National Repository of Grey Literature 59 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The right to be forgotten in the context of a modern concept of personal data protection in the EU and the USA
Denemark, Jaroslav ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (advisor) ; Scheu, Harald Christian (referee)
Thesis title The right to be forgotten in the context of a modern concept of personal data protection in the EU and the USA Abstract The main topic of the thesis is the analysis of the right to be forgotten and its place in today's digital world and information society. In particular, the author discusses a different approach to the protection of personal data in Europe and in the United States of America within the context of the conflict between right to privacy and freedom of expression and right to free access to information. The author describes different conceptions of significance of these rights and different value ladder in connection in their mutual assessment. Based on outlining the different approaches to aforementioned rights, the author examines the inclusion of the right to be forgotten within the two legal cultures and consequently examines different forms of the right to be forgotten. Such forms are introduced in the context of privacy rights in the European union and presented in the was, how the legislation has been developing as the privacy laws evolved. Author closely examines the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union which is focused on right to be forgotten. Attention is also paid to the practical implementation of the right to be forgotten in accordance with the...
Protection of a child as a subject of human rights within the scope of international and European Union regulation of international abductions
Kozáková, Jana ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
The diploma thesis is entitled "Protection of a child as a subject of human rights within the scope of international and European Union regulation of international abductions" and deals with the position of a child within the legal norms governing human rights, children's rights and international child abductions. The thesis examines how a child is viewed, whereas as an object or as a subject of rights. The thesis is divided into three chapters, which gradually move from a general explanation of the basic concepts to the specific regulation of the child's position within the framework of international child abductions. The first chapter defines the basic concepts of the object and subject of human rights, generally analyses the position of a man as a subject of international human rights regulation and subsequently the position of a child as a specific category of human rights protection. Finally, the first chapter answers the question of how the concepts of object and subject of human rights differ. The second chapter deals with the legal standards governing the protection of human rights with the emphasis on the protection of the child as a human rights subject. The presented legal standards are analysed from the perspective of the regulation of children's rights and international child...
Access to big data under the "refusal to supply" case-law of the Court of Justice of the EU
Ochodek, Tomáš ; Šmejkal, Václav (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
Access to big data under the "refusal to supply" case-law of the Court of Justice of the EU Abstract This thesis deals with the topic of access to the so-called big data from the perspective of EU competition law. The thesis deals with the question whether and if so, to what extent it is possible to use the so-called "refusal to supply" case-law created by the Court of Justice of the EU to gain access to big data held by a dominant undertaking. The thesis finds that, under certain conditions, it is possible for all necessary steps to be fulfilled to allow one undertaking to request access from a dominant undertaking to big data under the control of that undertaking. This thesis therefore firstly discusses what factors affect the so-called online platforms, which can often find themselves in the position of dominant undertakings in terms of access to big data. The thesis analyses the effects of the so-called network effects, the impact of data analysis on their efficiency and the issue of the so-called multi-sided markets in connection with the position of online platforms. Subsequently, an assessment of the individual steps which, in summary, lead to the classification of the behavior of a dominant undertaking as an abuse of its dominant position by refusing access to big data is conducted. From the point...
Enhanced Cooperation in the EU
Černý, Filip ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (advisor) ; Král, Richard (referee)
Enhanced Cooperation in the EU Abstract Enhanced cooperation has been a widely discussed in the context of the further possible development of the European integration and its direction. It represents a mechanism which introduces elements of flexible integration into the EU law. This thesis aims to provide a complete view of the process of enhanced cooperation. The first part focuses on the definition of flexibility and its theoretical concepts. The following parts of the thesis are then fully focused on enhanced cooperation as a specific legal instrument regulated by the Treaties. First of all, it mentions its historical development from the Treaty of Amsterdam to the Treaty of Lisbon and the changes it has undergone. After that there is the analysis of the legal provisions on enhanced cooperation itself. It discusses the whole process of establishing enhanced cooperation and the conditions necessary for that. There are also discussed special rules for activation of enhanced cooperation in the area of the common foreign and security policy and the police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters. Furthermore, a substantial part of the work is devoted to the application of enhanced cooperation in practice. Five cases of enhanced cooperation established so far are analysed in that part. In each case, the...
Relocation as a solution to the EU migration crisis
Škapová, Lucie ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
1 Relocation as a Solution to the EU Migration Crisis Abstract Asylum law has traditionally been perceived as a sensitive area of state policy. For this very reason, for a long time, it was mostly excluded from the process of European integration. However, the development of the internal market and the removal of internal borders have ultimately necessitated some degree of harmonisation of asylum and migration policies amongst the Member States. Consequently, there have been several major increases in EU competence in the field of asylum and migration since the 1990s. This has eventually led to the creation of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). Yet, a prolonged lack of political will to introduce a major reform of the CEAS and to duly implement the principle of solidarity has over the years resulted in serious systemic deficiencies. These defects, in particular the uneven distribution of responsibility between the Member States, have fully shown during the EU migration crisis. This far-reaching crisis has translated into several ad hoc solutions, including the use of an emergency EU competence to adopt temporary measures under Art. 78(3) SFEU (ex Art. 64(2) TEC), which had not been used until then. The adoption of two Council relocation decisions in September 2015 has raised numerous legal questions...
