National Repository of Grey Literature 137 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Collateralized Debt Obligation: Valuation and Sensitivity Analysis
Benešová, Petra ; Teplý, Petr (advisor) ; Dědek, Oldřich (referee)
A collateralized debt obligation (CDO) is a highly leverage structured credit product linked to credit events of a pool of underlying debt securities. CDO can be understood as an insurance against a credit risk of the pool where its issuer is a protection buyer and its investor is a protection seller. Whereas a CDO issuance has boomed in recent years, by the end of 2008 two thirds of CDOs were in a formal state of default. The aim of this thesis is to clear up the course of events which lead to the suspension of the CDO market and to deduce recommendations for its future development. To do so we develop a valuation program in MS Excel VBA based on a One Factor Gaussian Copula model. Using the program we first apply a sensitivity analysis, than we model value of a CDO tranche before the financial crisis stroke and after it to value a loss of investors based on a change in expected cash- flows. We detect four main deficiencies. First, the market was not properly diversified. Second, the valuation model was often not deeply understood which led to a mispricing of CDO tranches. Third, this resulted in a mispriced base correlation. We also numerically demonstrate the fourth deficiency, i.e. the mark-to-market valuation obligation which can have destructive effects. Recommendations to remove these...
Central Banks' Gold Holdings and Independence
Kamenská, Monika ; Havránek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee)
In this thesis, we aim to unveil potential relation between gold in the reserves of central banks and the independence of these institutions. As a reaction to several statements of central bank representatives, we assume that gold might be a determinant of central banks' independence. Following these statements, the key contribution of this thesis was defined: to verify these declarations and the general belief of gold's role within central banks' reserves in the relation to their independence, using empirical data. For that purpose, we examine panel data consisting of information from 145 countries between years 1970 and 2012. As for the control variables, economic variables such as GDP per capita, inflation, exchange rate regime, current account to GDP and broad money and political variables from the range of word governance indicators are employed. The regression results of basic model obtained by fixed effects estimation suggest that, indeed, there might be a significant effect of share of gold on the central bank independence index. However, as the results imply negative relation, we cannot confirm if the effect is real due to endogeneity problem. Moreover, the effect of gold reserves on the central bank independence was not confirmed when employing a different estimation technique -...
Macroeconomic factors of bank profitability in the EU
Lukášková, Karolína ; Kuc, Matěj (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee)
This thesis focuses on a sample of banks operating in the European Union during 2010-2017. Using econometric analysis, the impact of government spending was examined as well as fiscal freedom and monetary freedom on bank profitability. The GMM system method was employed as the main instrument of empirical analysis and data from analysis was obtained from the BankScope database and from The Heritage Foundation. The results of the analysis show a significant negative impact from government spending and monetary freedom on the bank's profitability. However, the impact of fiscal freedom is insignificant.
Impact of zombie firms on the weak post-crisis growth of the Slovak Republic
Bosák, Martin ; Pleticha, Petr (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee)
Productivity growth is diminishing among OECD countries, coupled with increased differences in productivity development among enterprises and misallocation of resources. A recent literature focuses on the role of zombie firms, defined as old firms that have persistent problems meeting their interest payments, to explain these developments. This thesis examines the extent to which zombie firms are stifling labour productivity performance. Using a rich firm-level dataset for Slovakia, we assess the role of zombies on firm dynamics. We confirm the results that prevalence of zombie firms curbs the growth of healthy firms and thus dragging aggregate productivity down. Controlling for cyclical effects, our analysis shows that zombie firms over the period 2003-2013 are significantly less productive within industries than their healthy counterparts. Furthermore, a higher share of industry capital or employment sunk in zombie firms is associated with lower labour productivity, investment and employment growth of the typical non-zombie firm, which results in less productivity-enhancing capital reallocation. These results highlight the role of public policy in addressing prevalence of zombie firms, fostering a more efficient resource allocation and enabling productivity growth.
