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House arrest, its execution and control
Říha, Jan ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
House arrest, its execution and control Abstract By reading this thesis, the reader will acquaint himself with the punishment of house arrest its execution and control and other connected legal concepts. The goal of this thesis is to summarize legislation pertaining to the above mentioned subject matter, to point out its faults and to propose improvements of the current legislation. The first part of this thesis refers to punishment in general. It investigates its core concepts and answers the question on how punishments differ from other legal sanctions. The first part also deals with the purpose of punishment and the system of punishment in framework of Czech criminal law. Alternative punishments, their principles and advantages are subject of the second part of this thesis. Furthermore, here I explore the concept of restorative justice, its principles and how restorative justice relates to alternative punishments. The punishment of house arrest itself is subject of part three of this thesis. Aside from history and current legislation, this part also deals with connected legal concepts which can be characterized as house arrest but are not punishments in legal sense. Moreover, third part is also where I examine various kinds of conversions associated with house arrest. The fourth part of this thesis zooms...
House arrest, its execution and control
Procházková, Aneta ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
House arrest, its execution and control This thesis focuses on the punishment of house arrest and its position as an alternative punishment. Its aim is to provide a comprehensive view of this institute in a broader context, to reveal its advantages and disadvantages and to evaluate its development so far. Given one of the functions of house arrest as a substitute for imprisonment in particular, the work goes in this direction and evaluates this aspect from several possible perspectives. The assessment is then based on a comparison of the theoretical assumptions and results of the practice, which offers a comparison of the actual use of punishment and its likely development in the coming years, including de lege ferenda. The first part of the thesis is conceived as a general introduction which aims to introduce the concept of punishment, including its purpose, meaning and function. The following section than narrows the broad subject of punishment to alternative punishments, among which house arrest is included. One subchapter is also devoted to the concept of restorative justice as the cornerstone of alternative sanctioning. The second part of the thesis deals with the main topic and analyzes all the requirements of the house arrest. These chapters describe its development, meaning, purpose and...
Means of Substitution of Custody
Gantnerová, Anna ; Galovcová, Ingrid (advisor) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
91 Abstract - Means of substitution of custody The topic of this thesis are the means of substitution of custody. The institute of custody is a very actual topic that is developing dynamically and is still controversial. Thanks to both domestic and international courts, the standard of protection of basic human rights keeps increasing and custody is therefore considered an extreme securing measure that can only be used in case there are no usable milder means. The aim of this thesis is to introduce these means of substitution of custody, stating their issues in theory and in praxis, their critical evaluation and suggestions de lege ferenda. The first chapter of this thesis focuses on general characteristics of custody and conditions of its use. The first chapter is a crucial part of the thesis as the means of substitution of custody directly relate to the institute of custody itself. The second chapter of this thesis focuses on the development of individual means of substitution of custody. It is a rather brief overview of the most significant amendments to legislation. In the author's opinion though, to correctly understand the current legislation concerning means of substitution of custody, it is necessary to be aware of the historical context of the establishment and use of these means. The third and...
Criminal custody as an ultima ratio instrument
Nekolová, Petra ; Galovcová, Ingrid (advisor) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
Criminal custody as an ultima ratio instrument This thesis deals with a criminal custody which is considered as the most serious instrument within criminal procedural security measures which should be used by law enforcement authorities only in the most extreme cases when all of the legal conditions are strictly fulfilled. One of the purposes of this thesis is to explicate, through personal freedom and presumption of innocence both guaranteed by the Czech Constitution and both significantly affected by custody, the importance of using this instrument only in situations without any other solution when is impossible to reach the purpose of criminal proceedings by using some of the more lenient measures, it means to use the custody just as an ultima ratio instrument. A crucial part of this thesis pays attention to the individual legal conditions of current effective legislation that should ensure observance of this principle also in practice. In the mentioned part the procedure of the authorities deciding on custody is analysed in detail that authorities firstly must resolve the question if the prosecution of a specific person is justified and if a certain specific degree of suspicion is achieved proving that this one perpetrated an offence. After that is necessary to investigate the existence of...
Punishment of community service and its performance
Chárová, Adéla ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
Punishment of community service and its performance Abstract The diploma thesis deals with basic aspects of community service in terms of Czech and foreign legal regulation, it deals with its development in time, statistical data, special regulation of criminal measures of publicly beneficial works imposed on juveniles and problematic aspects of existing legal regulation. The aim of the thesis is to define the status of the punishment of community service in the system of domestic and foreign law, to provide detailed information on the substantive and procedural law contained in the Criminal Code, Criminal Procedure Code and other supporting acts, to deal with problematic aspects and to mediate opinion of public, judges and probation officers. In cooperation with the probation officer and with the providers of community service I summarized the basic problematic aspects of the community service and considered their possible solution, which I summarize in the individual chapters. In terms of used methods the thesis uses a legal-analytical, legal-comparative, legal- descriptive approach, query model and statistical models. In addition to the introduction and conclusion, the thesis is divided into eleven chapters, which are further subdivided into subchapters. In the first two chapters I deal with terminology,...
