National Repository of Grey Literature 129 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Testament with a special focus on fideicomissum
Bártová, Magdalena ; Dvořák, Jan (advisor) ; Thöndel, Alexandr (referee)
This rigorous work deals with the testamentary succession which is complemented with a new institute within the law of succession regulation - fideicommissum. The content of the work is divided into five main chapters whereas it is proceeded from general interpretation of law of succession taking into account history because above all the law of succession it one of the branches of the Civil Law which was a subject of great changes within the re-enactment of the Civil Law and it is getting back to the institutes which the existing legal regulation did not know. The introduction addresses explanation of basic terminology within the matter of law of succession; it elaborates fundamentals, principles and functions of the law of succession and its categorization within the legal regulation. A part of the work which is dedicated to the historical interpretation focuses on regulation of the testamentary lineage in the Roman law and then analyzes testament regulation within the General Civil Code, Civil Code No. 141/1950 Sb. and preceding Civil Code No. 40/1964 Sb. Subsequently the main topic is elaborated in detail that is testamentary succession pursuant to current legislation in the Civil Code No. 89/2012 Sb. The introduction of this chapter focuses on the term testament itself, presumptions of its...
Ownership of flats and non-residential premises
Brinda, Pavol ; Thöndel, Alexandr (referee)
The subject of dissertation thesis is description of selected issues of apartment ownership. The thesis analyses in detail the historical development of the institute in the world from antiquity to the modern legal regulations of the 21st century. Particular attention is paid to the historical development of apartment ownership in the territory of today's Czech Republic. In the next part, the author describes the legislative and theoretical concepts of apartment ownership used in various legal systems of Europe. In the light of these foreign legal regulations, author also evaluates the legal construction of apartment ownership introduced by the new Czech Civil Code. After defining apartment ownership and describing its basic features, the author focuses on a detailed analysis of one of the basic elements of this institute - its subject. In this part, the thesis deals mainly with the question how the new Civil Code has defined the unit, the flat and the common parts of the land and building. The author deals in detail with new possibilities in determining the size of co-ownership shares of unit owners on common parts of the land and building. As part of the analysis of the subject of apartment ownership, the author does not just describe existing legislation, but also compares it with the previous...
Statutory inheritance
Rutar, Radka ; Thöndel, Alexandr (referee)
Statutory inheritance Abstract This thesis discusses the legal regulation of inheritance law with emphasis on the institute of statutory inheritance, from the point of view not only of Czech law but also in comparison of the individual legal institutes with their foreign regulation. The aim of this thesis is to answer the question whether the current Czech legislation can provide a prudent, safe and predictable framework for the valid adjustments of property relations of the decedent and the participants of the inheritance proceedings after the death of the decedent The submitted thesis is structurally divided into three larger parts which further separate into a total of fifteen chapters. The first part of the thesis briefly discusses the gradual historical evolution of inheritance law and its codification on the territory of Czech lands and of historically related countries. The first part also includes the introduction of the purpose of inheritance law and its controlling principles, formulated at the beginning of the 20th century by the outstanding Czech lawyer Prof. Emanuel Tilsch. The individual institutes such as statutory classes of heirs, forced heirship or escheat are logically organised and described in detail from a historically-comparative perspective as well as from the perspective of foreign...
Handling State Property
Bobíková, Kateřina ; Dvořák, Jan (advisor) ; Thöndel, Alexandr (referee)
Název rigorózní práce v anglickém jazyce, abstract, 3 keywords Handling State Property Abstract The rigorous work deals with a detailed view of the handling of the property of the Czech Republic, especially real estate, in recent legislation. Due to the recodification of private law, it is aimed at understanding the treatment of state property as opposed to dealing with property in the private sphere. The work is an attempt to understand some specificity of dispositions with state property, where it is necessary to take into account the position of the state and its certain constraints that do not exist in the private sphere. Part of the work is also the specific situation, which often occurs when dealing with state property and which needs to be assessed very sensitively because of the duty of the state to act transparently and economically with public funds. The essence of the thesis is a legal overview of the handling of the property of the Czech Republic, including a very specific specification of the ways of dealing with state property. The work includes the de lege lata legislation, also taking into account the pitfalls that the legislation brings. It is therefore necessary to point out that it is still necessary to focus on how to deal with the very complicated life situations that occur even when...
Carpooling in the light of private and public law
Müller, Tomáš ; Frinta, Ondřej (advisor) ; Thöndel, Alexandr (referee)
Carpooling in the light of private and public law Abstract The thesis deals with legal aspects of carpooling across the spectrum of the law of the Czech Republic. Due to carpooling not being a legal term, the thesis itself defines it as a phenomenon when multiple people are traveling simultaneously by one road transport vehicle, under the assumption that the transport is not being provided on a commercial basis. The thesis also describes the differences between carpooling and commercial transport of persons. As far as public law is concerned, the thesis discovers which areas of administrative law apply to carpooling and what consequences arise for the subjects concerned. This involves the regulation of road transport and road traffic in particular. The description of tax implications is also included. Furthermore, the thesis deals with criminal and administrative liability. The focus, however, is on private law. After an exploration of the legal history of transport of persons, the thesis answers the question whether or not contractual obligations arise from carpooling and inspects the elements of the contract along with the rights and duties of the parties. International aspects are taken into account - the thesis studies direct legal norms as well as rules governing conflicting laws. The centrepiece of...
