origin and development of tumors derived from neuroectoderm. Stable transfected human glioblastoma cell lines with inducible gene expression of DPP-IV, Fibroblast activation protein and their enzymatically inactive mutated forms, were prepared within the project. Prepared cell lines are used as a tool for studying not only the "autocrine" importance of DPP-IV and FAP for the expressing cells in in-vitro, but also for their potential "paracrine" effect(s) within the tumor microenvironment after homotopic implantation into the...
Model of experimentally regulated expression of dipeptidylpeptidase IV in glioma cell lines
Trylčová, Jana
Model of experimentally regulated expression of dipeptidyl peptidase IV in glioma cell lines Abstract "Dipeptidyl peptidase IV Activity and/or Structure Homologues" (DASH) represent a newly defined group of multifunctional molecules, typically bearing dipeptidyl peptidase IV- like hydrolytic activity. Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV, EC 3.4.14.5, identical to CD26) cleaves out X-Pro dipeptides from the N-terminus of peptides. Recent knowledge shows substantial role of DASH in cancer pathogenesis. Here we present (i) an overview of the issue of DASH molecules and their functional substrates in the neuroectodermal tumor and (ii) a preparation of stable transfected human glioblastoma cell lines with inducible gene expression of DPPIV. Vectors containing human DPPIV gene and its mutated form in the catalytic active site have been prepared to assess the importance of the enzymatic activity of the final product. This will enable us to study the biological role of DPPIV in genesis and progression of neuroectodermal tumors - cells growth, invasion and migration of transformed glial cells in vitro. Moreover, complex role of DPPIV will be studied using a model of homotopic application of transfected cells into the brain of immunodeficient mice. Prepared cell lines provide more consistent information about DPPIV from...

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