Principle nemo tenetur se ipsum accusare in criminal proceedings
Děček, Milan ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ivor, Jaroslav (referee) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
Labor deals with the application of the principle of non-coercion to self-accusation in criminal proceedings, not only in the Czech Republic but also in other European countries and the USA. Partial results are obtained in particular by analyzing the case law of the European Court of Human Rights, the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic and, not least, the work presented the views of the experts in the criminal process. Application of that principle is examined from different angles using various procedural acts when the argument was the same judgments inferred line between permissible and impermissible coercion from authorities involved in criminal proceedings. This limit is characterized by the activity of the accused to self- accusation, to which the accused may not be compelled under the threat of sanctions. The thesis deals with the historical development of the principle, its enactment in the valid law, but mainly with its application in the criminal proceedings. The application of this rule is examined not only for various types of testimony in criminal proceedings, but also for further evidence and procedural acts in criminal proceedings (recognition, issue / removal of the subject, identification, use of agent), as well as criminal prosecution of legal entities. The "nemo tenetur se...
Wiretapping and Record of Telecommunication Traffic
Remerová, Šárka ; Galovcová, Ingrid (advisor) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
This thesis deals with the legal framework and the use of wiretapping and record of telecommunication traffic, which is set under Section 88 in the Code of Criminal Procedure and the similar institute of survey of data about telecommunication traffic under Section 88a. The goal of the paper is to analyse valid legal framework, use of both institutes in real with accent on finding current problems and suggesting their solution. Wiretapping and survey of telecommunication data are institutes that serve to get information in criminal procedure and to take evidence, at the same time they are major interference to the basic human rights, particularly the privacy. However if the legal conditions are fulfilled, the interference is allowed. This constitutional aspect is examined in the thesis. Considering today's world full of modern technologies and the choice of remote communication both wiretap and survey of data are plentifully used. In accordance with that it is necessary to deal with the question of legitimacy of using both institutes, the question of how to order and execute them and also the possibilities of using the results of them as the evidence in criminal procedure. The thesis devotes to the important and recent judicature relating to legality of interference with the basic rights and the...
Diversions in the criminal proceedings
Tibitanzlová, Alena ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee) ; Bruna, Eduard (referee)
This dissertation provides a comprehensive account of diversions in the criminal proceedings, which constitute an important part of the modern criminal process. The introduction of the dissertation deals with the reasons for introducing of alternative ways of dealing with criminal matters into Czech criminal law and its current taxonomy. This is followed by a broad description of the development of the term "diversion" in the criminal proceedings and the current understanding of this term in Czech law (where is a plurality of opinion in this respect). In connection therewith, the author presents her opinion on the elements of a diversion, and subsequently questions, whether several instruments used in the criminal proceedings should be categorized as a diversion. The aforementioned is followed by a theoretical treatise on the international initiatives in the area of diversions in the criminal proceedings, after which the most significant milestones in the genesis of the various forms of diversion in Czech criminal proceedings are already mentioned; at the same time the constitutional and international limitations connected with these institutes are discussed. The thesis also deals in detail with the very nature and purpose of diversions in the criminal proceedings. The second part of the thesis is...
Punishment of community service and its performance
Považan, Miroslav ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
Punishment of community service and its performance Abstract The aim of this thesis is to describe a current legilation on punishment of community service and thanks to it's desription together with the statistical data about this punishment from years 2013 to 2017 define problems that have a negative impact on its functioning. Other methods to reach this goal are comparison with the legislation in different european countries, focusing on activity of Probation and mediation service of the Czech Republic and overview of czech case law, which was defining for a current understanding of this punishment. First part of this thesis icludes definitions of key concepts that are necessary for understanding on how this punishment works and what it is based on. Second part of this thesis includes overview of the czech legislation related to punishment of community service and its performance and also an overview on how this legislation works in actual fact. Professional literature, opinions of judges, district attorneys and probation officers as well as my own notices were used to decribe its actual works on day to day basis. Third part of this thesis is showing statistical data about this punishment that comes from Probation a mediation service of the Czech Republic. These statistical data shows the number of files...
House arrest, its execution and control
Kolert, Pavel ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
House arrest, its execution and control Abstract The presented diploma thesis deals with the alternative punishment of house arrest. This punishment became the part of Czech penal system when the new Penal Code came into force on the first of January 2010. The aim of this diploma thesis is to summarize valid substantive and procedural legislation of this alternative punishment, to evaluate its advantages and disadvantages and to propose possible changes and improvements of weaknesses of current legislation. First three parts of this diploma thesis are focused on essential concepts, such as punishment, purpose of punishment and its functions, alternative punishments, their introducing to legal orders, negative aspects of custodial sentence and explanation of retributive and restorative conception of justice. Following parts are focused on issues related to valid legislation of house arrest punishment. These parts are major essence of the thesis. In the fourth part of this thesis there is analysed evolution of this punishment and there are described and explained requierements for this punishment. In this part there is also explained the essence and the content of house arrest and issues linked to house arrest execution. The fifth part is dealing with house arrest control and it is divided into two chapters....

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