National Repository of Grey Literature 209 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Gravity Model Estimation of the Russian Export: The Role of FDI
Horváthová, Monika ; Svoboda, Karel (advisor) ; Vykoukal, Jiří (referee) ; Cibulková, Petra (referee)
The main objective of this thesis was to examine the determinants of Russian export directed to its 36 main trading partners. Employing the Gravity model, the standard gravity variables, such as economic masses of the trading partners and their distance, were estimated as having significant impacts on the volume of export from Russia. However, a special attention was paid to the role of FDI, studying whether FDI flows or FDI stock act as complements or substitutes of the export. Unfortunately, with the help of the Fixed-effects and the Random-effects estimation methods we came to statistically insignificant conclusions, which might have been caused by the prevalence of missing observations in the FDI variables.
Use of Sodium Bicarbonate for Flue Gas Treatment in Small Scale.
Zach, Boleslav ; Pohořelý, Michael ; Šyc, Michal ; Svoboda, Karel ; Václavková, Šárka ; Moško, Jaroslav ; Brynda, Jiří ; Punčochář, Miroslav
The trend of reduction of landfilling can lead, especially in areas with low population density, to the need to build new waste-to-energy capacities in the form of small units. However, flue gas treatment in small scale has to be sufficiently simple to decrease capital costs and allow the construction of such facilities. For that reason, the possibility of one-step dry flue gas treatment at compromise conditions was investigated as well as the limitation of flue gas composition.\n\n
Fulltext: Download fulltextPDF
Material and Energy Utilization of Dry Stabilized Sewage Sludge.
Pohořelý, Michael ; Moško, Jaroslav ; Šyc, Michal ; Václavková, Šárka ; Skoblia, S. ; Beňo, Z. ; Svoboda, Karel
The paper describes the need for change in the way of sewage sludge disposal in the Czech Republic. The main reason for the change is the amendment to the current Czech legislation.
Fulltext: Download fulltextPDF
Reforms of the Ukrainian Energy Industry
Balahura, Milan ; Svoboda, Karel (advisor) ; Lídl, Václav (referee)
The energy sector of Ukraine is of strategic importance not only within the national economy, but is also significant from a European perspective, because it includes transit energy networks that are essential for a large part of Europe. The fundamental problem still remains low energy efficiency of the economy, obsolete infrastructure, dysfunctional system and the absence of major reforms. At the moment, another round of reforms is taking place under the influence of a rapprochement with the European Union, to modernize the sector and adapt it to European standards. This work describes the development of the sector and the reform efforts since independence until today with a particular focus on the gas sector and the period 2014 to 2017. This is particularly the developments in the energy market, pricing policies, availability, security and decentralization of the system. In addition, the work also focuses on the development of energy efficiency, the environment and renewable energy sources. Following on the theoretical basis (especially the theory of institutional economics) through analysis of described facts assesses developments in the reforms and their impact on the whole sector including evaluation of the role and influence of oligarchs in these reform attempts. In terms of reforms, four...
Russian NGO sector: Consequences of the Law on Foreign Agents
Dryndak, Roksolana ; Svoboda, Karel (advisor) ; Šír, Jan (referee)
The thesis deals with the Russian non-profit sector and the state restrictive policy directed towards it. Using a multi-case study, thesis examines the impact of the Foreign Agents Act on Civil Society organizations. At the introduction are identified two questions that thesis is dealing with. The first question was, what practical impacts the Foreign Agents Act had on non-profit organizations. For their identification was developed a typology, which included five types of consequences: bureaucratic burden, financial difficulties, public relations deterioration, access to public institutions and general pressure. This typology was applied to three case studies of non-profit organizations. The thesis concludes that these types are valid except for the deterioration of the relationship with the public sphere, which has not been proven. The second question was how this Law fits into the context of state strategies towards civil society between 2012 and 2017. The thesis comes with the assertion that this Act was the key legislation followed by subsequent Laws, that leads to division of the civil sector to several groups.