Legal issues of gametes in relation to assisted reproduction
Stieranková, Aneta ; Frinta, Ondřej (advisor) ; Thöndel, Alexandr (referee)
66 Abstract Legal issues of gametes in relation to assisted reproduction The thesis deals with the issue of assisted reproduction with a specific focus on gametes and some issues that are associated with them. In order to better understand contradictory opinions and views on a particular issue, the Czech legislation is compared with the British legislation. Then, in each individual case, it is assessed which country has dealt with the problem better, using a comparative method. The introduction of the thesis deals with assisted reproduction in general, especially from the point of view of definition of the concepts and historical development of this issue. Subsequently, the basic legal framework for assisted reproduction is defined both in the Czech Republic and the United Kingdom. Briefly, there are also summarized the most basic requirements for gametes donors in both countries. In terms of specific problems related to gametes, much of the work focuses on the anonymity of sperm donors, in particular summarizing the most important arguments of its opponents and subsequently refuting these arguments. The conclusion of this chapter submits why, in my view, the anonymity of sperm donors should be maintained. The next part is devoted to financial rewards for donation of gametes, their admissibility and amount....
The conception of maintenance obligation in civil law
Uhlířová, Kristýna ; Elischer, David (advisor) ; Thöndel, Alexandr (referee)
1 [The conception of maintenance obligation in civil law] Abstract The thesis aims to clarify the concept of maintenance obligation in civil law. The thesis consists of an introduction, ten main chapters and a conclusion. In the introduction, the thesis concern with the definition of basic concepts that are important for the issue. The development of the regulation of maintenance obligations in our territory in the historical context is discussed in detaily in the main chapters. The main conslusion of the thesis is that there are many significant milestones that have pushed forward developments in the area of maintenance obligations. In respect of the historical development of the legislation, attention is paid to the maintenance obligation contained in the General Civil Code (ABGB), the Food Act, the Family Law Act, or the Family Act. The work also does not forget the current legislation according to the new Civil Code, effective from 2014, the other legislation that also deals with the issue of maintenance obligations or the case law. The thesis is also intended to bring readers closer to the concept of maintenance obligations with respect to family protection, including the international level. The thesis in its main part analyzes the individual types of maintenance obligations and draws attention to...
Superficies solo cedit
Doležal, Tomáš ; Thöndel, Alexandr (advisor) ; Frinta, Ondřej (referee)
Superficies solo cedit The topic of the presented diploma thesis is the principle of superficies viewed from its historic development and its place in current law. The principle stipulates that whatever is found on a land or has arisen from it, becomes parts of it. The superficies principle has been in employment since ancient Rome and has been reintroduced in our legal system after the recodification of private law in 2012 The thesis begins with the historical development of the superficies principle not only in Roman law, but also in the Czech lands, especially with its 1811 AD codification in AGBG. The historical development is followed by a brief description of the departure from the superficies principle following political and societal changes in post-war Czechoslovakia. The denial of the superfecie solo cedit principle survived until the recodification of private law in 2012 by act n. 89/2012 Sb, of civil code. The core part of the thesis analyzes the superficies principle in the Civil Code and related statutory instruments, especially those regulating the cadastre problematics, as this area is most impacted by the principle of superficies. Based on a theoretical explanation of the superficies principle, the thesis presents some practical impact of its application on the cadastre and its...
Zachara, Radim ; Elischer, David (advisor) ; Thöndel, Alexandr (referee)
Legacy Abstract This thesis examines the issues concerning a bequest, as a concept in inheritance law according to Czech legislation contained in Act No. 89/2012 Sb., the Civil Code. The reintroduction of the bequest to Czech inheritance law occurred after more than 50 years, so this concept is relatively unknown to the general public. A bequest that is governed by the principle of singular succession is a departure from the fundamental principle of inheritance law in the Czech Republic, namely universal succession. The restoration of this traditional concept of inheritance law brings many issues, both in theory and application, to which this thesis endeavours to find answers and point to weaknesses in the legal regulation. In this thesis, the historical interpretation in the parts dealing with the legal regulation contained in the legal regulations preceding the current Civil Code was used in particular, starting with the Roman-law legislation, through the medieval inheritance law to the general Civil Code, the government's draft of the Civil Code of 1937 and of the Civil Codes after the February 1948 Revolution. Due to the continuity of the current legal regulation from the General Civil Code and the Roman-law legislation, the thesis incorporates a comparative method where appropriate. In the de lege lata...
Residential lease
Vokounová, Michelle ; Thöndel, Alexandr (referee)
Residential lease Abstract This thesis aims to analyze the legal aspects of residential lease. This is a continually developing issue, which is dynamic in form both in the doctrinal sector and case law. Its specificity lies in the protectionist nature of the weaker party for which the lessee is generally considered. Since 1. 1. 2014 the enactment of Act. No. 89/2012 Coll., the Civil Code, as amended, there has been a significant balance of rights in certain aspects related to the residential lease, especially in the available options for termination of lease. Given the fact, that the said code is relatively new, the thesis also contains a comparison with the previous Act No. 40/1964 Coll., the Civil Code, as amended. This thesis does not neglect to look at German legislation, when looking for a foreign adaptation, it focuses on institutes close to national law and attempts to make some comparisons between the two. The work itself is divided into six chapters. The first chapter deals with the general legal arrangement of the lease. The individual conceptual features of the lease and the related institutes will be discussed here, and sources are presented in the form of law or case law. The second chapter is focused specifically on the residential lease. The new concepts that the Civil Code has brought about...

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