National Repository of Grey Literature 55 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Relocation as a solution to the EU migration crisis
Škapová, Lucie ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
1 Relocation as a Solution to the EU Migration Crisis Abstract Asylum law has traditionally been perceived as a sensitive area of state policy. For this very reason, for a long time, it was mostly excluded from the process of European integration. However, the development of the internal market and the removal of internal borders have ultimately necessitated some degree of harmonisation of asylum and migration policies amongst the Member States. Consequently, there have been several major increases in EU competence in the field of asylum and migration since the 1990s. This has eventually led to the creation of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). Yet, a prolonged lack of political will to introduce a major reform of the CEAS and to duly implement the principle of solidarity has over the years resulted in serious systemic deficiencies. These defects, in particular the uneven distribution of responsibility between the Member States, have fully shown during the EU migration crisis. This far-reaching crisis has translated into several ad hoc solutions, including the use of an emergency EU competence to adopt temporary measures under Art. 78(3) SFEU (ex Art. 64(2) TEC), which had not been used until then. The adoption of two Council relocation decisions in September 2015 has raised numerous legal questions...
The transformation of editorial routines in the online media in consequence of the expanding video content
Svobodová, Lucie Magdalena ; Géla, František (advisor) ; Němcová Tejkalová, Alice (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyse videocontent on three Czech online media and describe how owing to video production the journalistic routines have changed. Because of growing videocontent on the news websites journalists often have to master skills which were not necessary for their work before so their work routine is being changed. In the newsrooms which produce videocontent there is a higher level of multiskilling - the workers often have to do more tasks altogether. Except for these changes the author focused also on the journalists and how they see the changes of journalistic routines themselves and whether they like them or not. Among the explored online media there were Seznam Zprávy, Deník.cz and Blesk.cz. The method of the research was a content analysis and semi-structured interviews with journalists from the chosen newsrooms. The results show that because of expanding videocontent the journalistic practices indeed have changed, which the journalists are getting used to though, and some of them even appreciate the higher level of multiskilling.
Consumer Protection under EU Law
Piklová, Eliška ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee) ; Forejtová, Monika (referee)
Consumer Protection under EU Law - Abstract This paper discusses consumer protection legislation on the level of EU law and its development. This paper focuses on identifying areas affected by consumer protection law. It also strives to define the nature and position of the set of consumer protection rules in the system and then to define further trends in the development of consumer protection law in the EU. Finally, it attempts to identify both gaps in consumer protection and any problems that can arise from excessive regulation in favour of consumers. Several initial thought (theses, hypotheses) were the impetus for writing this paper, and the paper aims to confirm or refute them (in addition to fulfilling the primary objectives above). The first is the problem of the non-existence of a universal definition of consumer in European law and the idea that this fact does not cause any major problems in practice. The second initial thesis is the assumption that consumer protection legislation is excessive. The third thesis, which ties on to the second, is that despite the great number of legal norms, consumers do not have a specific procedural standing in legal proceedings, which leads to a factual weakening of their protection. The last thesis rests on the opinion that the future and direction of consumer...
Selected issues in technological realization of European data protection
Kubica, Jan ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
This thesis focuses on the legal regulation of selected aspects of the personal data protection at the European level. Fuelled by the technological progress, this area of legal regulation is becoming increasingly important, as the usage of personal data can be source of both innovation and economic progress, but it also has the potential to negatively impact individuals` rights ("chilling effect"). The thesis analyses the usage of big data and automated individual decision making; both phenomena are assessed through principles contained in GDPR. The aim of the thesis is to, as far as these two phenomena are concerned, evaluate functionality and perspectives of the European regulation. The thesis is, apart from the introduction and the conclusion, divided into three chapters. The first part briefly introduces the concept of the right to the protection of personal data and the fundamental legal framework of the European regulation. This chapter is followed by a chapter focused on the big data, in which, after a necessary technical introduction is made, current practices of data controllers are contrasted with corresponding principles of data protection regulation. Particular attention is also paid to the pitfalls of anonymization. At the end of this chapter, it is concluded that all relevant...
The consent to the processing of personal data in the light of the General data protection regulation
Havlíčková, Klára ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
The work presented considers the data protection law formerly degulated via Directive 95/46/EC and presently regulated by GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation). GDPR was introduced as a response to the development of new technologies, such as growth of social networks and cloud storages, which did not exist when Directive 95/46/EC was enacted. Furthermore, GDPR is a reaction to the variery of data protection acts across the EU member states. Its aim is to consitently guarantee a high level of personal data protection across entire EU. The introductory part of the thesis is devoted to the terminology, history of personal data protection and shortcomings of the repealed directive. In particular, the territorial scope is identified as problematic. In adition, author i this part made an analyse of selected rulings of CJEU, which indicated the need for a new legal regulation, are discussed. The second part of the thesis considers the design of GDPR. Here, the question of necessity for such regulation is addressed. Furthermore, the author discusses the circumstances under which the IP address and cookies can be considered personal data which are protected by GDPR. The central theme of the thesis is the consent to the processing of personal data. GDPR does not modify the fundamental parameters of the consent...