Lustration laws in Ukraine: Between post-communism and post-authoritarianism
Srb, Jáchym ; Šír, Jan (advisor) ; Svoboda, Karel (referee)
The master thesis examines the phenomenon of lustration laws in Ukraine as a legal measure of transitional justice. It maps the history of unsuccessful attempts to adopt lustration laws from the independence in 1991 until the Euromaidan revolution in winter 2014. It then analyses the two lustration laws adopted in 2014 and their implementation between years 2014 and 2017. Finally it analyses the legal review that the laws have faced or are likely to face in the future. It comes to a conclusion that Ukrainian laws were not adopted after the independence in 1991 because of structural reasons and after the Orange Revolution in 2004 due to a lack of political will. In the second part, the thesis concludes that Ukrainian lustration laws adopted after Euromaidan were some of the most extensive ones in the region of post-communist Europe. Nevertheless, their implementation fell short of meeting most of their goals. In the third part, the thesis concludes that the laws might be spared constitutional review, but they are likely to face a negative scrutiny before the European Court of Human Rights.
Russian foreign policy and eastern vector
Literáková, Adéla ; Kolenovská, Daniela (advisor) ; Svoboda, Karel (referee)
The main goal of this bachelor thesis Russian foreign policy and eastern vector is to find out how much Russian strategy in Asia contributed to fulfil stated political goal - to reduce power of the United States of America in the world. In the middle of the 1990's, the Russian foreign policy changed the direction from the western oriented policy into the multivectoral one. The most important role got the eastern vector - mainly India and People's Republic of China. Russia considered the good relations with those countries as a condition to enforce and to protect its national interests. The main political goal of Russia was to limit the power of the United Stated of America in international affairs. The first chapter presents the approach of Russian foreign policy in the 1990's and describes why Russia started to aim at eastern vector. The second chapter explains the Russian policy in Asia. The third chapter describes in detail relations between Moscow and Beijing and the cause of the growing importance of People's Republic of China in Russian foreign policy in 1990's.
Method Development for Speciation Analysis of Volatile Mercury Forms in Ambient Air and flue Gases from Incineration Plants.
Švehla, Jaroslav ; Kratzer, J. ; Svoboda, M. ; Svoboda, Karel ; Šyc, Michal ; Ružovič, Tomáš
Potential of AAS for on-line speciation analysis of gaseous Hg0 (non-heated atomizer) and HgCl2 (heated atomizer) in flue gases is discussed.
Fulltext: Download fulltextPDF
Properties of Biochar Produced by Slow Pyrolysis of Stabilized Sewage Sludge.
Moško, Jaroslav ; Pohořelý, Michael ; Skoblia, S. ; Beňo, Z. ; Brynda, Jiří ; Zach, Boleslav ; Šyc, Michal ; Václavková, Šárka ; Jeremiáš, Michal ; Svoboda, Karel
Direct application of stabilized sewage sludge on agricultural soil is currently a big concern because of its significant content of detectable organic micropollutants. Proper sludge treatment should suppress its negative features and produce material suitable for soil amendment. Slow pyrolysis is one of such treatments. We studied the influence of pyrolysis temperature (400-800 °C) on material and energy balances and on elementary composition of the pyrolysis solid residue (biochar). Pyrolysis at higher temperatures resulted in lesser biochar yield and promoted gas yield. The macronutrient content of biochar increased with an increase in pyrolysis temperature (except for nitrogen).
Fulltext: Download fulltextPDF
Mercury Removal from Waste Incineration Flue Gas: Heterogeneous Oxidation and Capture by Waste-Derived Fly Ashes.
Rumayor, Marta ; Pohořelý, Michael ; Šyc, Michal ; Svoboda, Karel ; Švehla, Jaroslav
During waste incineration, all Hg-content is released primarily as elemental mercury (Hg0) which passes into the flue gas and is gradually oxidized. Mainly HgCl2 is formed, by both homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions. Some degree of Hg removal is achieved by existing conventional air pollution control devices (APCDs), normally used to control NOx, SO2, and dust emissions. In this study, three samples of fly ashes from boiler and ESP (characterized by composition, surface area and carbon content) derived from MSW incineration were assessed for mercury removal under MSW incineration conditions in a laboratory scale, using a fixed-bed reactor packed with fly ash. The results obtained showed that unburnt carbon content, composition of flue gas (e.g. mainly HCl and SO2 content) and operating temperature are important variables controlling capture of mercury by fly ash.
Fulltext: Download fulltextPDF

National Repository of Grey Literature : 209 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
1 Svoboda, Kryštof
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.