An Application of Islamic Banking Principles in Azerbaijan
Mammadli, Sabina ; Teplý, Petr (advisor) ; Bauer, Michal (referee)
This master thesis examines key differences between Islamic and conventional banks. We use a data on 2374 banks from 47 countries for the 2010-2016 period. We apply comparative statistical analysis, Ordinary Least Squares regression and System Generalized Method of Moments to estimate the effects of both bank types on their profitability and stability. The contribution of the thesis is threefold. First, we find a significantly higher profitability of Islamic banks compared to conventional ones. Second, we did not find any evidence that Islamic banks are less stable. Finally, we conclude that the women participation in financial activities is correlated with the development of conventional, not Islamic, banks JEL Classification G21, C33, F33, F34, J11 Keywords Islamic banking, bank profitability, bank stability, gender participation Author's e-mail Sabina.mammadli@hotmail.com Supervisor's e-mail Petr.teply@fsv.cuni.cz Master's Thesis Proposal Institute of Economic Studies Faculty of Social Sciences Charles University in Prague Author: Bc. Sabina Mammadli Supervisor: Doc. PhDr. Petr Teplý, PhD. E-mail: Sabina.mammadli@hotmail.c om E-mail: Petr.teply@fsv.cuni.cz Phone: 608 550 236 Phone: 222 112 326 Specializatio n: CSF Defense Planned: June 2017 Proposed Topic: An Application of Islamic Banking Principles in...
Bank credit risk management in the low-interest rate environment
Maivald, Matěj ; Teplý, Petr (advisor) ; Pečená, Magda (referee)
The thesis examines the relation of the low-interest rate environment to the banks' selected credit risk measures with a panel dataset on banks in Eurozone, Denmark, Japan, Sweden, and Switzerland covering the period 2011-2017. It employs a system GMM framework and a combination of bank-related and macroeconomic variables. This study builds on recent literature on effects of low-interest rates on banks' profitability and estimates the following three hypotheses: The potential effects of the low-interest rate on non-performing loans (NPL) ratio, risk-weighted assets (RWA) to total assets ratio, and changes in Tier 1 capital ratio. There are three main results: Firstly, the results suggest that a prolonged period of negative monetary interest rate can affect the NPL ratio and reveal a possible relationship between the 3M-interbank interest rate and NPL ratio. Thus, the thesis does not reject the first hypotheses. However, it rejects these hypotheses in case of the other two ratios. Secondly, the study finds a bank heterogeneity to be a significant determinant of the credit risk. Finally, using recent data, this thesis contributes to the literature focusing on the drivers of the NPL ratio, RWA to total assets ratio and Tier 1 capital ratio, where in case of the latter two the existing research is...
The role of credit default swaps during the subprime mortgage crisis in 2007-2009
Lazukićová, Andrea ; Teplý, Petr (advisor) ; Vozková, Karolína (referee)
This thesis focuses on the role of credit default swaps during the subprime mortgage crisis 2007-2009 with special focus on mortgage-backed securities. In the empirical part of the thesis, three models are constructed. All of them have the same dependent variable, a mortgage delinquency rate in the 2005-2010 period, and independent variables representing various types of credit default swaps issued. Streamlined in each model, credit default swaps (CDS) were divided based on certain criteria (underlying sectors, maturity and ranking) and subsequently compared and analysed. By using the probit model, the main research question "How the probability of mortgage delinquency depends on the volume of credit default swaps issued?" was inspected. The contribution of this thesis is three-fold. First, we show that a delinquency rate of mortgages was correlated with the maturity of CDS issued (the delinquency rate was higher for short-term loans). Second, we state that the volume of subprime loans increased along with the volume of issued CDS, what contradicts to the insurance nature of a CDS. Finally, a mortgage delinquency rate was lower in the 2006-2008 period than in 2009-2011, what implies the domino effect of failing mortgages had an immense impact even after the global crisis.

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