National Repository of Grey Literature 132 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
An Application of Islamic Banking Principles in Azerbaijan
Mammadli, Sabina ; Teplý, Petr (advisor) ; Bauer, Michal (referee)
This master thesis examines key differences between Islamic and conventional banks. We use a data on 2374 banks from 47 countries for the 2010-2016 period. We apply comparative statistical analysis, Ordinary Least Squares regression and System Generalized Method of Moments to estimate the effects of both bank types on their profitability and stability. The contribution of the thesis is threefold. First, we find a significantly higher profitability of Islamic banks compared to conventional ones. Second, we did not find any evidence that Islamic banks are less stable. Finally, we conclude that the women participation in financial activities is correlated with the development of conventional, not Islamic, banks JEL Classification G21, C33, F33, F34, J11 Keywords Islamic banking, bank profitability, bank stability, gender participation Author's e-mail Sabina.mammadli@hotmail.com Supervisor's e-mail Petr.teply@fsv.cuni.cz Master's Thesis Proposal Institute of Economic Studies Faculty of Social Sciences Charles University in Prague Author: Bc. Sabina Mammadli Supervisor: Doc. PhDr. Petr Teplý, PhD. E-mail: Sabina.mammadli@hotmail.c om E-mail: Petr.teply@fsv.cuni.cz Phone: 608 550 236 Phone: 222 112 326 Specializatio n: CSF Defense Planned: June 2017 Proposed Topic: An Application of Islamic Banking Principles in...
Bank credit risk management in the low-interest rate environment
Maivald, Matěj ; Teplý, Petr (advisor) ; Pečená, Magda (referee)
The thesis examines the relation of the low-interest rate environment to the banks' selected credit risk measures with a panel dataset on banks in Eurozone, Denmark, Japan, Sweden, and Switzerland covering the period 2011-2017. It employs a system GMM framework and a combination of bank-related and macroeconomic variables. This study builds on recent literature on effects of low-interest rates on banks' profitability and estimates the following three hypotheses: The potential effects of the low-interest rate on non-performing loans (NPL) ratio, risk-weighted assets (RWA) to total assets ratio, and changes in Tier 1 capital ratio. There are three main results: Firstly, the results suggest that a prolonged period of negative monetary interest rate can affect the NPL ratio and reveal a possible relationship between the 3M-interbank interest rate and NPL ratio. Thus, the thesis does not reject the first hypotheses. However, it rejects these hypotheses in case of the other two ratios. Secondly, the study finds a bank heterogeneity to be a significant determinant of the credit risk. Finally, using recent data, this thesis contributes to the literature focusing on the drivers of the NPL ratio, RWA to total assets ratio and Tier 1 capital ratio, where in case of the latter two the existing research is...
The role of credit default swaps during the subprime mortgage crisis in 2007-2009
Lazukićová, Andrea ; Teplý, Petr (advisor) ; Vozková, Karolína (referee)
This thesis focuses on the role of credit default swaps during the subprime mortgage crisis 2007-2009 with special focus on mortgage-backed securities. In the empirical part of the thesis, three models are constructed. All of them have the same dependent variable, a mortgage delinquency rate in the 2005-2010 period, and independent variables representing various types of credit default swaps issued. Streamlined in each model, credit default swaps (CDS) were divided based on certain criteria (underlying sectors, maturity and ranking) and subsequently compared and analysed. By using the probit model, the main research question "How the probability of mortgage delinquency depends on the volume of credit default swaps issued?" was inspected. The contribution of this thesis is three-fold. First, we show that a delinquency rate of mortgages was correlated with the maturity of CDS issued (the delinquency rate was higher for short-term loans). Second, we state that the volume of subprime loans increased along with the volume of issued CDS, what contradicts to the insurance nature of a CDS. Finally, a mortgage delinquency rate was lower in the 2006-2008 period than in 2009-2011, what implies the domino effect of failing mortgages had an immense impact even after the global crisis.