European citizens' initiative in the context of reducing democratic deficit in EU
Doležal, Florián ; Král, Richard (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
EUROPEAN CITIZENS' INITIATIVE IN THE CONTEXT OF REDUCING DEMOCRATIC DEFICIT IN EU This thesis primarily involves a study of the European Citizens' Initiative (ECI), its functioning and contribution to democracy in the EU. The ECI is the first tool to facilitate transnational participatory democracy in the world. It allows EU citizens to invite the European Commission, within the framework of its powers, to submit any appropriate proposal on matters where citizens consider that a legal act of the Union is required for the purpose of implementing the Treaties. For a better understanding of the democratic contribution of the ECI, the work first analyses the state of democracy in the EU, confirming the existence of a democratic deficit in the EU. It subsequently addresses its history and causes. Based on information obtained concerning democracy in the EU and its development, the work then proceeds to undertake a legal analysis of Regulation No. 211/2011 on the citizens' initiative, taking into account the history of its origins. It identifies the potential democratic contribution of the ECI for democracy in the EU. This specifically entails the activation of civil society by awakening political debate at Union level and bringing the EU closer to its citizens by involving them more closely in...
The legal status of the embryo from the perspective of European human rights protection
Havlíková, Barbora ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
Title The legal status of the embryo from the perspective of European human rights protection Abstract The thesis addresses the question regarding the legal status of the human embryo in European law. The aim of the thesis is to evaluate whether the embryo stands in the position of a legal object or legal subject and whether the legal status of embryo is in compliance with natural law. For this purpose the thesis firstly defines the status in the field of natural law, i.e. the moral status of embryo. Afterwards, the thesis examines the legal position of embryo in human rights protection. The thesis answers the question whether the embryo is subject of human rights documents. The legal status of embryo is analyzed in relation to the subjectivity of human rights in general as well as in relation to specific rights. The interpretation of legal terms "human being" and "everyone" contribute to a better understanding of legal status of embryo in general. The analysis of the specific rights, namely the right to life, human dignity, personal integrity and non-discrimination, shows the complexity of the potential legal subjectivity of embryo in the area of human rights. The evaluation of the legal status of human embryo in the area of human rights protection is complemented by an assessment of legal status in other...
European legal regulation of the remuneration of women and men
Brabcová, Markéta ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
European legal regulation of the remuneration of women and men Abstract This thesis focuses on the legal regulation of the principle of equal pay in European law. Despite the fact that the priciples of equality of men and women are anchored in the international, regional and national laws, the actual fulfulment of the principle of equal pay in the European countries is not satisfactory. This thesis is trying to provide a systematic overview of the relevant legal regulation of the principle of equal pay on the international and European level. Within the respective legal systems, this thesis focuses on the particularity of the regulation, on the existence of controll and enforcing mechanism and on the actual aplication of the principle of equal pay through these mechanisms. The thesis is divided into four chapters. The first chapter defines the concepts essential for this thesis. In particular, it contains definitions of concepts of equality and discrimination. Furthermore, the concepts of sex, gender and diferences in remuneration are defined. The second chapter focuses on the legal regulation of equal pay as adopted by the UN. It analyses the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women and the relevant treaties of the International labour organisation, including the overview...
Vertical restraints on competition in the sector of e-commerce
Krumlová, Dita ; Šmejkal, Václav (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
This thesis deals with the selected vertical restraints on competition that occur in the sector of e-commerce, namely resale price maintenance, dual pricing and most-favoured-nation clauses. The thesis raises the research question what stance the European Commission, the Court of Justice of the European Union, and particularly national competition authorities and courts of the Federal Republic of Germany, the French Republic, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Italian Republic, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Kingdom of Sweden take to the above-mentioned practices. The decisions of the authorities are considered in terms of their degree of strictness towards the vertical restraints in question. From a systematic point of view, the thesis is divided into eight chapters. Its subject, basic questions, aims and methods used are outlined in the introductory chapter. The second chapter, which deals with the concept of e-commerce, mainly provides the definition of the scope of the sector under consideration from a material point of view. The third chapter analyses the results of the European Commission's inquiry into the e-commerce sector, especially its conclusions on the functioning of the sector, its features and trends in this sector, particularly with regard to their...
The role of the Advocates General in the Judicial System of the European Union
Vitáčková, Veronika ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (advisor) ; Pítrová, Lenka (referee)
The role of the Advocates General in the Judicial System of the European Union This thesis deals with the important procedural adaptation of the specific institute of the jurisdiction of the EU. An Advocate-General is a member of the Court of Justice whose role is to provide, in accordance with Article 252 TFEU, the submission of public, wholly impartial, independent and reasoned opinions in cases which, under the Statute of the Court of Justice of the European Union, require his participation. Although a similar function is not anchored in many jurisdictions of the Member States of the European Union, it has found its application within the framework of the functioning of the Court of Justice of the European Union. This thesis provides a thorough analysis of the position and role of the Advocate General, the sources of inspiration for and the development of this institute within the framework of the Union's judiciary system, in order to point out the importance of the role of his work. The thesis is divided into four parts which consist of sub-chapters. The first part is devoted to the French legislation of the institute of the Public Rapporteur, as a source of inspiration for the Union's Advocate General. The legal regulation of the Public Rapporteur is described within the context of the entire...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 55 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
5 SVOBODOVÁ, Magdalena
5 SVOBODOVÁ, Magdaléna
27 SVOBODOVÁ, Markéta
33 SVOBODOVÁ, Martina
19 SVOBODOVÁ, Michaela
4 SVOBODOVÁ, Michala
10 SVOBODOVÁ, Monika
1 Svobodová, M.
1 Svobodová, Magda
1 Svobodová, Mahulena
6 Svobodová, Marcela
1 Svobodová, Mariana
7 Svobodová, Marie
1 Svobodová, Marika
27 Svobodová, Markéta
2 Svobodová, Marta
33 Svobodová, Martina
1 Svobodová, Martina Bc.
19 Svobodová, Michaela
4 Svobodová, Michala
1 Svobodová, Milena
1 Svobodová, Miriam
2 Svobodová, Miroslava
10 Svobodová, Monika
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