The transformation of editorial routines in the online media in consequence of the expanding video content
Svobodová, Lucie Magdalena ; Géla, František (advisor) ; Němcová Tejkalová, Alice (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyse videocontent on three Czech online media and describe how owing to video production the journalistic routines have changed. Because of growing videocontent on the news websites journalists often have to master skills which were not necessary for their work before so their work routine is being changed. In the newsrooms which produce videocontent there is a higher level of multiskilling - the workers often have to do more tasks altogether. Except for these changes the author focused also on the journalists and how they see the changes of journalistic routines themselves and whether they like them or not. Among the explored online media there were Seznam Zprávy, Deník.cz and Blesk.cz. The method of the research was a content analysis and semi-structured interviews with journalists from the chosen newsrooms. The results show that because of expanding videocontent the journalistic practices indeed have changed, which the journalists are getting used to though, and some of them even appreciate the higher level of multiskilling.
Consumer Protection under EU Law
Piklová, Eliška ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee) ; Forejtová, Monika (referee)
Consumer Protection under EU Law - Abstract This paper discusses consumer protection legislation on the level of EU law and its development. This paper focuses on identifying areas affected by consumer protection law. It also strives to define the nature and position of the set of consumer protection rules in the system and then to define further trends in the development of consumer protection law in the EU. Finally, it attempts to identify both gaps in consumer protection and any problems that can arise from excessive regulation in favour of consumers. Several initial thought (theses, hypotheses) were the impetus for writing this paper, and the paper aims to confirm or refute them (in addition to fulfilling the primary objectives above). The first is the problem of the non-existence of a universal definition of consumer in European law and the idea that this fact does not cause any major problems in practice. The second initial thesis is the assumption that consumer protection legislation is excessive. The third thesis, which ties on to the second, is that despite the great number of legal norms, consumers do not have a specific procedural standing in legal proceedings, which leads to a factual weakening of their protection. The last thesis rests on the opinion that the future and direction of consumer...
Selected issues in technological realization of European data protection
Kubica, Jan ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
This thesis focuses on the legal regulation of selected aspects of the personal data protection at the European level. Fuelled by the technological progress, this area of legal regulation is becoming increasingly important, as the usage of personal data can be source of both innovation and economic progress, but it also has the potential to negatively impact individuals` rights ("chilling effect"). The thesis analyses the usage of big data and automated individual decision making; both phenomena are assessed through principles contained in GDPR. The aim of the thesis is to, as far as these two phenomena are concerned, evaluate functionality and perspectives of the European regulation. The thesis is, apart from the introduction and the conclusion, divided into three chapters. The first part briefly introduces the concept of the right to the protection of personal data and the fundamental legal framework of the European regulation. This chapter is followed by a chapter focused on the big data, in which, after a necessary technical introduction is made, current practices of data controllers are contrasted with corresponding principles of data protection regulation. Particular attention is also paid to the pitfalls of anonymization. At the end of this chapter, it is concluded that all relevant...
The consent to the processing of personal data in the light of the General data protection regulation
Havlíčková, Klára ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
The work presented considers the data protection law formerly degulated via Directive 95/46/EC and presently regulated by GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation). GDPR was introduced as a response to the development of new technologies, such as growth of social networks and cloud storages, which did not exist when Directive 95/46/EC was enacted. Furthermore, GDPR is a reaction to the variery of data protection acts across the EU member states. Its aim is to consitently guarantee a high level of personal data protection across entire EU. The introductory part of the thesis is devoted to the terminology, history of personal data protection and shortcomings of the repealed directive. In particular, the territorial scope is identified as problematic. In adition, author i this part made an analyse of selected rulings of CJEU, which indicated the need for a new legal regulation, are discussed. The second part of the thesis considers the design of GDPR. Here, the question of necessity for such regulation is addressed. Furthermore, the author discusses the circumstances under which the IP address and cookies can be considered personal data which are protected by GDPR. The central theme of the thesis is the consent to the processing of personal data. GDPR does not modify the fundamental parameters of the consent...
European citizens' initiative in the context of reducing democratic deficit in EU
Doležal, Florián ; Král, Richard (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
EUROPEAN CITIZENS' INITIATIVE IN THE CONTEXT OF REDUCING DEMOCRATIC DEFICIT IN EU This thesis primarily involves a study of the European Citizens' Initiative (ECI), its functioning and contribution to democracy in the EU. The ECI is the first tool to facilitate transnational participatory democracy in the world. It allows EU citizens to invite the European Commission, within the framework of its powers, to submit any appropriate proposal on matters where citizens consider that a legal act of the Union is required for the purpose of implementing the Treaties. For a better understanding of the democratic contribution of the ECI, the work first analyses the state of democracy in the EU, confirming the existence of a democratic deficit in the EU. It subsequently addresses its history and causes. Based on information obtained concerning democracy in the EU and its development, the work then proceeds to undertake a legal analysis of Regulation No. 211/2011 on the citizens' initiative, taking into account the history of its origins. It identifies the potential democratic contribution of the ECI for democracy in the EU. This specifically entails the activation of civil society by awakening political debate at Union level and bringing the EU closer to its citizens by involving them more closely in...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 59 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
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1 Svobodová, Martina Bc.
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