Efficiency of EU merger control
Serdarevič, Goran ; Teplý, Petr (advisor) ; Mejstřík, Michal (referee)
Main goal of this thesis is to provide analysis of the key regulatory changes of the European merger control and to evaluate their real impact on the efficiency of the merger regulation. Our main contribution is the empirical analysis of the unique representative sample of 161 mergers covering the final regulatory assessments in the period from 1990 to 2008. We use stock market data to identify mergers wrongly assessed by the Commission. PROBIT model is then used to further investigate the sources of these decision errors. Our results suggest that the Commission's decisions are not purely explained by the motive of protecting consumer welfare and that other political and institutional factors do play a role. We did not find evidence that the Commission protect competitors at the expense of consumers and foreign firms. Moreover, according to our results, the regulatory reform in 2004 has significantly enhanced efficiency of the European merger control. To the author's best knowledge, this is the first study using stock market data to evaluate the recent regulatory reform of the European merger control.
Application of Premiums and Discounts to the Company Valuation
Sokol, Jakub ; Dědek, Oldřich (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee)
In the light of the current market downturn, the need of the most accurate valuation appears to be more crucial than ever before. This thesis provides the reader with both the theoretical and practical background of the use of valuation premiums and discounts which apply directly to the value of the company reached by conventional separate valuation techniques. The most important premiums and discounts we focus our attention on are control premium/minority interest discount and lack of liquidity discount. The thesis presents an overview of the basic methodology of the theoretical concepts related to the valuation premiums and discounts. Moreover, based on a sample of 202 mergers and acquisitions transactions of the companies listed in the Central and Eastern Europe ("CEE"), we examine the size and key determinants of the control premium applicable within the CEE region.
Development of investment opportunities for individual investor in the Czech Republic since 1990
Souček, Martin ; Mejstřík, Michal (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee)
Purpose of this thesis is to describe historical development of the Czech capital market and collective investment market, to be able to analyse further investment opportunities of individual investor within these markets from the year 1990. In the first part of thesis we are describing institutional development of financial market from transition period through privatization until presence. In the second part we set up limiting conditions and theoretical presumptions for our analysis of investment opportunities of individual investor. We define also separate investment strategies and predictive models. In the third part of thesis we compare profitability of separate investment strategies in combination with various predictive models. Purpose of this analysis is to find out within our observed period optimal investment strategy based on historical data and econometric methods and verify usefulness of various investment rules.
Monetary Policy, Macroprudential Policy and Financial Stabiliy in the Post-Crisis Framework
Malovaná, Simona ; Holub, Tomáš (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee) ; Juselius, John Mikael (referee) ; Šaroch, Stanislav (referee)
This dissertation consists of four empirical papers analysing and discussing central bank policies in the post-crisis period. After the global financial crisis central bankers and other regulators have faced many new challenges, including a prolonged period of acommodative monetary policy, side effects of monetary policy easing on financial stability and interaction of macroprudential, microprudential and monetary policy. On top of that, policy makers must deal with uncertainty surrounding the transmission and the effectiveness of newly introduced macroprudential measures. The empirical analyses focus primarily on the Czech Republic and its banking sector, with an exception of the first essay. Using data for the Czech Republic and five euro area countries, the first essay shows that monetary tightening has a negative impact on the credit-to-GDP ratio and banks' capital-to-asset ratio, while these effects have strengthened considerably since mid-2011. This supports the view that accommodative monetary policy contributes to a build- up of financial vulnerabilities, i.e. it boosts the credit cycle. The second essay assesses the transmission of higher additional capital requirements stemming from capital buffers and Pillar 2 add-ons on banks' capital ratio, capital surplus and implicit risk weights. The results...
Determinants of the Mode of Payment in Mergers & Acquisitions in the European Union
Maryniok, Adam ; Kočenda, Evžen (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee)
Topic of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) is popular both in academia and financial circles and press. A great deal of research has been focused on the value creation side of M&A deals, nonetheless factors influencing the particular method of payment used in M&A transactions are equally interesting. This thesis focuses on number of factors influencing the choice of medium of exchange in M&A deals with European Union domiciled bidders. Using Bayesian model averaging and a relatively new dataset of transactions announced between 2010 and 2018, the analysis finds several bidder, target and deal specific characteristics to be of a provable effect on the choice of payment. Finally, several enhancements and research questions for a further research are identified.

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